Sei sulla pagina 1di 68
Technical Manual Doc. Id.: 955 900 023 C BASE, December 2002 THALES ATM S.p.A. AIR
Technical Manual Doc. Id.: 955 900 023 C BASE, December 2002 THALES ATM S.p.A. AIR

Technical Manual

Doc. Id.: 955 900 023 C

BASE, December 2002

THALES ATM S.p.A.

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Via Mattei 1 20064 Gorgonzola MILANO (Italy)

Tel. ++039 02 950951

All rights reserved © 2002

Information and software in the document are unpublished works proprietary to THALES ATM S.p.A. Disclosure, copying, reproduction, merger, translation, modification, enhancement, publication, or use in whole or in part, by anyone other than authorized employees or licensees of THALES ATM S.p.A. without prior written consent of THALES ATM S.p.A. is prohibited. This copyright notice should not be construed as evidence of publication.

Use of this document is for information purposes only and is subject to change without notice.

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

MODIFICHE / CHANGES

Edition

Description

01

First Issue

02

 

03

 

04

 

Ediz./Data

01

02

03

04

05

Rev/Date

December 2002

Scritto da

Scritto da        
       

Written by

Verificato da

Verificato da        
       

Checked by

Approvato da

Approvato da        
       

Approved by

Assicurazione

Assicurazione        
       

Qualità

Quality stamp

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

- WARRANTY -

THALES ATM S.p.A. warrants all equipment manufactured by it to be free from defects in material and workmanship, provided the equipment is operated under normal ratings and service for which it is intended. The obligations of the company shall be limited to making good at the factory, or at authorized repair and service facility of THALES ATM S.p.A.

THALES ATM S.p.A. is not liable for any damage or personnel injury resulting directly or indirectly from the design, material, workmanship, or installation of any of its products.

This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, and does not apply to any equipment which has been subject to unauthorized repair or alteration.

THALES ATM S.p.A. neither assumes nor authorizes any person to assume for it any other liability in connection with its products.

THALES ATM S.p.A. reserves the right to make modifications and alterations to its products without obligation to install such improvements at no charge in equipment theretofore manufactured.

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

PRELIMINARY REMARKS

The Technical Manual for CTU & RWY-select equipment is formed by a single volume, and is organized in the following chapters:

1

General Description

2

Installation and Initial Setup

3

Operation

4

Detailed Description

5

Parts List, Schematic Diagrams, Layout Drawings

Since the Technical Manual cannot include modifications made to circuit details or dimensions as a result of technical advances, please remember that the technical documentation supplied with the system is always valid in questions of details. It is possible that drawing numbers referred to in this description are no longer contained in the enclosed set of drawings, but have been replaced by new drawings with different numbers (in accordance with the system). Please therefore check, and if necessary correct, the drawing numbers specified in the manuals on the basis of the delivery lists.

MARK SYMBOLS

To get the best out of the equipment you should study the contents of this manual carefully. In particular you should familiarize yourself with the marks given in this manual which are highlighted for easy recognition:

CAUTION

Cautions call attention to methods and procedures which must be followed to avoid damage to equipment.

WARNING

Warnings call attention to methods, procedures or limits which must be followed precisely to avoid injury to persons.

NOTE or REMARK :

For more information about operations.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1

1.1 GENERAL

1

1.2 CTU MECHANICAL DESIGN

3

1.3 TECHNICAL DATA

5

1.3.1 Housing

5

1.3.2 Power Supply

5

1.3.3 Composition

5

1.3.4 Spare part list

5

1.3.5 Subsystem Status Indication (CTU Panel)

6

1.3.6 System Status Indication (RWY-Select Panel)

6

1.3.7 CTU Switch

Controls

6

1.3.8 RWY-select

Switch Controls

6

1.3.9 Environmental Conditions

7

1.3.10 Conformity and Licensing Approval

7

1.4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

8

1.4.1 Work on the Equipment

8

1.4.2 Handling electrostatically sensitive Subassemblies

8

1.4.3 Using Lithium Batteries

8

1.4.4 Observation of safety regulations

8

1.5 DESCRIPTION

9

1.5.1 General Overview in RCSE 443 environment

9

1.5.2 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter

10

1.5.3 WIN ADRACS Interface to local PC (Laptop)

11

1.5.4 Runway Information

11

1.5.4.1 Runway

Status

11

1.5.4.2 Runway Select

12

CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION AND INITIAL SETUP

13

2.1 GENERAL

13

2.2 INSTALLATION

13

2.2.1 Power supply connection

13

2.2.2 CTU+RWY interfacing

14

2.2.3 CTU pin assignment of Interface Connectors

15

2.2.3.1 SubD 9 Pin Connectors J1, J2

15

2.3 CTU SETTINGS

16

2.4 INITIAL SETUP

17

2.4.1

Initial Power up

17

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CHAPTER 3

OPERATION

19

3.1 GENERAL

19

3.2 OPERATION OF THE CTU AND RWY-SELECT

19

3.2.1 Switching On/Off

19

3.2.2 General Controls of CTU

19

3.2.2.1 Lamp Test

19

3.2.2.2 Alarm Silent

20

3.2.2.3 Brightness up/Brightness down (CTU)

20

3.2.3 CTU and RWY Select Control Functions

22

3.2.4 CTU

Cascading

22

3.2.5 CTU and RWY-Select Indications

22

3.2.5.1 CTU Subsystem Status Indication

22

3.2.5.2 RWY-Select System Status Indication

23

3.3 MAINTENANCE OPERATION

CHAPTER 4 MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING

23

25

4.1 MAINTENANCE

25

4.1.1

Front Panel cleaning

25

4.2 TROUBLESHOOTING

25

4.3 MODULES REPLACEMENT

26

CHAPTER 5 PARTS LIST - SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS - LAYOUT DRAWINGS

27

5.1 PROCESSOR UNIT PU 51

29

5.2 CTU PANEL

37

5.3 RWY-SELECT

5.4 ACC 05 – AC/DC CONVERTER MODULE

ERRORE.

IL SEGNALIBRO NON È DEFINITO.

49

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure 1-1: Application of the CTU and RWY-select units

2

Figure 1-2: CTU with RWY-select housing (front view)

3

Figure 1-3: CTU / RWY-select housing (rear view)

4

Figure 1-4: RCSE, block diagram (with one ILS system), example

9

Figure

1-5:

CTU/RWY block diagram

10

Figure 2-1: Power supply cabling

13

Figure 2-2: Interface cabling

14

Figure 2-3: CTU subrack, back panel connectors

15

Figure 2-4: CTU rear side, position of jumpers and default settings

16

Figure 2-5: Location of On/Off switches (CTU-subrack)

17

Figure 3-1: Position of On/Off-switch

19

Figure 3-2: CTU/RWY Select panel

21

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS LISTE D'ABREVIATIONS LISTA DE ABREVIATURAS

A

Antenne

Antenna

Antena

AC

Alternating Current Courant alternatif Corriente alterna

ACA

Analogical Carrier Amplifier (BITE signal) Amplificateur pour porteurs analogiques (signal BITE) Amplificdor portador analogico (señal BITE)

ACC

Alternating Current Converter

ADC

Analog-Digital Converter Convertisseur analogique/numérique Convertidor analógico/digital

ADCS

Analog-to-digital Converter Subsystem Sous-système convertisseur analogique/numérique Subsistema convertidor analógico/digital

ADR

Analog Display Routine Routine affichage analogique Rutina de indicator analógico

ADRACS

Automatic Data Recording And Control System

ADSB

Alternating Double Sideband Bande latérale double alternante Banda lateral doble alternante

ADU

Antenna Distribution Unit Antennen-Verteileinheit Ensemble de distribution d'antenne Unidad de distribución de antena

AF

Audio Frequency

Basse fréquence

Audiofrequencia

AFC

Automatic Frequency Control Commande automatique par fréquence Control automático de frecuencia

AGC

Automatic Gain Control Commande automatique de gain Control automático de ganancia

AM

Amplitude Modulation Modulation d'amplitude Modulación de amplitud

AMP

AMPlifier

Amplificateur

Amplificador

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

ASB

Alternating SideBand Bandes latérales alternantes Banda lateral alternante

ASC

Antenna Switch Control Commutateur d'antennes de commande Control de conmutador de antena

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange Code standard américain pour l'échange d'informations Código stándard americano para el intercambio de informaciones

ASM

Antenna Switch Module Module de commutateur d'antennes Módulo de conmutador de antena

ASU

Antenna Switching Unit Ensemble de commutation d'antennes Unidad de conmutación de antena

ATC

Air Traffic Control Contrôle du trafic aérien Control del tráfico aéreo

ATIS

Air Traffic Information System Système d'informations du trafic aérien Sistema de informaciones del tráfico aéreo

ATM

Air Traffic Management

AWD

Automatische Wähleinrichtung für Datenverbindungen Automatic dialling equipment for data connections Dispositif automatique de sélection pour liaisons d'acheminement de données Dispositivo automático de selección para comunicaciones de datos

BAZ

Back-Azimuth

BCD

Binär Codiert Dezimal Binary Coded decimal

BCPS

Battery Charging Power Supply Chargeur de batterie et bloc d'alimentation Chargador de bateria y equipo de alimentación

BD

Baud

Baud

Baudio

BF

Basse Fréquency Audio Frequency Baja frecuencia (audiofrecuencia)

BIT(E)

Built-in Test (Equipment) Dispositif de test intégré Dispositivo de test integrado

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

BKZ

BefehlsKennZahl Command code number Numéro indicatif de commande Número indicador de orden

BNC

Bayonet Navy Connector Koaxialverbinder mit Bayonetkupplung

BP

Backplane

Rückwandverdrahtung

BSE

Betriebs- und Schutzerde System and protective ground Prise de terre de système et terre de protection Puesta a tierra del sistema y de protección

BSG-D

Blending Signal Generator Générateur de signaux de transition Generador de señal de transición

BST

Baustahl Structure steel Acier de construction Acero de construcción

BUSGNT

Bus Grant Autorisation de bus Autorización de bus

BUSRQ

Bus Request Demande de bus Solicitud de bus

CA

Carrier Amplifier

CAB

Cabinet

Armoire

Armario

CAT

Category

Kategorie

Category

Categoría

CCA

Circuit Card Assembly Baugruppe Assemblage de la carte de circuit

CCITT

Commitée Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee

CCP

Control Coupler Coupleur de commande Acoplador de control

CDI

Course Deviation Indicator Indicateur de déviation (cap) Indicador de desviaci•n de rumbo

CD-ROM

Compact Disc - Read Only Memory Disque compact -Mémoire à lecture Disco compacto - Memoria permanente

CE

Conformité Européen oder/or/ou Communautés Européennes

CEE

International Commmision on Rules for the Approval of Electrical Equipment

CLR

Clearance signal

CL

Signal de Clearance Señal de Clearance

CMOS

Complementary Metaloxide Semiconductor Semi-conducteur oxyde métallique complémentaire Semiconductor complementario de óxido metálico

CONC

Phone Concentrator Telefon-Umschalteinrichtung Installation de commutation téléphonique Centralilla teléfonica

CPU

Central Processing Unit Zentrale Prozessoreinheit

CR

Carriage Return Retour du chariot Retorno de carro

CRC

Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRT

Cathode Ray Tube Tube cathodique Tubo catódico

CRS

Course signal

CS

Kurssignal Signal de cap Señal de rumbo

CSB (1)

Carrier signal with SideBands (HF) Signal de porteuse avec bandes latérales Señal de portadora con bandas laterales

CSB (2)

Control&Status Board (part of the LCSU)

CSL

Control and Selector Logic Logique de commande et de sélection Lógica de control y de selección

CTOL

Conventional Take-off and Landing Décollage et atterrissage classiques Despegue y aterrizaje convencionales

CTS

Clear to Send Prêt à émettre Listo para transmitir

CW

Continuous Wave Fortlaufende Welle Ondes continues Ondas continuos

DAC

Digital/Analog Converter Convertisseur numérique/analogique Convertidor digital/analógico

DAS

DME-based Azimuth System Système d'azimut basé DME Sistema de acimut basado en DME

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

DC

Direct Current Courant continu Corriente continua

DCC

DC-Converter Convertisseur de courant continu (Convert. CC) Convertidor de corriente continua (Convert. CC)

DCC-MV

DC-Converter Multivolt Convertisseur CC-Multivolt Convertidor CC-Multivolt

DCC-MVD

DC-Converter Multivolt Doppler

Convertisseur CC-Multivolt Doppler

Convertidor CC-Multivolt Doppler

DDM

Difference in Depth of Modulation Differenz der Modulationsgrade Différence de taux de modulation Diferencia de grados de modulación

DDS

Direct Digital Synthesis

DFS

Deutsche Flugsicherung Administration of air navigation services Bureau de la sécurité aérienne Instituto de protección de vuelo

DFT

Diskrete Fourier Transformation Discrete Fourier Transformation

DIF

Differenzsignal

Difference signal

Signal différentiel

Señal diferencial

DIN

Deutsche Industrie Norm German industrial standard Norme industrielle allemande Norma industrial alemana

DIP

Dual-In-Line Package

DME

Distance Measuring Equipment Equipement de mesure de la distance Equipo de medición de la distancia

DSB

Double Sideband Bandes latérales doubles Banda lateral doble

DSP

Digital Signal Processing Digitaler Signal Prozessor

DSR

Data Set Ready Enregistrement des données prêt Registro de datos listo

DTR

Data Terminal Ready Terminal de données prêt Terminal de datos listo

DU

Distribution Unit Verteilereinheit Ensemble de distribution Unidad de distribución

DVOR

Doppler Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Radio Range Radiophare omnidirectionnel VHF Doppler Radiofaro omnidireccional VHF Doppler

EC

European Community

ECU

Executive Control Unit Ausführende Steuereinheit Ensemble de contrôl exécutif Unidad de control ejecución

EEPROM

Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory Mémoire à lecture seule, programmable et erasable électrique Memoria permanente borrable eléctricamente y programada

EMC

Electromagnetic Compatibility Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit

ENBT

Enable Bus Transfer Validation transfert de bus Conexión transferencia de bus

EPLD

Electrically Programmable Logic Device Elektrisch programmierbare Schaltungseinheit Montage programmable électrique Circuito programado eléctricamente

EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory Mémoire à lecture seule, programmable et erasable Memoria permanente borrable y programada

EUROCAE

European Organization for Civil

Aviation Electronics Organisation européenne pour l'électronique de l'aviation civile Organización europea para la electrónica de la aviacion civil

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration Administration fédérale de l'aviation Administración federal de aviación

FET

Feldeffekttransistor Field-effect transistor

FFM

Farfield Monitor

(FF)

Moniteur de champ lointain (zone

Fraunhofer) Monitor campo lejano

FIFO

First In/First Out Premier entré/premier sortie Primera entrada/primera salida

FM

Frequency Modulation Modulation de fréquence Modulación de frecuencia

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

FPE

Functional Protection Earth Betriebsschutzerde

FSK

Frequency-Shift Keying Frequenzumtastverfahren Manipulation par déplacement de fréquence Método de manipulación de frecuencia

GP

Glide Slope, Glide Path

GS

Gleitweg Radiophare d'alignement de descente Transmisor de trayectoria de descenso

HF

Hochfrequenz

Radio frequency

Haute fréquence

Alta frecuencia

IC

Integrated Circuit Integrierter Schaltkreis Circuit intégré Circuito integrado

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale (OACI) Organización de aviación civil international (OACI)

ILS

Instrument Landing System Système d'atterrissage aux instruments Sistema de aterrizaje por instrumentos

IM

Inner Marker Radiobalise intérieure Radiobaliza interior

INC

Indication and Control Anzeige und Steuerung Indicateur et contrôle Panel de indicaciones y control

INT

Interface Unit Schnittstelleneinheit Unité d'interface Unidad de interfase

INTFC

Interface Board for monitor Schnittstellenkarte für Monitor Platine d'interface du moniteur Placa enchufable de la interfase de monitor

I/O-Port

Input/Output-Port Ein-/Ausgabeport Porte d'entrée/sortie Puerto de entrada/salida

ISO

International Organization for Standardization Internationale Organisation für Normung Organisation Internationale de Normalisation

I/Q

In Phase/Quadraturphase In-phase/Quadratur-phase

KADP

Kabeladapter Cable adapter Adaptateur de cable Adaptador de cable

LCC

Local Communication Control

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display Ecran à cristaux liquides Indicador de cristal liquido

LCI

Local Control Indicator

LCP

Local Control Panel

LCSU

Local Control and Status Unit

LCU

Local Communication Unit

LED

Light Emitting Diode Diode électroluminiscente Diodo electroluminiscente

LF

Line Feed Avancement de ligne Avance de línea

LG-A

Localizer/Glide Path - Audio Generator

LG-M

Localizer/Glide Path - Monitor Processor

LGM

Modembezeichnung (LOGEM) Modem assignation

LLZ/LOC

Localizer Radiophare d'alignement de piste Localizador

LP

Leiterplatte Printed circuit board Plaquette à circuits imprimé Placa de circuito impreso

LPF

Low Pass Filter Filtre passe-bas Filtro de paso bajo

LRCI

Local/Remote Communication Interface

LRU

Line Replaceable Unit

LSB (1)

Lower Sideband (HF DVOR) Bandes latérales inférieures Banda lateral inferior

LSB (2)

Least Significant Bit (digital)

m

Modulationsgrad Mod-Depth Taux de modulation Profundidad (grado) de modulación

MEU

Marker Extension Unit Unité de radiobalise d'extension Fuente de alimentación suplementaria de la radiobaliza

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

MIA

Monitor Interface Adapter

NAV

Navigation

Adapteur d'interface du moniteur

Navegación

Adaptador de la interfase de monitor

NAVAIDS

Navigational Aids

MIB

Monitor Interface Board

Navigationsanlagen

Platine d'interface du moniteur Placa enchufable de la interfase de monitor

NC

Aide de navigation Radioayudas a la navegación

MLS

Microwave Landing System

Normally closed Normalement fermé

Non-Directional radio Beacon

Système d'atterrissage aux micro-ondes Sistema de aterrizaje por microondas

NDB

Normalmente cerrado

MM

Middle Marker Radiobalise médiane

Radiophare omnidirectional Radiofaro omnidireccional

Radiobaliza intermedia

NF

Niederfrequenz

MOD

Modulation

Audio frequency

Modulación

Basse fréquence

MODPA

Modulator/Power Amplifier

Baja frecuencia

Amplificadeur de Modulateur/puissance Amplificador Modulador/Alimentación

NFK

Niederfrequenzknoten (Sternverteiler) Star distributor (for audio frequency)

MOD-SBB

Modulator Sideband Blending

NFM

Nearfield Monitor

Nautical Mile

(DVOR) Modulateur de transition des bandes latérales

NM

Moniteur de champ proche Monitor campo cercano

Modulador de transición de banda lateral

Mile nautique

MON

Monitor

Milla náutica

Moniteur

NO

Normally open

MOS

Metallic Oxide Semiconductor Semi-conducteur métal oxyde Semiconductor de óxido metálico

Normalement ouvert Normalmente abierto

MPS

Minimum Performance Specification Spécification de rendement minimum Especificación de rendimiento mínimo

OAB

Optocoupler Adapter Board Platine d'adaptateur d'optcoupleur Placa enchufable del adaptador

MPU

Marker Processing Unit

optoacoplador

Unité de marqueur de traitement Procesador de radiobaliza

OACI

= ICAO, Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale

MSB

Most Significant Bit

International Civil Aviation Organization

MSG

Modulation Signal Generator Générateur de signaux de modulation

Organización de aviación civil international

Generador de señal de modulación

OIO

Opto Coupler Isolated Input/Output

MSP

Monitor Signal Processor Processeur de signaux de moniteur Procesador de señal de monitor

OM

Outer Marker Radiobalise extérieure Radiobaliza exterior

MSR

Monitor Service Routine Routine de service de moniteur Rutina de servicio de monitor

PC

Personal Computer

MTBF

Meantime between Failures

PCB

Printed Circuit Board

Precision DME

Temps moyen entre défauts Tiempo medio entre fallos

PDME

Carte à circuit imprimé Tarjeta de circuito impreso

MTTR

Meantime to Repair Temps moyen de réparation Tiempo medio de reparacion

DME de précision DME de precición

 

PE

Protection Earth

MUX

Multiplexer

Multiplexeur

PEP

Peak Envelope Power

Multiplexor

Spitzenleistung Puissance de pointe

MV

Multivolt

Potencia punta

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

PLL

Phase Locked Loop Boucle à verrouillage de phase Bucle de bloqueo de fase

PMC

Phase Monitor and Control Moniteur de phase et commande Monitor de fase y control

PMM

Power Management Module

POP

Power on Parallel

POSN.

Position Course Position de cap Posición de rumbo

PROM

Programmable Read Only Memory Mémoire à lecture seule et programmable Memoria permanente programada

PRUM

Protector Unit Marker Radiobalise d'unité de protection Unidad de protección de la radiobaliza

PRUT

Protector Unit Tower Unité de protection Unidad de protección

PS

Power Supply Bloc d'alimentation Equipo de alimentación

PSI

Power Supply Interface Interface du bloc d'alimentation Interfase equipo de alimentación

PSS

Power Supply Switch

PSW

Interrupteur de puissance Interruptor de alimentación

PSN

Position

Position

Posición

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

PTT

Post Telephone and Telecommunications (Authority)

PVC

Polyvinylchlorid Polyvinyl chloride Chlorure de polyvinyl (C.P.V.) Chloruro de polivinilo

PWR

Password Routine Routimne de mot de passe Rutina de contrasena

RAM

Random Access Memory Mémoire à accés aléatoire Memoria de acceso aleatorio

RC

Remote Control

Télécommande

Control remoto

RCMS

Remote Control Monitoring System Système de télécommande et de surveillance Sistema de control y monitoreo remotos

RCSE

Remote Control and Status Equipment

RCSR

Remote Control Service Routine Routine de service de télécommande Rutina de servicio de control remoto

RCSU

Remote Control Status Unit

REU

Remote Electronic Unit

RF

Radio Frequency Haute fréquence (HF) Radiofrecuencia

RIA

Remote Interface Adapter Adaptateur d'interface de télécommande Adaptador de interfase telemando

RIAX

Remote Interface Adapter extended Adaptateur d'interface de télécommande étendé Adaptador suplementario de interfase telemando

RISC

Reduced Instruction Set Computing Rechner mit reduziertem Befehlssatz

RL

Radio link Richtfunkverbindung Liaison hetzienne Radioenlace dirigido

RMMC

Remote Monitoring and Maintenance Configuration

ROM

Read Only Memory Mémoire à lecture seule Memoria permanente

RST

Restart Remettre en marche Nueva puesta en marche

RTC

Real Time Clock Echtzeituhr Rythme en temps réel Reloj en tiempo real

RTCR

Real Time Clock Routine Routine de rythme en temps réel Rutina de reloj en tiempo real

RTS

Request to send Marche l'émetteur Activación del transmisor

RWY

Runway Landebahn Piste d'aviation Pista de aterrizaje

RX

Receiver

Récepteur

Receptor

RXC

Receiver Clock Rythme du récepteur Reloj de receptor

RXD

Receiver Data Données de récepteur Datos de receptor

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

RXRDY

Receiver Ready

Récepteur prêt

Receptor listo

S

Switch

Commutateur

Conmutador

SB

Sideband

Bandes latérales

Banda lateral

SB1, SB2

Sideband 1, Sideband 2 Bandes latérales 1, 2 Banda lateral 1, 2

SBA

Sideband A (used in VOR) Bandes latérales A (utilizé en VOR) Banda lateral A (utilizado para VOR)

SBB

Sideband B (used in VOR) Bandes latérales B (utilizé en VOR) Banda lateral B (utilizado para VOR)

SBO

Sideband Only Bandes latérales seulement Banda lateral solamente

SBR

Subrack Sous-bâti Subrack (con junto)

SCC

Serial Communication Controller

SDM

Sum of Depths of Modulation Somme des taux de modulation Suma de grado de modulación

SMA

Subminiature connector type A Miniatur HF-Steckverbinder für Mikrowellenanwendungen

SPDT

Single Pole Double Throw Commutateur unipolaire Conmutador unipolar doble

SP3T

Single Pole 3 Throw Commutateur unipolaire triple Conmutador unipolar triple

STOL

Short Take-Off and Landing Système de décollage et d'atterissage court Despegue y aterrizaje corto

SUM

Summensignal Summation Signal Signal de la somme Señal de suma

SW

Software

SYN (1)

Synchronisation

Synchronisation

Sincronización

SYN (2)

Synthesizer

TACAN

Tactical Air Navigation Navigation aérienne tactique Navigación aérea táctica

TCXO

Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillator Temperatur kompensierter Quarzoszillator Oscillateur à quartz compensé par témperature Oscilador de cuarzo termo compensado

TEG

Test Generator Générateur de test Generador de test

THR

Threshold Schwellwert Valeur de seuil Nivel determinado

TNC

Threaded Navy Connector Koaxialverbinder mit Gewindekupplung

TNV

Telephone Network Voltage

TOR

Time Out Routine Routine de temps de suspension Rutina de tiempo de suspensión

TTL

Transistor-Transistor Logic Logique transistor-transistor Lógica transistor - transistor

TX

Transmitter

Emetteur

Transmisor

TXC

Transmitter Clock Rythme d'émetteur Reloj de transmisor

TXD

Transmitter Data Données d'émetteur Datos de transmisor

TXRDY

Transmitter Ready Emetteur prêt Transmisor listo

USART

Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter Récepteur/émetteur universel synchrone/asynchrone Receptor/transmisor universal síncrono/asíncrono

USB

Upper Sideband (HF DVOR) Bandes latérales supérieures Banda lateral superior

UV

Ultraviolet

Ultravioleta

VAM

Voice Amplifier Amplificateur vocal Amplificador vocal

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

VCO

Voltage Controlled Oscillator

VGA

Video Graphic Adapter

VHF

Very High Frequency Hyperfréquence Hiperfrecuencia

VOR

Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Radio Range Radiophare omnidirectionnel VHF Radiofaro omnidireccional VHF

VSWR

Voltage Standing Wave Ratio Taux d'ondulation Grado de ondulación

VTOL

Vertical Take-off and Landing Décollage et atterrissage verticaux Despegue y aterrizaje vertical

WT

Wechselstrom-Telegrafie Voice-frequency carrier telegraphy Télégraphie harmonique à ondes porteuses Telegrafía armónica

ZU

Zeichenumsetzer Modem for data transfer Convertisseur de signaux Convertidor de señal

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

1 CHAPTER 1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.1

GENERAL

The CTU and RWY-select equipment are components of the Remote Control and Monitoring System (RCMS) used for maintenance and control of ILS or MLS landing systems.

The basic configuration of the RCMS contains the RCSE/RCSI and a maintenance data terminal (PC) to perform the RCMS functions. It provides separate status display and on/off-control functions for all Navaids equipment, and mechanisms to change and display auxiliary data words for MLS. The RCSE consists of the Remote control Electronic Unit (REU) with an Indication and Control (INC) panel. The RCSE is interfacing with one or two Control Tower Units (CTU) which however, only indicates the NORMAL, WARNING and

ALARM operating states of up to eight NAV stations. Its display brightness is adjustable to permit adaptation

The CTU is intended for installation in the ATC control

to the varying light conditions in the control tower

tower. The CTU can be used in conjunction with a runway selector (RWY-SELECT), which activates the ILS systems in one approach direction and switches the other direction to a dummy load. This panel also indicates the general status of the two ILS systems (OPERATIONAL, DEGRADED, SHUT DOWN) and their availability (ENABLE) to aircraft as a landing aid.

Figure 1-1 shows the application environment for the CTU and RWY-select units.

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

1 /

1

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

MAINTENANCE CENTER

RMC 443 INC REU SIB DIAL MODEM LGM
RMC 443
INC
REU
SIB
DIAL MODEM LGM
PTT LINES AIRPORT TOWER RCSE 443/RCSI 446 REU DIAL MODEM LGM RSU RS422*) RWY CTU
PTT LINES
AIRPORT
TOWER
RCSE 443/RCSI 446
REU
DIAL MODEM LGM
RSU
RS422*)
RWY
CTU
SELECT
RS422*)
INC
SIB
STATIONS
LOC
FFM
M Marker 4000
GS
DME

*) RS422 interface to equipment situated in a different building than RCSE - LGM Extender 2 Unit has to be used!

Figure 1-1: Application example of the CTU and RWY-select units

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

1.2 CTU MECHANICAL DESIGN

Control Tower Unit (CTU) RunWaY Select AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM RWY-SELECT
Control Tower Unit (CTU)
RunWaY Select
AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM
RWY-SELECT
19"-cabinet 520 x 179 x 300 [mm] RWY select CTU AC/DC,DC/DC converter in 19" subrack
19"-cabinet
520 x 179 x 300 [mm]
RWY select
CTU
AC/DC,DC/DC converter in 19" subrack
482.6 x 133.3 x 150 [mm]
Blank panel
(alt. to RWY select)

Figure 1-2: CTU with RWY-select housing (front view)

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

3 /

3

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

AC mains fuse VAC 85V 264V DC/DC I O J1 CTU/RPU IN J3 J4 J17
AC mains fuse
VAC 85V
264V
DC/DC
I
O
J1 CTU/RPU IN
J3
J4
J17
J2 CTU/RPU SLAVE
VDC
- -
+

Figure 1-3: CTU / RWY-select housing (rear view)

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

1.3 TECHNICAL DATA

The device fulfills the EMC requirements of EC Guideline 89/336/EEC. It bears the CE Designation.

1.3.1 Housing

For standard applications the CTU and RWY-Select panels are mounted as a front panel to a 19 inch subrack which is mounted in a 19 inch housing (Figure 1-2). For special applications it can also be mounted in 19 inch racks or control consoles. The RWY-Select panel is an ILS application and only installed when required and, if not equipped, replaced by a blank panel (see Figure 1-2 ).

1.3.2 Power Supply

Input:

DC

+5 V (from REU)

 

or 14

70 V with built-in DC/DC-converter

 

AC

85

264 V with built-in AC/DC-converter

1.3.3 Composition

 

P/N

Description

84045

89701

CTU Panel Unit, including:

84045 82101

PU 51 - Processor unit 8051 with generic software (firmware) to control the displays and key activation

84045 90400

CTU panel with Status LED/Select Keys

84045

90700

ACC 05 - AC/DC converter module

84045

90500

RWY Selector panel with Status LED/Select Keys

1.3.4 Spare part list

 

P/N

Description

84045

89701

CTU Panel Unit

84045

90700

ACC 05 - AC/DC converter module

84045

90500

RWY Selector panel with Status LED/Select Keys

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

5 /

5

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

1.3.5 Subsystem Status Indication (CTU Panel)

NORMAL

green

Normal Operation All transmitter and monitor equipment are switched on, initialized and serviceable for the intended category of operations (i. e. No Warning and No Alarm Condition).

WARNING

yellow

Warning (Alert)

 

- Transmitter(s) OFF

- Equipm. initializing or (MLS: AZ/BAZ) reconfiguring

- Primary Equipment shut-down by monitor

- Limited Monitor Configuration (only one executive)

- Local Access (local panel or attached terminal)

- Monitor Bypass (one or both)

- MLS: Non-essential data shut-down

- MLS: C-band sync switched off

- Battery operation

ALARM

red Alarm

- Subsystem shut-down

- Out-of-tolerance signal(s) while monitor in bypass

1.3.6 System Status Indication (RWY-Select Panel)

OPERATIONAL

green

Normal Operation All subsystems required for operation in the designated category of service are switched on, initialized and fully serviceable. It is also required that all subsystems are under remote control (no Warning, no Alarm).

DEGRADED

yellow

Degraded, Warning (Alert) Any condition of a subsystem, that would impair the system availability or continuity of service (De-Categorization). Initialization or (AZ/BAZ) reconfiguration.

SHUT DOWN

red

Alarm

- Any subsystem OFF.

- Any shut-down of a subsystem.

- Local control of a subsystem.

1.3.7 CTU Switch Controls

For the CTU function the following controls are available:

- BRIGHTNESS UP

- BRIGHTNESS DOWN

- ALARM SILENT

- LAMP TEST

Increase brightness of indicators

Decrease brightness of indicators

Visual and audible alarm reset

1.3.8 RWY-select Switch Controls

Runway select switch including indication (ENABLE) for clearance and availability.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

1.3.9 Environmental Conditions

Operation:

ambient temperature

0 to 70 °C

relative humidity

max. 95 % (below 35 °C)

Storage:

ambient temperature

-20 to + 85 °C

relative humidity

max. 95 %

1.3.10 Conformity and Licensing Approval

The CTU and RWY-select devices complies with the requirements of EC Guideline 89/336/EEC in its implementation.

Individually, the device fulfills the requirements of the following EMC Guidelines:

- EN

55022

1998

Emission Tests

EN

61000-3-2

1995

EN

61000-3-3

1995

- EN

55024

1998

Immunity Tests

(EN 61000-4-2

1995

EN 61000-4-11

1994)

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

7 /

7

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

1.4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

1.4.1 Work on the Equipment

In order to avoid risks to persons and consequential damage to subassemblies, the DC-converter has to be switched off prior to removing or inserting a subassembly or prior to removing a plug-in connector.

1.4.2 Handling electrostatically sensitive Subassemblies

When replacing subassemblies and plug-in cards containing electrostatically sensitive components, special precautionary measures should be taken during removal, transport and installation in order to prevent damage to the components. We refer to the customer documentation of the manufacturer.

Subassemblies which contain electrostatically sensitive c om p onents a re m a rked w ith this sym b ol.

sensitive c om p onents a re m a rked w ith this sym b ol.

If any of the maintenance personnel need to touch one of these subassemblies, they should place both hands flat on a grounded conductive surface for a few seconds to eliminate static charges. The subassembly can be touched - preferably at an insulator (board edge, lever mechanism, etc.) - as soon as the potential has been equalized in this manner. It is advisable to avoid touching the contacts of the plug-in connectors, the conductor paths and the components themselves. Some of the subassemblies must be left in their antistatic packaging or plastic bags as long as possible. The special procedures described below should be followed when subassemblies and plug-in boards are replaced within the framework of repair and maintenance activities, due to the risk of damage to electrostatically sensitive components.

To remove a subassembly:

- Switch off the system before beginning the replacement procedure.

- Eliminate any static body charges by touching the frame of the grounded rack with both hands.

- Remove the subassembly and lay it down on a bench with a grounded conductive worktop.

- Pack the subassembly in an antistatic plastic bag and send it off to the manufacturer for repair.

To install a subassembly:

- Eliminate any static body charges by touching the frame of the grounded rack with both hands.

- Remove the subassembly from the antistatic plastic bag.

- Install the subassembly.

- Switch on the system again.

1.4.3 Using Lithium Batteries

Always read the label on the battery.

WARNING

WARNING
WARNING
WARNING

Do not recharge, disassemble, heat above 100 °C or incinerate any lithium cell. Do not short-circuit the cell or solder directly on it. Disregard of the norms regarding the use of lithium batteries may cause the risk of fire, explosion and the leakage of toxic liquid and gas. Run-down batteries are objects that can pollute the environment and must be disposed of taking the proper precautions.

1.4.4 Observation of safety regulations

In addition to the above-mentioned instructions for avoiding damage and injury, locally valid safety regulations should always be observed.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

1.5

DESCRIPTION

1.5.1 General Overview in RCSE 443 environment

See Figure 1-4. Fig. 1-4 shows the structure of a typical ILS remote control system. The central unit is the RCSE (or could be an RCSI), which is connected to the stations of the instrument landing system via dedicated lines. It includes the REU and the INC as standard components. The REU is also used for the RMC 443 and also for the LCU 443 in the VORTAC (or VOR/DME) shelter. Therefore the design of the REU is modular in order to be adaptable for the different applications. The block diagram below shows the REU with the 7 available boards, which may be present in one of the existing seven PC-slots. The maintenance functions are controlled by a PC system via the communications interface of the REU. In addition, a connection to a maintenance center (RMC) is available via the auto dial modem (or ISDN modem) and the PSTN. The control and indication panels are largely identical. The control panel is black with inscriptions in white; the recessed, transparent fields are half back-illuminated with red, yellow and green LED arrays. A separate label can be inscribed in the top row for each system. The power supply is always +5 V and is obtained either from the REU or from a separate DC converter.

115/230 VAC (or alternatively 36 72 VDC) Network interface link (optional) In/Out analog J18/19 S12
115/230 VAC (or alternatively 36
72 VDC)
Network interface link (optional)
In/Out analog
J18/19
S12
OIO 1/2
LAN 1/2
REU
AC/DC or
5 V
Processor Board
INC
ELC
ADC
OIO
DC/DC
+12 V
P4N 486
Ethernet
Converter
X4
-12 V
PC Backpanel
Modem Backpanel
Serial
PC1
PC2
Interface Board
LED
SIB
SW1
1)
1)
1)3)
5)
5)
Modem
Modem
Modem
1)2)3)
Modem
Modem
NFK-29
NFK-29
LGM 1
LGM 2
LGM 3
LGM 4
ZUA/ZU1
1
2
Connector Backpanel with Protectors
1a2
2a2
1sA
1sB
LGM1
LGM2
LGM3
LGM4
ZUA
NFK-1
NFK-2
2sA/
2a1/
1+2a3/
1a1/
1a3
2a3
IN/OUT
422
CTU
422
RSU
3)
2)
2)
4)
4)
3)
5)
4)
PSTN
RSU
PC2
(analog
PC1
diagnosis
or S0)
LOC
GS
FFM
MM
OM
RMC
1) normally dial modems
LGM28.8 or LGM64K are used
2) alternatively the ILS system
can be connected at LGM4
using an LGM1200MD
modem
REU+INC
Printer
DME
2) 3)
PC
ILS NAV system
3) AN 420 ILS stations are
connected via dedicated
line modems LGM9600H1
in half duplex mode
4) alternatively RS422 connection
to CTU or RSU via LGM Exten-
der 2 Unit at LGM4
optional
5) alternatively Multiplexer RS232
for dedicated lines to ILS stations
RCSE
SIB modem bus

Figure 1-4: RCSE, block diagram (with one ILS system), example

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

9 /

9

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

The CTU is the Tower status display and obtains its data via a RS422 interface from the REU via connector 2a1/CTU. It consists of the submodules Processor unit PU-51, LED/display Driver, Status LED and Select keys. The generic software (firmware) of the PU-51 of the CTU controls the display and key activation. The CTU can display the main status of 8 subsystems. The CTU can be mounted for standard application in a 19 inch cabinet with separate power supply (+5 VDC). Two or more CTU panels can be cascaded.

A RWY Select panel with indicator can be mounted next to the CTU in the 19 inch subrack instead of the

blank panel. The RWY Select panel is controlled by the CTU panel.

Status LED Select keys LED display driver Audible Device Processor unit PU-51 RWY1/2 selec 230Vac
Status LED
Select keys
LED display driver
Audible Device
Processor unit PU-51
RWY1/2 selec
230Vac
+5V
ACC 05

SERIAL DATA to/from REU

RWY Select

Figure 1-5: CTU/RWY-select block diagram

The REU is the central unit of the Remote Control and Status Equipment (RCSE 443 or RCSI 446)), thus responsible for the functions which control the data communication sequences and organization. It also handles higher-level system functions that can be subdivided into: Internal functions, External functions/Communication, System control (according to priorities; optional).

In particular, for the system control function, the REU manages the priorities of RWY SWITCH (from RWY-

select unit), SWITCH CONTROL and PC CONTROL.

The central feature of the RCSE/REU is an industrial PC system which uses MS-DOS (Version 3.3 or higher). All the data required to run the remote control system correctly (the operating parameters) is saved

in a file on the ’RAM side’ of the flash disk on the processor board P4N 486. The actual RC program and the

operating system (MS-DOS) are stored on the ’EPROM side’ of the flash disk on the processor board P4N

486 as normal MS-DOS files.

The navigation systems can be controlled via a maintenance data terminal in local mode, for the purposes of first setup procedure, maintenance and flight measurements. The PC control software for the various NAV systems must be installed on a portable PC system. The serial interface parameters for diagnostics have to be adjusted as follows: 9600 Baud / 8 bits / parity: none / stop bit: 1.

1.5.2 ACC 05 - AC/DC converter

ACC-05 is a standard AC/DC Converter module (MELCHER series LM 1000), fed by ac input voltage (with extremely wide voltage range) and providing +5V isolated and controlled output voltage.

The input voltage is fed via an input fuse, an input filter, a rectifier and an inrush current limiter to the input capacitor. This capacitor sources a single transistor forward converter. The output is powered by a separate secondary winding of the main transformer. The resultant voltage is rectified and its ripples smoothed by a

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

power choke and an output filter. The control logic senses the output voltage and generates, with respect the maximum admissible output current, the control signal for the primary switching transistor. This signal is fed back via a coupling transformer.

i 2 Main control circuit Vi+ 29 20 Output 1 U01 Filter 23 Vi- 32
i
2
Main control circuit
Vi+
29
20
Output 1
U01
Filter
23
Vi-
32
26
Fuse
Input Filter
Forward converter
approx. 70 kHz

Figure 1-6: AC/DC-Converter block diagram

1.5.3 WIN ADRACS Interface to local PC (Laptop)

The functions for settings and maintenance are executed by a local control PC (laptop). In order to simplify the operations, communications may take place through the LCU and not directly at the navigation device (no plug switching of the V.24/RS232C interface). The laptop used for local WIN ADRACS operation is connected through an RS232C serial interface with a configurable baud rate for this.

The concept of control and message telegram transmission is also applied here. In the case of a failure, if the queried device does not respond after a configurable repetition, a message is displayed to the user. The telegram structure corresponds to an asynchronous protocol which is specifically adapted to the remote controls of the navigation system.

The telegram is composed of bytes (1 byte = 8 bits). Each byte is limited by a start bit and a stop bit. A maximum interval of 1 ms each occurs between the data blocks of 10 bits which have been generated. By setting time loops at the beginning of the transmission, it is thus possible to recognize improper telegram lengths. Data security is performed by a Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC).

The WIN ADRACS program is described in more detail in Technical Manual WIN ADRACS.

1.5.4 Runway Information

1.5.4.1 Runway Status

The runway status only refers to the stations which belong to this runway. If no stations belong to the runway, all the states will be »OFF». The meaning of the Runway status is shown as a logical AND- combination.

OPERATIONAL

(not ALARM (DME, FFM, MARKER)) and (not Local-Control (GS, LOC)) and NORMAL (GS, LOC)

DEGRADED (not OPERATIONAL) and (not ALARM (GS, LOC)

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

11 /

11

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

SHUTDOWN (not OPERATIONAL) and (not DEGRADED)

ENABLE DATA-COM (DME, GS, LOC) and (not Local-Control (GS, LOC)) and (not PC-Control (DME, GS, LOC)) and (not (Shut-Down-TX1 and Shut-Down-TX2 (DME)) and (not Switch-Control (DME, GS, LOC))

1.5.4.2 Runway Select

The runway is normally selected via the CTUs. The CTUs send the status of the runway select switch (key switch) to the REU every 2 s. This telegram also contains the states of the two runway select enable switches (on the CTU board). The REU only evaluates the runway select switches whose runway select enable switches are set to »ON». The status of the runway select switch is saved in the runway select bit. If

a valid runway select telegram is not received for a runway for more than 10 s, the REU assumes that the

corresponding CTU is no longer functioning correctly and allows the PC to manipulate the runway select bit for this runway. This only applies until another valid telegram is received from the CTU. Otherwise, the PC is not allowed to alter the runway select bit.

If there are several cascaded CTUs, the previous CTU in the chain which is set to enable for one runway,

checks whether or not the next CTUs have the same setting for the same runway. If not - e.g. if CTU 1 is set to enable and CTU 2 to disable - the next CTU is ignored. If the opposite is true - i.e. if CTU 1 is set to disable and CTU 2 to enable - there are no restrictions. A runway can only be shut down by the master CTU

which is set to enable for it. The other CTUs in the chain are set to disable.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

2 CHAPTER 2

INSTALLATION AND INITIAL SETUP

2.1 GENERAL

This chapter describes the installation and initial setup procedures for the CTU & RWY-select units. The equipment and system configurations for the various components of the RCMS 443 are dependent on the local situation and may vary accordingly. For details about RCSE 443, see the relevant manual.

2.2 INSTALLATION

2.2.1 Power supply connection

- Set the AC and DC power switch on the rear of the subrack to »off»: lower position (Fig. 2-1).

- Connect a ground or frame cable.

- Connect the power supply (either AC or DC, depending on the configuration, see Fig. 2-1).

CAUTION
CAUTION

If a DC power supply is used, take care to connect it with the correct polarity. Make sure the correct mains voltage is set if an AC supply is used.

Equipped with DC/DC-converter

VAC 85V 264V DC/DC I O J3 J4 J17 VDC - - + - -
VAC 85V
264V
DC/DC
I
O
J3
J4
J17
VDC
- -
+
- -
+
DC-Power
20
60 V
Supply

AC mains fuse

Equipped with AC/DC-converter VAC 85V 264V DC/DC I O J3 J4 J17 VDC - -
Equipped with AC/DC-converter
VAC 85V
264V
DC/DC
I
O
J3
J4
J17
VDC
- -
+
AC-Power
85
264
V
Supply

Figure 2-1: Power supply cabling

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

13 /

13

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

2.2.2 CTU+RWY interfacing

CTU & RWY subrack can be connected to the following external equipment via separate RS 422 links:

- RCSE 443

- CTU + RWY (slave)

Printer PC1 RS232 LPT1 COM1
Printer
PC1
RS232
LPT1
COM1

PTT line

Note:

The overall length of a RS422 connection line should be < 1 km ! The overall length of a RS232 connection line should be < 15 m !

LGM1
LGM1

RCSE 443/RCSI 446

LGM2
LGM2

LGM3 line should be < 15 m ! LGM1 RCSE 443/RCSI 446 LGM2 1) LGM4 RS422 1)

1) LGM4
1)
LGM4
RS422 1) 2a1
RS422
1)
2a1
J1 CTU+RWY J2 RS422
J1
CTU+RWY
J2
RS422
J1 CTU+RWY J2
J1
CTU+RWY
J2

Lines to Navaids Station equipment

1) CTU is connected via LGM4 if LGM Extended 2 Unit is used to prevent potential difference in case of long lines

used to prevent potential difference in case of long lines optional Figure 2-2: Interface cabling 14

optional

Figure 2-2: Interface cabling

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

2.2.3 CTU pin assignment of Interface Connectors VAC 85V 264V DC/DC I O J1 CTU/RPU
2.2.3 CTU pin assignment of Interface Connectors
VAC 85V
264V
DC/DC
I
O
J1 CTU/RPU IN
J3
J4
J17
J2 CTU/RPU SLAVE
VDC
- -
+

Figure 2-3: CTU subrack, back panel connectors

2.2.3.1 SubD 9 Pin Connectors J1, J2

J1

CTU/RPU IN (female)

 
 

PIN

ASSIGNMENT

PIN

ASSIGNMENT

1

+RxD

6

+TxD

2-RxD

 

7

-TxD

3

+CTS

8

+RTS

4-CTS

 

9

-RTS

5

Gnd

J2

CTU/RPU SLAVE (male)

 
 

PIN

ASSIGNMENT

PIN

ASSIGNMENT

1

+TxD

6

+RxD

2-TxD

 

7

-RxD

3

+RTS

8

+CTS

4-RTS

 

9

-CTS

5 Gnd

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

15 /

15

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

2.3 CTU SETTINGS

The EPROM of the processor unit for CTU contains with software version 1.23 the complete software for test and operation. The settings of the address coding switch have to be set in accordance with the tables Fig. 2- 4 (0 = OPEN, 1 = CLOSED). The settings up to software version 1.07 are also indicated (example of the address coding switch in the figures).

Runway Select enable (Runway 1) 1=enabled 2=disabled

Address coding switch

S5 (not used) 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 OPEN 2
S5 (not used)
9
8 7 6 5 4
3 2
1
1
OPEN
2
9
8 7 6 5 4
3 2
1
1
2
OPEN
open
set
set
open
Reset
Watchdog on/off
Runway Select enable (Runway 2)
1=enabled 2=disabled
1
2
3
Termination RS422
SW2
SW1
W5
W4
W2
W3
Software (up to V. 1.07) Address coding switch 9 8 7 6 5 4 3
Software (up to V. 1.07)
Address coding switch
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
CTU
0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
Software (V. 1.23)
Address coding switch
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
CTU 1 (station 0
CTU 1 (station 8
Test CTU
7)
15)
1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Switch position and setting 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 0
Switch position and setting
9
8 7 6 5 4
3 2
1
1
0
OPEN
closed
or

Figure 2-4: CTU rear side, position of jumpers and default settings

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

2.4 INITIAL SETUP

It presumes that the equipment has been factory-aligned and tested. The installation must be in the following status:

- External power supply and external equipment (e.g. ILS systems) are installed and cabled.

- The input voltage to the subrackmust correspond to the assigned input voltage.

- The switches and jumpers must be set to the correct position (refer to section 2.3)

2.4.1 Initial Power up

See Fig. 2-5.

The installation procedure must be completed and all the connections made before the RCSE can be started up. The power switch for the supply voltage must be set to »off», depending on the type of converter installed (see Fig. 2-5).

As soon as the device is switched on, the REU initialization routine starts automatically: the boot procedure is performed, the main REU program is loaded, start procedures are run, etc. This may take around 20 s altogether. Since the RSU/CTU has a separate processor, an ALARM indication appears there initially,

COMMUNICATION ERROR, and a tone is

emitted by the signal generator. As soon as the REU software has been loaded successfully, the subsystem states of the connected stations are indicated on the INC/RSU/CTU and the system status is indicated on the CTU. The NORMAL indicators light up for the various subsystems during normal operation. If no maintenance data terminal is connected, the RCSE can commence operation.

together with a message on the LCD display of the RSU:

REU

On/Off switch if AC/DC converter used (no function for DC).

On/Off switch if AC/DC converter used (no function for DC). On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used

On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used (no function for AC)

subrack, rear side

Figure 2-5: Location of On/Off switches (CTU-subrack)

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

17 /

17

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

3 CHAPTER 3

OPERATION

3.1 GENERAL

This chapter describes the operation of the CTU and RWY-select in the RCMS 443 for AN 400 (SYSTEM 4000) ILS, VOR/DVOR and DME. Description and use of the PC User Program will be found in the Technical Manual WIN ADRACS, Code No. 83140 55323.

3.2 OPERATION OF THE CTU AND RWY-SELECT

3.2.1 Switching On/Off

Use the proper On/Off switch located on the rear to switch-off the subrack.

When the subracks are switched on, the REU starts up automatically. This takes around 20 seconds altogether. The INC/RSU/CTU issue an ALARM (REU COMMUNICATION ERROR) immediately after starting up and output an audible signal. When the REU software has started successfully, the states of the connected stations are indicated at the INC/RSU or CTU/RWY Select.

On/Off switch if AC/DC converter used (no function for DC)

On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used (no function for AC)

On/Off switch if DC/DC converter used (no function for AC) Figure 3-1: Position of On/Off-switch 3.2.2

Figure 3-1: Position of On/Off-switch

3.2.2 General Controls of CTU

See fig. 3-2.

3.2.2.1 Lamp Test

When LAMP TEST is pressed, the lamps light up consecutively one column at a time, from left to right, to permit a visual check.

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

19 /

19

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

3.2.2.2 Alarm Silent

The device buzzer sounds whenever the status of a station indicated on the device changes. This is only provided in the NORMAL, WARNING and ALARM states. The buzzer remains switched on until either the ALARM SILENT button is pressed.

A station status change does not result in a buzzer alarm in the following situations:

- If either PC control or switch control has been set for the station.

- If the runway select bit for the runway to which the station belongs has been altered during the previous 60 seconds.

- If the WIN ADRACS maintenance function (PC) is active.

3.2.2.3 Brightness up/Brightness down (CTU)

The brightness of the indicators on the CTU can be adapted to the ambient brightness with the BRIGHTNESS UP and BRIGHTNESS DOWN controls.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

Key Switch

RWY-SELECT OPERATIONAL OPERATIONAL DEGRADED DEGRADED SHUT DOWN SHUT DOWN ENABLE ENABLE RunWaY Selector (RWY)
RWY-SELECT
OPERATIONAL
OPERATIONAL
DEGRADED
DEGRADED
SHUT DOWN
SHUT DOWN
ENABLE
ENABLE
RunWaY Selector (RWY)
AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM ALARM WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING
AIR NAV SUBSYSTEM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
ALARM
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
NORMAL
BRIGHT-
BRIGHT-
ALARM
LAMP
NESS
NESS
SILENT
TEST
DOWN
UP
Control Tower Unit (CTU)

Figure 3-2: CTU/RWY Select panel

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

21 /

21

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

3.2.3 CTU and RWY Select Control Functions

The CTU has no special controls on its front panel. The runway which is displayed on the RWY select can be selected with the SW1 and SW2 switches on the CTU board (rear). The following options are available:

SW1: Runway1 enabled (up) SW1: Runway1 disabled (down) SW2: Runway2 enabled (up) SW2: Runway2 disabled (down)

The runways can be switched on (and off) with the key switch of the RWY Select (front) unit. The ENABLE lamp of the determined runway must light up. ENABLE off is a result of the following conditions:

- Datacom error to LLZ or GP and DME (if it belongs to the system)

- Local control of LLZ or GP and DME (FACE LINK)

- Switch control mode (RPU SW1 and station selected)

- PC control mode, maintenance active for a station in WIN ADRACS

- DME TX1 and 2 SHUT DOWN

3.2.4 CTU Cascading

It is always possible to connect several CTU’s in a cascade with a CTU. The same status is indicated on each unit. If one of the CTU’s in the chain develops a fault however, all the indication units connected downstream of it will also be affected.

If there are two CTU’s cascaded, the runway select can be changed over to a single CTU, or each CTU can be used to switch only one runway:

CTU (1)

SW1

= ON

=>

Runway 1 enabled

(Runway 1 enabled on CTU 1)

CTU (1)

SW2

= OFF

=>

Runway 2 disabled

CTU (2)

SW1

= OFF

=>

Runway 1 disabled

CTU (2)

SW2

= ON

=>

Runway 2 enabled

(Runway 2 enabled on CTU 2)

CTU (1)

SW1

= ON

=>

Runway 1 enabled

(Runway 1 enabled on CTU 1)

CTU (1)

SW2

= ON

=>

Runway 2 enabled

(Runway 2 enabled on CTU 1)

CTU (2)

SW1

= OFF

=>

Runway 1 disabled

CTU (2)

SW2

= OFF

=>

Runway 2 disabled

3.2.5 CTU and RWY-Select Indications

See fig. 3-2.

3.2.5.1 CTU Subsystem Status Indication

NORMAL

=>

Normal Operation:

 

All transmitter and monitor equipment are switched on, initialized and serviceable for the intended category of operations.(i. e. No Warning and No Alarm Condition)

WARNING

=>

Warning (Alert):

 

Transmitter(s) OFF, equipment initializing, primary equipment shut-down by monitor, limited monitor configuration (only one executive), local access (local panel or attached terminal), monitor bypass (one or both), battery operation

ALARM

=>

Alarm Subsystem shut-down Out-of-tolerance signal(s) while monitor in bypass.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

3.2.5.2 RWY-Select System Status Indication

OPERATIONAL

=>

Operational performance fulfilled (e.g. Runway in CAT III mode)

DEGRADED

=>

Operational performance limited (e.g. RWY degraded to CAT I/II)

SHUT DOWN

=>

Runway shut down or has ALARM

ENABLE

=>

Runway follows CTU runway switch

3.3 MAINTENANCE OPERATION

Maintenance mode can be set either at a Maintenance Data Terminal (PC) connected to the RCSE/RCSI/REU or at a Remote Maintenance Center (RMC), again via a PC which is connected there to the RCSE/RCSI/REU. In both cases, it is controlled using the installed PC User Program (WIN ADRACS).

Since the interface in the REU system is an open interface, access and thus operator actions are governed by a multi-level password code. When the WIN ADRACS program is started, password information is sent to the REU. The first PC with a suitable password level (> 2) to issue a request is given priority over the next requesting PC with the same password level, in other words only one PC at a time can be operated in maintenance mode in the same system (either locally or at the RMC). The other PCs receive an »Other User is master» message. All PCs with a password level < 3 will get access to the system. The only exception is a request for GetAllState data (telegram for main status of station), which can be made by several different PCs.

NOTE: To avoid bringing in a computer virus it is not allowed to run computer games generally and to use software programs which are not authorized on the Maintenance Data Terminal (PC). It is recommended to test the computer or disks with a virus checker.

Complete information con be found in the RCSE 443/RCSI 446 and WIN ADRACS manuals.

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

23 /

23

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

4 CHAPTER 4

MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING

4.1

MAINTENANCE

There are no special activities for ordinary maintenance.

4.1.1 Front Panel cleaning

Use only water and neutral soap with a soft cloth; do not use alcohol, corrosive and abrasive substances.

4.2

TROUBLESHOOTING

This paragraph covers tracing and replacement of faulty cards that can be repaired in a properly equipped

laboratory.

A malfunction on a CTU panel unit and RWY-select may cause the following faults:

1. incorrect indications on the front panel, or Leds that do not light up;

2. pushbutton commands that are not performed;

3. serial port not working;

A malfunction on the power supply module may cause the following faults:

1. all indications on the front panel are switched off;

First check the fuse on the mains input (2.5A / 250V - dimension: 5x20).

WARNING : During the checks disconnect the mains input cable.

A short circuit on the output DC voltage could be diagnosed as a power supply faulty: disconnect the power

supply connection to PU 51 unit and check the 5V presence (pin 20 – 23).

FUSE 32 29 26 23 20 17 14 11 8 5 2
FUSE
32
29
26
23
20
17
14
11
8
5
2

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

25 /

25

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

4.3 MODULES REPLACEMENT

Follow these procedures:

turn-off the equipment;

unscrew the front panel screws to access the internal connections and AC/DC converter module.

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

5 CHAPTER 5

PARTS LIST - SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS - LAYOUT DRAWINGS

Ed. 01

THALES ATM S.p.A

27 /

27

955 900 023 C

9 5 5 9 0 0 0 2 3 C CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

Page left intentionally blank

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual

CTU & RWY-select Technical Manual 955 900 023 C

955 900 023 C

5.1 PROCESSOR UNIT PU 51

REF.

DESCRIPTION

UNIT

TOL.

C1

CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 10

UF

±10%

C2

CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE1 33

PF

±2%

C3

CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE1 33

PF

±2%

C4

CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 1

UF

±10%

C5

CAPACITOR, ELECTROL. TA 1

UF

±10%

C6 …

CAPACITOR, CERAMIC, TYPE 2

PF

±10%

C32

10000

 

D1

IC, HCTMOS

6

INVT

D2

IC, HCTMOS

 

4

AND

D3

IC, HCTMOS

 

8

TRI-DG

D4

IC, HCTMOS

 

8

D-TRI

D5

IC, MEMORY

 

1

SRAM 8KX8

D6

IC PROGRAM EPROM 32KX8 250 NS

 

D7

IC, HCTMOS

8

TRI-DG

D8

IC,HCTMOS

 

1

COWA BC8-ST

D9

IC, PERIPHERY

 

1

MPSS PROT IMU

D10

IC, HCTMOS

 

2COWA BC4-ST

D11

IC, COMPUTER

1

MCSU 8B 12MHZ

D12

IC, INTERFACE

 

1

MPSS CTLR

D13

IC, INTERFACE

 

2

TREI LG

D14

IC, INTERFACE

 

2

EMPF LG