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United States Patent [1911 [11] 4,300,981

Carstens [45] Nov. 17, 1981

[54] LAYERED PAPER HAVING A SOFI‘ AND Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Thomas J. Slone; Fredrick H.
SMOOTH VELUTINOUS SURFACE, AND Braun; Richard C. Witte
METHOD or MAKING sucn PAPER
[57] ABSTRACT
[75] Inventor: Jerry E. Carstens, Cincinnati, Ohio
A layered paper and method of making it, which paper
[73] Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company, is characterized by having a soft, relatively untextured
Cincinnati, Ohio smooth velutinous surface de?ned by a multiplicity of
[21] Appl. No.: 93,312 relatively ?accid paperrnaking ?bers having unbonded
free end portions of substantial length, and which sur
[22] Filed: N0v.13,1979 face is subjectively discernible by humans as being ex
[51] Int. 01.3 ..r .................... .. D21l-I 5/00;D21H 5/24 tremely soft and smooth. Exemplary embodiments in
[52] user ...... .......................... .._162/109;162/l11; clude tissue paper, and tissue paper products comprising
162/112; 162/113; 162/130; 162/131; 162/132; one or more plies of such paper. The method includes
428/153; 428/154 wet laying a layered web which has a relatively low
[58] Field of Search .............................. .. 162/111-113, bond surface layer comprising at least about 60% rela
162/115, 123, 125, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 204, tively short paperrnaking ?bers, drying the web without
109; 428/154, 153, 91, 97; 264/282, 283, 284 imparting substantial texture thereto, breaking suf?cient
[56] References Cited paperrnaking bonds in the surface layer to generate a
velutinous surface having an FFE-Index of at least
U.S.' PATENT DOCUMENTS about 60 and preferably at least about 90, and calender
3,203,850 8/1965 McCarty ........................ .. 264/283 , ing the dried web as required to provide said surface
3,994,771 11/1976 Morgan vct a1. ................... .. 162/113 layer with an HTR-Texture of about 1.0 or less, and
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS more preferably about 0.7 or less, and most preferably
about 0.1 or less.
526305 6/ 1956 Canada .............................. .. 428/ 154

Primary Examiner-Peter Chin ' 31 Claims, 60 Drawing Figures


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