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Solutions -100 must do Geometry questions Kitabee CAT Preparation

Q.1) Option (A)

Given PA = QB = RC = SD and PA = 3AQ,


If AQ = x, PA = 3x
Using Pythagoras theorem
DA2 = 9x2 + x2
DA = √10x
Similarly, AB = BC = CD = √10x
Therefore, ABCD is a square
We also know that area of PQRS = 240 = 16x2
x2 = 15
Area of square ABCD = 10 x2 = 150
1
Area of shaded region = ∗ 150 = 75
2
Q.2) Option (B)

Angle bisector theorem


𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 2
= =
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 3
Therefore, AB = 2x, AC = 3x
Pythagoras theorem
AB2 + BC2 = AC2
4x2 + 25 = 9x2
𝑥𝑥 = √5

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AD2 = AB2 + BD2


= 20 + 4
24
AD = 2√6
Q.3) Option (C)
We can solve this question by co-ordinate geometry

The co-ordinates of all the points can be calculated, since P, Q, R and S are the
mid-points
Area of PQRS = Area of triangle PQR + Area of triangle PRS
Area of triangle having co-ordinates (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and (x3, y3) is given by =
1
[𝑥𝑥 (𝑦𝑦 − 𝑦𝑦1 ) + 𝑥𝑥2 (𝑦𝑦3 − 𝑦𝑦1 ) + 𝑥𝑥3 (𝑦𝑦1 − 𝑦𝑦2 )]
2 1 2
Using the above formula, we will get, area of PQRS = 4 + 3 = 7
Area of rectangle ABCD = 32
7
Required answer =
32
Q.4) Option (D)

Given
∠𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 120°
1
RS = PS = QP
3
Let QP = 3x, RS = PS = x
Therefore ∠𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 = ∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 30°

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Co interior angles of trapezium are supplementary


∠𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 + ∠𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 = 180
∠𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = 30°
PSR is an isosceles triangle, PR = 2xcos 30 = 𝑥𝑥√3
In triangle PQR
Using cosine rule
9𝑥𝑥 2 +3𝑥𝑥 2 −𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 2
cos 30 =
2∗3𝑥𝑥∗𝑥𝑥 √3
QR = √3x
Therefore, PQR is also an isosceles triangle
Hence, angle PQR = 30°
Q.5) Option (B)

Interior angle of a regular octagon = 135


∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 45°
∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 45°
Therefore PC = acos 45
𝑎𝑎
BP = acos 45° =
√2
DC = a + 2a cos 45
DC = �√2 + 1�𝑎𝑎
1
Area of Trapezium ABCD = (𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 + 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷) ∗ ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒ℎ𝑡𝑡
2
1 𝑎𝑎
2
�𝑎𝑎 + 𝑎𝑎 + 𝑎𝑎√2� ∗
√2
2
𝑎𝑎 = 12�√2 − 1� -------------- (1)
Area of octagon = 2*area or trapezium + area of rectangle CDEF
= 2*6 + CD*DE
=12 + �√2 + 1�𝑎𝑎 ∗ 𝑎𝑎
Substituting value of 𝑎𝑎2 from (1)
=24
Q.6) Option (B)

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OA = OB = radius
∠𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 = ∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 𝜃𝜃
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 2𝜃𝜃
∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 90°
Therefore, ∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 90 − 2𝜃𝜃
∠𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 = 45 − 2𝜃𝜃
Hence, ∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 135 − 𝜃𝜃
∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = ∠𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 = 135 − 𝜃𝜃 [Vertically opposite angles]
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 + ∠𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 + ∠𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = 180
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 + 135 − 𝜃𝜃 + 𝜃𝜃 = 180
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 45

Q.7) Option (C)

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Triangle ABC is a right angle triangle with a Pythagorean triplet 12, 16, 20.
Since AM is a median.
BM= MC =AM = 10
AM = 10
We can say that triangle ABC is a right angled triangle
Therefore ∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 90
∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 𝜃𝜃
Triangle ABM is an isosceles triangle
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 𝜃𝜃
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 180 − 2𝜃𝜃
∠𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = 90 − 𝜃𝜃
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 𝜃𝜃
Also, ∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 90 − 𝜃𝜃
Triangle AFM is similar to ABC
10 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀
=
16 12
15
𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 =
2
Area of AEDF = Area of square AEDM – Area of right angled triangle AMF
1 15 125
= 100 - ∗ � � (10) =
2 2 2
Q.8) Option (C)

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Triangle LMR is similar to LNS


Therefore, LR: LS = 1: 3
Triangle LOR is similar to LPS
2𝑥𝑥
Therefore OR =
3
In triangle OQP
Using Pythagoras theorem
5𝑥𝑥
OP =
3
Triangle OQP is similar to PNS
2𝑥𝑥 12
5𝑥𝑥 =
𝑥𝑥
3
x = 10
QR = 20
Q.9) Option (D)

Triangle MCO is similar to DAO


𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 1
= = =
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 2
In Triangle ACD
Using Pythagoras theorem in Triangle ACD, we will get
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = �𝑦𝑦 2 + 4𝑥𝑥 2
1
OC = �𝑦𝑦 2 + 4𝑥𝑥 2
3
Using Pythagoras theorem in triangle MCD, we will get

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𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = �𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑦𝑦 2
1
𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = �𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑦𝑦 2
3
In triangle MOC
MC2 = MO2 + OC2
1
[𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑦𝑦 2 + 4𝑥𝑥 2 + 𝑦𝑦 2 ] = 𝑥𝑥 2
9
𝑦𝑦 = √2𝑥𝑥
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 1
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 √2
Q.10) Option (D)

In triangle OAB, using Pythagoras theorem:


𝑥𝑥 2
4 = �2 − � + (2 − 𝑥𝑥)2
2
4
𝑥𝑥 = 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 4
5
x cannot be 4
4
Therefore, x =
5
2 16
𝑥𝑥 =
25
Q.11) Option (A)

Join C, B, F and E with O, which is the intersection of MN and AD


So now we have 6 equilateral triangles: BOC, DOC, DOE, EOF, FOA and AOB
Let the side length of regular hexagon = a
MN = 2 * height of an equilateral triangle

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√3
= 2 ∗ 𝑎𝑎 = √3𝑎𝑎
2
AD = 2a
MN * AD = 2√3𝑎𝑎2 ------------ (1)
3√3
We also know that area of hexagon �
2
� 𝑎𝑎2 = 120
240
So, 𝑎𝑎2 =
3 √3
Putting this value in (1) we will get MN * AD = 160
Q.12) Option (D)

The centres A, B and C will make equilateral triangle


6r = 12
r=2
Side of equilateral triangle = 8
√3
Height of triangle = ∗ 8 = 4 √3
2
Required distance = 4√3 − 4 = 4 �√3 − 1�
Q.13) Option (B)

1
Area of triangle ABC = sin 𝜃𝜃 4 ∗ 5 = 8
2
4
sin 𝜃𝜃 =
5
Area of Parallelogram = 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 sin(180 − 𝜃𝜃) = 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 = 16
Q.14) Option (D)

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Area of triangle having co-ordinates (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and (x3, y3) is given by =
1
[𝑥𝑥1 (𝑦𝑦2 − 𝑦𝑦3 ) + 𝑥𝑥2 (𝑦𝑦3 − 𝑦𝑦1 ) + 𝑥𝑥3 (𝑦𝑦1 − 𝑦𝑦2 )] \
2
16
=
5
Q.15) Option (B)

Let length of rectangle = L


Let DC = A and AB = B
The parallel line XY divides DA and CB in 1: 1 ratio
Therefore,
𝐴𝐴+𝐵𝐵
XY =
2
𝐴𝐴+𝐵𝐵
Area of rectangle = �
2
� 𝐿𝐿 = 28

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(A + B) L = 56 ------------- (1)
Triangle AXM is similar to Triangle ADF
Therefore, DF = 2L
1
Area of trapezium = (𝐴𝐴 + 𝐵𝐵) ∗ 2𝐿𝐿
2
From (1)
Required area = 56
Q.16) Option (A)

When all the points of ABCDEF are joined to the centre of the hexagon it will
form 6 equilateral triangles
ℎ1 and ℎ2 are the height of two equilateral triangles
Triangle PRQ is similar to triangle PED
ℎ1 1 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
= =
ℎ1 +ℎ2 2 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸
ℎ1 1
=
ℎ2 1
ℎ1 = ℎ2
FC is the largest diagonal with 2a.
FR = QC
FR = FC – RQ
= 2a – a/2
3𝑎𝑎
=
4
ED = a
RQ = a/2
For triangle PFR height will be ℎ1
1
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹∗ℎ1 1
=1 2
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 (𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸+𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅)∗ℎ2 2
2

Q.17) Option (D)


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Let the radius of small circle = x


SY = r
OS = OY = radius of small circle = x
𝑟𝑟
𝑥𝑥 =
√2
∠𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌 = 90
∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = ∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 45
Therefore, ∠𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌𝑌 = 90
Area of segment YX = Area of Sector YX – area of triangle SXY
90 1 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 𝑟𝑟 2
𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 − 𝑟𝑟 2 sin 90 = −
360 2 4 2
Area of shaded region = area of semi-circle of radius x – area of segment YX
𝜋𝜋𝑥𝑥 2 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 𝑟𝑟 2
= −( − )
2 4 2
𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 𝑟𝑟 2
− +
4 4 2
𝑟𝑟 2
=
2
We know that r = 2
Therefore, the required area = 2
Q.18) Option (A)

Triangle DTC is similar to DMA

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𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷


= =
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
As AD = DC, so the two triangles are congruent as well.
Therefore, DT = 10
Thus, DTBM is a square of side 10cm.
As triangle DTU is congruent to DMA
We can say that area of ABCD = Area of DTBM
Area of DTBM = Area of ABCD = 10 * 10 = 100
Q.19) Option (D)

Using, Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal in length.
x+y=4
y+z=5
z+w=6
w+m=7
m+n=8
n + x =?
Adding the first five equations, we get
x + 2y + 2z + 2w + 2m + n = 30
x + n = 30 – 10 – 14 = 6
x+n=6
So, AF = x+ n = 6
Q.20) Option (C)

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∠MRQ = 60
∠SRM = 30
Since ∠SRQ = 90
SNR is an equilateral triangle
Therefore, ∠NRM = 90
Using Pythagoras Theorem in triangle NMR
NM = 2√2
Q.21) Option (A)

Let the larger triangle be ∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃


∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 is an equilateral triangle formed by using 36 smaller equilateral triangles
and area of each smaller triangle is 2 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2 .
Total area of ∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 2* 36 = 72 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Let the side of each smaller triangle be a.
Then, PQ = RQ= PR = 6a
Now in ∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃

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𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵) 2𝑎𝑎 3𝑎𝑎


= ∗
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃) 6𝑎𝑎 6𝑎𝑎
∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 72 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Hence area of ∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 12𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Similarly,
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴) 5𝑎𝑎 3𝑎𝑎
= ∗
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃) 6𝑎𝑎 6𝑎𝑎
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴) = 30 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅) 1𝑎𝑎 4𝑎𝑎
= ∗
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃) 6𝑎𝑎 6𝑎𝑎
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅) = 8 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆𝐴𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶) = 72 − ( 8 + 12 + 30 )𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴) = 22 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Q.22) Option (C)

We Know ∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤ℎ 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑋𝑋.
X is the midpoint, Hence XO is parallel to AD and will pass through the mid-point
of CD.
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵+𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
In an isosceles trapezium, XO =
2
BX = XA = 4 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
OD = OC =4 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
BA = CD = 8 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Using Apollonius Theorem in ∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶
𝑎𝑎2 + 𝑏𝑏 2 = 2 ( 42 + ℎ2 )
We also know that 𝑎𝑎2 + 𝑏𝑏 2 = 82
64 = 2 ( 42 + ℎ2 )
32 = ( 42 + ℎ2 )
32 – 16 = ℎ2
h = 4 = XO

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Now, BC + AD = 2 * XO =4 * 2 = 8
Perimeter of Trapezium = AB + BC + CD + AD
= 8 + 8 +8 = 24 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
Q.23) Option (C)

Length of PA:PD= 1:2 (Basic proportionality theorem)


We know that the ratio of the area of two similar triangles is equal to the square of
the ratio of their sides.
Using Similarity,
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴) 𝑎𝑎 2
=� �
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷) 2𝑎𝑎
𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 (∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴) = a
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 4𝑎𝑎 − 𝑎𝑎 = 3𝑎𝑎
Similarly, the area of the second shaded region can be determined.
Let us denote the shaded region by S1, S2 …
And the Non shaded region as N1, N2, N3…
Now S1 the smallest triangle which is a.
S1= a, S2 = 5a, S3 = 9a, S4 = 13a, S5 = 17a
N1 = 3a, N2 = 7a, N3 = 11a, N4 = 15a, N5 = 19 a
Area of the shaded region is = a + 5a + 9a + 13a + 17a
Total area of the triangle = 100 a

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% of the shaded region is = 45


Q.24) Option (C)

Side of square PQRS = 4


In ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 , 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎 ℎ𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦
𝑇𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒
𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 = 4 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑆𝑆, 𝑃𝑃 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴.
Using Pythagoras, AS = AP = 2√2
Side of square ABCD = 4√2
Let the radius of circle be r.
TH = r
Now, RP is the diagonal of the square SPQR, Hence RP =4√2
RO = 2√2 ( half of diagonal)
RT = ½ RQ
Hence TH = RH – RT = 2√2 − 2
r = 2√2 − 2
Area of 1 circle = 𝜋𝜋 𝑟𝑟 2
= 𝜋𝜋 (2√2 − 2)2
= 4 𝜋𝜋 (3 − 2√2)
Area of 4 circles = 4 * 4 𝜋𝜋 (3 − 2√2)

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= 16 𝜋𝜋 (3 − 2√2)
Q.25) Option (B)

Let the radius of the bigger circle is R and the radius of smaller circle is r.
Now , In triangle ABC
2 (R +r )2 = (2𝑅𝑅)2
2𝑅𝑅2 +2𝑟𝑟 2 + 4𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 4𝑅𝑅2
𝑅𝑅2 − 𝑟𝑟 2 − 2𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 0
𝑅𝑅2 − 2𝑟𝑟 𝑅𝑅 − 𝑟𝑟 2 = 0
𝑅𝑅 2 ±2√2
= or
𝑟𝑟 2
𝑅𝑅
= 1 + √2
𝑟𝑟
Q.26) Option (B)

Construction: Drop a perpendicular from Q to PR


Join OS.
In ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑅𝑅

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Angle QOR is 90° and angle ORQ is 30 °


So, angle OQR is 60 °
As PS is the Median, Let QS = SR = x
Now, Using 90° – 60° – 30° Rule.
If side opposite to 90 ° 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 2𝑥𝑥 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒, 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 30 ° 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑥𝑥.
Now Triangle OQS is an equilateral triangle.
Angle OQS = Angle QSO = Angle QOS = 60 °
OS = OQ= QS= x
Since Angle PSQ is 45 ° 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 angle PSO is 15°
Angle POS = 90° + 60°
Then Angle OPS is 15 °
So PO = OS = x
Now in POQ,
PO = OS = x
Angle QPO = Angle PQO = 45 °
So angle QPS = 45 ° − 15 °
= 30 °

Q.27) Option (D)

Let the radius of Smaller circle be r.


Since the side of the square is 2, Diagonal is 2√2.
Now the smaller square formed in the smaller circle, which has radius r.
The side of the smaller square is r and Diagonal is r √2.
Now 2+ r + r√2 = 2√2.
2√2−2.
Hence, r =
√2+1

Q.28) Option (A)

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Let UC = CB = BR = a
PA = AB = BS = b
QA = CA = CT = c
Now in ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄,
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 1
=
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 2
Then Area would be
∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 1
=
∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 4
Where ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 2, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = 8 .
Area of QABR = 8 -2 = 6 units
Similarly, area of TCBS = area of UCAP = 6 units
In ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 & ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴,
PA = AB
CA = AQ
Angle a is vertically opposite, Hence
∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 & ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐.
Area of ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 2.
Similarly, area∆ UCT = ∆BSR = 2 units.
Total Area is 6 * 3 + 2 * 3 + 2
= 26 units

Q.29) Option (A)

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Given: Angle QAM = 45°,


In ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄,
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 (Opposite angles are 45°)
Now AQMO is a square with side x.
Now ∆ 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 & ∆ 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 are similar
1 𝑥𝑥
=
1 + 𝑥𝑥 𝑥𝑥 + 8
x + 8 = x (1+ x)
x+ 8 = x + 𝑥𝑥 2
𝑥𝑥 2 = 8
X = 2 √2
Length of DC = x+ 8
= 2 √2 + 8 ANS
Q.30) Option (B)

B C

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Let the area of regular hexagon be 6x units


It consists of 6 equilateral triangles, each of area x.
Total area occupied by 2 hexagons = 12x
Joining the various points as shown in the figure.
We know, Each interior angle of hexagon be 120°
So in ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴, 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 180° − 120° = 60°
Similarly, Angle BAC = 60°
So, ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤ℎ 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠.
12 such equilateral triangles are formed in the shaded portion, each with area x.
Total area of the parallelogram = Area of Hexagon +Area of shaded portion
24x= 12x+12x
Area of 2 hexagons = 12x
12𝑥𝑥 1
Hence, area of hexagons to the area of parallelogram = =
24𝑥𝑥 2

Q.31) Option (A)

In ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄,
Angle NQM = 50 ° and QNM = 90 °
so angle QMN = 40 °
Now angle RMQ + QMN + NMP = 180°
Angle NMP = 180° – (120° + 40°)
Angle NMP = 20 °
In ∆𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀,
Angle P = 180° − ( 90 ° + 20 °)
Angle P = 70 °
Now PQ = PR,
Q + R = 110°
Angle Q = 55 °
So angle MQR = 55° – 50° = 5° ANS
Q.32) Option (C)

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Since PQ = 2 and M is the mid-point of PQ, PM = MQ = ½ (2) = 1


Since Δ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑃𝑃, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒,
2
RQ = �𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃2 + 𝑃𝑃𝑅𝑅 2 = �22 + 2√3 = 4
Now Δ 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 Δ 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄∗𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 2(2�3)
Therefore, = 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = = = √3
𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 4
Similarly, RLP ̴ PRQ
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 (2√3∗2�3)
= or RL = =3
𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 4
Therefore, LQ = 4-3 = 1 and PF = PL – FL = √3 − 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹
Need to determine FL.
Drop a perpendicular from M to X on RQ.

Then ∆ 𝑀𝑀𝑋𝑋𝑄𝑄 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃,


Since these triangles are each right angled and they share a common angle Q.
Since MQ= ½ PQ, then the corresponding sides of
∆𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃.
Therefore, QX= ½ QL = ½ (1) = 1/2, MX =1/2 PL = √3/2
QX = ½ RX= RQ – QX = 4 - ½ = 7/2
∆𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∆𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅( 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒ℎ 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑅𝑅)
𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
Therefore, =
𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
3√3
FL =
7
3�3) 4√3
PF = √3 − =
7 7

Q.33) Option (E)

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In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴,
Let OC = OP = x, and OB = BM = y (Both are tangents to circle)
Similarly, length of PE=EN=a and length of MD= DN= z
Therefore length of AE= 5-a-x
Similarly we get the length of AD= 6-z-y
Now the perimeter of Triangle = 5-a-x+6-z-y+z+a= 11-x-y
Now it is given that x+y=3
Therefore, 11-3=8
Q.34) Option (D)

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As two diagonal bisects each other at point R


Therefore R is the mid-pt of Square ABCD
Area of square = 4 units
1
Since ABCD is a square, area of ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 * area of square.
4
Area of ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 1
M is the mid-point of AB, MB: AB = 1:2
So RM: AD = 1:2
Since DA is 2, so RM is 1 units
Now, ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠
RM: DA = 1:2
Areas are in the ratio of square of the ratio of the sides.
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑎𝑎
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 4𝑎𝑎
In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴,
AQ: QR = 1:2
Area will be divided in the same ratio as the base.
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑎𝑎
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 2𝑎𝑎
Using Symmetry, area of ∆ 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = 𝑎𝑎 & 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆ 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 = 2𝑎𝑎
Area of ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 1
6a = 1
1
a=
6
1 1
Area of shaded region = 2a = 2 * =
6 3
Q.35) Option (B)

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Join E to C and noting that


∆ 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 2.
Since F is the midpoint of DE, triangle DFC and EFC have the same height and the
same base.
Hence the same area.
Therefore,
∆ 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 1 𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢. 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎
1 1 1
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∆𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∆ 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 .
2 4 8

Q.36) Option (A)

Construction: Join D to C and B to D.

Since AD is the diameter, angle ACD is a right angle.

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Similarly angle ABD = 90°


∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 90°-30°– 60° Triangle
If AB is 18cm then AE = 9 cm
Give that EC= 2 cm and AE = 9 cm.

In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴, 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 90°


Angle EAB =60°, hence ABE = 30°
Using 90°-30°– 60° Rule,
If AB is 18 cm then AE = 9cm and EB = 9√3
Now ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 Using AAA Rule,

18 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
=
9 √3 9
9∗18
BD =
9 √3
= 6 √3 (Ans)
Q.37) Option (B)

Side of the hexagon = 3


Angle formed on the center by one side of Hexagon is 60°.
Radius of circle = 3 cm
Hence triangle AOB is an equilateral triangle with side 3.
60 3
Area of sector 1 = ∗ 𝜋𝜋 ∗ 3 ∗ 3 = 𝜋𝜋
360 2
√3 9√ 3
Area od ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = ∗ 3∗3=
4 4
3 9√ 3
Area o shaded region of sector 1= 2 * ( 𝜋𝜋 − )
2 4
6𝜋𝜋− 9√3
=
2
There are 6 such similar shaded regions.

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6𝜋𝜋− 9√3
Total area of shaded region= 6 * ( )
2
= 3 (6 𝜋𝜋 − 9 √3) Ans
Q.38) Option (B)

Let O be the center of the smaller triangle and M be the center of larger circle.
Now, OP = MN = r
MB = MD = R
Given, CD is 8 cm
Now, M is perpendicular to chord CD. Hence ND = 4
Using Pythagoras theorem in ∆ MND
𝑅𝑅2 = 𝑟𝑟 2 + 42
𝑅𝑅2 - 𝑟𝑟 2 = 42
1
Area of shaded region is (𝑅𝑅2 - 𝑟𝑟 2 ) 𝜋𝜋
2
= 8 𝜋𝜋 ANS
Q.39) Option (C)

Let X be the point on QP so that TX is perpendicular to QP.


Since ∆ 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑋𝑋 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄.
Since QP= 4, then QX = XP = 2
As angle TQP = 45and angle QXT = 90 then
∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎. 𝑇𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒, 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 = 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = 2
Area of ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 + ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 − ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄
1
Area of ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = ( 3)(4) = 6
2
1
Area of ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = (4) ∗ (2) = 4
2
∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤ℎ 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝
𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓

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QR to T, which equals to the length of QX.


1
Area of ∆𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 = (3) ∗ (2) = 3
2
Area of ∆𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 6 + 4 − 3 = 7
Q.40) Option (C)

First and Third arc would make an angle of 90 ° with a radius of 20 cm.
90
= ∗ 2 𝜋𝜋 20
360
= 10 𝜋𝜋
Second arc also makes angle of 90 ° with a radius of 20 √2.
90
= ∗ 2 𝜋𝜋 20√2
360
Total length of arc = I + II + III
10 𝜋𝜋 + 10 𝜋𝜋 + 10√2 𝜋𝜋
= 10√2 𝜋𝜋(1 + √2) Ans
Q.41) Option (C)

2Ɵ + 90 = 180
By symmetry, Ɵ=45
Now in triangle DEF

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Angle DEF and Angle EDF would be 45


So the length of side DE = √2
Similary, we get the length of EI =√2
And length of FD and IG is 1 cm (Given)
So, the length of AB = 2 + 2√2
Q.42) Option (A)

Length of AC = 2√2 (Square of Diagonal)


AE= 2 cm (Side of Square AEFG)
So, length of EC= AC-AE= 2√2- 2
Now the length of EC and EL would be equal as triangle ECL is ( 900,450.450)
So, the area of ABEL = area of ABC- area of ECL
1 1
× 2 × 2 − × 2(2√2 − 2) = 4-2√2
2 2
Q.43) Option(B)

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Triangle ABC is a equilateral triangle so the side of AB=BC=AC=8


Now Triangle WBR and EFG would also be equilateral triangle
Similarly, other two small triangle will be equal
Now, let us assume that the side of triangle WBR be y
Similarly, side of smaller triangle be x
So, the perimeter of Hexagon= 8-x-y+y+x+8-y-x+y+x=16 cm
Q.44) Option (C)

Let the length of EB= 2x


Then AE = 5√5 − 2𝑥𝑥
Now it is given that the area of ABCD divide into five equal parts
So, the area of L shape figure would be = 25
And L shape figure would be equal to the area of AEGF and area of GHDC
So, the area of AEGF+ GHDC = 25
2𝑥𝑥�5√5 − 2𝑥𝑥� + 5√5(5√5 − 2𝑥𝑥) = 25
By solving above equation we get the value of x
i.e. x=5
So, the length of shortest side of L shape figure (AE) would be 5√5 - 10

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Q.45) Option (B)

y+1=x…(i)
2y-1=x+2 …(ii)
By solving above equation
we get the value of x and y as 5 and 4
So the length of the side of the largest square would be x+2= 5+2=7
Q.46) Option (A)

In triangle ABC
𝑟𝑟
𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠Ɵ= 2𝑟𝑟
So 1
𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠Ɵ= 2 1
So, Ɵ = 30° ( as sin 30 = )
2
Therefore angle of sector would be 60°

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60
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝜋𝜋(3𝑟𝑟)2 3
= 360
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2 2
Q.47) Option (B)

Radius of small circle = R


Therefore, Radius of Biggest circle is equal to 2R
So the area of Big circle is 𝜋𝜋(2𝑅𝑅)2 = 𝜋𝜋4𝑅𝑅2
And, the area of Red circle = 𝜋𝜋(𝑅𝑅)2
There are 4 Red circle
So the area of 4 Red circle = 4 𝜋𝜋(𝑅𝑅)2
Now, the Area of Blue part = Area of Biggest Circle –( Area of 4 red circle -1200)
Area of Blue part= 𝜋𝜋4𝑅𝑅2 − 𝜋𝜋4𝑅𝑅2 + 1200 = 1200
Q.48) Option(B)

By applying Pythagoras theorem


We get equation as
√𝑙𝑙 2 +𝑏𝑏 2 = PQ2
𝑙𝑙 2 +𝑏𝑏 2 =102 = 100…(i)

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√ℎ2 +𝑏𝑏 2 = 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃2


ℎ2 +𝑏𝑏 2 = 162 = 256 ….(ii)
√𝑙𝑙 2 +ℎ2 =RQ2
𝑙𝑙 2 +ℎ2 = 122 = 144….(iii)
Now adding equation (i) (ii) and (iii)
2(𝑙𝑙 2 +𝑏𝑏2 + ℎ2 ) = 500
(𝑙𝑙 2 +𝑏𝑏 2 + ℎ2 ) = 250
Now solving this equation we get the value of
√𝑙𝑙 2 +𝑏𝑏 2 + ℎ2 = 5√10
Length of Diagonal = 5√10
Q.49) Option(B)

Let the area of triangle EGH, ICD, ADG, HIF be, m, g, b, a


Now, the area of EGH + GHID + ICD = AED + EBC
m + x + g = 11 + a + b …… (i)
Similarly the area of ADG + GHID + HIF = AGE + GEH + EHB + FIC + DIC
a + b + x = 4 + 3 + m + 4 + G ………. (ii)
By solving equation (i) and (ii)
We get the value of x = 11
Q.50 Option (D)

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Let us assume that side of hexagon be 2a

Now the height of triangle APD would be 2


√3𝑎𝑎
1
area of ∆PAD ×2√3𝑎𝑎×𝑎𝑎 1
= 2 =
3
6× ×(2𝑎𝑎)2 6
area of hexagon ABCDEF √
4
Q.51) Option(B)

Let us assume that point A is at origin and the side length of each square is 3 units.
So, the coordinates of A,B,C,D,E and H would be (0,0),(3,0),(6,0),(9,0) (9,3)and
(0,3)
𝑦𝑦2−𝑦𝑦1 3−0 1
Now the slope of line AE = = =
𝑥𝑥2−𝑥𝑥1 9−0 3
𝑦𝑦2−𝑦𝑦1 3−0 1
Similarly the slope of HC= = =−
𝑥𝑥2−𝑥𝑥1 0−6 2
Now to find the angle CPE, We have to use this formula

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𝑚𝑚1− 𝑚𝑚2
tanƟ= � � (where m1and m2 is a slope of Line AE and HC)
1−𝑚𝑚1 𝑚𝑚2
1 1 5
+
tanƟ= � 3 2
1 �= 6
5
1−
6 6
tanƟ=1
So we get the value of Ɵ as 45°
Q.52) Option (A)

To find the radius of smaller circle, we have to use this formula


𝑎𝑎+𝑏𝑏−𝑐𝑐
r=
2
ℎ𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦𝑦
and circumradius of right-angle triangle=
2
Therefore, 2r=d
d1 = a + b - √𝑎𝑎2 + 𝑏𝑏 2 ….(i)
d2 = �(𝑎𝑎2 + 𝑏𝑏 2 ) (Pythagoras theorem) ….(ii)
Now adding equation (i) and (ii)
we get get of d1 + d2 = a+b
Q.53) Option(B)

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As, it is given that PR=QR


So, the ∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = ∠𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅
In triangle PQR
So, ∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 + ∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 + 20 = 180
∠𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = ∠𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 = 80
Now, QS, is angle bisector of angle PQR
SO Angle PQS=SQR=40
Now Angle POQ = 60 (angle OQR+ORQ=POQ, exterior angle property)
Now Angle POS = 120
Since this is a cyclic quadrilateral, angle PSQ = 20 [Angle subtended by the arc on
the circle is same], Arc PQ will subtend 20 degrees at S
Hence, in triangle POS
20 + 120 + OPS = 180
OPS= 40
QPS = QPR+RPS= 80+40 =120 ANS
Q.54) Option (A)

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In triangle ADB ED is angle bisector


Therefore,
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
= (by Angle Bisector Theorem)
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸
𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 7
=
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 3
BD = 7a, DA = 3a
Now it is given that BD = 3DC
7𝑎𝑎
= 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
3
Now in triangle ADC, DF is angle bisector
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹
Therefore, =
𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 7
=
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 9
7
Length of FC = 32 × = 14
16

Q.55) Option (C)

As given in the question:

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S point is perpendicular to each side in all planes. The is a part of a cube.


Where∆ ABC is the base of the pyramid.
Let AS be x units and SB be y units and SC be z units. Also lateral surface of SAB,
SBC, SAC is 3, 4, 6 sq units respectively.
Now if the area of ∆SAB is 3 sq units, where SAB is the right angled triangle.
A = ½ SA * SB = ½ * x* y
3 = ½ x* y
x* y = 6…………..I
Similarly, For other two lateral surface
Area of ∆SCB
A = ½ * SC * SB
4=½*y*z
y*z = 8 ……..II
Area of ∆ SAC
A = ½ * SA * SC
6 = ½*x * z
x * z = 12……..III
Multiplying I & II & III
(𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥)2 = 12 ∗ 8 ∗ 6
(𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥)2 = 576
xyz = 24
1
Total volume of the pyramid = ∗ 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∗ ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒ℎ𝑡𝑡
3
1
= ∗ 𝑥𝑥𝑥𝑥 ∗ 𝑧𝑧
3
1
= ∗ 24
3
= 8 (ANS)
Q.56) Option (D)
∠S=∠P (As rhombus PQRS is similar to rhombus STQU)
Now Diagonal of PQRS bisect at right angle triangle
Therefore, ∠O=90
So, POS (90°, 60°, 30°) Triangle
Let us assume that the sides OS= x
Therefore, SP= 2x
OP= √3𝑥𝑥
Similarly, triangle SOU (90°, 60°, 30°)
Side OS=x
Therefore
𝑥𝑥
OU=
√3

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1 2𝑥𝑥
area of STQU ×2𝑥𝑥× 1
2 √3
=1 =
area of PQRS ×2𝑥𝑥×2𝑥𝑥√3 3
2
1
Therefore Area of STQU = 48* = 16
3

Q.57) Option (A)


To find the range of third altitude we have to use this method
a, b, c are the altitudes of the triangle, then
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎
< 𝑐𝑐 < 𝑤𝑤ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎 < 𝑏𝑏 {Important result to be remembered}
𝑎𝑎+𝑏𝑏 𝑏𝑏−𝑎𝑎
10×11 10×11
< 𝑐𝑐 <
10+11 11−10
110
< 𝑐𝑐 < 110
21
110
So the value of c should not be less than 𝑖𝑖. 𝑒𝑒 5.8
21
So Option A would be the answer
Q.58) Option (A)

Triangle ABE is equilateral triangle


So, length of BE = 2
Now the radius of Bigger triangle = 4
Now to find length of CD
we have to use Pythagoras theorem in triangle CBD
(4)2 − (1)2 = (𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶)2
CD= √15
CF=2√15
Q.59) Option (D)

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∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿ℎ 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴


=
∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿ℎ 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
Now ∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 5Ɵ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 4Ɵ
5Ɵ + 4Ɵ = 180
Ɵ= 20
So in triangle OXP = 180-90-80= 10 Ans
Q.60) Option (A)

It is given that Triangle ABC is equilateral triangle


So, angle ABC would be 60 degree and angle DEC would be 90 degree
Now it is given that the area of square is 144, then the side of square would be 12
SO we get the value of EC=12
Now, triangle DBE is 60,30,90 triangle
we have the value of EC =12,
12
So, we get the value of BE =
√3

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12
So, the side of equilateral triangle BC= 12+ = 4(3 + √3 )
√3
Perimeter of the equilateral triangle = 12(3 + √3)
Q.61) Option (C)

Using alternate segment theorem


∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 2𝑥𝑥 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∠𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 𝑥𝑥
2x + x + 2x = 180
x = 36
∠𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 2𝑥𝑥 = 72
Q.62) Option (A)
Here M is the in-centre of triangle ABC as in-centre is the point of intersection of
the angle bisectors of the internal angles of a triangle.
Consider the figure shown below:

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As, the shortest distance between M and the hypotenuse is the in-radius of the in-
circle, so in-radius = 4.
Thus, AM = 4.
Q.63) Option (B)

AO2 = x2 - 42 = 202 – 82
x2 = 400 – 64 +16 = 352
x = 4√22
Q.64) Option (C)

√3
FE is the height of two of the equilateral triangle = ∗ 4 = 2 √3
2
Height of triangle FQE = TR = 1 = PQ/2
1
Area of triangle FQE = ∗ 2√3 ∗ 1 = √3
2

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Q.65) Option (A)

CD, AC and EC are in progressive GP


CD = 1, AC = √2
Therefore, CE = 2
By using Pythagoras Theorem
1 √15
EO = �4 − =
4 2
√15
Height of triangle ABE = −1
2
1 √15 √15 1
Area of triangle ABE =
2
� 2 − 1� ∗ 1=
4

2
Q.66) Option (D)

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Using Apollonius Theorem in triangle PQR, we will get the value of PN


QP2 + PR2 = 2(QN2 + PN2)
36 + 81 = 2(16 + PN2)
117 -32 = 2 PN2
85 = 2 PN2
85
PN2 =
2
Also,
QN * NR = MN * NP
85
4 * 4 = MN * �
2
2
MN = 16�
85
Q.67) Option (A)

Let the side length of Square be ‘a’


ACB is an equilateral triangle
√3
BF = 𝑎𝑎
2
In triangle BGE
√3
BG = 𝑎𝑎 + 𝑎𝑎
2
𝑎𝑎
GE =
2
BE = 12
Using Pythagoras theorem in triangle BGE
BG2 + GE2 = BE2
Substituting the values of BG, GE and BE we get
a2 = 144(2 − √3)
So, area of square = 144(2 − √3)

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Q.68) Option (D)

1
Area of square that can contain the required figure = (𝑑𝑑1 𝑑𝑑2 )
2
d1 = d2 = height of two equilateral triangles + side of square
d 1 = d 2 = 2 √3 + 2
1
Hence area of square = (2√3 + 2)(2√3 + 2)
2
= 8 + 4 √3
Q.69) Option (C)

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 8 6 3


= ∗ = ∗ = ------------- (1)
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 16 20 20
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 4 8 1
Similarly, = ∗ = ∗ = ---------- (2)
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸 12 16 6

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𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 8 14 14


And, = ∗ = ∗ = ------------- (3)
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 12 20 30
(1) (2) and (3) can be written as
9 10 28
, ,
60 60 60
1
Area of complete triangle = 60x = ∗ 12 ∗ 16
2
8
𝑥𝑥 =
5
Area of triangle PQR = Area of triangle [DEF – EPQ – DPR – FQR]
= 60x – [9x + 10x + 28x] = 13x
13∗8
Required area = = 104/5
5
Q.70) Option (A)

Area of squares will be


2
202, �10√2� , 102, ………… and so on
1
As we can see that this is a GP with common ratio
2
400
Sum of infinite GP = 1 = 800
2
Q.71) Option (C)

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As you can see from the diagram, I’ve drawn two lines from P perpendicular to the
sides of the square. By the Pythagorean Theorem, we have three equations:
q2 + t2 = 16
r2 + t2 = 36
r2 + s2 = 25

Now DP2=q2+s2.
We can find this value by adding [1] and [3]and subtracting from [2]:
q2+s2 =(q2+t2) +(r2+s2) −(r2+t2) = 16 + 25 – 36
q2+s2= 5

DP=√5 Ans
Q.72) Option (B)

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Let ABCD be the original Trapezium, which is rotated along the side DC.
Forming two cone and one cylinder.
Where radius of the cone is 8 cm and let the height be x cm.
Also, radius of the 2nd cone is 8cm and height would be 6- x cm.
Also
1
Volume of cone = 𝜋𝜋 𝑟𝑟 2 ℎ
3
1 1
Volume of 2 cones = 𝜋𝜋 82 𝑥𝑥 + 𝜋𝜋 82 (6 − 𝑥𝑥)
3 3
1
Volume of cones = 𝜋𝜋 82 ( 𝑥𝑥 + 6 − 𝑥𝑥)
3
1 2
Volume = 𝜋𝜋 8 (6) = 128 𝜋𝜋
3

Now, radius of cylinder would be 8 cm and the height would be 12 cm.


Volume of cylinder = 𝜋𝜋 𝑟𝑟 2 ℎ
= 𝜋𝜋 82 12
= 768 𝜋𝜋
Total Volume of the solid formed = 896 𝜋𝜋
Q.73) Option (A)

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Using Quadrilateral Inequality,


PS < PQ + QR + RS
PS < 10 + 4 + 5
PS < 19
Now, the greater side given is 10.
10 < PS + PQ + QR
So, PS > 1
Total number of values = 17
Q.74) Option (D)

Let the ∆ 𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨 𝒃𝒃𝒃𝒃 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 𝒘𝒘𝒘𝒘𝒘𝒘𝒘𝒘 side of a triangle be a unit.
√3𝑎𝑎
When rotate at 360 °, it forms two cones with radius and height would be
2
𝑎𝑎
.
2
2
1 √3𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎
Hence, the volume of two cones = 2 * ∗ 𝜋𝜋 ∗ � � ∗
3 2 2

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Now, when ∆ 𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨 is rotated along its altitude, the radius of the cone would
𝑎𝑎 √3𝑎𝑎
be and the height would be
2 2
𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 ( 𝐴𝐴2)
1 𝑎𝑎 2 √3𝑎𝑎
= ∗ 𝜋𝜋 ∗ � � ∗ − − − − − − − − − 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼
3 2 2
𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐼𝐼 & 𝐼𝐼𝐼𝐼
2
1 √3𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎
2 ∗ ∗ 𝜋𝜋 ∗ � � ∗ −
𝐴𝐴1 3 2 2
=
𝐴𝐴2 1 𝑎𝑎 2 √3𝑎𝑎
3 ∗ 𝜋𝜋 ∗ � 2� ∗ 2
𝑇𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝐴𝐴1: 𝐴𝐴2 = 2√3 : 1
Q.75) Option (A)

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Volume of regular hexagon pyramid + Volume of regular Hexagonal Prism = 196


Let the base Area be A, which is same for both the solids.
Let the Height of pyramid be 3h, where height of prism be h.
1
Volume of Pyramid = ∗ 𝐴𝐴 ∗ 3ℎ = AH
3
Volume of Prism = A * H
V1 +V2 = 196
A *H + A* H = 196
2A*H = 196
A * H = 98, which is the volume of Pyramid.
Q.76) Option (B)

Total Surface Area of Cylinder = 2πr(r + h)


Radius = 2 units.
20π = 2πr(r + h) or 10 = 2(2 + h), or h = 3. The length of the base of the prism is
2√2
Surface area of Prism = Area of all faces.
Surface area of prism = 4[3*2√2] + 2[2√2 *2√2] = 24√2 + 16
Q.77) Option (B)

In cone ABC, Angle is defined as a function.


A(t) = t2 +7t +60 where A(t) is in degrees.
Substituting t = 5 in function
= 52 + 7 * 5 + 60

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= 120
If angle A is 120°, 𝑇𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 60°
Now, ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 90 − 60 − 30 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇,
5√3
Where side opposite to 90° = 5, 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 60° 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 .
2
5√3 2
Area of base = 𝜋𝜋 ( )
2
75
= 𝜋𝜋
4
Now for t = 3
A (T) = 32 + 7 ∗ 3 + 60
Angle A is 90°.
So angle AOC is 45°
5
Hence ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 is an isosceles right angle triangle with side .
√2
5 5
Area of base = 𝜋𝜋 ∗
√2 √2
25
= 𝜋𝜋
2
75 25
Difference in the base = 𝜋𝜋 − 𝜋𝜋
4 2
= 25𝜋𝜋/4
Q.78) Option (B)

CP = CQ + QP = ZQ + QP = ZP + 2PQ
Since the sides of
∆ 𝑋𝑋𝑋𝑋𝑋𝑋 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 0.4 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑍𝑍𝑍𝑍 = 0.4 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶
Since CP=ZP + 2PQ, then PQ = 0.3CP and so CQ = CP – PQ = 0.7CP
Since CQ is 0.7 times the length of CP, then DE is 0.7 times the length of AB as
triangles CDE and ABC are similar to each other, so DE = 0.7(12) =8.4

Q.79) Option (C)

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To calculate the area of the smaller hexagon, we need to find the side length of this
hexagon, i.e. the length of YX
As triangle ABC is a 30-30-120 triangle, so AC = 2√3
XY = 1/3 * AC = 2/√3 { From symmetry}
Area of smaller hexagon = 6 * (√3/4)*(2/√3)2 = 2√3

Q.80) Option A

360
Exterior angle = = 30
12
Now, the angle from the centre is 60 degrees and the sides are both 4
So one diagonal is 4 as it forms an equilateral triangle and the other diagonal is
also 4 (as it is radius).
Now The diagonals are perpendicular

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Therefore area of Quadrilateral ADBO = ½ *4*4= 8


There are 6 such quadrilaterals
Therefore total area of dodecagon = 6*8= 48
Q.81) Option (C)

Join the centers of all three circle, the triangle formed is an equilateral triangle with
side 8 cm.
Whereas, the median, which will also be the height of the triangle will pass
through the center of smaller circle with radius r.
√3
Height of equilateral triangle is ∗ 8
2
Center of the smaller circle will be the centroid which will divide the median in 2:
1 ratio.
2
𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚 = 4 + 𝑟𝑟
3
2 √3
∗ ∗ 8 = 4 + 𝑟𝑟
3 2
8 √3
4+r=
3
8√3
r = − 4
3
8√3−12
r= ANS
3
Q.82) Option (A)

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In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 , Let the side BO = x


Area of ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = Area of ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 + 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 ∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵………………I
1
Area of ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = ∗ 7 ∗ 24 = 84
2
1 7𝑥𝑥
Area of ∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = * 7 * x * Sin 45 ° =
2 2√2
1 24𝑥𝑥
Area Of∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = * 24 * x * Sin 45°=
2 2√2
Using statement I
7𝑥𝑥 24𝑥𝑥
84 = +
2√2 2√2
31𝑥𝑥
84 =
2√2
84∗2√2
X= ANS
31
Q.83) Option (A)

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Given PT : TQ = 4:5 Then in ∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃


Area of the triangle is divided in the ratio of the base.
Hence, ∆ PTU = 4x & ∆ QTU = 5x
Now in ∆ PUR ,
PS: SR = 2: 3
Area of ∆ 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 = 2𝑦𝑦 & ∆ 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 = 3𝑦𝑦
Let the area of ∆ QUR = z
Now, in ∆ PQR,
∆PTR and ∆ TRQ have the base ratio = 4 : 5
4𝑥𝑥+2𝑦𝑦+3𝑦𝑦 4
So, =
5𝑥𝑥+𝑧𝑧 5
Solving, the equation,
20x + 25y = 20 x + 4z
25
Z = 𝑦𝑦
4
Now in ∆ SQR
Area of ∆ QUR 25𝑦𝑦
=
Area of ∆ 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 3∗4 𝑦𝑦
Area of ∆ QUR 25
= ( Base area is divided in the same ratio as the ratio of the base)
Area of ∆ 𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅𝑅 12
QU 25
= = ANS
𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈 12

Q.84) Option (C)

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Let the radius of circle be r.


Since Arc AB = 60°
In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴,
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 = 𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 𝑟𝑟
Hence ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤𝑤ℎ 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑟𝑟.
√3
Area of AOB = 𝑟𝑟 ∗ 𝑟𝑟
4
Whereas CD is the diameter, So ∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡.
Given that CE = ED, there fore ∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 is an isosceles right angle triangle with
perpendicular legs √2𝑟𝑟.
Area of ∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 = ½ * √2𝑟𝑟* √2𝑟𝑟
∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 𝑟𝑟 2
Ratio of = √3 2
∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑟𝑟
4
∆ 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶 4
= (ANS)
∆𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 √3
Q.85) Option (C)

BE trisects right angle B, angle CBE=30, and angle EBA= 60. Drop a
perpendicular DE to sides AB so angle BED= 30, so that triangle BED is a 30-60-
90 triangle. Let DB=x. That would mean DE= √3𝑋𝑋 and BE= 2x.
Now triangle ADE and ABC are similar to each other. Using similarity we get
9−𝑥𝑥 𝑥𝑥 √3
=
9 12

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36
x=
4+3√3
72
Length of BE =
4+3√3
Q.86) Option (C)

Using the Pythagorean Theorem


BC= ( 102 − 82 )
So,We get the Value of BC as 6
Now BC is height of equilateral triangle DBE
So, side of triangle ABD would be 4√3
1
Now area of Pyramid Hexagon = × 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 × ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒ℎ𝑡𝑡
3
1 √3 2
Area of Pyramid Hexagon = × 6 × × (4�3) × 8
3 4
Area of Pyramid Hexagon = 192√3
Q.87) Option (C)

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Triangle MNQ is a right triangle


MN is height = 8
NQ = √82 + 42 = √80
1
Area = × 8 × √80 = 16√5
2
Q.88) Option (C)

Let the length of BC = r and AB = h


volume of frustum = volume of larger cone - volume of smaller cone
1 1 1 1
× × 𝜋𝜋 × (6)2 × 6 = × 𝜋𝜋 × (6)2 × 6 − × 𝜋𝜋 × 𝑟𝑟 2 × ℎ
9 3 3 3
By solving this equation
We will get, 𝑟𝑟 2 ℎ = 192
Now 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴~𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
𝑟𝑟 ℎ
=
6 6
So, r = h
Now substituting equation (ii) into equation (i)
3
We will get h = 2√24
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Q.89) Option (A)

Since AN and BM are medians of triangle ABC


Therefore line AO and ON would be in 2:1 ratio as O becomes the centroid.
So, line AO= 12, ON= 6
Similarly BO= 10 and OM = 5
NM = 10.5 (Mid-point Theorem)
So, the perimeter of triangle OMN = 5+6+10.5= 21.5
Q.90) Option (B)

Triangle CAB and DCF and FEA are congruent


Therefore length of EF = 1

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Now, triangle EFG is (90 30 60 triangle )


1
Therefore length of EG=
2
√3
and length of FG=
2
Now, Length of GA can be found by using Pythagoras Theorem
(𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺)2 + (𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺)2 = (𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹)2
3
Therefore Length of GA=
2
and Length of EB = EG + GA + AB= 3
√3 9√ 3
and area of larger equilateral triangle = (3)2 =
4 4
Q.91) Option (A)

360
Exterior angle of octagon = = 45
8
∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂 = 45 Degree (Exterior angle)
∠𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂𝑂= 90 Degree
So ∠H= 45 degree
In triangle ODQ
OD2 = OQ2 + QD2
OQ = √8
Therefore, In triangle CQH is 45 -45-90 triangle
So length of CQ= 4 + √8
Similarly length of QH will be 4 + √8
QH = QC
1
Now area of CQH = × (4 + √8) × (4 + √8) = 12 + 4√8
2
Area of OCP= 4
Area of QOPH = Area of CQH- Area of OCP
Area of QOPH = 12+4√8- 4 = 8 + 4 √8

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Q.92) Option (A)

In ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴, 𝐴𝐴𝐷𝐷2 = 𝐴𝐴𝐸𝐸 2 + 𝐸𝐸𝐷𝐷2 = 212 + 722 = 5625


So AD = 75
Since ABCD is a rectangle BC = AD = 75.
𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 2 = 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 2 − 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 2 = 752 − 452 = 3600
FC = 60
Calculating FY:

1
Area of ∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = (45) ∗ ( 60) = 1350
2
1
Area of ∆ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 = 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 ∗ 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵
2
Computing both equation, we get FY = 36
𝐵𝐵𝑌𝑌 2 = 𝐵𝐵𝐹𝐹 2 − 𝐹𝐹𝑌𝑌 2 = 452 − 362 = 729
BY = 27
YC = BC – BY = 48
Calculating length of FX
∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 ∆𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹. 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏ℎ 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟ℎ𝑡𝑡 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐸𝐸 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑋𝑋 𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟𝑟
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝐷𝐷, 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠.
Since YC = 48 then XD = 48
𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
Since ∆ 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 ∆𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 , 𝑡𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 =
𝑋𝑋𝑋𝑋 𝐸𝐸𝐸𝐸
FX = 14
Therefore, AB = XY = FX + FY = 36+14 = 50

Q.93) Option (C)

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It is given that angle DAC =60


Therefore Angle DCA= 180-60-90=30
Now in triangle ABC
Angle ABC= 180-90-30=60
Now length of BC=80 (given)
Therefore, BA= 40 (90-30-60 Triangle property )
Similarly we can find the length of BD
i.e.= 20
Now in triangle EBD.
BD= 20, therefore, BE = 10 (90-30-60) triangle property
Similarly we can find the length of BF= 5
Therefore, length of AB=40; BD=20; BE=10; BF=5
So= BF + BE + BD + AB = 75
Q.94) Option (D)

Triangle PQR and BQD is similar triangle

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Therefore
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 (𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃)2
=
𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵 (𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵)2
3 (10)2
=
2 (𝐵𝐵𝐵𝐵)2
10√6
BD=
3
Q95) Option (A)

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴~𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴~𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
The ratio of the area is the square of the ratio of the length
therefore, the areas of above triangle are in 82 : 32 : 52
Area of parallelogram DFCE = Area (ABC-ADF-DBE)
Let the area of triangle ABC = 64a, so area of triangle ADF = 9a and area of
triangle DBE = 25a
Area of DFCE = 64a – 9a – 25a = 30a
9𝑎𝑎 3
So the ratio of the area of Triangle AFD to the area of DFCE = =
30𝑎𝑎 10
Q.96) (Option- B)

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Given, EP = 48 and EQ = 36
Using Pythagoras Theorem in triangle PEQ, we will get
PQ = 60
PQRS is a square with side 60
Triangle 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃~𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷~𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄
Now in triangle 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃~𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷
60 36
=
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 60
PD= 100
Similarly in triangle 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃~𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄
60 48
=
𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 60
QF= 75
So length of DE= 148
Similarly length of EF= 111
By applying Pythagoras Theorem in triangle DEF
we get the length of DF = 185
Q.97) Option (d)

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Hexagon inscribed in Equilateral triangle is regular hexagon


Therefore angle ∠𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷𝐷 = 120 degree
Let us assume that Length of BC=a
Therefore length of DE = a/2 ( Midpoint Theorem)
Now in triangle DGE
Length of GE = x
and ∠𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺 = 30 and ∠𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺𝐺 = 30
Therefore DE = x√3
𝑎𝑎
x√3 =
2
𝑎𝑎
x=
2 √3
3√3 𝑎𝑎 2
Now area of hexagon =
2
�2 3�

√3 2
and Area of triangle = 𝑎𝑎
4
Therefore
3√3 𝑎𝑎 2
Area of hexagon ( ) 1
2 2√3
= √3 2
=
area of triangle 𝑎𝑎 2
4
Q.98) Option (A)

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(1,3/2)

Let us assume that Point A is at origin


Therefore coordinates of A (0, 0)
We take distance between AB i.e. length = 4
So, coordinates of B = (4, 0)
Similarly, we assume the distance between i.e breadth =2
So, we get coordinates of D= (0,2)
Now through mid- point formula,
we can get the coordinates of U,V,S,T = (2,2),(0,1)(2,0)(4,1)
Similarly we can get the coordinates of M = (1,3/2)
The area of a triangle M(1,3/2), S(2,0) and R(4,1) is given by

1 3 3
� (1(0 − 1) + 2 �1 − � + 4( − 0)�
2 2 2
We get the area of triangle = 2

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Q.99) option (B)

Triangle ABC is right angle triangle


therefore
By applying Pythagoras theorem in triangle ABC
we can get the value of r
(2 + 𝑟𝑟)2 + (2 + 𝑟𝑟)2 = 42
By solving this equation we get the value of r = 2√2 − 2

Q.100) Option(B)

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴~𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 2 2 1
=� � =
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 4 4
Area of larger triangle = 4a
Area of trapezium BFGC =Area of larger triangle- Area of smaller triangle
Therefore, Area of trapezium = 3a
1
(2 + 4) × 2 = 3𝑎𝑎
2
a=2

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So, area of shaded part= Area of larger triangle – square


= 4𝑎𝑎 − (2)2
=4 × 2 − 4 = 4

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