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DATE

PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422


28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710

7.0 Design of Footing:


7.1 Input Data
Length of Footing (Longitudinal direction - X axis) = 9.00 m
Width of Footing (Transverse direction Z- axis) = 9.00 m
Length of Toe 2.00 m
Length of Heel 5.50 m
Depth of footing at face of Pier = 1.60 m
Grade of Concrete,(fck) = M 35
Grade of Steel, (fy) = Fe 500
Partial material safety factor for concrete (γm) = 1.50 (Page 49 IRC:112-2011)
Partial material safety factor for Steel (γs) = 1.15 (Page 30 IRC:112-2011)
Factor, λ for fck till 60Mpa = 0.80 (Page 242, IRC:112-2011)
Factor, η for fck till 60Mpa = 1.00 (Page 242, IRC:112-2011)
Factor, β = λ/2 = 0.40
Co-efficient to be considered, α = 0.670 (Page 287, IRC:112-2011)
Design tensile strength of steel = 435.00 Mpa
Design concrete compressive strength fcd = (α*fck/γm) = 15.633 Mpa
Effective concrete tensile stress, fctm = 2.76
Factor, Fav = η*fcd*λ = 12.507 Mpa
Modulus of Elasticity of Steel, Es = 200000
Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete, Ec = 32000
Strain in concrete, ecu = 0.0035
Clear cover to reinforcement = 75.0 mm
Limiting Values of depth of neutral axis, Xumax/d = 0.617
Factor, k = 0.166
Finished Road level at center line of road = 306.828 m
Ground level = 295.100 m
Founding level below existing ground level = 4.000 m
Total height of structure = 15.728 m

D
P32 P23
P3 P2
δB
P34 H P21

C HEEL G E TOE A
Foot_B

P43 δL2 F δL1 P12


δB
P4 P1
P41 P14 Foot_L
B
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710

5.40 1.50 1.90


0.1 0.1

0.6 0.600

1 1.00

L = 9.00 X
LONGITUDINAL SECTION

7.2 Load calculation for footing design:


Depth of footing at distance of deff on toe side = 1.146 m
Effective depth at Deff = 1.059 m

Toe Design
Load Case Unit ULS - Rare Comb- Quasi- Shear
Moment Moment Moment Force
2
Maximum Upward Pressure PA kN/m 434.0 252.8 274.9 433.98
2
Corresponding Upward Pressure PE kN/m 348.0 220.2 231.1 427.41
Upward force due to Footing Pressure kN 782.0 449.3 480.7 405.39
Lever arm from the section m 1.04 1.02 1.03
Self weight of Toe slab kN 67.5 50.0 50.0 25.25
Lever arm from the section m 1.0 1.0 1.0
Weight of soil above toe slab kN 162.0 120.0 120.0 45.18
Lever arm from the section m 1.0 1.0 1.0
Net Desig Moment at the section kNm 581.15 289.64 324.58
Net Shear force at the section kN 334.96

Depth of footing at distance of deff on Heel side = 1.435 m


Effective depth at Deff = 1.373 m
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Heel Design
Load Case Unit ULS - Rare Comb- Quasi- Shear
Moment Moment Moment Force
2
Maximum Upward Pressure PC kN/m 154.90 111.33 77.57 154.90
Corresponding Upward Pressure PG kN/m2 266.71 195.41 198.17 235.96
Upward force due to Footing Pressure kN 1159.43 828.19 744.52 779.28
Lever arm from the section m 2.51 2.50 2.35 -
Self weight of Heel slab kN 242.33 179.50 179.50 163.85
Lever arm from the section m 2.54 2.54 2.54 -
Weight of soil above Heel upto GL kN 400.95 296.40 296.40 281.81
Lever arm from the section m 2.84 2.84 2.84 -
Weight of soil above Heel from GL to RTL kN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Lever arm from the section m 2.93 2.93 2.93 -
Net Desig Moment at the section kNm 1152.25 771.62 451.14
Net Shear force at the section kN 333.63

7.3 Design of Toe Slab: (Ultimate Limit State)


Design for Flexure:
Length of Toe = 2000 m
Depth of footing at face of Abutment = 1600 m
Moment at the face of the Abutment- (ULS) = 581.148 kNm
Moment at the face of the Abutment- (SLS- Rare) 289.637 kNm
Moment at the face of the Abutment- (SLS- Quasi) 324.576 kNm

Assume Reinforcement
Diameter of bar = 25.0 + 0.0 mm
Spacing = 100.0 mm
Effective depth provided, deff = 1513 mm
Breadth, b = 1000 mm
2
Ast, provided = 4906 mm
Check for Depth
Xumax = 933.0 mm
Effective depth required,M/(fck x b x K) = 316.27 mm
Hence depth is adequate
2
Factor, Kav = M/bd Fav = 0.0203 Mpa
Xu= d(1-sqrt(1-1.6*Kav))/λ = 30.98 mm
Xu < Xumax
Under Reinforced
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Check for Reinforcement
Lever arm, Z=d-0.416Xu = 1499.61 mm
Ast(Rqrd) = M/(fyd * Z) = 891mm2
Ast(min) = 0.26fctm* b*d/fyk = 2174mm2 Cl.16.5.1.1(1) IRC:112-2011
Ast(max) = 0.025Ac = 40000mm2 Cl.16.6.1.1(2) IRC:112-2011
Hence Safe
Check Moment of Resistance for the section provided:
Moment of Resistance MuR = 3200.5 kNm
MuR > Mu
Hence OK
Hence provide 25 mm dia @ 100 mm C/C at the bottom of toe slab

Distribution Reinforcement:
20% of Main Reinforcement
(As per clause 16.6.1.1 of IRC 112 - 2011) = 981.25 mm2
Dia of secondary reinforcement = 20 mm
Maximum spacing of distribution reinforcement = 400 mm
Spacing (provided) = 150 mm
2
Ast(provided) = 2093.33
mm
Hence Safe
Hence provide 20 mm dia @ 150 mm C/C at perpendicular to main bar

Check for Shear: (ULS)


Effective depth in longitudinal direction, dLeff = 1059 mm
Design Shear force
VEd = 335.0 kN
Vccd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
Vtd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
VRds = VNS = 335 kN

Maximum allowable Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 45 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 952.9 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.6 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.0 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 1
VRd max = > 335.0
4469 kN
Hence Section is safe
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710

Minimum Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 21.8 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 952.88 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.60 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.00 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 2.5
VRd max = 3082 > 335.0 kN
Hence Section is safe
Hence provide θ between 21.8° to 45°

Allowable Shear force without Shear Reinforcement


0.33
VRdc = [ 0.12K(80ρ1 X fck) + 0.15 σcp]bw X d
(As per Cl. 10.3.2 (2) of IRC 112 - 2011)
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d
Where,
VRdc = Design shear resistance of the member without shear reinforcement
k = 1+sqrt(200/d) ≤ 2.0 = 1.43 <= 2.0
Vmin = 0.031 x K 3/2 x fcd 1/2 = 0.21
σcp = NEd/Ac (in MPa) = 0.00 Mpa
NED = axial force in the cross section from loading = 0.00 kN
ρ1 = (Ast/(bw x d) = 0.0046
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d = 318.56 kN
VRdc = 424.66 kN
Hence Shear Reinforcement is not Required
7.4 Design of Heel Slab: (Ultimate Limit State)
Design for Flexure:
Length of Heel = 5500 mm
Depth of footing at face of Abutment = 1600 mm
Moment at the face of the Abutment - (ULS) = 1152.2 kNm
Moment at the face of the Abutment - (SLS - Rare) = 771.6 kNm
Moment at the face of the Abutment - (SLS - Quasi) = 451.1 kNm
Assume Reinforcement
Diameter of bar = 25.0 + 0.0 mm
Spacing = 100 mm
Effective depth provided, deff = 1513 mm
Breadth, b = 1000 mm
2
Ast, provided = 4906 mm
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Check for Depth
Xumax = 933.0 mm
Effective depth required,M/(fck x b x K) = 445.33 mm
Hence depth is adequate
2
Factor, Kav = M/bd Fav = 0.0403 Mpa
Xu= d(1-sqrt(1-1.6*Kav))/λ = 61.93 mm
Xu < Xumax
Under Reinforced
Check for Reinforcement
Lever arm, Z=d-0.416Xu = 1486.74 mm
Ast(Rqrd) = M/(fyd * Z) = 1782mm2
Ast(min) = 0.26fctm* b*d/fyk = 2174mm2 Cl.16.5.1.1(1) IRC:112-2011
Ast(max) = 0.025Ac = 40000mm2 Cl.16.6.1.1(2) IRC:112-2011
Hence Safe
Check Moment of Resistance for the section provided:
Moment of Resistance MuR = 3173.0 kNm
MuR > Mu
Hence OK
Hence provide 25 mm dia @ 100 mm C/C at bottom of slab

Distribution Reinforcement:
20% of Main Reinforcement
(As per clause 16.6.1.1 of IRC 112 - 2011) = 981.25 mm2
Dia of secondary reinforcement = 20 mm
Maximum spacing of distribution reinforcement = 400 mm
Spacing (provided) = 125 mm
2
Ast(provided) = mm2512.00
Hence Safe
Hence provide 20 mm dia @ 125 mm C/C at perpendicular to main bar

Check for Shear:


Effective depth in longitudinal direction, dLeff = 1373 mm
Design Shear force
VEd = 334 kN
Vccd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
Vtd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
VRds = VNS = 334 kN

Maximum allowable Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 45 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 1235.3 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.6 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.0 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 1
VRd max = 5793> 333.6 kN
Hence Section is safe

Minimum Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 21.8 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 1235.25 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.60 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.00 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 2.5
VRd max = 3995 > 333.6 kN
Hence Section is safe
Hence provide θ between 21.8° to 45°

Allowable Shear force without Shear Reinforcement


0.33
VRdc = [ 0.12K(80ρ1 X fck) + 0.15 σcp]bw X d
(As per Cl. 10.3.2 (2) of IRC 112 - 2011)
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d
Where,
VRdc = Design shear resistance of the member without shear reinforcement
k = 1+sqrt(200/d) ≤ 2.0 = 1.38 <= 2.0
Vmin = 0.031 x K 3/2 x fcd 1/2 = 0.20
σcp = NEd/Ac (in MPa) = 0.00 Mpa
NED = axial force in the cross section from loading = 0.00 kN
ρ1 = (Ast/(bw x d) = 0.0036
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d = 301.11 kN
VRdc = 486.68 kN

Hence Shear Reinforcement is not Required


There is no tension at the top of footing , hence provide Minimum surface reinforcement
(As per clause 16.5.4 (4) of IRC 112 - 2011)
Minimum Surface Reinforcement = 0.01Acteff
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Where,
Acteff = Cover x Width
Ast(rqrd) = 750 mm2/m
Dia of Reinforcement = 12 mm
Spacing (provided) = 125 mm
Ast(provided) = 904.32 mm2/m
Hence Safe

7.5 Design of Slab in Transverse direction: (Ultimate Limit State)


Length of footing in Transverse direction = 2.0 m
Upward pressure at junction PH = 296 kN/m2
Upward pressure at edge PD = 222 kN/m2
Upward force due to footing pressure = 518 kN
Lever arm for the section = 1.048 m
Moment at the face of the pier = 543.21 kNm

2
Upward pressure at junction PF = 343 kN/m
Upward pressure at edge PB = 326 kN/m2
Upward force due to footing pressure = 668 kN
Lever arm for the section = 1.008 m
Moment at the face of the pier = 673.83 kNm

Downward force due to self weight of slab & soil weight:


Self weight of Toe slab = 68 kN
Lever arm of the section = 1.00 m
Force due to soil above footing = 130 kN
Lever arm of the section = 1.00 kN
Total Downward moment = 197.10 kNm

Maximum moment for design = 476.73 kNm


Assume Reinforcement
Diameter of bar = 20.0 + 0.0 mm
Spacing = 125 mm
Effective depth provided, deff = 1490 mm
Breadth, b = 1000 mm
2
Ast, provided = 2512 mm

Check for Depth


Xumax = 616.9 mm
Effective depth required,M/(fck x b x K) = 286.45 mm
Hence depth is adequate
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Check for Reinforcement
2
Factor, Kav = M/bd Fav = 0.0172 Mpa
Xu= d(1-sqrt(1-1.6*Kav))/λ = 25.76 mm
Lever arm, Z=d-0.416Xu = 1479.28 mm
2
Ast(Rqrd) = M/(fyd * Z) mm= 740.9
Ast(min) = 0.26fctm* b*d/fyk mm2 Cl.16.5.1.1(1) IRC:112-2011
= 2142
Ast(max) = 0.025Ac mm2 Cl.16.6.1.1(2) IRC:112-2011
= 37250
Hence Safe
Hence provide 20 mm dia @ 125 mm C/C in Transverse direction

Check for Minimum Reinforcement at top


There is no tension at the top of footing , hence provide Minimum surface reinforcement
(As per clause 16.5.4 (4) of IRC 112 - 2011)
Minimum Surface Reinforcement = 0.01Acteff
Where,
Acteff = Cover x Width
Ast(rqrd) = 750 mm2
Dia of Reinforcement = 12 mm
Spacing (provided) = 150 mm
Ast(provided) = 753.60 mm2
Hence Safe

Check for Shear:


Effective depth in longitudinal direction, dLeff = 1490 mm
Pressure at distance "d" from stem face Pdeff = 330 kN/m2
Shear force at diatance "d" from stem face = (PC+Pd)/2 x 0.51
= 167 kN/m
Pressure at distance "d" from stem face Pdeff = 277 kN/m2
Shear force at diatance "d" from stem face = (PC+Pd)/2 x 0.51
= 146 kN/m

Maximum shear force at deff = 167 kN/m

Design Shear force


VEd = 167.2 kN
Vccd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
Vtd = 0 kN (for uniform cross section)
VRds = VNS = 167 kN

Maximum allowable Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 45 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 1341.0 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.6 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.0 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 1
VRd max = 6289 > 167.2 kN
Hence Section is safe

Minimum Shear force


for maximum shear force take, θ = 21.8 °
VRd max = αcw x bw x Z x V1 x (fcd /(cot θ + tan θ))
(As per Cl.No.10.3.3.2, eqn 10.8 of IRC : 112 - 2011)
Where,
Z = Lever arm = 0.9d = 1341.00 mm
V1 = Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked in shear
= 0.60 (for fck<= 80Mpa)
αcw = 1.00 (σcp = 0)
Cot θ = 2.5
VRd max = 4337 > 167.2 kN
Hence Section is safe
Hence provide θ between 21.8° to 45°
Allowable Shear force without Reduction factor:
VED <= 0.5 x bw x d x v x fcd
(Refer C.no 10.3.2 equation 10.5 of IRC: 112 - 2011)
where,
v = 0.6 x [ 1- (fck/310) ] v = 0.53 Mpa
bw = 1000 mm
VED = 6199.1 > 167.2 kN
Hence Section is safe

Allowable Shear force without Shear Reinforcement


0.33
VRdc = [ 0.12K(80ρ1 X fck) + 0.15 σcp]bw X d
(As per Cl. 10.3.2 (2) of IRC 112 - 2011)
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d
Where,
VRdc = Design shear resistance of the member without shear reinforcement
k = 1+sqrt(200/d) ≤ 2.0 = 1.37 <= 2.0
Vmin = 0.031 x K 3/2 x fcd 1/2 = 0.20
σcp = NEd/Ac (in MPa) = 0.00 Mpa
NED = axial force in the cross section from loading = 0.00 kN
ρ1 = (Ast/(bw x d) = 0.0017
VRdc min = (Vmin + 0.15 σcp) bw X d = 291.69 kN
VRdc = 407.71 kN
Hence Shear Reinforcement is not Required
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710

*The 2d distance falls outside the foundation edge hence punching at d is checked
Punching Shear : @ distance of d from face of pier
Maximum Upward Pressure PA = 337.87 KN/m2
Maximum Upward Pressure PE = 297.21 KN/m2
Maximum Upward Pressure PG = 266.71 KN/m2
Maximum Upward Pressure PC = 154.90 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to soil at PA = 48 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to soil at PE = 48 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to soil at PG = 48 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to soil at PC = 48 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to footing at PA = 40.00 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to footing at PE = 40.00 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to footing at PG = 40.00 KN/m2
Downward pressure due to footing at PC = 40.00 KN/m2
Net pressure upward pressure at PA = 249.87 KN/m2
Net pressure upward pressure at PE = 209.21 KN/m2
Net pressure upward pressure at PG = 178.71 KN/m2
Net pressure upward pressure at PC = 66.90 KN/m2
Distance of punching shear = 1.51 m
Pressure at d away heel side = 97.65 KN/m2
Pressure at d away toe side = 239.96 KN/m2
Average pressure = 168.80 KN/m2
Area = 53.90 mm2
∆ved = 9099 KN
Load on pier VED = 11026.3 KN
VED-∆Ved = 1927.59 KN
Maximum reaction from Pier = 11026 KN
Corresponding Longitudinal moment = 5566 KNm
Corresponding Transverse moment = 3511 KNm
Length of pier in Longitudinal direction = 1500 mm
Length of pier in transverse direction = 5000 mm
Effective depth in longitudinal direction = 1513 mm
Effective depth transverse direction = 1490 mm
Average effective depth of footing = 1501 mm
=
Punching Shear stress:
As per Cl. 10.4.3, Eqn 10.24 of IRC 112 -2011, VEd = βVED/(uid)
where,
ui = Length of the perimeter under consideration
β = 1+1.8* sqrt [ (eL/bT)2 + (eT/bL)2]
eL & eT = Eccentricities along Longitudinal & transverse direction
= MEd/VEd
DATE
PROJECTODDANCHATRAM BY PASS - ROB @ CH 32+422
28/8/2018
DOCUMENT NO
TITLE: ANNEXURE FOR CONSTRUCTION CONDITION
DN-710
ui = 22433 mm
eL = 504.77 mm bL 4503 mm
eT = 318.43 mm bT 8003 mm
β = 1.21
VEd = 0.069 N/mm2

Maximum Punching shear resistance


As per Cl. 10.4.6, Eqn 10.43 of IRC 112 -2011, VRd, max = 1/2 x v x fcd
v = 0.6(1-fck/310)
= 0.53 N/mm2
fcd = 15.63 Mpa
VRd, max = 4.16 N/mm2
OK
Punching Shear Resistance without Shear reinforcement
As per Cl. 10.4.5, Eqn 10.40 of IRC 112 -2011,
1/3
VRd = [ 0.12K(80ρ1 x fck) ≥ νmin
where,
VRd = Punching shear resistance at controlled perimeter
k = 1+sqrt(200/davg) ≤ 2.0 = 1.36 <= 2.0
a = distance from the peripheral of the column
to the controlled perimeter considered = 1512.50 mm
ρ1 = (Ast/(b x davg) = 0.0046
Vmin = 0.031 x K 3/2 x fck 1/2 = 0.29 N/mm2
= 0.29 N/mm2
VRdc = 0.38 N/mm2
= 0.38 N/mm2
= OK