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# FORMULARIO DE FÍSICA I

Conversiones
Errores
1 mi= 1760 yd
1 yd= 3 ft
1 ft= 12 in ∑ 𝑥𝑖 𝑬𝒑 = (𝐸𝑟)(100)
̅=
𝒙
1 in= 0.0254 cm 𝑛 ∑ | 𝐸𝑎 |
𝑫𝑴 =
I Gal= 231 in3 𝑬𝒂 = 𝑥𝑖 − 𝑥̅ 𝑛
1 m3= 1 000 L 𝑴𝑬 = 𝑥̅ ± 𝐷𝑀
1 lb= 0.4536 kg | 𝐸𝑎 |
𝑬𝒓 =
1 hp= 746 w 𝑥̅
1 cv= 735.4 w

Vectores

## 𝑆𝑒𝑛 𝑎 𝑆𝑒𝑛 𝑏 𝑆𝑒𝑛 𝑐

𝐴
= 𝐵
= 𝐶
𝑐 2 = 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 + 2𝑎𝑏 cos 𝑐

## 𝐹𝑥 = 𝐹 ∙ 𝐶𝑜𝑠θ 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐹 ∙ 𝑆𝑒𝑛𝜃 𝐹𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒 = √(∑ 𝐹𝑦 )2 + (∑ 𝐹𝑥 )2

MECÁNICA
𝑑 𝑠⃗ 𝑣𝑓 − 𝑣𝑜 𝑎𝑡 2
𝑅= 𝑣⃗ = 𝑎⃗ = 𝑑 = 𝑑𝑜 + 𝑣𝑜 𝑡 + 2𝑎𝑑 = 𝑣𝑓2 − 𝑣𝑜2
𝑡 𝑡 𝑡 2

𝑣𝑓 + 𝑣𝑜
𝑑=( )𝑡
2

𝑣𝑓 = √𝑣𝑥2 + 𝑣𝑦2
Tiro parabólico Oblicuo

𝑉𝑓𝑦 − 𝑉𝑜𝑦 2 2
𝐴𝑦 ∙ 𝑡 2
𝐴𝑦 = 2𝐴𝑦𝐷𝑦 = 𝑉𝑓𝑦 − 𝑉𝑜𝑦 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑉𝑜𝑦 ∙ 𝑡 +
𝑡 2
−𝑉𝑜 2 𝑠𝑒𝑛2𝜃
𝑉𝑦 = 𝑉 ∙ 𝑆𝑒𝑛𝜃 𝑉𝑥 = 𝑉 ∙ 𝐶𝑜𝑠θ 𝑑𝑥 = 𝑉𝑥 ∙ 𝑡𝑎𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑑𝑥 =
𝑎
MCU
𝜃 𝑆 𝑠 2𝜋𝑅 𝑣𝑇2
𝜔= 𝜃= 𝑣𝑇 = = 𝑎𝑐 = 𝑎𝑇 = 𝛼𝑅 𝑠 = 𝜃𝑅 𝑣𝑇 = 𝜔𝑅
𝑡 𝑅 𝑡 𝑇 𝑅

1 2𝜋 𝜃
T=𝑓 𝜔 = 2𝜋𝑓 = 𝑇
= 𝑡

MCUV
𝜔𝑓 − 𝜔𝑜 𝛼𝑡 2
𝛼= 2𝛼𝜃 = 𝜔𝑓2 − 𝜔𝑜2 𝜃 = 𝜔𝑜 𝑡 +
𝑡 2
Fricción y leyes de Newton

𝑓𝑠 = 𝜇𝑠 N 𝑓𝑘 = 𝜇𝑘 N

𝐹 =𝑚∙𝑎 𝑤 =𝑚∙𝑔

## Ley de la gravitación universal

𝐺 𝑚1 𝑚2
𝐹= 𝑚𝑣𝑇2
𝑟2 𝐹𝑐 =
𝑅
𝑀𝑇 = 5.98𝑥1024 kg 𝑅𝑇 = 6.38𝑥106 m 𝑁𝑚2
𝐺 = 6.675𝑥10−11
𝑘𝑔2

Leyes de Kepler
𝑇2
𝑣1 𝑅1 = 𝑣2 𝑅2 𝐾 = 𝑅3

Trabajo y Energía

𝑇 = 𝐹𝑑𝐶𝑜𝑠θ
𝑚𝑣 2
𝐸𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑎 𝑃𝑜𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑙 → 𝑈 = 𝑚𝑔ℎ 𝐸𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑔í𝑎 𝐶𝑖𝑛é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎 → 𝐾 = 2

𝑻 = ∆𝑈 + ∆𝐾
𝑈𝑜 + 𝑘𝑜 = 𝑈𝑓 + 𝑘𝑓 + |𝑓𝑘 𝑑|

Potencia
𝑇 𝑃 = 𝐹𝑣
𝑃=
𝑡