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EPA/625/8-87/014 September 1987 A COMPENDIUM OF TECHNOLOGIES USED IN THE TREATMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES Center for Environmental Research Information Office of Research and Development U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Cincinnati, OH 45268 & Printed on Rey Paper DISCLAIMER This Information has been reviewed in accordance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's administrative review policies and approved for presentation and publication. Mention of trade names: or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. CONTENTS Disclaimer... ‘Acknowledgement. FOREWORD. = 7 PHYSICAL TREATMENT PROCESSES ‘Sedimentation.. Centrifugation .. Flocculation.. Oil/Water Separation. Dissolved Air Flotation. Steam Stripping. Distillation Soil Fiushing/Soil Washing Chelation se Liquid Extraction... Supercritical Extraction. Filtration... Carbon Adsorption Reverse Osmosis. Jon Exchang Electrodialysis.. (CHEMICAL TREATMENT PROCESSES. Neutralizatior Chemical Preci Chemical Hydrolysis. Ultraviolet Photolysis. Chemical Oxidation (Chemical Reduction). ‘Oxidation by Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) Gzonation.. Alkaline Chiorination Oxidation by Hypochiorit Electrolytic Oxidation Catalytic Dehydrochlorination. Alkali Metal Dechlorination..... Atkali Metal/Polyethylene Giycoi (A/PEG) vil eaNoonase +