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Coming CEN and ISO standard for

the execution of concrete structures

Dansk Betonforening
København, oktober 2007

Steinar Helland 1

EU & EFTA 30 nations, some 480 mill citizens

2
Why standardisation on a European level ?

.. to facilitate free flow of goods


and services

To achieve this, the EU Commission


has issued :
„ Commission decision of 1985
”New Approach” (Attestation of
Confirmity)
„ Construction Products Directive –
CPD, from 1989 (89/106/EØF)
„ Directive on Public Procurement
(98/4/EC)
3

CPD
All construction products placed on the market
have to fullfill the 6 ”Essential Requirements”:
1. Mechanical resistance and stability
2. Safety in case of fire
3. Hygiene, health and the environment
4. Safety in use
5. Protection against noise
6. Energy economy and heat retention

The fullfillment has to be declared by an


”Attestation of Conformity” from the producer

4
To realize this ambition, the Commission has made an
agreement with the European Committee for
Standardization, CEN, to transfer the 6 ER into
operational standards.
This programme includes the ”EuroCodes”

Main technical committees


related to concrete works

CEN
Central secretariat

TC - 227 TC - 250 TC -104 TC - 229 TC - 154


Road materials Design (Eurocodes) Concrete Prefabrication Aggregates

SC - 2 SC -1 SC - 2 SC - 8
Design of concrete structures Concrete (EN 206) Execution (EN 13670) Rehabilitation
EN 1992 (Eurocode-2) Silica fume, Fly ash
additives, water

6
7

”Execution of concrete structures”


(Concrete related activities on a building site)

First generation of European concrete


standards:
„ EuroCode-2 Design of concrete
structures (ENV 1992:1992)
„ ENV 206-1:1990 (Concrete,
production)
…. together embedded the provisions for site
activities

8
To reflect the normal split of work between the
different actors in the construction industry, a
new hierarchic structure was launched in the
1990s

Construction Products Directive (CPD)


← →

+ Authorities
National legislation

Eurocode - 0
Basis of structural design

Eurocode - 1
Actions on structures Designers

Eurocode - 2

Design of concrete structures


←→

Contractors ENV 13670


Execution of concrete structures

EN 206-1 prEN 10138 or ETA EN 10080 Material


EN 13369 - xxand
or ETA
Concrete Tendons & PT kits reinforcement Prefabricated elements
component
Product and testing standards Product and testing standards Product and testing standards producers
Product and testing standards

10
Construction Products Directive (CPD)

← →
+ Legislation
National legislation


Eurocode - 0
Basis of structural design

Eurocode - 1
Actions on structures Eurocodes

Eurocode - 2


Design of concrete structures

ENV 13670
Execution of concrete structures


EN 206-1 prEN 10138 or ETA EN 10080 ENProduct
13369 - xx or ETA
Concrete Tendons & PT kits reinforcement Prefabricated elements
standards
Product and testing standards Product and testing standards Product and testing standards Product and testing standards


11

The revisions of the coming European execution standards


for concrete aluminium and steel works are all coordinated

prEN 1090-1&2
prEN 13670

Concrete Steel
31 + 29 pages Total 214 pages

12
Both the EU Commission and CEN respects the
national authority on certain issues as:

„ ”level of protection”
„ Climatic and geographical differences
„ Needed skill of workforce
„ etc

13

Present (or near future) situation


in 30 European countries
Construction Products Directive (CPD)
+
National legislation
+ National annex
Eurocode - 0 + National annex
Basis of structural design

Eurocode - 1
Actions on structures

Eurocode - 2 + National annex


Design of concrete structures

EN 13670 + National annex


Execution of concrete structures

EN 206-1 prEN 10138 or ETA EN 10080 EN 13369 - xx or ETA


Concrete Tendons & PT kits reinforcement Prefabricated elements

Product and testing standards Product and testing standards Product and testing standards Product and testing standards

+ National annex
14
The Execution Specification according to EN 13670
will comprise provisions on 3 levels:

„ Provisions identical for all European sites


Æ EN 13670

+
„ Provisions identical within a member state
Æ National annex

+
„ Provisions unique for each construction site
Æ ”Project Specification” i.e. (choice of
classes, drawings etc)
15

Foreword
Execution of concrete structures

Introduction
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Definitions
4 Execution Management
5 Falsework and formwork
6 Reinforcement
prEN 13670

7 Prestressing
8 Concreting
9 Precast elements
10 Geometrical tolerances 16
Quality Management

„ Execution class 1, 2 and 3 based on the


importance of the structure
„ The Execution class includes inspection and
might include planning
„ The Execution classes are in accordance with
Eurocode-0 and are coordinated with the steel
and aluminium sector (prEN 1090)
„ Further detailing to be given in the national
annex

17

Competance of site staff and


personnel Norwegian
requirements to:

„ Production
leader
„ Foreman
„ Worker
„ Welder
„ Prestressing
„ Erection of
elements
„ control 18
NS 3465, Kap. 5
"Arbeidsledelse og personale"
Kontroll Ingeniør fagbrev Bet.tekn. praksis
klasse kurs
Bas NK & UK x x x

Formann NK & UK x x x

Produksjons- NK x x x
leder
UK x x x

19

Formwork

20
Reinforcement European
chaos

21

Prestressing

„ This section is prepared in close cooperation


with fib commission 9
„ This section in particular focus on corrosion
protection of PT-systems
„ This section reflects the latest international
state-of-the-art as reflected in recent fib-
documents

22
Prestressing Reference to
EN 445: 2007
EN 446: 2007
EN 447: 2007
On grouting

23

Informative reference to
CEN Workshop Agreement CWA 14646:2003 “Requirements for the
installation of post-tensioning kits for prestressing of structures
and qualification of the specialist company and its personnel”

River Schelde
bridge,
Belgia

Collapsed in 1992

24
25

New Holmenkollen
JDS Architects, Vesterbrogade, CPH

26
Concreting

Self Compacting Concrete

27

Concreting

§ 8.5.3 - SCC
”…….Working procedures for the actual cast shall
be established based on the constructor’s
experience and/or pretesting, to enable the
required compaction to be obtained. Additional
requirements to those given in EN 206 to the
fresh concrete properties and its conformity
criteria shall be agreed with the producer”

Self Compacting Concrete

28
Concreting

Curing Class 1 - --
Curing Class 2 – 35 %
Curing class 3 – 50 %
Curing class 4 – 70 %

Curing

29

Precast elements

30
Geometrical tolerances are given in 2 levels

„ Level 1 are the “design assumptions” on which


Eurocode-2 is based

„ Level 2 are those with relevance for


serviceability and placing compatibility, but
with limited structural influence

31

There have been


some negative
reactions to abandon
well-operating
national standards

32
„ The draft prEN 13670 has just passed the
public inquiry among the CEN members.
„ Only 2 of 30 member states signalled a negative
vote
„ 53 pages with comments. No one considered as
problematic
„ The committee, TC-104/SC2, will consider the
received comments during this autumn/winter.
„ The standard is expected to go for Formal Vote
in 2008.
„ When published, it will serve as THE
specification for annually some 350 000 000 m3
concrete and related formwork and
reinforcement
33

Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are


from DK

34
Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are
from DK
„ The great majority are uncontroversial and helpful to
SC-2 to get cross-references etc correct

35

Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are


from DK
„ The great majority are uncontroversial and helpful to
SC-2 to get cross-references etc correct
„ Some comments on the quality management regime
(a quality plan shall be required)

36
Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are
from DK
„ The great majority are uncontroversial and helpful to
SC-2 to get cross-references etc correct
„ Some comments on the quality management regime
(a quality plan shall be required)
„ Some suggestions for additional detailed provisions
concerning prestressing

37

Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are


from DK
„ The great majority are uncontroversial and helpful to
SC-2 to get cross-references etc correct
„ Some comments on the quality management regime
(a quality plan shall be required)
„ Some suggestions for additional detailed provisions
concerning prestressing
„ Some suggestions on ”concreting” (curing, SCC,
temperature differences)

38
Of the 378 received comments from the inquiry, 66 are
from DK
„ The great majority are uncontroversial and helpful to
SC-2 to get cross-references etc correct
„ Some comments on the quality management regime
(a quality plan shall be required)
„ Some suggestions for additional detailed provisions
concerning prestressing
„ Some suggestions on ”concreting” (curing, SCC,
temperature differences)
Some of the comments reflect the lack of DK participation
in SC-2 as the text has already been subject to
careful balance between the MS, some comments should
be taken care of by a DK national annex
39

According to EU’s directive on public procurement all


public (or public controlled) agencies or organizations
are forced to abandon their traditional technical
specifications and be loyal to the new CEN standards,
including the EN 13670.
This includes also national road administrations

40
ISO is the ”umbrella” for 158 national
standardization bodies.
An ISO standard is only mandatory if the
national standardization body has
implemented it as national standard, for
instance as DIN-ISO, BS-ISO etc.
41

„ ISO and CEN formed in 1991 the “Vienna


Agreement” for cooperation.
„ On parallel documents, either ISO or CEN shall
take the lead

42
ISO TC-71 “Concrete” (secretariat ANSI/USA under
Gene Corley) is dealing with design, materials and
execution of concrete structures

National laws & Regulations

Basis of Design
ISO TC 98

Design of Concrete Structures


ISO TC 71

Project Works Specifications


for pricing and contract
(National)

Execution of Concrete structures


ISO TC 71 / SC-3

Concrete Reinforcement Prestressing Prefabricated concrete


ISO TC 71 / SC-3 ISO TC 17 / SC-16 ISO TC 17 / SC-16 products

Product and test sstandards for the Product and test Product and test Product and test
constituent materials standards standards standards

43

44
ISO 2394 “General principles on reliability for
structures” formed the basis for Eurocode-0,
and together with fib Model Code, the basis
for Eurocode-2

45

„ ISO TC-71 asked in 2001 fib to work


out a Model Code on Service Life
Design of Concrete Structures.
„ Fib TG 5.6 got its document approved
by fib General Assembly in 2006
„ ISO TC-71 appointed me to chair a
committe responsible for implementing
fib MC SLD as an ISO standard at its
meeting in Brazil this June.

46
CEN EN 206-1:2000 “Concrete” formed the
basis for ISO 22965:2007 “Concrete”

47

ISO/WD 22966 ”Execution of concrete


structures”

CEN draft prEN 13670 forms the basis for


ISO/WD 22966:2006 ”Execution of concrete
structures”.
Standard Norge chair this work

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