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What is earthquake?

An earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from


the sudden release of energy in the Earth’s lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Earthquakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt
to those violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities.
The seismicity or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size
of earthquakes experienced over a period of time.

What causes earthquakes and where do they happen?

The earth has four major layers: the inner core, outer core, mantle and crust.
The crust and the top of the mantle make up a thin skin on the surface of our planet.
But this skin is not all in one piece – it is made up of many pieces like a puzzle covering
the surface of the earth. Not only that, but these puzzle pieces keep slowly moving
around, sliding past one another and bumping into each other. We call these puzzle
pieces tectonic plates, and the edges of the plates are called the plate boundaries. The
plate boundaries are made up of many faults, and most of the earthquakes around the
world occur on these faults. Since the edges of the plates are rough, they get stuck
while the rest of the plate keeps moving. Finally, when the plate has moved far enough,
the edges unstick on one of the faults and there is an earthquake
Earthquake Preparedness

Staying Safe Indoors


- DROP, COVER and HOLD ON!
Move as little as possible - most injuries during earthquakes occur because of people
moving around, falling and suffering sprains, fractures and head injuries.

Try to protect your head and torso.


- If you are in bed, stay there, curl up and hold on, and cover your head.
- Stay indoors until the shaking stops and you are sure it is safe to exit.
If you must leave a building after the shaking stops, use stairs rather than an elevator in
case of aftershocks, power outages or other damage.
- Be aware that smoke alarms and sprinkler systems frequently go off in buildings
during an earthquake, even if there is no fire.
- If you smell gas, get out of the house and move as far away as possible.
- Before you leave any building check to make sure that there is no debris from the
building that could fall on you.

Staying Safe Outdoors


-Find a clear spot and drop to the ground. Stay there until the shaking stops.
- Try to get as far away from buildings, power lines, trees, and streetlights as possible.
- If you're in a vehicle, pull over to a clear location and stop. Avoid bridges, overpasses
and power lines if possible.
- Stay inside with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking stops.
- After the shaking has stopped, drive on carefully, avoiding bridges and ramps that
may have been damaged.
- If a power line falls on your vehicle, do not get out. Wait for assistance.
- If you are in a mountainous area or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be alert for falling
rocks and other debris as well as landslides.
First Aid Kit

1. Water: one gallon per person, per day (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply
for home)

2. Food: non-perishable, easy-to-prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week


supply for home)

3. Flashlight

4. Battery-powered or hand-crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible)

5. Extra batteries

6. First aid kit

7. Medications (7-day supply) and medical items

8. Multi-purpose tool

9. Sanitation and personal hygiene items

10. Copies of personal documents (medication list and pertinent medical information,
proof of address, deed/lease to home, passports, birth certificates, insurance policies)

11. Cell phone with chargers

12. Family and emergency contact information


Jhon David Makalintal

X-GEMINI

Mrs.Ofelia V. Aguila

Submitted to:

Submitted by:

Earthquake

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