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CE6451 FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY

NOTES

UNIT 1

FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLOW CHARACTERISTICS

Units and dimensions- Properties of fluids- mass density, specific weight, specific

volume, specific gravity, viscosity, compressibility, vapor pressure, surface tension and

capillarity. Flow characteristics concept of control volume - application of continuity

equation, energy equation and momentum equation.

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Viscosity
Viscosity
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Types of fluid flow and related mathematical formulae

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Boundary layer concepts
Boundary layer concepts

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Fig: Boundary layer concept

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Visit : www.Civildatas.com 11 Fig: Boundary layer zones Fig: displacement thickness illustrator diagram Visit :
Fig: Boundary layer zones
Fig: Boundary layer zones

Fig: displacement thickness illustrator diagram

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Problem
Problem
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Moody diagram:

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Fig: Plot of the moody diagram Problems in flow through pipes in parallel: Problem 1
Fig: Plot of the moody diagram
Problems in flow through pipes in parallel:
Problem 1
diagram Problems in flow through pipes in parallel: Problem 1 Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit : www.Civildatas.com

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Problem 2
Problem 2
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Problem 3

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Table: Dimensions of various parameters

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Problems in Rayleigh’s method:

Problem 1

3

Problems in Rayleigh’s method: Problem 1 3 Problem 2 Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit :
Problems in Rayleigh’s method: Problem 1 3 Problem 2 Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit :
Problem 2
Problem 2

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Problem 3

Problem 4
Problem 4

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Problem 5
Problem 5

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Problems in Buckhingam – π – Theorem: Problem 1
Problems in Buckhingam – π – Theorem:
Problem 1
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Problem 2
Problem 2

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Problem 3
Problem 3
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Problem 4
Problem 4
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Dimensionless numbers:
Dimensionless numbers:
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Model laws:
Model laws:
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Visit : www.Civildatas.com 14 Problems based on Reynold’s model law: Problem 2 based on Reynold’s model

Problems based on Reynold’s model law:

14 Problems based on Reynold’s model law: Problem 2 based on Reynold’s model law: Visit :

Problem 2 based on Reynold’s model law:

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Euler’s equation
Euler’s equation
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Introduction to pumps:

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Fig: Components of a Centrifugal pump
Fig: Components of a Centrifugal pump
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Problems in Centrifugal pumps: Problem 1
Problems in Centrifugal pumps:
Problem 1
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Problem 2

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Problem 3

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Visit : www.Civildatas.com The above mentioned equation is used for finding the specific speed of a

The above mentioned equation is used for finding the specific speed of a Centrifugal pump.

used for finding the specific speed of a Centrifugal pump. Fig: characteristic curves of a Centrifugal
used for finding the specific speed of a Centrifugal pump. Fig: characteristic curves of a Centrifugal

Fig: characteristic curves of a Centrifugal pump

a Centrifugal pump. Fig: characteristic curves of a Centrifugal pump Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit : www.Civildatas.com

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Fig: main components of a Reciprocating pump
Fig: main components of a Reciprocating pump

Important formulae:

Fig: main components of a Reciprocating pump Important formulae: Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit : www.Civildatas.com

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Problems in Reciprocating pump

Problem 1

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Problem 2:
Problem 2:

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Visit : www.Civildatas.com Fig: Ideal indicator diagram Fig: indicator diagram influenced by both acceleration and
Visit : www.Civildatas.com Fig: Ideal indicator diagram Fig: indicator diagram influenced by both acceleration and
Fig: Ideal indicator diagram
Fig: Ideal indicator diagram

Fig: indicator diagram influenced by both acceleration and friction

Problems in indicator diagram:

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Fig: Arrangement of Air vessel in a Reciprocating pump

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Fig: Schematic of a Pelton turbine
Fig: Schematic of a Pelton turbine

Fig: Velocity triangle arrangement of a Pelton turbine

Problems in Pelton turbine:

Problem 1:

of a Pelton turbine Problems in Pelton turbine: Problem 1: Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit : www.Civildatas.com

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Problem 2

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Problem 3

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Problem 4

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Problem 5
Problem 5
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Problems in Francis turbine:

Problem 1

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Problem 2
Problem 2

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14

Problems in Kaplan Turbine: Problem 1
Problems in Kaplan Turbine:
Problem 1

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15

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16

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17

Visit : www.Civildatas.com 17 Fig: Types of draft tubes Visit : www.Civildatas.com Visit : www.Civildatas.com
Fig: Types of draft tubes
Fig: Types of draft tubes

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