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# COMPOSITE WALL (FLUID TO FLUID)

## 1. A COMPOSITE WALL IS COMPOSED OF BRICKWORK (x=220mm, k=1.4W/m-K), FIBERGLASS (x=150mm,

k=0.05) AND INSULATING BOARD (x=50mm, k=0.07). INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TEMPERATURE ARE 15⁰C
AND 37⁰C. SURFACE TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS ARE 2.2 AND 1.4 W/m2-K. DETERMINE THE VALUE OF Q.

2. A FURNACE WALL COVERED WITH SILICA (x=150mm, k=12.4W/m-K) AND STEEL (x=15mm, k=0.17) HAS A
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE OF 1450⁰C. CALCULATE THE VALUE OF Q PER LENGTH.

3. A ROOM INSULATED WITH CORK (x=150mm, k=0.05W/m-K) SANDWICHED BETWEEN WALLS OF WOOD
(x=70mm, k=0.03) HAS ∆T=99⁰C. IF hi AND ho ARE BOTH EQUAL TO 13W/m2-K, DETERMINE THE RATE OF
HEAT TRANSFER.

4. INSULATING BLOCK (x=222mm, k=0.065W/m-K), BRICK (x=520mm, k=0.67) AND FIREBRICK (x=510mm, k=4)
WERE USED AS AN INSULATION TO A WALL (A=65m 2). IF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SURFACE FILM
CONDUCTANCE ARE 4 AND 3.2 W/m2-K, AND ∆T= 150⁰C, CALCULATE THE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT.

5. CONSIDERING ALL CONDITIONS STATED IN PROBLEM 4, CALCULATE THE HEAT LOSS THROUGH THE
WALL.

## COMPOSITE PIPE (FLUID TO FLUID)

6. WATER FLOWS THROUGH A CAST STEEL PIPE (Do=104mm, x=20mm, k=50W/m-k). THE PIPE IS COVERED
WITH ASBESTOS INSULATION (k=0.12). CALCULATE Q PER METER LENGTH OF PIPE WHEN ∆T=1500⁰C,
AND hi=450 AND ho=90 W/m2-K.

7. CALCULATE THE HEAT LOSS PER LINEAR ft. FROM PIPE (Do=2.5in, di=2in) COVERED WITH INSULATING
MATERIAL (x=1.3in, k=0.0375 BTU/hf-ft-⁰F). ASSUME THAT THE INNER AND OUTER SURFACE
TEMPERATURES OF THE INSULATION ARE 350⁰F AND 50⁰F.

## 8. A THICK-WALLED COOLANT PIPE (Do=250mm, di=200mm, k=14W/m-K) IS COVERED WITH ASBESTOS

INSULATION (x=100mm, k=14 W/m-K). IF THE INSIDE SURFACE TEMPERATURE OF THE PIPE IS
MAINTAINED AT 130⁰C. CALCULATE THE HEAT LOSS PER METER OF LENGTH IF THE OUTSIDE
TEMPERATURE IS 34⁰C.

## 9. ASBESTOS (x=120mm, k=6W/m-K) IS IN CONTACT WITH TWO-LAYERED INSULATED STEAM PIPE,

FOLLOWED BY MAGNESIA (x=110mm, k=14 W/m-K). THE PIPE (di=120mm, x=12mm, k=15 W/m-K) HAS A
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE OF 74⁰C AND THE VALUE OF THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SURFACE FILM
CONDUCTANCE ARE 130 AND 2 W/m2-K. DETERMINE THE VALUE OF OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER
COEFFICIENT.

10. DETERMINE THE VALUE OF HEAT LOSS THROUGH A STEAM PIPE (di=2.2in, x=.2in, k= 16 BTU/ft-hr-⁰F)
COVERED WITH 3 in. THICK ASBESTOS (k=40 BTU/ft-hr-⁰F) IF THE TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE IS 130⁰F.
CONSIDER THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SURFACE FILM CONDUCTANCE OF 40 AND 1.2 BTU/ft2-hr-⁰F.

HEAT EXCHANGER

11. A LIQUID TO LIQUID COUNTERFLOW HEAT EXCHANGER IS USED TO HEAT A COLD FLUID FROM 120⁰F
TO 300⁰F. ASSUMING THAT THE HOT FLUID ENTERS AT 500⁰F AND LEAVES AT 400⁰F, CALCULATE THE
LOG MEAN TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE FOR THE HEAT EXCHANGER.
12. A PARALLER FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER IS DESIGNED TO HEAT FUEL OIL FROM 30⁰C TO 90⁰C WHILE THE
HEATING FLUID ENTERS AT 150⁰C AND LEAVES AT 115⁰C. CALCULATE THE ARITHMETIC MEAN
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE.

13. A COUNTERFLOW HEAT EXCHANGER IS USED TO HEAT A COLD FLUID FROM 24 TO 250⁰C. ASSUMING
THAT THE HOT FLUID ENTERS AT 485⁰C AND LEAVES AT 370⁰C, CALCULATE THE LOG MEAN
TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE FOR THE HEAT EXCHANGER.

14. A LIQUID TO LIQUID COUNTER FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER IS DESIGNED TO HEAT FUEL OIL FROM 30⁰C TO
90⁰C WHILE THE HEATING FLUID ENTERS AT 150⁰C AND LEAVES AT 115⁰C. CALCULATE THE ARITHMETIC
MEAN TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE.

15. A PARALLER FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER IS DESIGNED TO HEAT FUEL OIL FROM 30⁰C TO 90⁰C WHILE THE
HEATING FLUID ENTERS AT 150⁰C AND LEAVES AT 115⁰C. CALCULATE THE HEAT LOSS IF THE AREA IS
46 SQ. M. AND U=97 W/m2-K.