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NB-IoT Network design

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NB-IoT Network design HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
NB-IoT Network design HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
1 NB-IoT Technical Principles 2 NB-IoT Design Solutions 3 Q & A HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.,
1
1
NB-IoT Technical Principles
NB-IoT Technical Principles

2

NB-IoT Design Solutions

3

Q &

A

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NB-IoT overview: A new RAT(Radio Access Technology) dedicated for IoT

New RAT like GSM / UMTS / LTE with new air interface

May reuse the existing Transmission / BBU / RRU / Antenna with GSM/UMTS/LTE

Duplex mode: FDD (TDD is to be planned.)

NB-IoT bandwidth: n x 200 kHz(Standalone or Guard band) or n x 180 kHz (In-band)

Deployed at 1 GHz sub-bands: 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26, 28, and 66

1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26, 28, and 66 Device

Device with

NB-IoT

8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26, 28, and 66 Device with NB-IoT Chipset Module
8, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26, 28, and 66 Device with NB-IoT Chipset Module

Chipset

Module integrated IoT chipset

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HISILICON SEMICONDUCTOR HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. NB-IoT Base station Application HTTP TCP/IP S1-lite MME

NB-IoT

Base station

Application HTTP TCP/IP S1-lite MME HSS Application CoAP AMQP AMQP TCP/IP PGW SGW IoT Platform
Application
HTTP
TCP/IP
S1-lite
MME
HSS
Application
CoAP
AMQP
AMQP
TCP/IP
PGW
SGW
IoT Platform
Application
CoAP
IoT Core
UDP/IP
Third Party IoT APP Server

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PGW SGW IoT Platform Application CoAP IoT Core UDP/IP Third Party IoT APP Server HUAWEI Confidential

Physical Layer Structure: Frequency Domain 1 RB

Uplink: SC-FDMA

Two bandwidths

3.75 kHz (large power spectrum, good coverage, and PRACH)

15 kHz (high rate, small delay, and PUSCH)

Two modes for PUSCH 15KHz

Single tone (1 carrier for 1 user)

Multi tone

(multi carriers for 1 user - 3612)

 Multi tone (multi carriers for 1 user - 3 ; 6 ; 12) Downlink: OFDMA

Downlink: OFDMA

200 kHz bandwidth (including a 10 kHz guard band at two ends, respectively)

Subcarrier bandwidth: 15 kHz

Subcarrier amount: 12

Subcarrier bandwidth: 15 kHz  Subcarrier amount: 12 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. H I S I

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Physical Layer Structure: Time Domain 1 ms

Uplink time domain structure

15 kHz

1RU (Resource Unit) = 8 ms

One radio frame = 10 ms = 10 subframes

One subframe = 1 ms = Two

timeslots

One timeslot = Seven symbols

3.75 kHz

1RU (Resource Unit) = 32 ms

One radio frame = 40 ms = 10 subframes

One subframe = 4 ms = Two timeslots

One timeslot = Seven symbols

Subframe

Subframe

1 ms 0.5 ms
1
ms
0.5 ms

Subframe

= Seven symbols Subframe Subframe 1 ms 0.5 ms Subframe Slot Slot Data Data Data DMRS

Slot

Slot

Subframe Subframe 1 ms 0.5 ms Subframe Slot Slot Data Data Data DMRS Data Data Data
Subframe Subframe 1 ms 0.5 ms Subframe Slot Slot Data Data Data DMRS Data Data Data

Data

Data

Data

DMRS

Data

Data

Data

Data Data Data DMRS Data Data Data CP Signal OFDM symbol duration The last data symbol
Data Data Data DMRS Data Data Data CP Signal OFDM symbol duration The last data symbol

CP

Signal

Data DMRS Data Data Data CP Signal OFDM symbol duration The last data symbol allocation of

OFDM symbol duration

Data Data Data CP Signal OFDM symbol duration The last data symbol allocation of every 1

The last data symbol allocation of every 1 ms is based on the configuration of LTE sounding for in-band scenario

on the configuration of LTE sounding for in-band scenario Downlink time domain structure The same as

Downlink time domain structure

The same as LTE

One super frame = 1024 radio frames

One radio frame = 10 ms = 10 subframes

One subframe = 1 ms = Two timeslots

One timeslot = Seven symbols

Cyclic prefix (CP) of symbol 0 or 7: 5.2 us

CP of symbols 1-6 and 8-13: 4.7 us

CP

Signal

5.2 us  CP of symbols 1-6 and 8-13: 4.7 us CP Signal Symbol #0 Symbol

Symbol #0

Symbol #1

Symbol #2

Symbol #3

Symbol #0 Symbol #1 Symbol #2 Symbol #3 Symbol #4 Symbol #5 Symbol #6 Symbol #7

Symbol #4

Symbol #5

Symbol #6

Symbol #7

Symbol #8

Symbol #9

Symbol #10

Symbol #11

Symbol #12

Symbol #13

#9 Symbol #10 Symbol #11 Symbol #12 Symbol #13 Slot #0 Slot #1 1 ms Subframe

Slot #0

Slot #1

1 ms
1 ms

Subframe #0

Subframe #1

Subframe #2

Subframe #3

Subframe #4

Subframe #5
Subframe #5

Subframe #6

Subframe #7

Subframe #8

Subframe #9

10 ms Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame #0 Frame #1 Frame #2 Frame #3 #1020
10 ms
Frame
Frame
Frame
Frame
Frame #0
Frame #1
Frame #2
Frame #3
#1020
#1021
#1022
#1023

HSFN #0

HSFNe #1

HSFN #2

HSFN #3

HSFN #1020
HSFN #1020

HSFN #1021

HSFN #1022

HSFN #1023

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Downlink Physical ChannelPilot Signal

Reuse LTE CRS

To improve coverage, NB-RS is introduced as well, that is, NB-IoT CRS includes two parts: one is LTE CRS, the other is NB-RS

Coverage level (0,1,2)

o v e r a g e l e v e l ( 0 , 1
o v e r a g e l e v e l ( 0 , 1

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Downlink Physical ChannelPSCH

NB-PSS takes #5 sub frame of every frame, the period is 10ms

NB-SSS takes #9 sub frame of even frame, the period is 20ms

Avdoiding LTE PDCCH channel

NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS

LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
LTE PDCCH channel • NB-PSS/SSS is punctured by LTE-CRS 1 ms 1 ms 0 1 2
1 ms
1 ms
1 ms
1 ms

0

1

2 3

4

5 6

7 8

9

10 ms NB-SSS NB-PSS LTE PDCCH LTE CRS
10 ms
NB-SSS
NB-PSS
LTE PDCCH
LTE CRS

PBCH

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Downlink Physical ChannelPBCH

The first block of NB-PBCH is taken on 0# subframe of every frame, the period is 640ms

Avoiding LTE PDCCH channels

NB-PBCH is punctured by LTE-CRS and NB-RS

640 ms (NB-PBCH period) Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block
640 ms (NB-PBCH period)
Block 0
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
80 ms
10 ms
10 ms
0
0

1

2 3

4
4
5
5

6

7
7

8

9
9
0
0

1

2 3

4
4
5
5

6

7 8

9
9
1 ms 1 ms
1 ms
1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms
8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms

Inband

Guard band

Standalone

5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms Inband Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH
5 6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms Inband Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH

NB-PSS

6 7 8 9 1 ms 1 ms Inband Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH NB-RS

NB-SSS

NB-PBCH8 9 1 ms 1 ms Inband Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-RS port0 NB-RS port1

NB-RS port0ms 1 ms Inband Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH NB-RS port1 LTE PDCCH LTE CRS

NB-RS port1Guard band Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH NB-RS port0 LTE PDCCH LTE CRS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Standalone NB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH NB-RS port0 NB-RS port1 LTE PDCCH LTE CRS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

LTE PDCCH

LTE CRSNB-PSS NB-SSS NB-PBCH NB-RS port0 NB-RS port1 LTE PDCCH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. H I S

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Downlink Physical ChannelPDCCH & PDSCH

All the white sub frames are reserved for PDCCH and PDSCH

PDSCH take SIB1

NB-SIB1 is carried on #4 sub frame, the frame No. is defined by

period, repeat counter and physical cell id.

Avoiding LTE PDCCH channels

6 4 0 ms ( NB - PBCH period ) Block 0 Block 1 Block
6 4 0 ms ( NB - PBCH period )
Block 0
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
8
0 ms
40 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1 ms
1 ms
1 ms
1 ms
NB-PSS
NB-SSS
NB-PBCH
NB-EPDCCH/ NB-PDSCH
NB - RS port 0
NB - RS port 1
LTEPDCCH
LTECRS
640 ms Block 0 Block 1 Block 2 Block 3 Block 4 Block 5 Block
640 ms
Block 0
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
80 ms
10 ms
10 ms
0
1
2 3
4
5 6
7 8
9
0 1
2 3
4
5 6
7 8
9

Guard band

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
1 ms
1 ms
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9
NB-PSS
NB-SSS
LTE PDCCH
Page 9

1 ms6 7 8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 Inband NB-PBCH

8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH
8 9 Guard band 1 ms NB-PSS NB-SSS LTE PDCCH Page 9 1 ms Inband NB-PBCH

Inband

NB-PBCH LTE CRS Page 9
NB-PBCH
LTE CRS
Page 9
NB-RS port0 NB-RS port1 NB SIB1
NB-RS port0
NB-RS port1
NB SIB1

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Protocol Stack Data Over NAS to save DRB resource and procedure

Control

Plan

Data

Over

NAS

save DRB resource and procedure Control Plan Data Over NAS 3GPP 24.301 Clause 4.2 A UE
save DRB resource and procedure Control Plan Data Over NAS 3GPP 24.301 Clause 4.2 A UE

3GPP 24.301

Clause 4.2

A UE using EPS services with control plane CIoT EPS optimization can initiate transport of user data via the control plane.

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Key Technology: 20 dB Coverage

3GPP 45.820

Clause 4.1.1 Improved indoor coverage

It should be possible to achieve an extended

coverage of

available legacy GPRS (Non EGPRS) devices.

20 dB
20 dB

compared to commercially

Key technologies

Power Spectrum Density Boosting

PSD

increase

Average Power 200mW/15kHz 200mW/180kHz
Average Power
200mW/15kHz
200mW/180kHz

LTE Solution

NB-IoT Solution

10.8 dB / 12 times

3-12 dB / 2 16 times

Repetition: NB-IoT supports a maximum of

three coverage levels: 0, 1, and 2, different

retransmissions times for different

coverage level

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Up to 128 times Repetition 16 times is enough Coverage Level 0 Coverage Level 1
Up to 128 times Repetition
16 times is enough
Coverage Level 0
Coverage Level 1
Coverage Level 2
Page 11
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Key Technology: Power Saving Mode

Connected Mode
Connected
Mode

Trigger & Active Timer = 0

Active Timer Expires Power Saving Mode
Active Timer
Expires
Power
Saving Mode
Timer > 0 Idle Mode
Timer > 0
Idle
Mode

Trigger & Active Timer not set, or Active

Paging Trigger/ UL Data RACH (Random)

TAU timer expire/UL Data RACH (Random)

Without PSM Paging(Monitor) Voice/Data
Without PSM
Paging(Monitor)
Voice/Data
With PSM PSM State: up to 310hours Data Wake up
With PSM
PSM State: up to 310hours
Data
Wake
up

PSM: UEs stay in the sleep state and cannot receive downlink

state when they have no data transmission requirements.

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Key Technology: Idle Mode eDRX

DRX Cycle: 2.56s eDRX Cycle: up to 2.92h PTW:40.96s DRX Cycle: 2.56s DRX eDRX Time
DRX Cycle: 2.56s
eDRX Cycle: up to 2.92h
PTW:40.96s
DRX Cycle: 2.56s
DRX
eDRX
Time
• In the idle state, the paging cycle is extended from 2.56s to the maximum of 2.92h

In each paging timing window (PTW), a number of paging opportunities are kept to ensure the

success rate of paging.

MME may determine the eDRX cycle and PTW length according to UE service type(APN), or IMSI segment.

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Key Technology: Device Battery Life

Key Technology: Device Battery Life       Power PSM Power Power Path Loss* Repetition TX
     

Power

PSM Power

Power

Path

Loss*

Repetition

TX

Power

Consumption

Per Message

Consumptio

n

Consumption

Per Day

144dB

 

1 23dBm

177.4uAH

120uAH

297.4uAH

154dB

 

1 23dBm

221.0uAH

120uAH

341.0uAH

164dB

16

23dBm

1132uAH

120uAH

1252.0uAH

* traffic model: 100 bytes, once per day

10 years battery lifecycle :

6500mAH x 0.75 / 365days/1252uAH = 10.67years

1132uAH

120uAH

6500mAH x 0.75 / 365days/1252uAH = 10.67years 1132uAH 120uAH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. H I S
6500mAH x 0.75 / 365days/1252uAH = 10.67years 1132uAH 120uAH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. H I S
6500mAH x 0.75 / 365days/1252uAH = 10.67years 1132uAH 120uAH HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. H I S

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Key Technology: NB-IoT Designed for Massive Connections

15 minutes~1 day Small packet per message 50~100k Device per Cell Non-sensitive on Latency
15 minutes~1 day
Small packet per message
50~100k Device per Cell
Non-sensitive on Latency

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Most Time in Idle Mode for Each Device Simplified NAS Protocol Platform NB-IOT Core NB-IOT
Most Time in Idle Mode for Each Device
Simplified NAS Protocol
Platform
NB-IOT Core
NB-IOT eNodeB
Dedicated Uu Protocol for NB-IoT Device

Test Result:

Traffic Model

Device Distribution (Coverage Gain Demand)

Single-tone

15KHz

1 packet/hour, Uplink 100 bytes/packet, downlink 10 bytes.

User random access network(meet Poisson

distribution)

144dBm:154dBm:164dBm

is 10:0:0

50K

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access network(meet Poisson distribution) 144dBm:154dBm:164dBm is 10:0:0 50K HUAWEI Confidential Page 15 Page 15
1 2 3 NB-IoT Technical Principles NB-IoT Design Solutions Q & A HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.,
1 2
1
2

3

NB-IoT Technical Principles

NB-IoT Design Solutions Q & A
NB-IoT Design Solutions
Q &
A

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NB-IoT Network Planning Contents

Intra-frequency Frequency Spectrum Coverage capability estimation buffer zone and power planning Site planning
Intra-frequency
Frequency
Spectrum
Coverage capability
estimation
buffer zone
and power
planning
Site planning
Implementation
and deployment
planning
planning
Coverage planning

1. Spectrum planning

Spectrum selection

Inter-frequency guard

band reservation

2. Intra-frequency buffer zone planning

Intra-frequency

interference analysis, and simulation and

planning of a buffer

zone for handling intra- frequency interference

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3. Frequency reuse pattern

planning

4. Center Frequency and RB

selection

5. Power planning

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6. Site planning (1:1 or 1:N deployment)

7. Coverage planning and simulation

Network planning

parameters

Typical parameter settings on the simulation tool

Page 17

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8. Implementation and deployment

Frequency clearance test

Site survey

Site deployment

Page 17 Page 17 8. Implementation and deployment ① Frequency clearance test ② Site survey ③

1. Spectrum: NB-IoT Deployment Mode, Spectrum Selection & inter-frequency interference

1.

G+N

L+N

U+N

Standalone deployment mode (Spare spectrum, or have the

possibility to refarm G/U/C spectrum)

spectrum, or have the possibility to refarm G/U/C spectrum) 2. Guard band (LTE cell bandwidth >=10MHz,
spectrum, or have the possibility to refarm G/U/C spectrum) 2. Guard band (LTE cell bandwidth >=10MHz,

2. Guard band (LTE cell bandwidth >=10MHz, and need consider the legal risk to the neighbor band operators)

need consider the legal risk to the neighbor band operators) 3. In-band (LTE bandwidth of 3

3. In-band (LTE bandwidth of 3 MHz or above according to 3GPP specifications

and 5 MHz or above in actual use)

to 3GPP specifications and 5 MHz or above in actual use) Deployment mode NB-IoT LTE Peak

Deployment mode

NB-IoT

LTE Peak throughput (Single user)

LTE Average throughput (Multi users)

Output power

Standalone

no limitation

No impact to LTE

No impact to LTE

Guard Band

6dB+LTE RB power

No impact to LTE

No impact to LTE

In Band

6dB+LTE RB power

DL:5M-8%~14.5%; 10M-6%~10.5%; 15M-5%~7.5%; 20M-4%~7.5% UL:5M-1%~4.5%; 10M-3.5%~7%; 15M-3%~12.5%; 20M-3.5%~7%

5M:

10% ~ 25%; 10M: 8% ~ 20%

15M: 5% ~ 15%;

20M: 3% ~ 10%

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2. Buffer Zone: Inter-RAT Intra-Frequency Buffer Zone Planning LM Refarming

(Inband mode only)

 

Interference

Interference

Interference

Interference

 

Interference Direction

from LTE UEs on NB-IoT Uplink

from LTE UEs on NB- IoT Downlink

from NB-IoT UEs on LTE Uplink

from NB-IoT UEs on LTE Downlink

Calculation Formula

Interfered system noise

3

5

3

5

A

 

factor (dB)

Interfered system

15

180

180

180

B

 

bandwidth (kHz)

Interfered system noise floor (dBm)

       

C

= 174 + 10 x

129.2

116.4

118.4

116.4

log(B) + A

Allowed noise floor increase (dB)

1

3

1

3

D

Allowed interference (dBm)

135.1

116.5

124.3

116.5

E

= 10 x log(10^((C +

D)/10) 10^((C)/10))

Transmit power of the interference source (dBm)

23/540 kHz

46/50 RBs

23/15 kHz

43/180 kHz

F

Transmit power of the interference source (dBm), which is

       

G

= F 10 x

log(bandwidth of

17.4

29.0

33.8

43.0

interfering

system/bandwidth of

calculated based on the bandwidth of the

interfered system

interfered system)

Coupling loss (dB)

152.5

145.5

158.1

159.5

H

= G E

Calculation of space isolation coupling loss for LM intra-frequency buffer zone

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. HUAWEI Confidential The intra-frequency buffer zone is deduced according to the

The intra-frequency buffer zone is deduced according to the space isolation coupling loss (159.5 dB).

Conclusion:

The maximum coupling loss (MCL) of the 4 directions is 159.5

dB.

Generally, LTE and NB-IoT buffer zones are separated by 3 to

5 layers of sites. That is, the width of a buffer zone shall be more than 5 km in urban areas and more than 10 km in rural

areas. Simulation-based planning for a live network is required

according to the actual site distance and geographical environment

Page 19

Page 19

planning for a live network is required according to the actual site distance and geographical environment

4. Center Frequency: Guard Band NB-IoT centre frequency and offset selection

20MHz Guard band (EARFCN = 1450) DL NB centre frequency offset to LTE centre frequency
20MHz Guard band (EARFCN = 1450)
DL NB centre frequency
offset to
LTE centre frequency
DL NB-IoT EARFCN
(NDL)
DL NB-IoT frequency
offset (MDL)
UL NB-IoT EARFCN
UL NB-IoT frequency
offset (MUL)
-9907.5
1351
-2
19351
0
-9802.5
1352
-1
19352
1
-9697.5
1353
0
19353
2
-9607.5
1354
-2
19354
0
-9502.5
1355
-1
19355
1
-9397.5
1356
0
19356
2
-9307.5
1357
-2
19357
0
-9202.5
1358
-1
19358
1
-9097.5
1359
0
19359
2
9097.5
1541
-1
19541
-2
9202.5
1542
0
19542
-1
9307.5
1543
1
19543
0
9397.5
1544
-1
19544
-2
STC
9502.5
1545
0
19545
-1
9607.5
1546
1
19546
0
9697.5
1547
-1
19547
-2
9802.5
1548
0
19548
-1
9907.5
1549
1
19549
0

To reduce the difficulty & time of Cell Search, NB-IoT carrier center frequency is defined in 3GPP 36.104 Clause 5.7.2

center frequency is defined in 3GPP 36.104 Clause 5.7.2 Actual center frequency: 1839.3975MHz 1839.4 MHz EARFCN

Actual center frequency: 1839.3975MHz 1839.4 MHz

EARFCN = 1544

F DL = F DL_low + 0.1(N DL – N Offs-DL ) + 0.0025*(2M DL
F DL = F DL_low + 0.1(N DL – N Offs-DL ) + 0.0025*(2M DL +1)
LTE1800 20MHZ@EARFCN 1450

1830 MHz

1839 MHz

1821 MHz

F dl-low = 1805MHz; NDL=1544; NDL-OFF =1200; MDL = -1

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4. Center Frequency: In Band NB-IoT centre frequency and RB selection

Validate EARFCN MDL Validate NB-IoT center Delta frequency NB-IoT PRB Index frequency(KHZ) (KHZ) 4 -8197.5
Validate
EARFCN
MDL
Validate
NB-IoT center
Delta frequency
NB-IoT PRB Index
frequency(KHZ)
(KHZ)
4
-8197.5
1368
9
-7297.5
1377
14
-6397.5
1386
19
-5497.5
1395
24
-4597.5
2.5
1404
0
29
-3697.5
1413
STC
34
-2797.5
1422
39
-1897.5
1431
44
-997.5
1440
55
997.5
1460
60
1897.5
1469
65
2797.5
1478
70
3697.5
1487
75
4597.5
-7.5
1496
-1
80
5497.5
1505
85
6397.5
1514
90
7297.5
1523
95
8197.5
1532

Actual center frequency: 1827.2025MHz

1827.2 MHz

EARFCN = 1422

LTE1800 20MHZ@EARFCN 1450
LTE1800 20MHZ@EARFCN 1450

1821 MHz

1830 MHz

1839 MHz

F DL = F DL_low + 0.1(N DL N Offs-DL ) + 0.0025*(2M DL +1)

F dl-low = 1805MHz; NDL=1422; NDL-OFF =1200; MDL = 0

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4. Center Frequency: : Standalone NB-IoT centre frequency and offset selection

3GPP 36.104 Clause 5.7.3

frequency and offset selection 3GPP 36.104 Clause 5.7.3 F D L = F D L _

F DL = F DL_low + 0.1(N DL N Offs-DL ) + 0.0025*(2M DL +1)

The selection of NB-IoT standalone centre frequency of is exactly the same with LTE.

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5. Cell Power: NB-IoT and LTE share the RF without power back-off

Existing configuration in 1800M, L1800: 2T2R 20MHz , 2*60W

RRU3959: 2*60W

PA1 60W

PA2 60W

LTE 2*60W
LTE 2*60W
RRU3959*: 2*60W PA1 60W PA2 60W LTE 2*57.6W NB-IoT 2*2.4W Reuse LTE RF module
RRU3959*: 2*60W
PA1 60W
PA2 60W
LTE 2*57.6W
NB-IoT 2*2.4W
Reuse LTE RF module

PSD of NB-IoT should be configured 6dB (log4) higher than LTE.

Power on LTE PRB = 2*60W / (4*1 + 1*99) ~= 2*0.5825 W

Power on NB-IoT PRB ~= 2 * (0.5825*4)W ~= 2*2.4W ReferenceSignalPwr = 2 * 2.4 * 1000 / 12 = 400 mw 10* log (400mw / 1mw) = 26.0

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6. Site reuse: 1:1 is suggested if sharing antenna with existing 2G/3G/4G

 

1:1 Deployment

1:3/1:4 Deployment

 

1. Obtains a 20 dB coverage

 

enhancement to improve deep

Advantage

coverage and coverage ratio

Requires a smaller number of sites to achieve wide coverage and reduces the capital expenditure

2. Generates no near-far effect and requires fewer guard bands to deploy

 

3. Provides larger capacity

 
   

1. Decreases the coverage by 8 dB to 10 dB, which cannot meet the deep coverage requirements

Disadvantage

Requires the same number of sites as in the existing network and a high capital expenditure

2. Generates near-far effect and requires more guard bands to avoid the effect

3. The single-cell capacity is 50% smaller than that of

 

the 1:1 deployment due to the increase of CEUs.

Application

Scenarios with deep coverage requirements

1. Scenarios that have low requirements on deep coverage

scenario

2. Scenarios that can provide larger spectrum guard

 

bands (for expamle, 200KHz for Guard Band)

Use case

Smart water meter, smart electric meter, and smart parking

Smart poles and smart band

LTE+NB LTE+NB LTE+NB
LTE+NB
LTE+NB
LTE+NB

1:1 deployment (3 UEs are all in Coverage level 0)

LTE+NB 1:1 deployment (3 UEs are all in Coverage level 0) LTE+NB GSM only GSM only
LTE+NB GSM only
LTE+NB
GSM only

GSM only

1:3 deployment (2 UEs are in Coverage level 2)

It is recommended that the 1:1 deployment mode be used to enhance the deep coverage, reduce the guard bands, and mitigate the adjacent-channel interference.

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7. Parameters: NB-IoT Parameter Design Cell ID, TAI

Cell ID Planning

1. Cell ID planning rules for NB- IoT are consistent with the LTE network, that is, NB-IoT cell IDs can be directly inherited from LTE cells.

TAI Planning

TAI=MCC+MNC+TAC.

1. According to 3GPP, the NB- IoT tracking area identity (TAI) must be different from LTE TAI.

2. It is advised to plan 20 NB-

IoT eNodeBs (three cells for

each eNodeB) as one TAC.

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7. Parameters: PCI & PRACH Configuration to Avoid Interference

NB PCI Principle: Directly inherited with LTE PCI. (1:1)

PCI=2 PCI=1 PCI=3
PCI=2
PCI=1
PCI=3

NB-RS port0

LTE CRS

NB-RS port1

Position of RS depends on PCI

To avoid interference, PCI of intra - frequency adjacent cells must follow:

In band

Guard band

Stand alone

NB-IoT cell must

Different with PCI mod3(2T)

configure the same

Different with PCI mod6(1T)

PCI as LTE cell.

PRACH Principle: The PRACH frequency domain

offsets for neighboring cells need to be staggered. 7

offsets are supported according to protocol.

GSM ARFCN planning tools can be reused for PRACH planning.

Cell

GSM

NB-IoT PRACH Frequency Domain Subcarrier Offset

Name

ARFCN

Cell0

1

Subcarrier 1 (SC1)

Cell1

3

Subcarrier 3 (SC3)

Cell2

4

Subcarrier 4 (SC4)

Cell3

5

Subcarrier 5 (SC5)

Cell4

6

Subcarrier 6 (SC6)

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Module / Chipset: Will support both 700M and 1800M by Q4-2017

17Q2

17Q3

17Q4

18Q1

18Q2

1800M by Q4-2017 17Q2 17Q3 17Q4 18Q1 18Q2 Boudica 150 Boudica 120 698~960MHz/1800/2100MHz
Boudica 150 Boudica 120 698~960MHz/1800/2100MHz 698~960MHz NB-IoT Chipsets MDM 9206 Monarch 700/1800/ MHz
Boudica 150
Boudica 120
698~960MHz/1800/2100MHz
698~960MHz
NB-IoT
Chipsets
MDM 9206
Monarch
700/1800/
MHz
GDM7243I
nRF91
700/1800/
MHz
8909
MTK2625
ALT1250
700/1800/
MHz
700/1800/
MHz
700/1800/
MHz
NB-IoT
Modules
SARA-N2
BC95
SARA-R4
BG96
EMS31
Support 700 MHz
Support 700/1800 MHz
MODULES
CHIPSETS

The chipsets and module of 700MHz are more mature than 1800Mhz

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Summary

Item

Key Message

 

Guardband is suggested for STC out of the three deployment mode

Spectrum & deploy mode

Inband will bring throughput decrease and frequency waste due to buffer zone

Site planning

1:1 is suggested because it will consume less spectrum, generate less

interference and power consumption

Power

NB-IoT and LTE share the RF without power back-off

Parameter

CID & PCI can be the same with LTE (1:1), PRACH and TAC need to be planned.

Chipset/Modules

1800M chipset/module will be ready be Q4-2017

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Thank you!

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