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## FACULT AD NACIONAL DE INGENIE RIA

INGENIERIA CIV IL

Vf
Posición Posición
Inicial Final
V0

V0 Vf

Pf
Po

Fr = frl*w
w=m*g
N
d
t
CASO GENERAL: CASO 𝑽𝒐 = 𝟎: CASO 𝒂 = 𝟎:

𝑡 1 𝑉𝑓 𝑡 𝑎𝑡 2 𝑉𝑓 2 𝑑 = 𝑉𝑓 𝑡
𝑑 = (𝑉𝑜 + 𝑉𝑓 ) = 𝑉𝑜 𝑡 + 𝑎𝑡 2 𝑑= = =
2 2 2 2 2𝑎 𝑑
2𝑑 𝑉𝑓 =
𝑉𝑓 = 𝑉𝑜 + 𝑎𝑡 = √𝑉𝑜 2 + 2𝑎𝑑 𝑡
𝑉𝑓 = = √2𝑎𝑑 = 𝑎𝑡 𝑉𝑜 = 𝑐𝑡𝑡𝑒 ⟹ 𝑉𝑜 = 𝑉𝑓
𝑡
𝑉𝑜 = 0 𝑎=0
𝑉𝑜 = 𝑉𝑓 − 𝑎𝑡 = √𝑉𝑓 2 − 2𝑎𝑑
𝑉𝑓 𝑉𝑓 2 2𝑑 𝑑 𝑑
𝑉𝑓 − 𝑉𝑜 𝑉𝑓 2 − 𝑉𝑜 2 𝑎= = = 2 𝑡= =
𝑡 2𝑑 𝑡 𝑉𝑓 𝑉𝑜
𝑎= =
𝑡 2𝑑 𝑉𝑓 2𝑑 2𝑑
𝑉𝑓 − 𝑉𝑜 2𝑑 𝑡= = =√
𝑡= = 𝑎 𝑉𝑓 𝑎
𝑎 𝑉𝑜 + 𝑉𝑓

## ➢ 2da. Ley de Newton:

F = m∙a……1) Equilibrio Dinámico

Donde:
𝑭 = 𝑭𝒓 = 𝒇𝒓𝒍 ∙ 𝑵……2)

Entonces reemplazamos 2) en 1)

## 𝑓𝑟𝑙 ∙ 𝑁 = 𝑚 ∙ 𝑎 𝑁 =𝑤 =𝑚∙𝑔 (por equilibrio estático)

𝑓𝑟𝑙 ∙ (𝑚 ∙ 𝑔) = 𝑚 ∙ 𝑎

## Simplificamos “m” y despejamos “frl”:

𝑎
𝑓𝑟𝑙 = 𝑔 Coeficiente de rozamiento

## AUXILIAR: COTA MARTINEZ LIMBERT

FACULT AD NACIONAL DE INGENIE RIA
INGENIERIA CIV IL

𝐸𝑐 = 𝐹𝑟
1
𝑚𝑉 2 = 𝑤 𝑓𝑟𝑙 𝑑
2
𝑉2
𝑑=
2𝑔 𝑓𝑟𝑙

## 𝑑 = 𝑑𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑑𝑎 𝑝𝑜𝑟 𝑒𝑙 𝑣𝑒ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑜 [𝑚], [𝑘𝑚]

𝑡 = 𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑚𝑝𝑜 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑖𝑑𝑜 [𝑠𝑒𝑔], [ℎ𝑟]
𝑉𝑜 = 𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑎𝑑 𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑙[𝑚/𝑠], [𝑘𝑚/ℎ𝑟]
𝑉𝑓 = 𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑎𝑑 𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙[𝑚/𝑠], [𝑘𝑚/ℎ𝑟]
𝑎 = 𝑎𝑐𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑎𝑑𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑖𝑑𝑎 𝑝𝑜𝑟 𝑒𝑙 𝑣𝑒ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑜 [𝑚⁄𝑠 2 ]
𝑤 = 𝑝𝑒𝑠𝑜 𝑑𝑒𝑙 𝑣𝑒ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑜 [𝑘𝑔], [𝑡𝑜𝑛]
𝑚 = 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑎 𝑑𝑒𝑙 𝑣𝑒ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑜 [𝑘𝑔], [𝑡𝑜𝑛]
𝑔 = 𝑎𝑐𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑑𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑑𝑎 9,81[𝑚⁄𝑠 2 ]
𝑓𝑟𝑙 = 𝑐𝑜𝑒𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑒 𝑑𝑒 𝑟𝑜𝑧𝑎𝑚𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜
𝐹𝑟 = 𝐹𝑢𝑒𝑟𝑧𝑎 𝑑𝑒 𝑟𝑜𝑧𝑎𝑚𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜
𝐸𝑐 = 𝐸𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑎 𝐶𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎

Recordar que:

## 1 𝑘𝑔𝑓 = 9,81 𝑁 ⟹ 𝑭 = 𝒎 ∗ 𝒂 = 1 𝑘𝑔 ∗ 9.81 𝑚⁄𝑠 2 = 9.81 𝑁

1 𝑙𝑖𝑏𝑟𝑎 = 0,454 𝑘𝑔
1 𝑝𝑢𝑙𝑔𝑎𝑑𝑎 = 0,0254 𝑚
1 𝑝𝑖𝑒 = 0,305 𝑚