Sei sulla pagina 1di 20

Plaster systems www.british-gypsum.

com
Plaster systems

Thistle plaster systems are


available for two / three coat hand
application, one coat hand
application and one coat machine
application. Thistle plasters have
been formulated to suit a wide
variety of background types
including concrete, brick,
blockwork, sand / cement,
expanded metal lath and
plasterboard. The Thistle range
also includes associated beads,
reinforcing tapes and bonding
agents. These have been
manufactured, selected and tested
to work reliably with Thistle
plasters.

408
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Key facts
● One, two / three coat options
● Hand or machine application
1
● Free from inherent shrinkage cracking
● Controlled setting times
2 ● Resilient and scuff-resistant for general
purposes, and excellent resistance to
accidental damage provided by Thistle
Durafinish
● Grades to suit most internal solid backgrounds
● Proven products

1 Undercoat plaster
2 Finish plaster
9

409
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems
Components
Thistle undercoat plasters Nominal bag Shelf life Nominal bag Shelf life
Quantities1 Quantities1
weight (kg) (months)2 weight (kg) (months)2

Thistle Bonding 25 4 Thistle Dri-Coat 25 6


2.75m2
Coat A cement-based undercoat plaster for 3.25m2
per bag
An undercoat plaster for smooth or low suction application after installation of a damp proof per bag
at 11mm
backgrounds (e.g. concrete, plasterboard or course. at 11mm
surfaces treated with bonding agents).
Thistle X-Ray 25 4
Thistle Hardwall 25 4 0.4m2
3.0m2 3 An undercoat plaster giving protection from
per bag
An undercoat plaster with high impact per bag x-rays in medical and dental installations.
at 25mm
resistance and quick drying surface for masonry at 11mm
backgrounds. Suitable for application by hand or
mechanical plastering machine. Thistle finish plasters

Thistle Board Finish 25 4


Thistle Tough Coat 25 4 10m2
A final coat plaster for low-medium suction
An undercoat plaster with high coverage, good 3.5m2 3 backgrounds (e.g. plasterboards and Thistle
per bag

impact resistance and a quicker drying surface per bag at 2mm


Dri-Coat).
for masonry backgrounds. at 11mm
Thistle Multi-Finish 25 4 10m2
A versatile final coat plaster. per bag
Thistle Browning 25 4
An undercoat plaster for solid backgrounds of 3.5m2 at 2mm

moderate suction with an adequate mechanical per bag


9 key. at 11mm
1 Quantities are approximate and for guidance only, no allowance has
been made for waste.
2 Use by date is printed on each bag.
3 Approx. 10% less if sprayed.
410
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Thistle finish plasters Nominal bag Shelf life Thistle plaster accessories Nominal bag Shelf life
Quantities1 Quantities1
weight (kg) (months)2 weight (kg) (months)2

Thistle Uni-Finish 25 4 10m2


ThistleBond-it
A premium finish coat plaster that requires per bag
For pre-treatment of smooth backgrounds 4.5m2 / litre
no prior preparation with PVA on the majority at 2mm
Tub contents 10 litre
of backgrounds.
Thistle GypPrime 9m2 / litre
undiluted.
Thistle Durafinish 25 4 10m2 Suction control primer for high suction
27m2 / litre
To provide improved resistance to accidental per bag backgrounds diluted 1:2.
Tub contents 11 litre 54m2 / litre
damage. at 2mm
diluted 1:5.

Thistle Plaster Angle Bead


Thistle Spray Finish 25 4 11m2 as required
For reinforcing external angles
Gypsum finish plaster for spray or hand per bag
Length 2400, 3000mm
application. at 2mm
Thistle Plaster Stop Bead
Thistle one-coat plasters For finishing and reinforcing plaster edges as required

Thistle Universal 25 4 Length 2400, 3000mm


One Coat 2.25m2 Gyproc plaster tools
A one-coat plaster for a variety of backgrounds. per bag A complete range of plastering tools and as required
Suitable for application by hand or mechanical at 13mm equipment.
plastering machine.

411
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems
Table 1 – plaster selection

What is the background surface?


suction
High Low

Undercoat

Glasroc F MULTIBOARD

Water requirement
Thickness applied -

Thickness applied -
Engineering bricks

Coverage per bag


pre-cast concrete
with raked joints
Medium-density
Common bricks

Plasterboard &
solid plaster

Aircrete blocks

Dry set weight


(litres per bag)
Painted / tiled

Metal lathing
Cast in situ &
Dense blocks

(at 11mm)

(at 11mm)
surfaces

Ceilings
blocks

Walls
Thistle Hardwall NOT ON WHEN
SMOOTH BRIDGING
High impact resistance for LOW- COLUMNS
most masonry backgrounds. SUCTION AND
BLOCKS LINTELS 11mm 8mm 3.0m2 15 9.3kg/m2
Can be spray applied.

Thistle Tough Coat NOT ON WHEN


SMOOTH BRIDGING
High coverage for most LOW- COLUMNS
masonry backgrounds. SUCTION AND

Can be spray applied.


BLOCKS LINTELS 11mm 8mm 3.5m2 17.5 8.5kg/m2
Two coat

Thistle Browning USE

For solid backgrounds with


adequate key. G 11mm 8mm 3.5m2 17.5 8.4kg/m2
IN EXTREME
CASES

USE USE USE USE


Thistle Bonding Coat
For smooth and low suction
B B B
9 backgrounds.

ON SMOOTH
LOW-
B
ON MR
BOARDS
11mm 8mm 2.75m2 14 12.1kg/m2

SUCTION
BLOCKS

Setting times: Thistle undercoat plasters - 11/2 to 2 hours.


412
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Table 2 – plaster selection

What is the background surface?


suction
High Low

Undercoat

Glasroc F MULTIBOARD

Water requirement
Thickness applied -

Thickness applied -
Engineering bricks

Coverage per bag


pre-cast concrete
with raked joints
Medium-density
Common bricks

Plasterboard &
solid plaster

Aircrete blocks

Dry set weight


(litres per bag)
Painted / tiled

Metal lathing
Cast in situ &
Dense blocks

(at 11mm)

(at 11mm)
surfaces

Ceilings
blocks

Walls
One coat

USE USE USE USE


Thistle Universal
One Coat 2.25m2 15kg/m2
For hand or spray application B B B B 13mm 10mm at 15 at
to most backgrounds. ON SMOOTH ON MR
LOW- BOARDS
13mm 13mm
SUCTION
BLOCKS

Setting times: Thistle undercoat plasters - 11/2 to 2 hours.

Thistle Dri-Coat Thistle X-Ray


Cement based plaster for replastering For use in medical and dental

Specialist plasters after a damp-proof course. installations.

413
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems
CLASSIC
Table 3 – plaster selection

What is the background surface?


GypWall™

suction
High Low

Skim finish

Water requirement

(at 2mm thickness)


Damp undercoats

Thickness applied

Coverage per bag


Dry undercoats
plaster

Dry set weight


(litres per bag)
cement-based
Waterproofed
Plasterboard

Flat, smooth

undercoats

(at 2mm)
concrete
Thistle Board Finish USE USE
For low to medium suction
backgrounds especially
plasterboard.
B B 2mm 10m2 11.5 3.4kg/m2
ON MR
BOARDS
Skim coat

Thistle Multi-Finish DAMPEN USE USE


A versatile plaster for skim BACKGROUND
FIRST
finishing undercoats and B B 2mm 10m2 11.5 3.4kg/m2
plasterboards.
ON MR
BOARDS

Thistle Uni-Finish
A premium finish coat plaster
which that no prior preparation 2mm 10m2 11.5 3.4kg/m2
with PVA on the majority of
backgrounds.

Setting times: Thistle finish plasters - 11/2 to 13/4 hours or longer in cold weather.
Minimum temperature to be maintained until dry. +2°C for Thistle Board Finish and Thistle Multi-Finish, +5°C for Thistle Uni-Finish.
Thistle GypPrime

9
ThistleBond-it
Suction Suction control primer used to reduce suction on very dry backgrounds. Use diluted (up to five parts water to one part Bonding Bonding agent for smooth low-suction backgrounds.
Thistle GypPrime) or undiluted if severe suction control is required. Plaster is applied after Thistle GypPrime has Apply undiluted, in one coat. Plaster when dry.
control soaked into the background. agent
G Use Thistle GypPrime where you see this symbol. B Use ThistleBond-it where you see this symbol.

414
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

systems
PlasterUNIVERSAL
Table 4 – plaster selection

What is the background surface?

GypLyner™
suction
High Low

Skim finish

Water requirement

(at 2mm thickness)


Damp undercoats

Thickness applied

Coverage per bag


Dry undercoats
plaster

Dry set weight


(litres per bag)
cement-based
Waterproofed
Plasterboard

Flat, smooth

undercoats

(at 2mm)
concrete
Thistle Durafinish USE USE

A versatile plaster that is 60%


tougher than standard skim G G 2mm 10m2 12 3.4kg/m2
Skim coat

plasters.

Thistle Spray Finish USE USE


Gypsum finish plaster for spray
or hand application.
B B 2mm 11m2 12 2.4kg/m2
ON MR
BOARDS

Setting times: Thistle finish plasters - 11/2 to 13/4 hours or longer in cold weather.

Minimum temperature to be maintained until dry. +5°C for Thistle Durafinish, +2°C for Thistle Spray Finish.
Thistle GypPrime ThistleBond-it
Suction
control
Suction control primer used to reduce suction on very dry backgrounds. Use diluted (up to five parts water to one part
Thistle GypPrime) or undiluted if severe suction control is required. Plaster is applied after Thistle GypPrime has
soaked into the background.
Bonding
agent
Bonding agent for smooth low-suction backgrounds.
Apply undiluted, in one coat. Plaster when dry.
9
G Use Thistle GypPrime where you see this symbol. B Use ThistleBond-it where you see this symbol.

415
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

Installation – background preparation engineering bricks provide minimal absorption. The joints
General should be raked thoroughly to give an adequate mechanical
All surfaces should be reasonably dry and protected from the key. Smooth backgrounds should be pre-treated with
weather. The suitability of a particular background for ThistleBond-it.
plastering should be considered in relation to its strength, Dense aggregate concrete blocks do not require wetting
suction, bonding properties, shrinkage or thermal movement prior to plastering, but the plaster should be applied with
characteristics, water and soluble salt content. Very high or very firm pressure to ensure intimate contact with the
low suction substrates should be pre-treated. With the background.
exception of skimming with Thistle Uni-Finish the use of Concrete
ThistleBond-it is recommended for smooth backgrounds,
The surface must be clean, dry and suitable to receive
whilst Thistle GypPrime is recommended for very high
gypsum plaster. Any mould, oils or other agents present
suction backgrounds. The high suction of certain
should be removed from the surface.
backgrounds can be suitably adjusted by sprinkling with
water. No-fines concrete does not require wetting prior to
plastering.
Brickwork / blockwork
Normal ballast concrete should be given sufficient time to
The surface must be clean, dry and suitable to receive
mature before applying plaster. The plaster should not be
gypsum plaster. Control suction with water if necessary. If
applied onto a green background or when any free water is
suction is severe the background should be pre-treated with
visible. Mature concrete will require wetting to displace the
Thistle GypPrime.
air before plastering. Clean water should be applied 5 - 10
On high suction brick / blockwork the use of Thistle Hardwall minutes before plaster application.
or Thistle Tough Coat is recommended.
With the exception of skimming with Thistle Uni-Finish,
9 Low suction backgrounds such as some concrete blocks and in-situ or pre-cast concrete which is exceptionally smooth, or

416
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
which is made from limestone, brick, granite and certain Pre-treatment of very high or low suction backgrounds
lightweight aggregates will require pre-treatment with With the exception of skimming with Thistle Uni-Finish,
ThistleBond-it. backgrounds such as glazed bricks, exceptionally smooth
In order to reduce the risk of cracking to a minimum, the concrete or concrete made from limestone, brick, granite
floating coat should be applied with sufficient pressure to fill and certain lightweight aggregates, will require preparation
all gaps between the units. and pre-treatment with ThistleBond-it bonding agent prior
With composite ceilings, the concrete beams should be pre- to plastering. The surface should be thoroughly cleaned and
treated with ThistleBond-it. If required, the suction of the allowed to dry before pre-treatment.
infill panels can also be controlled. Thistle GypPrime bonding agent should be used to
Composite wall structures, consisting of concrete columns pre-treat surfaces where suction is extremely high. With
with brick or block infills, can cause plaster cracking due to some very porous surfaces, wetting alone may be
differential movement. To overcome this, a heavy duty insufficient as the water is almost immediately absorbed.
building paper should be applied over the concrete columns, If there is any doubt about the suitability of a background for
lapping over the brick or blockwork by a minimum of direct plastering, a trial panel should be plastered and tested
25mm. Expanded metal lath is then fixed over the building for adhesion once dry. If adhesion is inadequate, the
paper and the edges secured to the brick or blockwork. By appropriate bonding agent must be applied to the
this means the reinforced plaster is isolated from the background prior to plastering.
concrete allowing it to move independently. ThistleBond-it bonding agent is specially formulated for use
Where the width of a column exceeds 300mm an additional on smooth backgrounds. It has many advantages over PVA
row of fixings should be provided to secure the metal lath and is the only product recommended by British Gypsum for
centrally down the column. Where there are concrete beams use with Thistle plasters. Benefits include :
above the infill bricks or blocks, the metal lath should also be – Contains fine aggregates for better mechanical adhesion. 9
fixed to the concrete using suitable fixings.

417
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

– Plaster is applied when dry, allowing flexible timing of allowing sufficient time for drying shrinkage of the sand /
application. cement are essential to reduce the risk of subsequent
– Plaster can be applied at normal thickness (i.e. up to possible defects.
13mm). Maximum 10mm on soffits. If sand / cement or sand / lime undercoats are used, the
– No dilution, so no confusion on site. following points should be considered:
– Green coloured for ease of identification in application. – Sand and cement will shrink on drying.
– Retarded ready-mixed sand / cement renders may delay
Thistle GypPrime bonding agent is specially formulated for shrinkage and may be incompatible with gypsum finish
the pre-treatment of very high suction backgrounds. It is the plasters.
only product recommended for use with Thistle plasters. It
– If finish coat plaster is applied too early, differential
can be diluted as required giving total flexibility, for different
movement resulting from sand / cement shrinkage may
levels of suction control, and is yellow coloured for ease of
cause cracking in the finish coat. This may not be detected
identification.
when using retarded mortars for extended periods of time.
ThistleBond-it and Thistle GypPrime should be applied
– Shelling of finish coat plaster from all types of sand /
strictly according to the user instructions. Care should be
cement backgrounds can occur due to incomplete
taken not to exceed the recommended plaster thickness,
shrinkage, over-sanded undercoat and / or lack of
otherwise bond failure may result. Where a greater thickness
mechanical key.
of plasterwork is required, due to an uneven background for
example, an alternative carrier for the plaster should be – The key provided to sand / cement by scratching needs to
specified, such as metal lath. be much better than that to a gypsum undercoat.
Sand / cement undercoats – Suction should be adjusted by sprinkling with clean water
9 This method of plastering is now largely superseded by just prior to plastering.
gypsum plastering. Obtaining the correct grade of sand and

418
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Expanded metal lath / beads substrate, or Thistle Uni-Finish applied to unpainted
Plaster should only be applied to galvanised steel or epoxy textured finishes.
coated stainless steel. Before plastering, all cut edges, Sand & cement / lime backgrounds: Some sand &
damaged metal lath, staples, nail heads and ends of tying cement / lime backgrounds have extremely high suction,
wire should be bent inwards and adequately protected by especially in buildings built before 1930. Pre-treatment
galvanising, painting or by applying a thick coat of lacquer. with Thistle GypPrime is recommended before re-plaster-
Machine applied plaster requires the use of spray lath. ing these backgrounds.
Replastering walls - general Crumbling backgrounds: Thistle Uni-Finish will provide
Thistle Uni-Finish is designed for the finishing and limited consolidation of slightly crumbling backgrounds but
re-finishing of a wide range of backgrounds, from low to will not solve the problems of flaking or loose backgrounds.
high suction and from low to high levels of key (e.g. texture Thistle Dri-Coat is recommended for application following
compounds, old finish plasters, fillers, plasterboard, installation of a damp proof course. In other re-plastering
moisture resistant board, paint i.e. gloss, emulsion, satin, situations, the Thistle plaster designed for the equivalent
vinyl, gypsum undercoat plasters, tile adhesive, concrete, new background should be used (normally Thistle Bonding
cement boards and Glasroc H TILEBACKER. Coat or Thistle Hardwall). The following general points
should be noted:
Thistle Uni-Finish - problem backgrounds
– No plaster should be used below ground level as
Certain paint finishes: Thistle Uni-Finish is tested for use
hydrostatic pressure can give rise to direct water
on common interior decorative paints. There are certain
penetration. A suitable tanking treatment must be
coatings that Thistle Uni-Finish will not adhere to, these
specified in this situation.
include exterior grade paints, anti-graffiti and self-cleaning
paints. – Heavy salt contamination in the background can cause
Textured finishes: British Gypsum cannot guarantee the persistent damp problems. Buildings such as old
bond between the painted textured finish and the farm-houses, stables and barns not originally built with a 9
damp proof course, or buildings that have been exposed
419
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

to storage of chemicals, are particularly at risk from this Angle beads must not be fixed with gypsum based
problem. materials, use Thistle Dri-Coat.
Thistle Dri-Coat should not be used in these situations The background must be clean, sound, and free from dust
unless a proper survey shows that the risk from salts is and efflorescence. Where only residual moisture is present,
minimal. An independent wall lining may be a better Thistle Dri-Coat can then be applied. Low suction or smooth
solution. Chimney breasts are another area where salt backgrounds, such as engineering bricks, should be treated
deposits may be heavy. prior to plastering with a water-resisting bonding aid which
Replastering walls - following damp proof course should be plastered in accordance with the manufacturers’
treatment recommendations.
Thistle Dri-Coat is the only British Gypsum plaster Where the background is dry, it is important to control
recommended for this application. The source of suction with the application of water. This prevents rapid
penetrating or rising dampness must be identified and drying of the plaster which would impair its strength.
eliminated. The existing plasterwork should be hacked off
Replastering walls - general application
to a height at least 0.5m above either the new damp proof
course or the last detectable sign of dampness. Where the Where the wall to be replastered is damp, replastering
old plaster is gypsum based, it must be completely removed should be delayed as long as possible to allow the
from the area to be replastered. Ideally, replastering with background to dry out. Any source of penetrating
Thistle Dri-Coat should be delayed as long as possible to dampness must be identified and eliminated. Before
allow the background to dry out. After chemical damp replastering, any salts brought to the surface of the
proof injection, old mortar joints which are the site of the background during drying should be carefully removed.
higher salt concentrations should be thoroughly raked out The background must be clean, sound, and free from dust
and the face of the brickwork brushed with a wire brush. and efflorescence. Where only residual moisture is present,
9 Before replastering work is carried out, any salts brought to Thistle undercoats can then be applied.
the surface of the background during drying should be
carefully removed.
420
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Construction tips

● For specialist applications, ensure the appropriate product is specified e.g. Thistle Dri-Coat for replastering after
damp-proof course installation, Thistle X-Ray for x-ray protection work or Thistle Durafinish for improved resistance to
accidental damage

● Identify the type of background to be plastered. Refer to Table 1 to determine the appropriate Thistle undercoat
plaster and its recommended thickness

● Determine thickness required. Influencing factors include:


- Finished dimensions of rooms
- Thickness of grounds
- Dimensions and positioning of joinery
- Positioning of heating appliances and other fittings
- Accommodation of services (minimum 5mm undercoat cover over conduits)
- Fire resistance requirements
- Where a bonding agent is required, the quoted thicknesses are the maximum

● Consider background preparation (see Installation details)

● Choose preferred method of application (one coat or two / three coat, hand or machine)
9

421
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

Construction tips (cont’d)

● Approximate coverages are given in Table 1 and Table 2

● Check background for dampness. Thistle plasters should not be used to isolate dampness or be subjected to
continuously moist or humid conditions

● Determine the routing of services. Conduits should be chased into the background if possible, should be of the
minimum permissible dimensions and should avoid high spots in the background

● Install movement joints as required, corresponding with joints in the background

● In cold conditions, do not apply plasters to frozen backgrounds or allow them to freeze before fully set and dry.
Remember that setting times of finishing plasters will be extended. Dry bagged plaster is not affected by cold
temperatures. When using Thistle Durafinish or Thistle Uni-Finish ambient and background temperature must be
maintained above 5ºC until fully dry to obtain the full performance

● In hot conditions, take precautions to avoid rapid ‘dry-out’ of the plaster, by dampening the background or, on very
high suction backgrounds, using Thistle GypPrime prior to plastering. Once set and dry, Thistle plasters are suitable for
use in temperatures up to 49ºC

● Never apply plaster where a damp background is a recurring problem


9

422
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Installation

1 1

Mixing • Use plaster projection machines where Solid backgrounds


Undercoat plasters are pre-mixed with appropriate. • Apply undercoat plaster with firm
aggregate. Add only clean water to pressure.
Thistle Hardwall, Thistle Tough
prepare them for use.
Coat and Thistle Universal One Coat • Build out to the required thickness in
• Mix by hand or mechanical whisk (avoid plasters can be mixed / applied using
successive coats of approx. 8mm.
excessive mechanical mixing).
plaster projection machines. • Wire scratch each coat and allow to set
• Use only clean water and clean mixing before applying the next.
equipment. • Rule the final coat to an even surface
and lightly scratch to form a key for Thistle
Contamination from previous
Multi-Finish or Thistle Durafinish.
mixes can shorten the setting time and
reduce the strength of the plaster when 9
set.

423
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

• Thistle Durafinish requires Thistle Backgrounds following dpc treatment In good drying conditions, a
GypPrime to reduce the suction. A mix of Thistle Dri-Coat is the only British Gypsum minimum delay of 24 hours is required.
5 parts water to 1 part Thistle GypPrime plaster recommended for this application. In cold / damp conditions or where
should be applied to the undercoat plaster • Allow initial curing and shrinkage of the background suction is low, a longer
and left to fully dry prior to the application scratched undercoat to take place prior to delay will be necessary. If sufficient delay
of Thistle Durafinish. application of finish plaster. is not allowed, cracking or shelling of
the finish coat may result.
The maximum thickness of
undercoat is 25mm. Greater thickness
• Where the floor is solid, leave a 50mm
gap between the plasterwork and the
normally requires the use of a support floor level. Under no circumstances
for the plaster (e.g. metal lathing), should the damp proof course be bridged.
9 spaced away from the background if
necessary.

424
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
Metal lath
• Rule the final floating coat to an even Plasterboard (except skimming)
• Using Thistle Bonding Coat, apply a surface and lightly scratch to form a key Where Thistle Bonding Coat and finish
pricking-up coat, forcing it through the for Thistle Multi-Finish or Thistle plaster are applied to plasterboards,
metal lath in order to provide a good key Durafinish. Gyproc Joint Tape should be used to
to the background.
• Apply finish plaster once undercoat is reinforce joints and angles.
• Wire scratch the surface of the pricking- set but not dry. • Pre-fill any gap between boards
up coat to provide a good key for the
floating coat.
• Thistle Durafinish requires Thistle exceeding 3mm with finish plaster and
GypPrime to reduce the suction. A mix of spread along each joint.
• Allow to set but not dry, before applying 5 parts water to 1 part Thistle GypPrime • Press Gyproc Joint Tape firmly into the
a floating coat. should be applied to the undercoat plaster finish plaster, and immediately cover with
and left to fully dry prior to the application a further application.
Floating coats should be applied at
a coat thickness not exceeding 25mm, and of Thistle Durafinish. • Allow the joints to stiffen, but not dry, 9
deep wire-scratched between each coat. before applying undercoat plaster.

425
www.british-gypsum.com
Plaster systems

1 1

• Apply Thistle Bonding Coat with firm One-coat hand plastering Projection machine
pressure. • Apply Thistle Universal One Coat with • Spray Thistle Hardwall, Thistle Universal
• Build out to the recommended firm pressure. One Coat or Thistle Tough Coat on to the
thickness, rule to an even surface and • Build out to the recommended background in the form of a ribbon.
lightly scratch to form a key for Thistle thickness, rule to an even surface and fill • The consistency should allow the
Multi-Finish or Thistle Durafinish. in any slacks or hollows. ribbons to run together.
• Apply finish plaster once undercoat is • As the plaster stiffens, carry out further • When a substantial area has been
set but not dry. flattening and paring. covered, work the plaster and rule as in
• Thistle Durafinish requires Thistle • When the plaster is sufficiently firm, scour hand plastering.
GypPrime to reduce the suction. A mix of the surface with a sponge float and water It is easier to attain the required
5 parts water to 1 part Thistle GypPrime as required, to raise ‘fat’ to the surface. thickness of plaster in one application by
9 should be applied to the undercoat plaster • When sufficiently firm, progressively machine, but the total thickness should
and left to fully dry prior to the application trowel the plaster to a smooth matt finish. not normally exceed 25mm, subject to
of Thistle Durafinish. background suitability.
426
Technical support: T 0844 800 1991 F 0844 561 8816 E bgtechnical.enquiries@bpb.com

Plaster systems
paints, anti-graffiti and self-cleaning paints.
• Clean the exposed background and
Textured finishes: British Gypsum cannot remove any dust.
guarantee the bond between the painted • Apply ThistleBond-it to smooth, low
textured finish and the substrate, or suction backgrounds, Thistle GypPrime to
Thistle Uni-Finish applied to unpainted extremely high suction backgrounds.
textured finishes. • Apply appropriate Thistle undercoat
Sand & cement / lime backgrounds: plaster, build to the required thickness and
Some sand & cement / lime backgrounds scratch the surface.
have extremely high suction, especially in • Apply 2mm of Thistle Multi-Finish once
buildings built before 1930. Pre-treatment undercoat is set but not dry.
with Thistle GypPrime is recommended • To avoid downgrading the surface and
before re-plastering these backgrounds. system performance, Thistle Durafinish
should be used where originally specified.
Crumbling backgrounds:
1 Thistle Uni-Finish will provide limited Always identify the cause of the
consolidation of slightly crumbling problem and rectify before replastering.
Re-skimming walls backgrounds but will not solve the problems
Replastering previously plastered or Decoration
of flaking or loose backgrounds.
decorated walls: • Apply decorative treatment once
X-ray protection plasterwork is thoroughly dry. Thistle
• Ensure background is free from dust and finish plasters can be decorated with most
loose material. • Use Thistle X-Ray plaster and apply to
proprietary paint finishes, and will accept
• Apply 2mm of Thistle Uni-Finish. the thickness specified by the specifier.
most wallcovering adhesives.
Thistle Uni-Finish - problem For further guidance, please contact the
backgrounds British Gypsum Technical Advice Centre. Although gypsum based plaster-
Certain paint finishes: Thistle Uni-Finish Replacing plasterwork work must be dry before decorating, a
is tested for use on common interior Damaged, insecure or defective plaster can coat of permeable paint can be applied
decorative paints. There are certain
coatings that Thistle Uni-Finish will not
be renewed as follows:
• Strip off existing plaster from the
in the interim. 9
adhere to, these include exterior grade affected area.

427