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Chemistry-the science that deals with the composition and

properties of substances and various elementary forms of 5. Element- An element is a substance consisting of atoms
matter.Chemistry is involved in everything we do, from which all have the same number of protons - i.e. the same
growing and cooking food to cleaning our homes and bodies atomic number. Elements are chemically the simplest
to launching a space shuttle. Chemistry is one of the physical substances and hence cannot be broken down using
sciences that help us to describe and explain our world.
chemical methods.

2. Matter- is everything around you. Atoms and molecules are  Metal- Elements that form cations when compounds of
all composed of matter. Matter is anything that has mass and it are in solution and oxides of the elements form
takes up space. If you are new to the idea of mass, it is the hydroxides rather than acids in water. Most metals are
amount of stuff in an object. We talk about the difference conductors of electricity, have crystalline solids with a
between mass and weight in another section. Matter is metallic luster and have a high chemical reactivity.
sometimes related to light and electromagnetic radiation.
 Metalloid- an element that has both metallic and
nonmetallic properties, as arsenic, silicon, or boron.
3. Pure Substance- The pure substance within chemistry is a  Non metal- is an element that doesn't have the
very simple concept to grasp. Pure substances are defined as
characteristics of metal including: ability to conduct heat
substances that are made of only one type of atom or only one
or electricity, luster, or flexibility. An example of a
type of molecule (a group of atoms bonded together). The
nonmetal element is carbon.
measure of whether a substance is pure is known as purity.
4. Mixture- Any substance that has a uniform and unchanging
composition is considered to be pure. Examples of pure
substances include elements. A mixture is a combination of
two or more pure substances in which each pure substance
retains its individual chemical properties.
6. Compound- is a substance formed when two or more chemical 7. Homogenous Mixture- A mixture which has uniform
composition and properties throughout. For example, air is a
elements are chemically bonded together. Two types of chemical
homogeneous mixture of gases. A teaspoonful of table salt stirred
bonds common in compounds are covalent bonds and ionic bonds.
into a glass of water also makes a homogeneous mixture.
The elements in any compound are always present in fixed ratios.

 Organic Compound- any of a large class of chemical 8. Heterogenous Mixture- is a mixture having a non-uniform
compounds in which one or more atoms of carbon are covalently composition. The composition varies from one region to another,
linked to atoms of other elements, most commonly hydrogen, with at least two phases that remain separate from each other,
oxygen, or nitrogen. The few carbon-containing compounds not with clearly identifiable properties. If you examine a sample of a
classified as organic include carbides, carbonates, and cyanides . heterogeneous mixture, you can see the separate components.
 Inorganic Compound- can be defined as any compound that is
not organic compound. Some simple compounds which contain 9. Solution- is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or
carbon are usually considered inorganic. These include carbon more substances. In such a mixture, a solute is a substance
monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates,
carbides, and thiocyanates. dissolved in another substance, known as a solvent .
 Acid, Base, Salt- Acids have a pH of less than 7. ... When bases
are dissolved in water, they are known as alkalis. Salts are made 10. Colloid- A type of homogeneous mixture in which the
when an acid reacts with a base, carbonate or metal. The name of dispersed particles do not settle out. (Examples: butter, milk,
the salt formed depends on the metal in the base and the acid smoke, fog, ink, paint)
11. Suspension- is a heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like
particles settle out of a solvent-like phase some time after their
introduction. We apply the word 'suspension' when particles are
big enough to eventually settle. If the particles are too small to
ever settle, they are said to form a colloid.