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ASME P Material Numbers

This is a general guide ASME P numbers and their equivalent EN288 groupings. Groups
referred to in the Base Metal column are ASME sub groups. EN288 material groups are
included for comparison only.

P No. EN288 Base Metal

Carbon Manganese Steels, 4 Sub Groups

• Group 1 up to approx 65 ksi

1 1 • Group 2 Approx 70ksi
• Group 3 Approx 80ksi

• Group 4 ?
2 - Not Used
3 4 3 Sub Groups:- Typically half moly and half chrome half moly
4 5 2 Sub Groups:- Typically one and a quarter chrome half moly
5A 5 Typically two and a quarter chrome one moly
5B 5 2 Sub Groups:- Typically five chrome half moly and nine chrome one moly
5C 6 5 Sub Groups:- Chrome moly vanadium
6 8 6 Sub Groups:- Martensitic Stainless Steels Typically Grade 410
7 8 Ferritic Stainless Steels Typically Grade 409
Austenitic Stainless Steels, 4 Sub groups

• Group1 Typically Grades 304, 316, 347

8 9 • Group 2 Typically Grades 309, 310
• Group 3 High manganese grades

• Group 4 Typically 254 SMO type steels

9A, B, C 7 Typically two to four percent Nickel Steels
10A,B,C,F,G ? Mixed bag of low alloy steels, 10G 36 Nickel Steel
10 H 10 Duplex and Super Duplex Grades 31803, 32750
10J ? Typically 26 Chrome one moly
11A Group 1 7 9 Nickel Steels
11 A Groups
? Mixed bag of high strength low alloy steels.
2 to 5
11B ? 10 Sub Groups:- Mixed bag of high strength low alloy steels.
12 to 20 - Not Used
21 21 Pure Aluminium
22 22a Aluminium Magnesium Grade 5000
23 23 Aluminium Magnesium Silicone Grade 6000
24 - Not Used
25 22b Aluminium Magnesium Manganese Typically 5083, 5086
26 to 30 Not used
31 Pure Copper
32 Brass
33 Copper Silicone
34 Copper Nickel
35 Copper Aluminium
36 to 40 Not Used
41 Pure Nickel
42 Nickel Copper:- Monel 500
43 Nickel Chrome Ferrite:- Inconel
44 Nickel Moly:- Hastelloy C22, C276
45 Nickel Chrome :- Incoloy 800, 825
46 Nickel Chrome Silicone
47 Nickel Chrome Tungstone
47 to 50 Not Used
51, 52, 53 Titanium Alloys
61, 62 Zirconium Alloys

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Page last updated 25 November 2000

ASME Definitions, Consumables, Welding
 ASME P Material Numbers Explained

ASME has adopted their own designation for welding processes, which are very different
from the ISO definitions adopted by EN24063.

Designation Description
OFW Oxyfuel Gas Welding
SMAW Shielded Metal Arc Welding (MMA)
SAW Submerged Arc Welding
GMAW Gas Metal Arc Welding (MIG/MAG)
FCAW Flux Cored Wire
GTAW Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (TIG)
PAW Plasma Arc Welding

Straight polarity = Electrode -ve

Reverse polarity = Electrode +ve

ASME F Numbers

General Description
1 Heavy rutile coated iron powder electrodes :- A5.1 : E7024
2 Most Rutile consumables such as :- A5.1 : E6013
3 Cellulosic electrodes such as :- A5.1 : E6011
4 Basic coated electrodes such as : A5.1 : E7016 and E7018
5 High alloy austenitic stainless steel and duplex :- A5.4 : E316L-16
6 Any steel solid or cored wire (with flux or metal)
2X Aluminium and its alloys
3X Copper and its alloys
4X Nickel alloys
5X Titanium
6X Zirconium
7X Hard Facing Overlay

Note:- X represents any number 0 to 9

ASME A Numbers
These refer to the chemical analysis of the deposited weld and not the parent material. They
only apply to welding procedures in steel materials.

A1 Plain unalloyed carbon manganese steels.

A2 to A4 Low alloy steels containing Moly and Chrome Moly
A8 Austenitic stainless steels such as type 316.

ASME Welding Positions Graphic Representation

Note the welding progression, (vertically upwards or downwards), must always be stated
and it is an essential variable for both procedures and performance qualifications.

Welding Positions For Groove welds:-

Welding Position Test Position ISO and EN

Flat 1G PA
Horizontal 2G PC
Vertical Upwards Progression 3G PF
Vertical Downwards Progression 3G PG
Overhead 4G PE
Pipe Fixed Horizontal 5G PF
Pipe Fixed @ 45 degrees Upwards 6G HL045
Pipe Fixed @ 45 degrees Downwards 6G JL045

Welding Positions For Fillet welds:-

Welding Position Test Position ISO and EN
Flat (Weld flat joint at 45 degrees) 1F PA
Horizontal 2F PB
Horizontal Rotated 2FR PB
Vertical Upwards Progression 3F PF
Vertical Downwards Progression 3F PG
Overhead 4F PD
Pipe Fixed Horizontal 5F PF

Welding Positions QW431.1 and QW461.2

Basically there are three inclinations involved.

• Flat, which includes from 0 to 15 degrees inclination

• 15 - 80 degrees inclination
• Vertical, 80 - 90 degrees

For each of these inclinations the weld can be rotated from the flat position to Horizontal to
• Brief Introduction
• Procedure Qualification Record (PQR)
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Page last updated 19 March 2001