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APL101 Notes

How A Bill Becomes Law In The 3. On the Second Reading, the bill is
Philippines read in full along with amendments
proposed by the committee who
Ever wondered how a bill becomes studied it. The bill is then subjected
law in the Philippines? to debates and discussion by the
members of the House where it was
First things first, we need to filed. After extensive discussion, the
understand what a bill is and the role bill will be voted on. If approved, it
of Congress in enacting laws. would go through a third reading.

The Congress of the Philippines is the 4. On Third Reading, the bill will be
branch of government tasked with submitted for a final vote. If approved
creating laws in the Philippines. It is again, it shall be transmitted to the
made up of two Houses: a) the Lower other House for concurrence. The
House, or the House of other House will go through the same
Representatives; and, b) the Upper process of having three readings.
House, or the Senate. Its members are
the congressmen and senators you 5. If the other House introduces
voted for. amendments and the House from
which the bill originated does not
As part of the law-making process, approve of the amendments, the
individual members of Congress differences will be settled by a
propose bills for approval by the meeting of the Conference
majority of Congress. If the bill gets Committees of both Houses, whose
approved, it will constitute part of the recommendations will have to be
law of the Philippines. In this article, approved by both Houses.
we will give you a step-by-step guide
as to how a bill becomes law (or more 6. Once the bill is approved, it is
specifically, a statute) in the transmitted to the President of the
Philippines. Philippines for signature. The
President may then either sign the bill
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ to indicate approval, or veto the bill to
1. To initiate the law-making indicate disapproval. If approved, the
process, the proposed bill is signed bill officially becomes a law.
by its author and filed with the
Secretary of the either the Lower 7. If the President decides to
House (for congressmen) or the exercise his veto powers, the
Senate (for senators). Congress may re-pass the vetoed
bill if two-thirds of both Houses,
2. The bill will go through three voting separately, approve its
readings. On the First Reading, the enactment. In this case, the bill also
number and title of the bill is read, officially becomes a law.
followed by its referral to the
appropriate committee for study.