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Small Diameter Pipe

% Error Experimental Friction Blasius Friction Reynolds Number (Re)


12.77372 0.0309 0.0274 17800
12.23776 0.0321 0.0286 15000
15.15152 0.0342 0.0297 12800
23.58491 0.0393 0.0318 9720
18.05158 0.0412 0.0349 6750
16.8798 0.0457 0.0391 4270

Medium Diameter Pipe


14.87889 0.0332 0.0289 14300 14.3
17.54967 0.0355 0.0302 12000 12
16.08833 0.0368 0.0317 9870 9.87
14.54006 0.0386 0.0337 7690 7.69
16.34877 0.0427 0.0367 5520 5.52
-9.56938 0.0378 0.0418 3280 3.28

Large Diameter Pipe


-2.17391 0.0315 0.0322 9220 9.22
2.373887 0.0345 0.0337 7770 7.77
26.27119 0.0447 0.0354 6330 6.33
-1.32275 0.0373 0.0378 4900 4.9
13.48039 0.0463 0.0408 3590 3.59
45.82441 0.0681 0.0467 2090 2.09

% Error
9.056544
12.69862
12.34183
17.1395
12.82771
35.11163
231 83 9 105
174 63 7 73
134 44 6 51
89 28 3 32
45 16 2 15
20 5 1 7

Blasius Friction Factor compared Experimental Friction Fact


0.08

0.07

0.06
Friction Factor fDarcy

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000

Reynolds Number Re

Bl as i us Sma ll Di ameter Wei s ba ch Fri ction Sma l l Di a mete


Bl as i us Medi um Wei s ba ch Large

Flow Rate (x10^-3) Flow Velocity Reynolds Number Friction Darcy Moody Chart
0.224 1.4545454545 17878.521829356 0.0681603398 0.0625
0.183 1.1883116883 14606.113815947 0.0710001335 0.063
0.152 0.987012987 12131.854098492 0.071898774 0.064
0.117 0.7597402597 9338.3350626547 0.076140678 0.065
0.081 0.525974026 6465.0011972225 0.0744662881 0.066
0.05 0.3246753247 3990.7414797669 0.0912003523 0.0675
Small ∆h Medium ∆h Large ∆h Rough ∆h Smooth Small ∆P Smooth Medium ∆P
0.001 0.231 0.083 0.009 0.105 9810 2266.11 814.23
0.001 0.174 0.063 0.007 0.073 9810 1706.94 618.03
0.001 0.134 0.044 0.006 0.051 9810 1314.54 431.64
0.001 0.089 0.028 0.003 0.032 9810 873.09 274.68
0.001 0.045 0.016 0.002 0.015 9810 441.45 156.96
0.001 0.02 0.005 0.001 0.007 9810 196.2 49.05

perimental Friction Factor for varying pipe diameters

10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000

Reynolds Number Re

Wei s ba ch Fri ction Sma l l Di a meter Wei sbach Medi um


Wei s ba ch Large Bl a s i us La rge

Comparison of Friction Factor profiles of Smooth and Rough Pipes


0.1

0.09

0.08

0.07

0.06
Friction Factor

0.05

0.04

0.03
0.07

0.06

Friction Factor
0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0
2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 2000

Reynolds Number

Smooth Medi um Di ameter Rough Medium Di a meter


Smooth Large ∆PRough ∆P
88.29 1030.05
68.67 716.13
58.86 500.31
29.43 313.92
19.62 147.15
9.81 68.67

d Rough Pipes
16000 18000 20000

meter