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0 visualizzazioni7 pagineMany process control model have been observed to have unsatisfactory output variables, such as pressure, composition, temperature, at specified values, giving rise to overshoot and unbounded responses. A lot of methods have been adopted to curb this undesirable effect, starting from the use of different configurations of controllers. This paper presents the model of a multivariable process control using labview proportional, integral and derivation controllers (PID). Modeling and control of multivariable process using optimization can be effectively achieved by optimization of proportional, integral, derivative volume of liquid L coupled with using appropriate transfer functions and accurate labview controllers for the modeling to achieve the controlling of the volume of cold and hot water to be in the proportion of 3:1. Aguodoh Patrick C. | Chiagunye Tochukwu T."Modeling a Multivariable Process Control System using PID Optimization" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-1 , December 2017, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd7016.pdf
http://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/7016/modeling-a-multivariable-process-control--system-using-pid-optimization/aguodoh--patrick-c

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Modeling a Multivariable Process Control System using PID Optimization

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Many process control model have been observed to have unsatisfactory output variables, such as pressure, composition, temperature, at specified values, giving rise to overshoot and unbounded responses. A lot of methods have been adopted to curb this undesirable effect, starting from the use of different configurations of controllers. This paper presents the model of a multivariable process control using labview proportional, integral and derivation controllers (PID). Modeling and control of multivariable process using optimization can be effectively achieved by optimization of proportional, integral, derivative volume of liquid L coupled with using appropriate transfer functions and accurate labview controllers for the modeling to achieve the controlling of the volume of cold and hot water to be in the proportion of 3:1. Aguodoh Patrick C. | Chiagunye Tochukwu T."Modeling a Multivariable Process Control System using PID Optimization" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-1 , December 2017, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd7016.pdf
http://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/7016/modeling-a-multivariable-process-control--system-using-pid-optimization/aguodoh--patrick-c

© All Rights Reserved

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Modeling a Multivariable Process Control System using PID Optimization

Many process control model have been observed to have unsatisfactory output variables, such as pressure, composition, temperature, at specified values, giving rise to overshoot and unbounded responses. A lot of methods have been adopted to curb this undesirable effect, starting from the use of different configurations of controllers. This paper presents the model of a multivariable process control using labview proportional, integral and derivation controllers (PID). Modeling and control of multivariable process using optimization can be effectively achieved by optimization of proportional, integral, derivative volume of liquid L coupled with using appropriate transfer functions and accurate labview controllers for the modeling to achieve the controlling of the volume of cold and hot water to be in the proportion of 3:1. Aguodoh Patrick C. | Chiagunye Tochukwu T."Modeling a Multivariable Process Control System using PID Optimization" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-1 , December 2017, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd7016.pdf
http://www.ijtsrd.com/engineering/computer-engineering/7016/modeling-a-multivariable-process-control--system-using-pid-optimization/aguodoh--patrick-c

© All Rights Reserved

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International Open Access Journal

ISSN No: 2456 - 6470 | www.ijtsrd.com | Volume - 2 | Issue – 1

Modeling a Multivariable P

Process Control

ontrol

System using PID OOptimization

Aguodoh Patrick C . Chiagunye Tochukwu T.

Michael Okpara. University of Agriculture Michael Okpara. University of Agriculture

Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Many process control model have been observed to output are called multiple input multiple output

have unsatisfactory output variables, such as pressure, (MIMO) system (Wayne Bequette, 2003)

composition, temperature, at specified values, giving

rise to overshoot and unbounded responses. A lot of Tank level control system are used frequently in

methods have been adopted to curb this undesi undesirable different processes. All of the process industries, the

effect, starting from the use of different configurations human body and fluid handling system

sys depend upon

of controllers. This paper presents the model of a tanks level control systems. The control system

multivariable process control using labview engineers have to understand how thermal control

proportional, integral and derivation controllers (PID). systems work and how the level control problem is

Modeling and control of multivariable pr process using achieved. However, interactions existing between

optimization can be effectively achieved by loops make it more difficult to design PI and an PID

optimization of proportional, integral, derivative controllers (Wang, 2009) for MIMO processes than

volume of liquid L coupled with using appropriate for single input single output (SISO) ones and have

transfer functions and accurate labview controllers for attracted attention of many researcher in recent years.

the modeling to achieve the controlling of the volume

of cold and hot water to be in the proportion of 3:1. Thermal control systems are also used frequently in

Keywords: Labview, PID Controller, Multivariable, different processes. The thermal control

contro system is non

Overshoot, simplex optimization linear time varying and consists of multivariable.

Hence, the control of such system is complex and

INTRODUCTION challenging. It is a challenging task for control system

engineers to understand how thermal control systems

Modeling and control of multivariable process using work and how the control of temperature

tem of liquid in

optimization is the control of level and temperature of the tank is achieved. The description of a system

liquid in tanks and flow between tanks are the basic using mathematical concepts and language is called a

problem in the process industries. To achieve this mathematical model. A mathematical model helps to

level control of liquid, optimization using PID method explain a system and to study the effects of different

is used in this project. The process control industries components, and to make predictions

pr about their

require liquids which are to be pumped as well as behavior. Mathematical models can take many forms

stored in tanks and then pumped to another tank. Most like dynamical systems, statistical models or

of the times, the liquids will be processed in the tanks, differential equations. Hence, mathematical model of

but always the level and temperature

mperature of liquid in the the components of the thermal control system is very

tanks have to be controlled and the flow between important for design and analysis

analysi of the control

tanks have to be regulated. As the tanks are so system.

coupled together that the levels in tanks interact with

each other and this must also be controlled. Systems The output of the MIMO process can either be

which have more than onee input and or more than one interacting or non-interacting.

interacting. If one output is affected

Dec 2017 Page: 433

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470

by only one input, then it is called interacting system. iii. It increases the economic growth of the

In MIMO system, the input variable which causes industries that uses modeling and control of

interaction between the input variable affects the multivariable process using labview.

output which causes interaction between the input and

output loops. So, the control of multivariable systems METHODOLOGY

is much more difficult compared to the SISO system.

Therefore, the degree of interaction plays an Modeling and control of multivariable process such as

important role to quantify the proper input and output liquids using laboratory virtual instrumentation

pairings that minimize the impact of the interaction. engineering work bench (labview) is the primary

The interaction between inputs and outputs can be objective of this research.

eliminated by using decouples, cross controllers or

To achieve this perfectly well, optimization method is

many other methods.

used to optimize the proportional integral derivative

of the transfer functions.

Problem Statement

The control of liquid levels and its temperature has These are the procedures used to achieve this

become a problem. Such problems include how to: i. Using optimization to find the values of

proportional “P” and integral “I”, derivative

i. To determine the maximum level of liquid for “D” and the desired liquid level.

the manufacturing processing using simplex ii. Using the following transfer functions for the

optimization method modeling

ii. Monitor and control of water levels

iii. Monitor and control of temperature limits in G11(s) = 0.25s + 0.75

thermal processes 0.25s2 + 1.125s + 1

iv. To analysis the manufacturing electric signals

v. Deal with Vibration analysis Transfer function for cold water level

0.255s2 + 1.125s +1

The research objective of this project titled modeling

and control of multivariable process using labview are G21(s) = 0.25

as follows: 0.25s2 + 1.25s + 1

Transfer function for hot water level.

i. To determine maximum liquid level a tank

could hold for processing using optimization.

G22 = 0.5s + 0.75

ii. To determine the control level of the liquid by

0.25s2 + 1.125s + 1

using proportional, integral and derivative

PID.

Transfer function for temperature of hot and

iii. To determine and monitor the liquid level and

cold

temperature limits in thermal processing using

laboratory virtual instrumentation engineering

iii. Using labview controller to control the desired

work bench.

liquid level for hot and cold water.

Significant of the Study

Maximize L = 60p + 45I+ 25D - - - - - - - .1

i. Modelling and controlling of multivariable Subject to 4P + 8I + 2D ≤ 160 - - - - - .2

process using laboratory virtual 6P + 3I + 4D ≤ 168 - - - - .3

instrumentation helps liquid manufacturing 4P + 3I + 3D ≥ 128 - - - - - - - - .4

industries like brewery industry to maintain a

standard level. Then, adequate equation 1 to zero, and remove the

ii. It helps the liquid manufacturing to produce constraints in equations 2 and 3 by introducing slacks

quality goods. and change the constraint of greater than and equal to

in equation 4 to less than and equal to by multiplying

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec 2017 Page: 434

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470

it by minus one. Finally remove the constraint in To find the key row use the positive numbers in the

equation 4 by introducing. key column to divide their respective solutions,

L – 60p -45I – 25D + MS4 = 0 -5 whatsoever gives the smallest answer is where the key

4p + 8I + 2D + S1 = 160 -6 row falls.

6p + 3I + 4D + S2 = 168 -7

4p + 3I + 3D – S3 + S4 = 128 -8 E.g 160 = 40

4

Step A

Fill in the coefficients of equations 5, 6 and 7 in the 168 = 28

table1 for iteration. 6

Step B 128 = 32

The key column falls at the most negative at L row of 4

iteration I which is – 60, so it falls at P column. The smallest answer here is 28 whose divisor is 6. So,

the key row falls at s2

Step C

Table 1: iteration 1

No of iterations Basic L P I D S1 S2 S3 S4 solu

S2 L 1 -60 -45 -25 0 0 0 M 0

Leaves S1 0 4 8 2 1 0 0 0 160

P S2 0 6 3 4 0 1 0 0 168

Enters S4 0 4 3 3 0 0 -1 1 128

Table 2: iteration 2

S2 L 1 0 -15 15 0 10 0 M 1680

-2 -2

Leaves S1 0 0 6 /3 1 /3 0 0 48

2 1

I P 0 1 ½ /3 0 /6 0 0 28

1 -2

Enters S4 0 0 1 /3 0 /3 -1 1 16

Table 3: iteration 3

40 5 25

S4 L 1 0 0 /3 /2 /3 0 M 1800

-1 1 -1

Leaves S4 0 0 1 /9 /6 /9 0 0 8

13 -1 2

I P 0 1 0 /18 /12 /9 0 0 24

10 -5/9

Enters S4 0 0 0 /9 -1/6 -1 1 8

L = 1800 LITRES

I = 8

P = 24

D = 0

The model and control of multivariable process using optimization is designed in figs 1and 2 which are meant

for 1800 liters to generate 1350liters for cold water and 450liters for hot water respectively when simulated .

The maximum liters of liquid which is 1800 got from the optimization is used to pour in the system for it to be

processed into hot and cold water.

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec 2017 Page: 435

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470

The design was done in such a way that the proportional of the cold water to the hot water when processed is

3:1.

Although maximum liters of liquids were varied as follows 2500, 3000, 3500, 4000, 4500 and 5000 liters which

were also poured in the system for it to be processed into cold and hot water. When the process rounded up, the

proportion of the cold water to the hot water obeyed the specification of the design which is 3: 1 ratio.

OPTIMIZATION AT A VOLUME OF 1800 LITERS

Fig 1 shows that when 1800liters of water is simulated with appropriate transfer function the volume of cold

water is 1345 liters while that of hot water is 450 liters respectively.

OPTIMIZATION AT A VOLUME OF 2500 LITERS

Fig 2 shows that when 2500 liters of water is simulated with appropriate transfer function the volume of cold

water is 1875 liters while that of hot water is 625 liters respectively.

The results gotten in figs 1 and 2 show that the proportion of cold to hot water is 3:1

Result Analysis

Firstly, when 1800 liters of water is simulated the volumes at different times are shown in tables 1 and 2 for

cold water level of 1350 liters and hot water level of 450 liters.

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec 2017 Page: 436

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470

Table1 Cold Water Level 1350 Liters

Time(s) Volume (liters)

10 1350

9 1350

8 1350

7 1350

6 1350

5 1350

4 1350

3 1350

2 1200

1 1000

0 0

Fig. 3 shows the graph of cold water level when 1800 liter of water is poured in the system for it to be

processed. It is seen from the graph that from 0 sec through 2 seconds the graph is linear and from 3 seconds

through 10 seconds the volume of cold water in the thank is controlled to a constant level of 1350

Table2 Hot water Level 450 Liters

Time(s) Volume (liters)

10 450

9 450

8 450

7 450

6 450

5 450

4 450

3 450

2 250

1 1000

0 0

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 1 | Nov-Dec 2017 Page: 437

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470

It is equally seen from fig 4 that from 0 second 4. Bristol E, “On a new measure of interaction for

through 3 seconds the level of water in the tank multivariable process control, “IEEE Transaction

increases linearly while from 4 seconds through 10 on Automatic control, vol 11, no 1, pp 133 - 134

seconds the water in the tank maintained a constant

5. Chen H.M, Chen Z.Y. “Design of a shiding

volume of 450 liters.

mode controller for a liquid tank level control

From the result gotten it is seen that the proportion of

system”, IEEE proceeding of international

cold water to hot water is 3:1

conference on innovative computing, information

and control, S, Kumamoto, Japan , 2007

Conclusion

6. Camacho, and Rojas R, “A General Sliding

Modeling and control of multivariable process using mode controller for nonlinear” chemical process

optimization can be effectively achieved by transaction of the ASME, Vol 22, December 2000

optimization of proportional, integral, derivative

volume of liquid L coupled with using appropriate 7. Cohen G.H. and Coon G.A, “Theorical

transfer functions and accurate labview controllers for consideration of Retarded control”, Trans ASME,

the modeling to achieve the controlling of the volume Vol 75 PP 827 – 834, 1953

of cold and hot water to be in the proportion of 3:1. 8. Cornieles E and Bougeret C. “

Comparaisonexperimentalededifferentes

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