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Bloom's taxonomy

Bloom's taxonomy is a set of three hierarchical models used to

classify educational learning objectives into levels of complexity
and specificity.

The three lists cover the learning objectives in cognitive, affective

and sensory domains. The cognitive domain list has been the
primary focus of most traditional education and is frequently used
to structure curriculum learning objectives, assessments and

The models were named after Benjamin Bloom, who chaired the committee of educators that devised
the taxonomy. He also edited the first volume of the standard text, Taxonomy of Educational Objectives:
The Classification of Educational Goals.

Round Table
The Round Table is King Arthur's famed table in the Arthurian legend, around which he and his knights
congregate. As its name suggests, it has no head, implying that everyone who sits there has equal status.
The table was first described in 1155 by Wace, who relied on previous depictions of Arthur's fabulous
retinue. The symbolism of the Round Table developed over time; by the close of the 12th century it had
come to represent the chivalric order associated with Arthur's court, the Knights of the Round Table.
The Round Table first appeared in Wace's Roman de Brut, a Norman language adaptation of Geoffrey of
Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae finished in 1155. Wace says Arthur created the Round Table to
prevent quarrels among his barons, none of whom would accept a lower place than the others.Layamon
added to the story when he adapted Wace's work into the Middle English Brut in the early 13th century,
saying that the quarrel between Arthur's vassals led to violence at a Yuletide feast. In response a Cornish
carpenter built an enormous but easily transportable Round Table to prevent further dispute.Wace
claims he was not the source of the Round Table; both he and Layamon credited it instead to the
Bretons. Some scholars have doubted this claim, while others believe it may be true. There is some
similarity between the chroniclers' description of the Round Table and a custom recorded in Celtic
stories, in which warriors sit in a circle around the king or lead warrior, in some cases feuding over the
order of precedence as in Layamon.There is a possibility that Wace, contrary to his own claims, derived
Arthur's round table not from any Breton source, but rather from medieval biographies of Charlemagne
—notably Einhard's Vita Caroli and Notker the Stammerer's De Carolo Magno—in which the king is said
to have possessed a round table decorated with a map of Rome.

Though the Round Table itself is not mentioned until Wace, the concept of Arthur having a marvelous
court made up of many prominent warriors is much older. Geoffrey of Monmouth says that after
establishing peace throughout Britain, Arthur "increased his personal entourage by inviting very
distinguished men from far-distant kingdoms to join it."The code of chivalry so important in later
romance figures in as well, as Geoffrey says Arthur established "such a code of courtliness in his
household that he inspired peoples living far away to imitate him." Long before Geoffrey, Arthur's court
was well known to Welsh storytellers; in the romance Culhwch and Olwen, written around 1100, the
protagonist Culhwch invokes the names of 225 individuals affiliated with Arthur.In fact, the fame of
Arthur's entourage became so prominent in Welsh tradition that in the later additions to the Welsh
Triads, the formula tying named individuals to "Arthur's Court" in the triad titles began to supersede the
older "Island of Britain" formula.Though the code of chivalry crucial to later continental romances
dealing with the Round Table is mostly absent from the earlier Welsh material, some passages of
Culhwch and Olwen seem to prefigure it, for instance when Arthur explains the ethos of his court, saying
"[w]e are nobles as long as we are sought out: the greater the bounty we may give, the greater our
nobility, fame and honour."

Though no Round Table appears in the early Welsh texts, Arthur is associated with various items of
household furniture. The earliest of these is Saint Carannog's mystical floating altar in that saint's 12th
century Vita; in the story Arthur has found the altar and attempts unsuccessfully to use it for a table, and
returns it to Carannog in exchange for the saint ridding the land of a meddlesome dragon.[7] Arthur's
household furniture figures into local topographical folklore throughout Britain as early as the early 12th
century, with various landmarks being named "Arthur's Seat", "Arthur's Oven", and "Arthur's Bed-
chamber".[8] A henge at Eamont Bridge near Penrith, Cumbria is known as "King Arthur's Round Table".
[9] The still-visible Roman amphitheatre at Caerleon has been associated with the Round Table.[10] and
has been suggested as a possible source for the legend.[11]

In 2010, following archaeological discoveries at the Roman ruins in Chester, some writers suggested that
the Chester Roman Amphitheatre was the true prototype of the Round Table[12] but the English
Heritage Commission, acting as consultants to a History Channel documentary in which the claim was
made, declared that there was no archaeological basis to the story.

Later development
The Round Table takes on new dimensions in the romances of the late 12th and early 13th century,
where it becomes a symbol of the famed order of chivalry which flourishes under Arthur. In Robert de
Boron's Merlin, written around the 1190s, the wizard Merlin creates the Round Table in imitation of the
table of the Last Supper and of Joseph of Arimathea's Holy Grail table. This table, here made for Arthur's
father Uther Pendragon rather than Arthur himself, has twelve seats and one empty place to mark the
betrayal of Judas. This seat must remain empty until the coming of the knight who will achieve the Grail.
The Didot Perceval, a prose continuation of Robert's work, takes up the story, and the knight Percival sits
in the seat and initiates the Grail quest.[1]

The prose cycles of the 13th century, the Lancelot-Grail cycle and the Post-Vulgate Cycle, further adapt
the chivalric attributes of the Round Table. Here it is the perfect knight Galahad, rather than Percival,
who assumes the empty seat, now called the Siege Perilous. Galahad's arrival marks the start of the
Grail quest as well as the end of the Arthurian era.[1] In these works the Round Table is kept by King
Leodegrance of Cameliard after Uther's death; Arthur inherits it when he marries Leodegrance's
daughter Guinevere. Other versions treat the Round Table differently, for instance Arthurian works from
Italy often distinguish between the "Old Table" of Uther's time and Arthur's "New Table

Round Table tournaments

During the Middle Ages, festivals called Round Tables were celebrated throughout Europe in imitation of
Arthur's court. These events featured jousting, dancing, and feasting, and in some cases attending
knights assumed the identities of Arthur's entourage.[15] The earliest of these was held in Cyprus in
1223 to celebrate a knighting. Round Tables were popular in various European countries through the
rest of the Middle Ages and were at times very elaborate; René of Anjou even erected an Arthurian
castle for his 1446 Round Table.[15] On December 19, 1566, Mary, Queen of Scots gave a feast in Stirling
Castle with 30 guests at an imagined replica of Arthur's table during the masque-themed celebrations of
the baptism of the future James VI.

Winchester Round Table

The artifact known as the "Winchester Round Table", a large tabletop hanging in Winchester Castle
bearing the names of various knights of Arthur's court, was probably created for a Round Table
tournament.[18] The current paintwork is late; it was done by order of Henry VIII of England for Holy
Roman Emperor Charles V's 1522 state visit, and depicts Henry himself sitting in Arthur's seat above a
Tudor rose. The table itself is considerably older; dendrochronology calculates the date of construction
to 1250–1280—during the reign of Edward I—using timber from store felled over a period of years.[19]
Edward was an Arthurian enthusiast who attended at least five Round Tables and hosted one himself in
1299, which may have been the occasion for the creation of the Winchester Round Table.[18] Martin
Biddle, from an examination of Edward's financial accounts, links it instead with a tournament Edward
held near Winchester on April 20, 1290, to mark the betrothal of one of his daughters.[20]

Media related to Round Table of Winchester at Wikimedia Commons

Knights of the Round Table

The Knights of the Round Table were characters in the legends about King Arthur. They were the best
knights in King Arthur's kingdom, and lived in King Arthur's castle, Camelot. They were called the Knights
of the Round Table because of a special table that was in Camelot, that was round instead of
rectangular. This meant that everyone who sat around it was seen as trustworthy and equal.
Code of chivalry
In order to become a Knight of the Round Table, a knight had to prove he was chivalrous (polite) enough.
In the legend, the knights swore a Code of Chivalry, which is much like an oath is today. This meant that
they promised to uphold the rules given to them once they became a Knight of the Round Table.

Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1405 - March 14th, 1471) was an English writer, who wrote a book based on the
legend of King Arthur. It was called Le Morte d'Arthur. In it, he wrote his version of the Code of Chivalry:

To never do outrage nor murder (not to assault or murder anybody)

Always to flee treason (do not commit treason, a crime against your country or king)

To by no means be cruel but to give mercy unto him who asks for mercy (Do not be mean. Grant mercy
to those who ask, even in combat.)

To always do ladies, gentlewomen and widows succor ('succor' is an old word for help; this means that
the knight must promise to help women if they need it.)

To never force ladies, gentlewomen or widows (never 'harm' women.)

Not to take up battles in wrongful quarrels for love or worldly goods (do not even join in fights over
anything less than God or country)

To fear God and maintain His Church

List of the Knights of the Round Table

In different stories, there are different numbers of knights, ranging from 12 to more than 150. The
Winchester Round Table shows 25 Knights. The most commonly mentioned in literature include:

-King Arthur,Lancelot,Gawain,Geraint,Percival,Bors the


This is a list of other knights mentioned as being Knights of the Round Table.
War on Drugs

"The war on illegal drugs is far from over."

Kaya ito pa rin ang priority. Sabi nya sa mga human rights advocate, "You worry about the present, I
worry both the present and the future."

● Corruption "Corruption must stop." Ayon pa sa kanya, mino-monitor nya ang mga government agency
na laging narereklamo. "I value friendship but it has its limits."

● Peace on Mindanao "War is not an option." Sabi nya, bigyan lamang siya ng 48 hrs para pirmahan ang
Bangsamoro Organic Law kapag naipasa na sa kanya. Sabi pa nya hindi nya hahayaan ang mga ISIS na
makatapak sa bansa.

● Foreign Relation and Sovereignity "We shall continue to assert and pursue independent foreign
policy." Maayos ang ugnayan sa ASEAN lalo na sa matagumpay na pag-host ng ASEAN Summit.
Nabanggit din ang Trilateral Border Patrol kasama ang Indonesia at Malaysia. Pagdating naman sa
West Phil Sea, sabi ng Pangulo ang maayos na relasyon nito sa China ay hindi nangangahulugang
pagsuko ng ating interes sa mga isla dito.

● Contractualization "Our campaign against endo resulted in regularization of more than 300,000
workers." Ngunit sa kanya mismo nagmula na ang pagpirma nya ng EO ay hindi kayang saklawin ang
lahat ng sektor kaya naman nanawagan siya sa kongreso na tuldukan ang kontraktwalisasyon. Urge
the Congress to pass the bill establishing Coconut Farmers' Trust Fund.

● Environment Protection & Disaster Response Intend to restore Boracay's environmental integrity and
urge LGU to proactively enforce laws. Ask lawmakers to pass National Land Use Act. To mining
industry: stop destroying the watersheds. He appeals to Congress to create Department of Disaster

● Tax Reform "We cannot and should not stop tax reform law implementation." He applauded congress
for the timely Passage of train law at sabi pa nya ang buwis na makukuha dito ay gagamitin sa mga
proyekto ng gobyerno. Mali rin daw ang pagsisi sa Tax Reform Law kung bakit tumaas ang mga bilihin.
Sabi pa nya may mga sumasabotahe sa ekonomiya. May ayuda para sa mga mahihirap na
maaapektuhan. Pinapabilis din ang pagdating ng mga NFA rice at susubukan pababain ang presyo ng
bigas ng 7 pesos per kilo (hal. Kung 50 pesos magiging 43 pesos).

● Health "No Balance Billing Policy" to cover all Filipinos against financial health risks. He urged
speedy passage of Universal Health Care Bill.

● NOTES Sa kabuuan, walang pinagkaiba ang SONA ni Pangulong Duterte sa mga nakaraan nyang
SONA. Hindi nga lang siya nagmura sa taong ito. Ibinida pa rin ang gera kontra sa iligal na droga pero
halos lahat ay pangako na hindi natin alam kung magagampanan ba? Naging bulag ang Pangulo sa
pagtalakay sa pagtaas ng mga bilihin dahil sa TRAIN Law at sa pagbibigay ng solusyon dito. Hindi nya
nakikita na problema ito lalo na ng mga mahihirap na Pilipino na gusto nyang bigyan ng disenteng
pamumuhay. Tinalakay din ang mga ipinangako nya sa nakaraang SONA tulad ng pagbawal sa
kontraktuwalisasyon, pagpapanagot sa mga abusadong minahan at mga korap na tulad ng mga
kaalyado niyang sangkot sa maanumalyang paggastos ng malaking pondo ng gobyerno. Ang usapin sa
kalikasan na kanya daw prayoridad pero andyan ang mga proyektong tulad ng New Clark City na
sumisira dito. Andyan din ang internet connection na wala namang ipinagbago. Hindi naman nabanggit
ang militarisasyon sa Mindanao na siyang nagpapahirap sa mga Lumad. Sa buong bansa, hindi pa rin
ramdam ang pagbabagong ipinangako bagkus lalong natakot ang mga Pilipino dahil sa mga patayan at
krimen. Wala ring nasabi sa mga pabahay na palpak at ayuda lalo na sa mga Pilipinong naapektuhan ng
kalamidad at gera. Walang maaayos na paglalahad ng nais gawin para masolusyunan ang mga
problema ng bansa. Puro general ang sinabi, in short bagsak sa reporting dahil baka kulang pa o wala
naman talagang maire-report na magandang nagawa. Gayunpaman, sana maging totoo siya pagdating
sa Universal Health Care at iba pang mga naipangako.