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# FILTRATION TANK *use reef sand for filter media

## NUMBER OF FILTERS REQUIRED Q = 0.1 gpm

𝑚𝑚
𝒏 = 𝟐𝟐 𝒇𝒊𝒍𝒕𝒆𝒓𝒔 V = 5.33 𝑠

*provide 1 filter tank for gravel and sand *values for Q and V are obtained
media and 1 for activated carbon from a laboratory experiment

INLET Filter 2

Inlet Pipe = use 12’’ or 0.305 m GWI pipe Activated Carbon = 36’’
25.10𝑚𝑔𝑑
Influent Flow Rate (𝑄) = ≈ Q = 0.1 gpm
22 𝑓𝑖𝑙𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑠
𝑚3 𝑚𝑚
0.05 V = 5.33
𝑠 𝑠

0.305 𝑚 2
𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 = 𝜋 ( )
2
UNDERDRAIN
𝟐
𝑨𝒓𝒆𝒂 = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟕𝟑 𝒎
*Underdrain system will be false floor
0.05 with strainer nozzles
𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 =
0.073
𝑚 𝑁𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 𝑛𝑜𝑧𝑧𝑙𝑒𝑠 = 70 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑚2 x 25
𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 0.69
𝑠 Tot. no. of nozzles = 1750 m^2
FILTRATION TANK VELOCITY
*use 32mm diameter for each
𝑚 nozzle
Velocity = use 0.002 𝑠

𝑚3
BACKWASHING
0.05
𝑠
Area = 0.002𝑚
𝑠 *The design for wash water of velocity
40m/hr for duration of 10 minutes was
Area = 25 𝑚2
considered.
*with a square tank, use 5m x 5m
0.32 2
tank 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑜𝑓 𝑛𝑜𝑧𝑧𝑙𝑒 = 𝜋 ( )
2

## 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑜𝑓 𝑛𝑜𝑧𝑧𝑙𝑒 = 0.0008043 𝑚2

FLOW RATE THROUGH FILTER MEDIA 𝑇𝑜. 𝐴𝑟. 𝑁𝑜𝑧𝑧𝑙𝑒 = 1750(0.0008043 𝑚2)
𝑇𝑜𝑡. 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑁𝑜𝑧𝑧𝑙𝑒 = 1.41𝑚2
𝑚
Total Backwash Discharge=1.41 𝑥 40 ℎ𝑟

𝑚3
Total Backwash Discharge=56.4 ℎ

## STORAGE VOLUME FOR BACKWASHING

𝑚3
56.4

Storage = 𝑥 10 𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑠
60

## Since the bed expansion would be

between 130 – 150%, the trough was
placed at the maximum bed expansion
since the design utilizes the minimum
backflow velocity. This will prevent the
washing away of the medium.
150
Height of trough = 100 (30′′ )