Sei sulla pagina 1di 8

{{EngvarB|date=September 2014}}

{{Use dmy dates|date=September 2014}}

{{Infobox saint

|name = [[Beatification|Blessed]]<br>John Sullivan<br>[[Society of Jesus|S.J.]]

|birth_date = {{Birth date|1861|05|08|df=yes}}

|birth_place = [[Dublin]], [[Ireland]]

|death_date = {{Death date and age|1933|02|19|1861|05|08|df=yes}}

|death_place = Saint Vincent's Nursing Home, Dublin, Ireland

|titles = Priest

|image =

|imagesize =

|alt =

|caption =

|resting_place =

|venerated_in = [[Roman Catholic Church]]

|patronage = {{unbulleted list|[[Ecumenism]]<ref>{{citeweb|


url=http://vultuschristi.org/index/php/2014/11/more-about-the-venerable-john-sullivan-s-j-
1861-1933/|title=More about the Venerable John Sullivan, S.J. (1861–1933)|publisher=Vultus
Christi|date=13 November 2014|accessdate=24 April 2017}}</ref>|Educators}}

|beatified_date = 13 May 2017

|beatified_place = Saint Francis Xavier Church, Dublin, Ireland

|beatified_by = Cardinal [[Angelo Amato]]

|canonized_date =

|canonized_place =

|canonized_by =

|feast_day = 8 May
}}

[[Beatification|Blessed]] '''John Sullivan''' (8 May 1861 – 19 February 1933) was an [[Irish


people|Irish]] [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] [[priest]] and a professed member of
the [[Society of Jesus|Jesuits]].<ref name=BK>{{citeweb|url=http://frjohnsullivan.ie/wp-
content/uploads/2014/05/Bodkin-Port_of_Tears.pdf|author=Bodkin S.J., Mathias|title=The Port
of Tears|publisher=Clonmore and Reynolds, Ltd.|date=1954|accessdate=24 April
2017}}</ref><ref name=SQPN>{{citeweb|url=http://catholicsaints.info/venerable-john-sullivan/|
title=Venerable John Sullivan|date=25 July 2016|publisher=Saints SQPN|accessdate=24 April
2017}}</ref> Sullivan was known for his life of deep spiritual reflection and personal sacrifice; he
is recognised for his dedicated work with the poor and afflicted and spent much of his time
walking and riding his bike to visit those who were troubled or ill in the villages around
[[Clongowes Wood College]] school where he taught from 1907 until his death.<ref
name=IS>{{citeweb|url=http://www.ignatianspirituality.com/ignatian-voices/18th-and-19th-
century-ignatian-voices/john-sullivan-sj-1861%e2%80%931933|title=John Sullivan, SJ (1861–
1933)|publisher=Ignatian Spirituality|date=|accessdate=24 April 2017}}</ref>

From the 1920s onwards there were people who testified to his healing power despite the fact
that he never claimed credit or causation for himself from these reported cases.<ref
name=SQPN/><ref name=CI>{{citeweb|url=https://www.catholicireland.net/fr-john-sullivan-sj-
a-loyal-servant-of-god-1861-1933/|title=Fr. John Sullivan SJ: a loyal servant of God 1861–1933|
date=30 November 1999|publisher=Catholic Ireland|accessdate=24 April 2017}}</ref> Father
Sullivan was known for his friendliness; his amiable nature was coupled with a somewhat shy
temperament but one willing to aid those who needed it most. He was noted for his strong faith
and for leading multiple penances on himself such as eating little.<ref>{{citeweb|
url=http://www.kandle.ie/fr-john-sullivan-sj-beatification/|title=Fr. John Sullivan SJ – Cause for
Beatification|publisher=KandLE|date=15 December 2008|accessdate=24 April 2017}}</ref>

Sullivan had long been admired during his life and was known as a man of inspirational holiness
which prompted for calls for his beatification; the cause later opened and would culminate on 7
November 2014 after [[Pope Francis]] confirmed his [[heroic virtue]] and named him as
[[Venerable]].<ref name=SQPN/> The same pope approved a miraculous healing credited to his
intercession on 26 April 2016.<ref>http://trinitynews.ie/trinity-alumnus-fr-john-sullivan-sj-
beatified-today/</ref> His beatification, the first ever to take place Ireland, took place in
[[Dublin]] on 13 May 2017.<ref>http://www.irishtimes.com/news/social-affairs/religion-and-
beliefs/fr-john-sullivan-beatified-in-dublin-ceremony-today-1.3082406</ref><ref
name=uppppaca>http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/fr-john-sullivan-to-be-beatified-in-first-
ever-ceremony-to-take-place-in-ireland-35710668.html</ref>
==Life==

===Childhood and education===

John Sullivan was born in mid-1861 at 41 Eccles Street in the [[Georgian Dublin|old]] [[Dublin]].
He was born as the last of five children to [[Sir Edward Sullivan, 1st Baronet|Sir Edward Sullivan]]
(10.07.1822–13.04.1885) – member of the [[Church of Ireland]] and a successful barrister who
would later become the [[Lord Chancellor of Ireland]] – and Elizabeth Josephine Bailey (1823–
27.01.1898) – a Roman Catholic from a prominent land-owning household in [[Passage West]].
Sullivan was raised as a [[Protestant]] and was [[baptized]] in the local Church of Ireland parish of
[[St. George's, Temple Street|Saint George]] on Temple Street on 15 July 1861. One sister was
Annie Sullivan (1852-25.01.1918) and a brother was William (23.02.1860–07.07.1937). The girls
were raised as Catholics while the sons were raised as Protestants.<ref name=IS/> The first child
was Annie and then came Edward, Robert and William.<ref name=BK/>

In late 1861 the household relocated to 32 Fitzwilliam Place in Dublin. In 1873 he was sent to the
[[Portora Royal School]] in [[Enniskillen]] with his brother William.<ref name=BK/> In 1877 his
brother Robert (1853–77) drowned after a boating accident in [[Killiney Bay]] along with
Constance Exham who was the daughter of a family friend.

After his time at the Portora Royal School he followed in his father's footsteps and went to
[[Trinity College, Dublin|Trinity College]] from 1879 where he studied classics. He was awarded
the Gold Medal in Classics in 1885 and he studied for the English Bar at [[Lincoln's Inn]] in
[[London]].<ref name=BK/> During this period he travelled across [[Europe]] and spent time
taking walking tours in [[Macedonia (region)|Macedonia]] and [[Greece]] as well as [[Asia
Minor]]. He spent several months in one of the [[Greek Orthodox Church|Orthodox]]
monasteries on [[Mount Athos]] and even contemplated entering it as a monk.<ref name=CI/>
He travelled through [[Italy|Southern Italy]] en route home but was forced to prolong his stay
there due to contracting [[smallpox]].

Upon his father's death in 1885 he came into a comfortable inheritance. He was a frequent
visitor to the Hospice of the Dying at [[Harold's Cross]] where he brought comfort and
companionship in addition to small tokens of food and drink as well as clothing to those ill
people. Even after he became a teacher at [[Clongowes Wood College]] he continued these small
luxuries to the poor including a bit of [[tobacco]] while also providing them with [[tea]] and
[[sugar]] as well as oranges and apples. His brother novices remember him for his small
kindnesses extended to his classmates.
===Conversion and priesthood===

Sullivan was received into the [[Roman Catholic Church]] on 21 December 1896 in a celebration
that the [[Society of Jesus|Jesuit]] priest Michael Gavin presided over at Farm Street Church
Mayfair in central London. His family had expressed their great surprise upon his decision to
convert to the Catholic faith.<ref name=IS/> He commenced his Jesuit [[novitiate]] on 7
September 1900 at [[St Stanislaus College|Saint Stanislaus College]] at Tullabeg. On completion
of his novitiate around 1901 he was sent for his philosophical studies – until 1904 – to Saint
Mary's Hall in [[Stonyhurst]].<ref name=CI/>

In 1904 – once he concluded his studies – he went to [[Milltown Institute of Theology and
Philosophy|Milltown Park]] in Dublin for his theological studies and the [[Archbishop of Dublin
(Roman Catholic)|Archbishop of Dublin]] [[William Walsh (archbishop of Dublin)|William
Walsh]] later [[ordained]] Sullivan as a Jesuit priest in the chapel at Milltown Park on 28 July
1907. He said his first [[Mass (Catholic Church)|Mass]] at the [[convent]] of the Irish Sisters of
Charity at Mount Saint Anne's in Milltown.

Sullivan soon after took up a teaching position at Clongowes Wood College which was an all-
male boarding school the Jesuits managed near [[Clane, County Kildare|Clane]]. From 25 July
1919 until 20 May 1924 he served as the rector of the Juniorate and Retreat House at
[[Rathfarnham Castle]] on the outskirts of Dublin.<ref name=CI/> Sullivan then returned to
teaching at Clongowes Wood College after this. Sullivan was untiring in his attention to the sick
and he would travel miles to make a sick call which was often on foot but also riding a battered
bike. On one occasion a workman by chance passed the chapel at the school at 2:00am to see
Sullivan in deep prayer on his knees.<ref name=BK/> Each [[Holy Thursday]], he spent five or six
hours kneeling before the altar.

===Illness and death===

In February 1933 he began suffering severe abdominal pains and so was transferred on 17
February from the college to Saint Vincent's Nursing Home in Lower Leeson Street in Dublin
while asking for his [[breviary]] to be brought to him.<ref name=SQPN/> Sullivan died at
11:00pm on 19 February 1933 with his brother Sir William Sullivan at his side; an old friend who
was present at his death said: "He died well".<ref name=BK/> He was buried in Clongowes Wood
Cemetery. In 1960 his remains were exhumed and transferred to [[Saint Francis Xavier Church,
Dublin|Saint Francis Xavier Church]] on Upper Gardiner Street.
==Beatification==

In 1944 his name was placed on the list that the Jesuit [[postulator]] Carlo Micinelli had set up in
relation to prospective sainthood causes that could be opened; opening the process saw him
titled as a [[Servant of God]]. The informative process that opened in 1953 saw the accumulation
of witness testimonies and documentation being gathered and this process was completed in
September 1960. The [[Congregation for the Causes of Saints]] were given the evidence and
validated the informative process in acceptance in 1969 prior to theologians approving his
spiritual writings in 1972. On 22 February 2000 the C.C.S. issued the official "[[nihil obstat]]" to
the cause which acted as a formal introduction to the cause and approval of its continuation.

In June 2002 another process was held in Dublin to collate further evidence and the findings of
this particular tribunal were forwarded to the C.C.S. who validated it on 18 October 2002. In
2004 the postulation submitted the [[Positio]] dossier to the C.C.S. for inspection with their
consulting theologians approving its contents on 19 November 2013; the C.C.S. later approved
this on 16 October 2014.

On 7 November 2014 he was named as [[Venerable]] after [[Pope Francis]] – himself a Jesuit –
approved a decree acknowledging the [[heroic virtue]] of the late priest's life based on the
[[Cardinal virtues|cardinal]] and [[theological virtues]]. Sullivan's beatification depended on the
approval of a miracle that was an unexplainable healing after his death; one such case was
investigated in [[Ireland]] and it received C.C.S. validation on 10 February 2006. The C.C.S.
approved this miracle on 19 April 2016 after the medical experts and theologians approved it.
The pontiff – on 26 April 2016 – approved a miracle attributed to the late priest's intercession
and thus approved his beatification to take place. The miracle approved was the 1954 healing of
a cancerous tumor on the neck of the Dublin woman Delia Farnham.

The beatification was celebrated in Dublin at the Saint Francis Xavier Church on 13 May
2017.<ref>https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-39902348</ref> He was also the
first person to ever be beatified in Ireland.<ref name=uppppaca />

The current postulator for this cause is the Jesuit priest Anton Witwer. The current vice-
postulator is the Jesuit priest Conor Harper.
===Devotions and legacies===

There is a constant demand for blessings with his vow crucifix which is kept in the Saint Francis
Xavier Church where his remains are located in the Sacred Heart Chapel. There is a special Mass
celebrated in that church once each month dedicated to him and there is also an annual Mass to
celebrate his life at the same church celebrated close to the commemoration of his 1933 death.

The people of Kildare created their own monument to the late priest in Clane close to Clongowes
Wood College.

Sullivan had been a Protestant until he reached middle age though that church was an important
aspect to his life. On 8 May 1983 the retired Church of Ireland Archbishop [[George Simms]] gave
the address at a memorial service to honour Sullivan's life and work which was held in Saint
Georges Church on Temple Street. The Catholic [[Auxiliary Bishop]] James Kavanagh attended
and bought with him a text from [[Pope John Paul II]] reading: "His Holiness asks you to convey
his cordial greetings to all present. In communion of prayer he gives thanks to Almighty God for
the extraordinary gifts bestowed on Father Sullivan during his life and for the spirit of mutual
understanding, reconciliation and goodwill which his memory enkindles between various
christian communities in Ireland today".

===Miracles during his lifetime===

There have been miracles reported during Sullivan's life such as the two mentioned below:

* The cure of Michael Collins (b. 1925) – nephew of the famed [[Michael Collins (Irish leader)|
Michael Collins]] – from infantile paralysis. The child awoke one night in October 1928 in
extreme distress and the summoned doctor diagnosed him with infantile paralysis. Mrs. Collins
drove to the school seeking out Sullivan's assistance; Sullivan promised to say a Mass but also
rode his bike to their home where he touched the child's leg and prayed over him for two
hours.<ref name=SQPN/>

* The cure of Miss Kitty Garry (aged ten at the time) from TB; he blessed her and the ailment left
her after a month.

==References==

{{Reflist}}
==Sources==

* McGrath, SJ, Fergal., ''Father John Sullivan, SJ'', Longmans Green, 1945

* Morrisey SJ, Thomas J., ''Where Two Traditions Meet: John Sullivan SJ'', The Columba Press,
2009

==External links==

* [http://newsaints.faithweb.com/year/1933.htm Hagiography Circle]

* [http://catholicsaints.info/venerable-john-sullivan/ Saints SQPN]

* [http://www.santiebeati.it/dettaglio/96492 Santi e Beati]

* [http://www.frjohnsullivan.ie/ Fr John Sullivan website]

* [http://www.jesuit.org/sg/html/companions/saints.martyrs/february/john.sullivan.html The
Jesuits]

* [http://www.gardinerstparish.ie/news/father-john-sullivan#fr_j_fitzgeraldSt= Saint Francis


Xavier's Church]

* [https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/112297241 Find a Grave]

* [http://vultuschristi.org/index.php/2014/11/venerable-father-john-Sullivan-s-j/ Vultus Christi]

* {{YouTube|2yxNqMEuoN4|The Boy from Eccles Street}}

{{Canonization}}

{{Subject bar |portal1= Biography |portal2= Catholicism |portal3= Ireland}}

{{Authority control}}

{{DEFAULTSORT:Sullivan, John}}

[[Category:1861 births]]

[[Category:1933 deaths]]

[[Category:19th-century Irish people]]

[[Category:19th-century Roman Catholics]]

[[Category:19th-century venerated Christians]]


[[Category:20th-century Irish people]]

[[Category:20th-century Jesuits]]

[[Category:20th-century Roman Catholics]]

[[Category:20th-century Roman Catholic priests]]

[[Category:20th-century venerated Christians]]

[[Category:Alumni of Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy]]

[[Category:Alumni of Trinity College, Dublin]]

[[Category:Beatifications by Pope Francis]]

[[Category:Converts to Roman Catholicism from Anglicanism]]

[[Category:Irish Jesuits]]

[[Category:Irish Roman Catholic priests]]

[[Category:Irish beatified people]]

[[Category:Jesuits]]

[[Category:People from Dublin (city)]]

[[Category:Venerated Catholics by Pope Francis]]

[[Category:Wonderworkers]]