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A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

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Uses : Swage Block How-To

HOME Block Gallery Links Contact Uses : Swage Block How-To 1. Punching and Drifting: The block
HOME Block Gallery Links Contact Uses : Swage Block How-To 1. Punching and Drifting: The block
HOME Block Gallery Links Contact Uses : Swage Block How-To 1. Punching and Drifting: The block

1. Punching and Drifting:

The block is used to support work for punching and drifting where the hardy hole or pritchel hole

of the anvil is not suitable.

This is best done on a heavy stand with open bottom. It is helpful to have a sand box under the stand to catch loose drifts and punches preventing damage to them.

2. Upsetting and Heading :

Upsets, once started unsupported are more efficiently finished while supported in a suitable hole in the block. If a suitable sized hole is not available then a bolster plate can be used.

A set of bolster plates with fine increment holes

with the minimum clearance (about 1/32") for the sizes is a fine swage block accessory that can also be used with the anvil.

3. Heading with Bolster:

Many fasteners have special shoulders, squares such as on carriage bolts, tapers for plow bolts and flat head screws, and cylindrical shoulders for various purposes. These are made with a smith-made tool, a bolster plate. Bolster plates are often made with a variety of heads for one sized shank.

6/5/17, 4:42 pm

A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 4. Support for Mid-bar Upsetting:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 4. Support for Mid-bar Upsetting:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 4. Support for Mid-bar Upsetting:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 4. Support for Mid-bar Upsetting:

4. Support for Mid-bar Upsetting:

When upsetting a place in the middle of a bar it is often difficult to support the bar. A heavy swage block resting on an anvil, heavy bench, floor or on a stand can useful for this purpose. In this case the block is only helping hold the work and is something to push against to keep the bar straight as it tried to bend at the upset.

5. Mid Bar Upsetting with Bolster:

For large mid-bar upsets or formed upsets a bolster with a hemispherical or conical depression can give better control.

Where the shape of the shoulder is suitable to the shape of the block the upset can be done directly against the block once it has been started.

6. Upsetting in Special Upsetting Hole:

The upsetting hole is a new feature suggested by Josh Greenwood in 1999 and used by John Newman on his artist blacksmith block.

The upsetting hole prevents the bar from moving around while striking the cool end and the taper of the hole helps produce a well centered upset.

7. Swaging (bottom swage):

The primary purpose for the edge grooves is finish swaging while using a top swage. The alternative to a swage block is a dozen or more bottom swages to fit the anvil. The block is more economical and it does not suffer from shanks that do not fit when an anvil is replaced.

The swage block should have well radiused edges on the shoulder side when dressing shapes.

6/5/17, 4:42 pm

A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 8. Swaging Odd Sections :
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 8. Swaging Odd Sections :
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 8. Swaging Odd Sections :
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 8. Swaging Odd Sections :

8. Swaging Odd Sections :

The standard grooves on a block can be used to forge half rounds, 90° and 60° triangles and half hexes. Special blocks often have octagons (for rifle barrels), half ovals and rectangular grooves.

It is helpful for this purpose to have large

radiused edges on the starting side of the block.

Starting with round stock of the same cross sectional area as the finished shape requires the least work when making odd sections.

9. Bending using holes:

The holes are useful for supporting a bar while making a bend in round, square or rectangular bar.

A block securly attached to the bed or tailgate of

a truck can be very useful in making field bends

such as for adjusting a railing to fit.

A block resting on the ground can also be

threaded onto a long bar and the leverage of the bar and the block together can be applied for the

same purpose.

10. Bending Using External Radius:

Bar can be hammered hot or cold in the larger external radii of a block. This is very handy for quick cold work in stock up to 1/2" (13mm).

Blocks with large radii were designed for wheelwrights to start bends in tires prior to going

to

a roll bender, dress welds and take kinks out

of

wheels. Any large curve can be dressed on

these surfaces.

11. Edge bending sheet and thin plate.:

This is a task often done in a special block. V's

in larger swage blocks substitute for this

purpose.

6/5/17, 4:42 pm

A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 12. Forming Stock with Fuller:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 12. Forming Stock with Fuller:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 12. Forming Stock with Fuller:
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com 12. Forming Stock with Fuller:

12. Forming Stock with Fuller:

U shapes from sheet metal beads up to wood

workers gouges and round stock tongs can be made within the range of the block. A handled or hand held fuller or a piece of round stock the proper size is used to form the shape in the groove.

Small grooves can substitute for a sheet metal grooving or creasing stake.

13. Dishing over Holes:

Dishing can be performed over the holes in the block. The large holes that are almost useless for other purposes should have large smooth edge radii for dishing.

Modern smiths often make tools for doing this from sections of pipe welding them to a flange or

a flange and shank to fit a hardy hole.

14. Dishing over Special Depressions:

One of the earliest uses of blocks was dishing of ladles and spoons. Larger depressions are useful for armours to make a helm. Most raising

is started with a dishing operation but not too

much as this thins the metal. Artist blacksmiths

use these depressions for everything from the curvature of leaves to bodies of animals.

Large radii on the edges of the depression reduce maring or cutting of the work.

15. Substitute Hardy Hole or Stake Plate :

Many square shanked blacksmiths, armourers and tinsmiths tools will fit the square holes of an industrial swage block. Tapered shanks should only be used in blocks with tapered holes specifically made for them.

Using dogs the industrial swage block can substitute for a small weld platten for bending and supporting work.

6/5/17, 4:42 pm

A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com NOTE: 16. Support for rounds
pm A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com NOTE: 16. Support for rounds

NOTE:

16.

Support for rounds and squares on edge

:

When starting a chisel cut on the corner of a bar

a swage block is very handy. The same applies

for incising, stamping or splitting rounds that tend to roll away otherwise.

Hex grooves will also support rounds quite well

for this purpose and tend to lock them in place if

a proper fit.

17. Rivet Heading and Dressing Spheres :

Large and small blocks including artist blacksmith blocks and dapping blocks have various hemispherical depressions that can be used for a number of things. Support for rivet heading is a common task replacing a rivet set or used in conjunction with a rivet set. The same depression can be used to form or dress a forged rivet head.

Hemispherical depressions can also be used for dressing balls and spheres.

Small hemispherical depressions for rivet heading can be added to existing blocks using a ball end mill the way they are formed in dapping blocks.

These instructions are for no particular block as most blocks do not have all the features used above on one block.

There are many other ways to use swage blocks if you let your imagination guide you.

Links:

Square Holes and Bolster Plates an anvilfire.com iForge demo an anvilfire.com iForge demo

Making a Fabricated Swage Block an anvilfire article. an anvilfire article.

Swage Block Glossary Terms applicable to swage blocks Terms applicable to swage blocks

Peddinghaus Work Block Instructions More uses with special block More uses with special block

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6/5/17, 4:42 pm

A variety of uses - Swage Block How-To : SwageBlocks.com

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