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PROBLEM 6.122

The double toggle latching mechanism shown is used to hold member G against the support. Knowing that α = 60°, determine the force exerted on G.

SOLUTION
0.05 m
+
0.02 m sin 60
)
°
Note:
tan
θ
= (
member FBDs:
= 0.50518
θ = 26.802°
FBD I:
Σ M =
0:
(0.15 m)80 N (0.02 m) cos(30 26.802
F
°−
° = 0
)
C
DF
F
=
600.94 N
DF
Σ F =
0:
(600.94 N)cos 26.802 (80 N)sin 60
°−
°− C =
0
x
x
Σ F =
0:
(600.94 N)sin 26.802 (80 N)cos60 0
y
FBD II:
Σ=M
0:
(0.03 m)(cos30 °  B
)
G
 
x
++  0.12m
(0.03m)cos60
°  B
y
+ (0.03 m)(600.94  N)sin 26.802° 
− ( .026 m)(600.94  N)cos 26.802°  = 0
0.015
3
B +
0.135
B =
5.8065 N
(1)
x
y

(

0.09 m

+

)(

0.03

+− 0.05

0.02 m cos60 °

)

C

x

= 467.10 N

C +

y

°−

°=

C =

y

230.97 N

PROBLEM 6.122 CONTINUED
FBD III:
Σ=M
0:
(0.03m)(sin °B +
60
)
(0.03 m)(cos60
° 
)
B
A
 

xy
− (0.08  m)(sin 60°)  467.10 N
+ (0.08  m)(cos60°=)  230.97 N 0
0.015
3
B +
0.015
B =
23.123 N
(2)
x
y
Solving (1) and (2)
B
=
973.31 N
x
B
=−
144.303 N
y
FBD II:
Σ F =
0:
− G −
(600.94 N)cos 26.802 973.31 N 0
°+
=
x
x
(600.94 N)sin 26.802 0
Therefore, the force acting on member G is
G = 455 N
16.17°

G =

x

436.93 N

Σ F =

y

0:

− −

(

144.303 N)

+ G

y

°=

G =

y

126.67 N

PROBLEM 6.123

The double toggle latching mechanism shown is used to hold member G against the support. Knowing that α = 75°, determine the force exerted on G.

SOLUTION
(
0.07 m cos30 °
)
Note:
tan
θ
=
FBDs:
0.09
m
+
()
0.03 m cos75
°+
()
0.03 m sin 30
°
θ = 28.262°
FBD I:
Σ M =
0:
m)
N)
(0.15 (80
(0.02 m)
F
cos (30
°−
28.262
° = 0
)
C
DF
F
=
600.28 N
DF
Σ F =
0:
− C −
(80 N)cos30 (600.28 N)cos 28.262 0
°+
°=
x
x
C
=
459.44 N
x
Σ F =
0:
− C −
(80 N)sin 30 (600.28 N)sin 28.262 0
°−
°=
y
y
C
=
244.24 N
y
FBD II:
Σ M =− 0: 
(0.03m) sin 75
°B  +
0.120m + (0.03m) cos75
°  B
Gx
y
+  (0.03 m) sin 75°(600.28 N) cos 28.262°

−(0.03 m) (600.28  N) sin 28.262°  = 0
0.9659 B −
4.2588
B =
226.47 N
x
y
(1)
PROBLEM 6.123 CONTINUED
FBD III:
Σ=M
0:
(0.03 m) sin 75 °−B 
(0.03 m) cos75
° 
B
A
 
xy
− 
(0.03 sin 75° + (0.05m) sin 60 (459.44 N)
m
)
°
+ (0.03  m) cos75°+ (0.05m) cos60°(244.24  N) = 0
0.9659
B −
0.2588
B =
840.18 N
(2)
x
y
Solving (1) and (2):
B
=
910.93 N
x
B
=
153.428 N
y
FBD II:
Σ F =
0:
− G −
(600.28 N) cos 28.262 910.93 N 0
°+
=
x
x
Therefore, the force acting on member G is:
G = 404 N
18.89°

G =

x

382.21 N

Σ F =

y

0:

G

y

(600.28 N)sin 28.262 153.428 N

°+

=

0

G =

y

130.81 N

PROBLEM 6.124

For the system and loading shown, determine (a ) the force P required for equilibrium, ( b ) the corresponding force in member BD, (c) the corresponding reaction at C.

SOLUTION
FBD
I :
member FBDs:
Σ M =
0:
RF
(
sin 30
°
)
C
BD
R (1
−°cos30 (200 N) − R ( 100 N) =
)
0
−  
=
253.6 N
F
=
254 N T
F BD
BD
Σ F =
0:
− C +
(253.6 N)cos30 0
°=
x
x
FBD II :
Σ M = aP − a  (253.6 N) cos30
0:
°= 
0
A
P = 220 N

C =

x

219.6 N

Σ F =

y

0:

C +

y

(253.6 N) sin 30

°−

200 N

100 N

=

0

C

y

=

173.2 N

so

C = 280 N

38.3°

PROBLEM 6.125

A couple M of magnitude15 kip in. is applied to the crank of the engine system shown. For each of the two positions shown, determine the force P required to hold the system in equilibrium.

SOLUTION
(a ) FBDs:
1.5 in.
5.25 in.
2
=
7
FBD whole:
Σ M =
0:
(7.50 in.)
C −
15 kip
⋅=
in.
0
C =
2.00 kips
A
y
y
2 kips
Σ=FF θ−=P
0:
cos
0
x
BC
2 kips
P
=
F
cos
θ
==
7 kips
BC
tan
θ
P = 7.00 kips

Note:

tan

θ=

FBD piston:

Σ=F

y

0:

CF

y

BC

sin

θ=

0

F BC

=

C

y =

sin

θ

sin

θ

PROBLEM 6.125 CONTINUED
(b ) FBDs:
2
Note:
tan
θ=
as above
7
FBD whole:
Σ M =
0:
(3
in.)
C −
15 kip
⋅=
in.
0
C =
5 kips
A
y
y
C
sin
θ
Σ FF=
0:
cos
θ−=P
0
x
BC
C
5 kips
y
P
=
F
cos
θ
==
BC
tan
θ 2/7
P = 17.50 kips

Σ=F

y

0:

CF

y

BC

sin

θ=

0

F BC

= y

PROBLEM 6.126

A force P of magnitude 4 kips is applied to the piston of the engine system shown. For each of the two positions shown, determine the couple M required to hold the system in equilibrium.

SOLUTION
(a ) FBDs:
1.5 in.
5.25 in.
2
=
7
P
cos
θ
2
7
7
M = 8.57 kip ⋅ in.

Note:

tan

θ=

FBD piston:

Σ=FF θ−=P

x

0:

BC

cos

0

F BC

=

Σ=F

y

0:

CF

y

BC

sin

θ=

0

CF=

y

BC

sin

θ==P θ P

tan

FBD whole:

Σ M =

A

0:

(7.50 in.)

CM−=

y

0

M =

7.5 in.

C =

y

15 in.

P

PROBLEM 6.126 CONTINUED

(b ) FBDs:

 Note: tan θ= 2 as above 7

FBD piston: as above

y

2

7

7

7

CP=

tan

θ= P

FBD whole:

Σ M =

A

0:

(3.0 in.)

CM−=

y

0

M =

(

3.0 in.

)

2

P

M =

24

kip

in.

M = 3.43 kip in.

PROBLEM 6.127

Arm BCD is connected by pins to crank AB at B and to a collar at C. Neglecting the effect of friction, determine the couple M required to hold the system in equilibrium when θ = 0.

SOLUTION
member FBDs:
Σ=M
0:
(6.4 in.)
B −
(5
in.)16 lb
=
0
B =
12.5 lb
C
x
x
FBD I:
Σ M =
0: (7.5 in.)
BM−=
0
M = (7.5 in.)(12.5 lb) = 93.8 lb⋅in.
A
x
M = 93.8 lb⋅in.

FBD II:

Σ=F

y

0:

B =

y

0