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A self-portrait/selfie of Rizal for Ferdinand Blumentritt in 1887 This copy belongs to: Class number:

A self-portrait/selfie of Rizal for Ferdinand Blumentritt in 1887

This copy belongs to:

Class number:

A Course Guide for Philippine Institutions 10 (The Life and Works of Jose Rizal)


Dwight David A. Diestro Associate Professor of History

Department of Social Sciences College of Arts and Sciences University of the Philippines Los Baños 2nd Semester, AY 2017-2018 Sections Z, G, H

Mabuhay! Welcome to PI 10! This is a course about Dr. Jose Rizal, our national hero and foremost exemplar of patriotism, intellectual prowess and self-cultivation. He lived more than a hundred years ago, during the 19th century. (Naturally, your teacher has never met him!) He belongs to the past but he is still with us through images, representations, and actual writings. The UP Oblation was an enfleshment of the second stanza derived from his poem, "Mi Ultimo Adios":

En campos de batalla, luchando con delirio Otros te dan sus vidas, sin dudas, sin pesar El sitio nada importa: cipres, laurel o lirio, Cadalso o campo abierto, combate o cruel martirio, Lo mismo es si lo piden la Patria y el hogar.

(Tagalog translation by Andres Bonifacio) Sa pakikidigma at pamimiyapis Ang alay ng iba’y ang buhay na kipkip Walang agam-agam, maluwag sa dibdib matamis sa puso at di ikahapis.

Saan man mautas ay di kailangan cipres o laurel, lirio ma’y putungan pakikipaghamok at ang bibitayan yaon ay gayon din kung hiling ng Bayan.

His principal contribution to nation-building was through the power of the pen. His works molded to a great extent how we construct ourselves as Filipinos today. He was the first to conceive of a national organization encompassing the Philippine archipelago. It was called "La Liga Filipina" (The Philippine Team). He has become a potent symbol for the nation but it must be clearly understood that we, his readers, make him exist. His relevance and usefulness at any given time after his death depend on how

we attach meanings to his life and works. As the faculty-in-charge, I am one of his mediators. During the semester, it is my desire that you will conclude eventually that the PI 10 way is, "Kanya-kanyang Rizal?". There is strength in heterogeneity. It is dialogue that unites, not uniformity. The nation is a project and Rizal is embedded as a primary symbol. PI 10 is part of the curricula because of Republic Act 1425 (The Rizal Law) of June 12, 1956. There is state sponsorship in the propagation of his heroism, but my attitude is practical. Let us make the best out of the situation. Every reading is a political act, every semester is different. We can always generate new ideas and new images which are aimed to transform ourselves and our society.

The principal goal of PI 10 is to enrich our knowledge of Philippine Studies. The propagandists, like Rizal, during the latter part of the 19th century made the Philippines the center of their attention: in painting, literature, historical research, and above all in their politics. Likewise, today, we have to reinvent ourselves by making the nation an important focus of our social organization amidst the globalizing environment of the 21st century. The faculty should inspire the students that they can be like Rizal who participated in the social and political processes through what University Professor Emeritus Gemino Abad referred to as the crucial infinitives in life which are "TO READ, TO THINK, TO WRITE".

CourseDescription The official course description of PI 10 is, "Significance of the life and writings of Rizal in the life of the Filipino people". It is evident that we should locate intersections between "two lives", that of Rizal and national history. Rizal's biography is a subset of Philippine history. Rizal has to be situated in the grid of Philippine society and culture.


Broadly stated these are the following:


to trace the transformation of the consciousness of Jose Rizal, from a man who called


Spain his mother country to a person resembling Simoun, the nationalist character in El Filibusterismo. (One becomes a Filipino; one is not born automatically a Filipino.) to create meanings and functions for Jose Rizal, so that he will remain relevant and


part of the strengthening of the Filipino national story and community. (We refer to common symbols though there are diverse meanings and functions emanating from sectors of society. The more significations the better, symbols become more powerful.) to become aware of the many possibilities of what a Filipino can do for his country.


("Knowing yourself means knowing what you can do and since nobody knows what he can do unless he tries the only clue to what man can do is what man has done". Robin George Collingwood) to appreciate that the study of the past is in terms of learning about human experience and to understand it as a basis for discussion, exchange, and dialogue. (What is important is the act of communicating with one another.)



The course is only a means to an end it is not an end in itself, the greater end is the


instilling of nationalism and heroism among the Filipino youth. PI 10 is only an entry point. We are Filipinos because we have the Filipino story in us and Rizal's biography is an


integral part of our collective identity. PI 10 is a biography and society course. There are parallels between Rizal the person


and we as individuals. We both belong to a society which we call Philippine society. The requirements of the course are patterned to make the students Rizal-like, writing is given importance. We have to tell our own narratives and be enriched by sharing with others our own viewpoints. ("To exist humanly, is to name the world". Paulo Freire)

Course Objectives

At the end of the course, the students are expected to be able to:

1. Define heroism and nationalism in the context of Filipino experience;

2. Identify the highlights of Rizal’s biography;

3. Summarize the major writings of Rizal;

4. Analyze Rizal’s life within the 19 th century Philippines;

5. Differentiate Rizal the person from Rizal the hero;

6. Evaluate the importance of Rizal’s contribution to nation-building;

7. Assess the significance of symbols in strengthening national solidarity and sense of community.

Course Topics and Activities (Readings may vary, new ones can be assigned)


Lecture / Topic

Suggested Activities



January 16, 2018

Letter of Jose Rizal to Father Vicente Garcia, 1891, Discussion and Derivations, Keywords: History as Past, Present and Future, Discernment about Difference and Similarity, Timeline, What is change?

Familiarization among the members of the class.

Check the internet regarding introductory materials on Jose Rizal, 19 th century Philippines, importance of history

January 19, 2018

The Course Guide

Leveling of expectations, mapping of requirements, procedures, rules,


regulations and decorum


January 24February 6, 2018

Contextualizing RA1425 and other derivations.

Framework for PI 10

Different Representations/images of Jose Rizal.




Laurel, J. B. Jr., Dr. Trials of the Rizal Bill

Film-Showing of BAYANING 3 RD WORLD (Directed by Mike de Leon).

Define what a symbol is, the difference between Rizal, the person and Rizal, the hero.

Nolasco, Ricardo. Ang Salitang “Bayani” sa Lipunan at Kasaysayan



Sztompka, Piotr The Sociology of Social Change

Check the website of the NCCA, look for the portion on National Symbols.


The “Long Century”, the Significance of the

Chronology Drill.


Read any Philippine History book that has a discussion on the 19 th Century Philippines.


th Century

Analyzing 19 th century photos.

(Biography, History

and Society)


Identifying major events of the century.

Legarda, Benito J., Jr., After the Galleons

February 6-13,

The Rizal Persona and

Writing of Rizal’s CV.


Read letters and diaries of Rizal, check relevant websites. (e.g. National Historical Commission of the Philippines)


the Ways of Knowing an Individual’s Life Within a Society.






FILM SHOWING of “Ang Buhay ng Isang Bayani” (Directed by Butch Nolasco)

Evolution of Consciousness: Rizal and Me .


The Transformation of Rizal’s Consciousness:

Map Making: Locating Rizal’s Travels in the Philippines and Overseas.

Use world map, read on technological changes of the century.


from Tagalog to Filipino, from Noli to Fili.

Submission of

Start reading Noli (Chapters 15, 16, 17, 21, 34, 42, 46, 49, 50, 51, 55, 62) and Fili (Chapters 4, 7, 19, 30, 33, 39). Additional chapters may be given by the faculty.

Quibuyen, Floro. “Towards a Radical Rizal”, in A Nation Aborted: Rizal, American Hegemony and Philippine Nationalism, 2008.



Listing of Facts of the Case: People of Calamba vs Dominican Order.

February 14-21,

The Radicalization of

Comparison between Dapitan and Calamba as places of resistance.

The Choice of Islands.

Constitution of La Liga Filipina, Rizal’s letters to family and fellow propagandists, Rizal as the honorary President of the Katipunan (please refer to Agoncillo, Teodoro. The Revolt of the Masses, 1956).

Jose, F. Sionil “Rizal as Novelist: An Appreciation”, 1996.


Nationhood: El

Filibusterismo, La Liga Filipina, Dapitan and the Revolution of



Biography exercise (Thematic Outline).

Majul, Cesar Adib. “On the Concept of National Community”, 1961.

February 21, 2018



February 28 - March 16, 2018

The Politics of Reading Rizal’s Novels and Annotations

Quotations from Noli and Fili.

Check the internet for the various meanings of intertextuality from academic sources like university-based

Critiquing of Rizal’s political platform.






Profiling of Ibarra, Elias, Simoun and Father Florentino.

The Philippines as Center of Biodiversity and Natural Wealth/Foregrounding the country’s Centrality

Sisa and Cabesang Tales as ultimate heroes.

Intertextuality Exercise: the Use of Primary Sources produced by Rizal.

Rizal as a Proponent of Philippine Studies.

Read, Rizal’s “Mariang Makiling” and letter to the Women of Malolos

March 17-29,

Review of Selected Writings in Connection with Social Change, Human Rights, Ethics, Gender, etc.

Group Presentation on the Novels: Focused on Filipino Ways and Indentities.

Aguilar, Filomeno Jr. Tracing Origins:


Holidays (March 29 - 30)

Ilustrado Nationalism and the Racial Science of Migration Waves”, Journal of Asian Studies, 2005.

Macro-topics based on his writings

Analyses of “The Philippines A Century Hence” and “The Indolence of the Filipinos”.

April 4, 2018



April 4- 18, 2018

Relevance of Rizal According to Selected Authors and Writers

Listing of Rizal’s ideas and accomplishments on Science and Technology.

Read primary sources produced by Rizal that correspond with the topics, check the internet.

The Study of Rizal as a National Symbol.

Submission of the essay on the future.

Tabular presentation of different perspectives of authors.

Quibuyen, Floro. “Rizal and the Revolution”, in A Nation Aborted:

Group Presentation on Rizal and the Future (A

Rizal, American Hegemony and Philippine Nationalism, 2008.

tribute to The Philippines a Century Hence), 2016-


Ileto, Reynaldo. The Underside of Philippine


History in

Filipinos and

their Revolution:

Event, Discourse and Historiography,


April 19 26,

The Three Types of

Analyses of Rizalista groups in the Philippines.

Cañete, Ruben. Sacrificial Bodies:


History According to Friedrich Nietzsche (Monumental, Antiquarian, Critical).

Rizal in the world, in the Filipino diaspora

The Oblation and Political Aesthetics of Masculine Representations in Philippine Visual Cultures, 2012 (Various parts of the book)

The Three Types of Rizal.


Ultimo Adios



Constantino, Renato Veneration Without Understanding, 1970.

April 30 May 17, 2018


Open forum (facilitated by elected representatives of the class) on Rizal’s contribution to nation-

Andres Bonifacio’s Translation of Mi Ultimo Adios and other related literature



The Meaning of


building, recitation (graded)


Ultimo Adios



Recommendations for Philippine currency.

The third long examination will be held on the schedule of the final examination which will be determined by the University Registrar.


This course is open to all students as both a GE subject in the Social Sciences and

Philosophy Domain and legislated course. There is an assumption that those who are enrolled in the course

possess the necessary exposure to the importance of language and writing. Rizal was a writer; therefore, the

student should know how to write and loves reading essays, novels, etc. PI 10 is a reading class.

Knowledge of 19th century Philippines and contemporary Philippine society is going to be helpful. Social awareness is inherent in a UP student and is given premium in the course. We should see continuities between past and present. A good command of written English or Filipino is expected from the student. A cultural approach is to be explored. As mentioned previously, the course takes the student to the various aspects of Philippine Studies. Therefore, a working knowledge of Philippine history and Philippine cultural achievements is necessary.


Handouts will be distributed from time to time. There are certain materials available only at the UPLB Main Library. You have to enjoy going to the library. On your own, please secure any copy of a biography of Jose Rizal (the book of Guerrero, Coates, or Zaide is recommended). Check the internet, there are sites which contain his major writings and commentaries about him. All power point presentations conducted by the teacher will be made available to the class when feasible. Note taking is encouraged.



First long exam (objective/essay type)


Second long exam (objective/essay type)


Third long exam (objective/essay type)


Autobiography (3-4 pages), full range/aspects only


The Philippines a Century Hence, 2018-2118 (4-5 pages)





Special Exam/ Activity on Noli and Fili


Two Film showings (1 page reaction paper for each film)


Group Presentation for Mi Ultimo Adios




Grading Scale












509 and below


Sources of additional points

• attendance to fora or symposia announced by the faculty-in-charge, submission of one page paper

others, the students can discuss these with the faculty-in-charge

HouseRules On attendance and classroom decorum:

every absence means a possible deduction of points ranging from minus five to minus twenty, excessive unexcused absences is penalized by a failing grade

no make-ups are given, the student gets zero in every quiz he/she fails to take due to absence

passing of notes to classmates is prohibited, talking or whispering to classmates is not allowed when it bothers the focus of the teacher

students are reminded to maintain appropriate behavior at all times, be discreet when using your mobile phones

all excuse slips must be given to the teacher for signature, a photocopy must be submitted.

On make-up exams (this part is subject to change, do not rely on this)

teachers hate making special exams, these exams are inherently unfair to students taking the regular exam since these are taken under different conditions

however, under certain circumstances, a special exam may be given subject to certain conditions such as:

1. informing the faculty-in-charge the reason of one's absence not later than 48 hours after missing the exam

2. Submission of certain documentary requirements such as medical certificate, hospital bill, etc.

On papers, essays, and other requirements that are to be submitted:

Adhere to rules pertaining to intellectual property rights, plagiarism has no place in the university, what is not yours in a paper should be within quotation marks or properly identified, citation is a must, format of citation is to be decided by the student

Absolutely, you cannot exceed the number of pages specified, if the maximum is three pages, then it must be three pages only

A back-up copy should be kept by the student, you must specify on the first page of the paper what kind of requirement you are submitting, for example, reaction paper for film, as the case may be.

All papers are double-spaced, font 12, times new roman, use short bond paper, margin is 1-inch on the top, bottom and on both sides more or less, texts must be justified

A paper is not a paper without a specific title that you made yourself, there must be headings within the paper, innovate what titles or headings which truly capture the intensity of what you have written

Use English or Filipino, language switching is not allowed, in other words, taglish is a no-no

The number of pages is counted in terms of the last leaf as having entries in the bottom part of the page, there must be pagination(bottom right side)

Absolutely, no folders, simply staple your work

On groupings:

The faculty-in-charge will devise a procedure

from time to time an appropriate arrangement can be made


1. Lectures will be the usual mode in the delivery of knowledge, however, as much as possible, an open forum is provided every end of a session. You are encouraged to pose questions or state your comments. Activities will be done in the class.

2. Selected group requirements/assignments may be presented or reported by the students for the benefit of the entire class.

3. Students are expected to read materials that are assigned, there can be sessions that are devoted for reading the texts.

4. Check the internet classroom from time to time. A Facebook account will be made (account name: JRizal2018 2S DDD). Type the exact words with proper capitalization and spaces. YOU ARE REQUIRED TO JOIN!!!

Contact Information

I am Dwight David A. Diestro, an Associate Professor of History and a member of the faculty since 1986. I obtained my academic degrees (BA in History and Master in Philippine Studies) from the University of the Philippines Diliman. My research interests are local history, biographies and heritage studies. I have co-edited a book on the life of General Paciano Rizal, the brother of Dr. Jose Rizal.

Consultation hours:

Monday Friday , 9:30 - 11:30 am Office of the Chairperson, Department of Social Sciences, 2nd floor, CAS Annex 1 Building Email Address:

Closing Statements

"The great man of the age is the one who can put into words the will of his age, tell his age what its will is, and accomplish it. What he does is the heart and essence of his age; he actualizeshis age."

G.W.F. Hegel

"In a country without a tradition of hierarchy, Rizal became the necessary center, the "Ancestor" in the sense of the source of "kapangyarihan" animating leaders in the anti-colonial struggles. "

"In almost every report of "disturbances" during the first decade of American rule, there

is mention of Rizal as reincarnated in "fanatical" leaders, as the object of communication


the "spirit" behind the unrest."

R.C. Ileto


"If I could only be a professor in my country, I would stimulate these Philippine studies which are like nosce te ipsum (know thyself) that gives the true concept of one's self and drives nations to do great things."

Rizal to Blumentritt, 13 April 1887

"Do not forget that if knowledge is the heritage of mankind, it is only the courageous whoinheritit."

Noli Me Tangere, chapter 8



Coates, Austin

1968 Rizal - Filipino Nationalist and Patriot

Guerrero, Leon Ma.

1963 The First Filipino

Quibuyen, Floro C. 2008 A Nation Aborted - Rizal, American Hegemony, and Philippine


Rizal, Jose


Rizal's Prose


Political and Historical Writings


Noli Me Tangere (trans. by SL Locsin)


El Filibusterismo (trans. by SL Locsin)

Zaide, Gregorio and Sonia Zaide


Anderson, Benedict

1983 Imagined Communities

Agoncillo, Teodoro


The Revolt of the Masses


History of the Filipino People

Arcilla, Jose


Rizal and the Emergence of the Philippine Nation

Cañete, Reuben

2012 Sacrificial Bodies: The Oblation and the Aesthetics of Masculine Representations in Philippine Visual Culture

Constantino, Renato


The Philippines: A Past Revisited

Jose, F. Sionil


Rizal the Novelist: An Appreciation

Fast, Jonathan and Jim Richardson

1979 Roots of Dependency

Hessel, Eugene

1983 The Religious Thought of Jose Rizal

Hau, Caroline

2000 Necessary Fictions: Philippine Literature and the Nation, 1946-1980

Ileto, Reynaldo

1979 Pasyon and Revolution

McCoy, Alfred (ed.)

2000 Lives at the Margins: Biography of Filipinos Obscure, Ordinary, and Heroic

Melendrez - Cruz, Patricia and Apolonio Chua (eds.)


Himalay: Kalipunan ng mga Pag-aaral kay Jose Rizal

Salazar, Zeus.


Si Andres Bonifacio at ang Kabayanihang Pilipino