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The Conduct of the Christian Schools

Frontispiece: A reproduction of the first page of the printed edition of 1720.

Frontispiece: A reproduction of the first page of the printed edition of 1720.

The Conduct of the Christian Schools

by John Baptist de La Salle

Translated by F. de La Fontainerie and Richard Arnandez, FSC Edited with notes by William Mann, FSC

1996, reprinted 2007 Lasallian Publications

This volume is a translation of Conduite des Écoles chrétiennes, by John Baptist de La Salle

Lasallian Publications

Sponsored by the Regional Conference of Christian Brothers of the United States of America and of Toronto, Canada

William Quaintance, FSC Director of Publications

Daniel Burke, FSC Miguel Campos, FSC Ronald Isetti Augustine Loes, FSC

Editorial Board Luke Salm, FSC Chairman

Francis Huether, FSC Copy Editor

William Mann, FSC Donald Mouton, FSC Joseph Schmidt, FSC

The Conduct of the Christian Schools is volume 6 of Lasallian Sources:

The Complete Works of John Baptist de La Salle. Copyright © 1996 by Christian Brothers Conference, Landover, Maryland, 20785 All rights reserved

Printed in the United States of America

Library of Congress card catalog number 95-069329 ISBN 0-944808-13-1 (hardbound) ISBN 0-944808-14-x (paperback)

Cover: “Brothers’ pupils leaving church after Mass.” Painting by Jean-Joseph Lacroix. Supplied from Émile Rousset, FSC. John Baptist de La Salle, Icono- graphie. Slide 178. Boulogne, 1979.

Lasallian Publications

Sponsored by the Regional Conference of Christian Brothers of the United States and Toronto, Lasallian Publications will produce 30 vol- umes on the life, writings, and work of John Baptist de La Salle (1651–1719), founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, and on the early history of the Brothers. These volumes will be presented in two series.

Lasallian Sources, in 13 volumes, consists of new English transla- tions and editions of all the writings of John Baptist de La Salle.

Lasallian Resources consists of the three early biographies of John Baptist de La Salle, four thematic studies based on the documents contemporary with the foundation of the Brothers of the Chris- tian Schools, and translations and editions of current Lasallian studies.

Volumes Already Published in This Series

Lasallian Sources

The Letters of John Baptist de La Salle. Translated and edited by Col- man Molloy, FSC, and Augustine Loes, FSC (1988).

The Rules of Christian Decorum and Civility. Translated by Richard Ar- nandez, FSC, and edited by Gregory Wright, FSC (1990).

Collection of Various Short Treatises. Translated by William J. Batters- by, FSC, and edited by Daniel Burke, FSC (1993).

Meditations by John Baptist de La Salle. Translated by Richard Arnan- dez, FSC, and Augustine Loes, FSC. Edited by Augustine Loes, FSC, and Francis Huether, FSC (1994).

Explanation of the Method of Interior Prayer. Original translation by Richard Arnandez, FSC. Revised and edited by Donald Mouton, FSC

(1995).

Lasallian Resources

Early Biographies

The Life of John Baptist de La Salle. Canon John Baptist Blain. Trans- lated by Richard Arnandez, FSC (1985).

Early Documents

John Baptist de La Salle: The Formative Years. Luke Salm, FSC (1989).

Current Lasallian Studies

John Baptist de La Salle and Special Education: A Study of Saint Yon. Othmar Würth, FSC. Translated by Augustine Loes, FSC. Adapted by Francis Huether, FSC. Edited by Bonaventure Miner, FSC (1988).

So Favored by Grace: Education in the Time of John Baptist de La Salle. Edited by Lawrence J. Colhocker, FSC (1991).

Contents

Foreword

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xvii

Acknowledgments

 

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xix

Introduction

 

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20

Background and Influences

 

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History

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Structure and Analysis of the Book

 

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Letter of Brother Timothée Preface

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Part One School Practices and the Manner in Which They Are to Be Carried Out

 

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1. Entering School and Beginning School

 

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Article 1: Entrance of Students

 

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Article 2: Entrance of Teachers and the Beginning

 
 

of School

 

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2. Breakfast and Afternoon Snack

 

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Article 1: Teacher Attention During Breakfast and

 
 

Afternoon Snack

 

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Article 2: What Is Done During Breakfast and

 
 

Afternoon Snack

 

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53

viii

The Conduct of the Christian Schools

3. Studies

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Article 1: Lessons in General

 

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Section 1: What Concerns All Lessons

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Section 2: Teachers and Students During Lessons

 

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Section 3: Preparing Students for Promotions

 

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60

Article 2: Letters and Syllables

 

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Section 1: Use of and Seating at Alphabet and

 
 

Syllable Charts

 

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Section 2: Reading the Alphabet

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Section 3: Reading the Chart of Syllables

 

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Article 3: The Book of Syllables

 

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Article 4: The First Reader

 

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Article 5: The Second Reader

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Article 6: The Third Reader

 

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Article 7: Vowels, Consonants, Punctuation,

 
 

Accents, Numerals

 

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Article 8: The Reading of Latin

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Article 9: The Rules of Christian Civility

 

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Article 10: Documents

 

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4. Writing

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72

Article 1: General Considerations

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Article 2: Writing Materials

 

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72

Section 1: Paper

 

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72

Section 2: Pens and Penknives

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Section 3: Ink

 

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Section 4: Models

 

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. 74

Section 5: Transparencies and Blotting Paper

 

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74

Article 3: Time for and Amount of Writing in

 
 

School

 

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. 75

Contents

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Article 4: Different Levels of Writing Round

 

Hand

 

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Article 5: Different Levels of Writing Italian Script

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Article 6: Correct Position of the Body

 

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Article 7: Correctly Holding Pen and Positioning

 
 

Paper

 

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Article 8: Training to Write Well

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Article 9: Teaching Students to Trim Pens

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80

Article 10: Inspecting Writers and Correcting Writing

 

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5. Arithmetic

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6. Spelling

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7. Prayers

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Article 1: Prayers Said in School Daily

 

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Article 2: Morning Meditation and Evening

 
 

Examen of Conscience

 

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Article 3: Prayers Said in School on Special Occasions

 

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Article 4: Posture, Manner of Praying, and Order

 
 

During Prayers

 

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8. Holy Mass

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Article 1: Leaving for Mass; Deportment on the Way

 

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Article 2: Manner of Entering the Church

 

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98

Article 3: Conduct During Holy Mass

 

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Article 4: Duties of Teachers During Holy Mass

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100

Article 5: Entering Church After Mass Has Begun

 

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Article 6: Leaving Church

 

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102

Article 7: Assistance at the Parish Mass and at Vespers

 

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9. Catechism

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105

Article 1: Teaching Catechism and the Parts

 

to Be Taught

 

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105

x

The Conduct of the Christian Schools

Article 3: Duties of Teachers During Catechism

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Article 4: Duties of Students During Catechism

 

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110

Article 5: Catechism for Sundays and Holy Days

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111

10. Dismissal of School

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112

Article 1: How Students Should Leave School

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112

Article 2: Prayers Said by Students While

 

Leaving Classes

 

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. 113

Article 3: Teachers’ Duties as Students Leave

 

School and Later

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114

Part Two Means of Establishing and Maintaining Order in the Schools

 

1. The Vigilance Teachers Must Show in School

 

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118

Article 1: Care in and the Proper Manner of

 

Correcting Words

 

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118

Article 2: All in the Same Lesson Must Follow

 

the Same Lesson

 

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120

Article 3: Teachers Must Enforce Silence in School

 

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. 121

2. Signs That Are Used in the Christian Schools

 

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Article 1: Signs Used During Meals

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Article 2: Signs Concerning Lessons

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