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Technologies (Pty) Ltd.

The Biofil Toilet Digester

Promoting Health, Environment


Protection and Development

Mema, V. (Researcher, CSIR)


Gyampo, E. (Director, Biofil Technology)
The Biofil Digester – What is it?
o A simple compact on-site
organic waste treatment
system (dimensions: 1.8m
by 0.61m by 0.61m)
o Provides an enclosed
environment for the
natural decomposition
(aerobic) of any
degradable organic matter
o Uniquely combine the
benefits of the flush toilet
system and those of the
composting toilets
Principles of Operation

• Draining
• Liquids drained rapidly out through the filter medium prevent the
slow down of the biological processes, eliminating sludge build-up.
• Aerobic Decomposition
• Air gaps allow for positive suction of air at all times facilitating
aerobic degradation
• Biodegradable material is converted to CO2, water and more cell
mass for the participating micro-organisms.
• Digestion by macro-invertebrates:
• macro-invertebrates (red worms) inoculation provides stabilisation
and volume reduction
• their movements ensure aeration of the solid contents.
• Accumulation:
• Maximum solid retention in the digester is 14days
• A typical digester can handle waste for a typical family of 10.
Biodegradation Process
CO2
Microbes + macro-organisms H2O
HUMUS

Same decomposition principle as the environment on forest


floors where wildlife droppings are decomposed and
converted them into valuable nutrients for vegetation by micro-
organisms and invertebrates.
Technology objectives
• Promote health
• Prevent sludge build-up
• Eliminate odour
• Environmental Protection
• Reduce groundwater contamination
• Development
• meet the specific needs of all user groups
• Waterborne
• Dry
water supply/contamination
is an issue:
When property is an issue

Environmentally Conscious & When services are an issue


Economical approach to onsite
waste treatment
Applications

replace septic tanks in new constructions

retrofitted to correct existing failed systems


Effluent Quality Analysis
Competitive advantage in the sanitation
system
• Affordability
• Environmental Protection
• Health Benefits
• Value chain addition to waste and
contribution to water and energy security of
the locality.
• Development of independent localized treatment
systems from networked shallow sewage.
• Community gardens for food security.
• Replicable
Food

People

The Ecosan Approach


FOOD SECURITY

Water/Nutrients

Effluent Sanitisation