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Technologies (Pty) Ltd.

The Biofil Toilet Digester

Promoting Health, Environment

Protection and Development

Mema, V. (Researcher, CSIR)

Gyampo, E. (Director, Biofil Technology)
The Biofil Digester – What is it?
o A simple compact on-site
organic waste treatment
system (dimensions: 1.8m
by 0.61m by 0.61m)
o Provides an enclosed
environment for the
natural decomposition
(aerobic) of any
degradable organic matter
o Uniquely combine the
benefits of the flush toilet
system and those of the
composting toilets
Principles of Operation

• Draining
• Liquids drained rapidly out through the filter medium prevent the
slow down of the biological processes, eliminating sludge build-up.
• Aerobic Decomposition
• Air gaps allow for positive suction of air at all times facilitating
aerobic degradation
• Biodegradable material is converted to CO2, water and more cell
mass for the participating micro-organisms.
• Digestion by macro-invertebrates:
• macro-invertebrates (red worms) inoculation provides stabilisation
and volume reduction
• their movements ensure aeration of the solid contents.
• Accumulation:
• Maximum solid retention in the digester is 14days
• A typical digester can handle waste for a typical family of 10.
Biodegradation Process
Microbes + macro-organisms H2O

Same decomposition principle as the environment on forest

floors where wildlife droppings are decomposed and
converted them into valuable nutrients for vegetation by micro-
organisms and invertebrates.
Technology objectives
• Promote health
• Prevent sludge build-up
• Eliminate odour
• Environmental Protection
• Reduce groundwater contamination
• Development
• meet the specific needs of all user groups
• Waterborne
• Dry
water supply/contamination
is an issue:
When property is an issue

Environmentally Conscious & When services are an issue

Economical approach to onsite
waste treatment

replace septic tanks in new constructions

retrofitted to correct existing failed systems

Effluent Quality Analysis
Competitive advantage in the sanitation
• Affordability
• Environmental Protection
• Health Benefits
• Value chain addition to waste and
contribution to water and energy security of
the locality.
• Development of independent localized treatment
systems from networked shallow sewage.
• Community gardens for food security.
• Replicable


The Ecosan Approach



Effluent Sanitisation