Sei sulla pagina 1di 2
Instrumentation, Controls & Electrical The capacitive divider in medium-voltage switchgear SPPA-E3000 Electrical

Instrumentation, Controls & Electrical

The capacitive divider in medium-voltage switchgear

SPPA-E3000 Electrical Solutions

Voltage measurement using a capacitive divider in medium-voltage switchgear is a cost-saving alternative for medium-voltage switchgear panels, e. g. if only information about the applied operating voltage is required, or if the installation of classical voltage transformers is impossible.

In power distribution, current and voltage values are among the most important measured values. Above a certain level, the voltage can no longer be measured directly, but must first be reduced to a lower value using suitable devices – converters. In medium-voltage switchgear systems, this is mostly done using classical voltage converters based on inductive transformers.

In addition to this, capacitive voltage dividers are installed in all panels of a switchgear system for simple voltage checking.

For some applications, only information about the applied voltage is required, with no need for connecting further measurement or protective equipment. For such applications, equipping the switchgear panel with conventional voltage converters (transformers) is very expensive.

Instead, the voltage measurement function can also be achieved using a plug-in measurement top-unit. This is attached to the capacitive divider in the switchgear panel.

For such situations, voltage measurement using capacitive voltage dividers offers an efficient and cost-reducing alternative, and is ideally suited for selective deployment in medium-voltage switchgear systems.

Advantages at a Glance

Simpler and quicker assembly and commissioning of the switchgear system due to simplification of the switchgear panel

Exclusion of the risk of incorrect connections through elimination of the voltage transformers

Avoidance of errors due to the simplified system engineering

Cost savings thanks to an efficient display unit instead of a transformer

No special designs are required in the switchgear system

Simple and cost-saving retrofitting, e. g. during switchgear modernization

Increased functionality of the medium- voltage switchgear system

Possibility of cost reductions and space savings due to the elimination of the metering panel

Voltage display unit Measurement top unit
Voltage display unit
Measurement top unit
Measurement and display system for capacitive voltage measurement
Measurement and display system
for capacitive voltage measurement

The voltage display unit which is integrated into the switchgear panel and the plug-in measurement top unit can be combined into a measurement and display system.

siemens.com/sppa

Voltage measurement using inductive voltage transformers

In medium-voltage switchgear technology, inductive voltage converters are used for the purpose of measuring the alternating voltage which is present across the equipment. Using a special transformer, the high voltage which is to be measured is converted proportionally to a lower value, which can then be measured and further processed.

Voltage measurement using capacitive voltage dividers

For high voltages (over 100 kV), the design of inductive voltage transformers is very expensive, and consequently not economically sensible. For the purpose of measuring these high voltages, use is made of capacitive voltage converters based on capacitive voltage dividers.

These consist of capacitors connected in series. The voltage across individual capacitors is divided in inverse proportion to the ratios of their capacitances. The voltage is measured across one of the capacitors. If the capacitances of the capacitors in the divider are known, it is possible to calculate the applied voltage from the measured voltage.

Application areas for capacitive voltage dividers in medium-voltage switchgear systems

The relevant standards (e. g. IEC) require providing tests for verifying the voltage-free conditions on the equipment to guarantee the personal safety during operation and work on the medium-voltage switchgear. This requirement can be fulfilled, e. g., by using a voltage test system which is built into the switchgear. Such testers are based on the principle of a capacitive divider with a visual indication “voltage present”/ “no voltage present” and have now become established as standard equipment.

However, the technology used offers much more than merely

a

continual visual “yes”/“no” indication. If a suitable device

is

connected onto the measurement capacitance of the divider,

the value of the voltage can also be continuously displayed.

If this cost-effective device is used directly at the interface

of the voltage display unit, already present in the switchgear panel, the full available functionality of the voltage divider can be obtained. In this way, one creates a type of voltage converter which is also used in high-voltage switchgear. The essential advantages here are the simplification of the primary part of the switchgear system and the associated cost savings.

If further devices are connected, such as protective relays,

energy meters or measuring transducers, a voltage amplifier

is also installed. This method can be used in situations where

the installation of classical voltage transformers is either impossible or is not economic.

If this capacitive interface is installed in the busbar compart-

ment, it is possible if required to omit the metering panel.

Another area for the application of this type of voltage measure- ment is offered in the case of retrofits (functional enhancement) to existing switchgear systems, or during modernization of switchgear systems. It is then no longer necessary to make design modifications to the primary part of the switchgear.

Published by and Copyright © 2014:

Siemens AG Power and Gas Division Freyeslebenstraße 1 D-91058 Erlangen

Siemens Energy, Inc. Instrumentation, Controls, & Electrical 1345 Ridgeland Parkway, Suite 116 Alpharetta, GA 30004, USA

For more information contact

sppa-e3000.energy@siemens.com

www.siemens.com/energy/sppa-e3000

www.siemens.com/energy/sppa-e3000 Voltage measurement using a classical voltage transformer

Voltage measurement using a classical voltage transformer (above) and an optional configuration using a capacitive divider (below)

an optional configuration using a capacitive divider (below) The method of voltage measurement using capacitive dividers
an optional configuration using a capacitive divider (below) The method of voltage measurement using capacitive dividers

The method of voltage measurement using capacitive dividers represents a complete alternative to voltage transformers.

E303_FP01_MedVSwg_e_V1-0

Order no. E50001-G230-A400-X-4A00

Printed in Germany Dispo 05401

Printed on elementary chlorine-free bleached paper.

Unrestricted

AL:N ECCN:N

All rights reserved. Trademarks mentioned in this document are the property of Siemens AG, its affiliates, or their respective owners.

Subject to change without prior notice. The information in this document contains general descriptions of the technical options available, which may not apply in all cases. The required technical options should therefore be specified in the contract.