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3.

3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

The student is expected to:

3E evaluate models
according to their limitations in
representing biological objects or
events;
4B investigate and explain
cellular processes, including
homeostasis, energy conversions,
transport of molecules, and
synthesis of new molecules;
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

(Continued)

9A
compare the structures and functions of
different types of biomolecules,
including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,
and nucleic acids
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

KEY CONCEPT The cell membrane is a barrier that


separates a cell from the external environment.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane has two major functions.

cell membrane
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane has two major functions.
• forms a boundary between inside and outside of the
cell

cell membrane outside cell

inside cell
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane has two major functions.
• forms a boundary between inside and outside of the
cell
• controls passage of materials
cell membrane outside cell

inside cell
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane is made of a phospholipid bilayer.

cell membrane
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane is made of a phospholipid bilayer.
• There are other molecules embedded in the membrane.

carbohydrate protein
cell membrane
chain

cholesterol

protein protein channel


3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane is made of a phospholipid bilayer.
• There are other molecules embedded in the membrane.
• The fluid mosaic model describes the membrane.

carbohydrate protein
cell membrane
chain

cholesterol

protein protein channel


3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane is selectively permeable.

Some molecules can cross the membrane


while others cannot.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Cell membranes are composed of two phospholipid


layers.
• The cell membrane is selectively permeable.

Some molecules can cross the membrane


while others cannot.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Chemical signals are transmitted across the cell


membrane.
• Receptors bind with ligands and change shape.
• There are two types of receptors.
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Chemical signals are transmitted across the cell


membrane.
• Receptors bind with ligands and change shape.
• There are two types of receptors.
• intracellular receptor
3.3 Cell Membrane TEKS 3E, 4B, 9A

• Chemical signals are transmitted across the cell


membrane.
• Receptors bind with ligands and change shape.
• There are two types of receptors.
• intracellular receptor
• membrane receptor