Sei sulla pagina 1di 14

THE USE OF ‘LECTORA INSPIRE’ TO TEACH READING

COMPREHENSION IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

It Submitted To Fulfill The Final Examination Of “Computer-Based Media in Language


Learning”

By Lecturer
Renita Donasari, M.Pd.

By :
1. FRISCA PUSPITASARI (17203163147)
2. SITI MAHMUDAH (17203163163)
3. NURDEENEE LATEH (17203163226)

ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT


FACULTY OF TARBIYAH AND TEACHER TRAINING
STATE ISLAMIC INSTITUTE (IAIN) OF TULUNGAGUNG
MEI 2018
THE USE OF ‘LECTORA INSPIRE’ TO TEACH READING
COMPREHENSION IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOLL

ABSTRACT

Lectora Inspire is an Electronic learning (eLearning) development tool, also known as


authoring software, developed by Trivantis Corporation. Lectora Inspire is used to
create online training courses, assessments, and presentations. It is also used for the
conversion of Microsoft PowerPoint presentations into e-learning content (Mas'ud,
2012:3). Using assure analysis to know the effectiveness of the use of media a learning
model that can be used for appropriate media types in the learning process, this assure
was developed to create an effective and efficient learning activity, especially on
learning activities that use media and technology, oriented on efficient learning activity.
learning strategy or selection and utilization of methods, media, and teaching materials.
The students are able to a reading of the text, Students are able to understand from the
reading of the text and A very effective Lectora inspire application is used to help
student reading and answer the question from the classroom. This article is aimed to
discuss the use of Lectora to teach reading comprehension. Therefore the research
questions are constructed as follows 1) How is the process of teaching reading
comprehension by using Lectora Inspire?, 2) How is the result of assuring analysis of
the use of Lectora inspire to teach reading comprehension? This site provides free
English language learning services with a limit of up to thirty days. Lectora presents an
ideal site to hone your English skills through multiple choice features. Such as the
purposes of presentation, or create problem with the feedback. You will read the
Narrative text with practice questions. And can only be downloaded on the computer.

Keyword: Lectora Inspire, Assure Analysis, reading comprehension


INTRODUCTION
English has four language skills. They are reading, listening, speaking, and
writing. Reading is one of the fourth skills in English. Speaking and writing include
language production, they are productive skills. On the other hand, listening and reading
involve accepting the message, so they are as receptive skills (Harmer, 1989: 16).
Reading may be one of the important skills in learning English. Reading consists of two
processes, word recognition, and comprehension (Elizabeth, 2013: 6). A reader must
conceive the reading for the purpose, it needs a practical and exact method. When
people talk about reading, it automatically related to comprehension. In order to make
students good in reading comprehension, teachers may use not only textbooks but also
use multimedia learning. There are many methods to teach English, we choose one of
the methods by using interactive learning media. It is applying software multimedia
learning namely Lectora Inspire. Lectora Inspire is an authoring tool which can be
easily used by any common teachers and lecturers to make contents of interactive
learning media. Lectora Inspire it familiar with us who have known and mastering
Microsoft Office (Mas'ud, 2012:3). The important of Lectora Inspire help in the
learning process because in the natural learning is the process of communication. These
processes make true by explaining communication and exchange message from the
teacher to the students; the messages are knowledge, skill, ability, idea, and experience
that showed to the student by Lectora Inspire. Use media based technology in this cases
utilization of Lectora Inspire can help the teacher explain the reading material. This
article focused on understanding to students reading comprehension. the students can
get a question of narrative text from the teachers and students do question it with the
ability that they have. After they do question it, every question that they do will appear a
feedback. And to do question the next, students must complete a question of earlier.
Basically, they do have to sequence.

THEORY OF LITERATURE REVIEW


A. Media
The word media comes from the Latin plural of medium. The traditional view is that
it should, therefore, be treated as a plural noun in all its senses in English and be used
with a plural rather than a singular verb: the media have not followed the reports (rather
than ‘has'). In practice, in the sense ‘television, radio, and the press collectively', it
behaves as a collective noun (like staff or clergy, for example), which means that it is
now acceptable in standard English for it to take either a singular or a plural verb. The
word is also increasingly used in the plural form medias, as if it had a conventional
singular form of media, especially when referring to different forms of new media, and
in the sense ‘the material or form used by an artist': there were great efforts made by the
medias of the involved countries about 600 works in all genres and medias were
submitted for review.
Media types can generally be divided into:
▪ Visual media is a media that can be seen, read and touched. This media relies on
the sense of sight and touch. For example media photos, pictures, comics, etc.
▪ Audio media is the only audible medium, using the ear sense as the channel. For
example sounds, music, and song, musical instrument, etc.
▪ Audiovisual media is medium that can be heard and viewed simultaneously.
This media moves the sense of hearing and sight simultaneously.

And application Lectora Inspire using audiovisual media because in Lectora inspire,
students can hear and see some tools. For example media drama, movies television,
pictures, text etc.

B. Lectora Inspire
According to Mas'ud (2012:1-2), Lectora Inspire as Authoring Tool to develop
the content of e-learning that developed by Trivantis Corporation. In 1999, Lectora
Inspire was founded by Timothy D. Laudermilk in Cincinnati, Ohio, Amerika.
Lectora Inspire can make online course simple and so quickly. Lectora has 5
achievements in 2011, as Innovation product learning, Authoring Tool, The best
tool presentation, and the best technology of e-learning. In the system of teaching-
learning, PowerPoint is familiar media to present the material. But the fact different
between power point and Lectora Inspire is PowerPoint software is produced to
make the presentation not to became multimedia learning, it different when Lectora
Created to become Multimedia Learning. Even though we can exploit power point
to became interested learning multimedia.

C. Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension is the ability to process text, understand its meaning, and to
integrate it with what the reader already knows. Fundamental skills required in efficient
reading comprehension are knowing meaning of words, ability to understand meaning
of a word from discourse context, ability to follow organization of passage and to
identify antecedents and references in it, ability to draw inferences from a passage about
its contents, ability to identify the main thought of a passage, ability to answer questions
answered in a passage, ability to recognize the literary devices or propositional
structures used in a passage and determine its tone, to understand the situational mood
(agents, objects, temporal and spatial reference points, casual and intentional
inflections, etc.) conveyed for assertions, questioning, commanding, refraining etc. and
finally ability to determine writer's purpose, intent and point of view, and draw
inferences about the writer (discourse-semantics). An individual's ability to comprehend
text is influenced by their skills and their ability to process information. If word
recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read
individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read. There
are a number of reading strategies to improve reading comprehension and inferences,
including improving one's vocabulary, critical text analysis (intertextuality, actual
events vs. narration of events, etc.) and practicing deep reading

RESEARCH METHOD

a. Research Question
1) How is the process of teaching reading comprehension by using Lectora Inspire?

2) How is the result of assure analysis of the use of Lectora inspire to teach
reading comprehension?
b. Assure Analysis
Assure is an instructional design model that has the goal of producing more
effective teaching and learning. The journal will explore the analysis of the use of
Lectora Inspire with the uses systems assure. Assure in an acronym that stands for
the various steps in the model. The following is a breakdown of each step:
1. Analyze Learners
The first step was taken teachers, for whom the media that suitable to be
applied as learning media. Teachers know the media it is applied where the
teacher will be easier to focus the skills are applied. The information gathered
will help you in the decision with respect to other steps in the process.
2. State Standards and Objectives
After the teacher do where the media was applicable, the teacher then
does the standard achievement or expectation with the use of the application.
By applying the standard of achievement the students in using the application.
For example, the achievement that the students will know many of the
vocabulary words and the students will be able to create or write a sentence.
The objective can easy students to know what to do with the use of media
which teachers give and students will know how the process to achieve the
standard applied by the teacher.
3. Select Strategies, Technology, Media, and Materials
After applying the standard of achievement or expectation by using
media. Next step is to select the strategy what should be taken to achieve
these expectations. As well as select what media to use and what materials
should be used support the media. With the conduct of selections strategy,
media and materials that will be used to support the achievement of the
targeted will facilitate the teacher in providing instruction to students to do
something that is targeted to achieve maximum results.
4. Utilize Technology, Media, and Material
After making the selection of strategy, media and materials the next step is
how to use an application. To guide the students how to use the application,
students will be more familiar and students will be more try to uses these
applications in the classroom or outside the classroom.
5. Require Learner Participation
In this process requires the participation of teachers after giving instructions
to students to use an app to support one of their skills. Then here teacher
checks the students with the methods applied to support one of the skills
owned by providing a feedback if they make a mistake so that no error
repeatedly.
6. Evaluate and Revise
The last step of assure is to give a kind of evaluation and revision in the
use of media in the study. For example, media that is applied in matched or
not is applied in schools already reflected. As well as how that has been
successfully used or not to support one of the abilities of the students.

C.Participants
In this journal is the participation of teachers and Senior High School
students using Lectora Inspire. The teachers follow participants and guide the
students using Lectora Inspire. Finally, the students can use the Lectora Inspire
application correctly and the students increase their reading comprehension using
Lectora Inspire application.
d. Target
The target of the learning that the teacher is applying the students. Students
should be able to improve their vocabulary by using the game-based education is
Lectora Inspire. The expectations of the teacher, the students are more interested
and the spirit of learning by using Lectora Inspire and the vocabulary of the
students to be more.
e. Procedure
First of all the teacher should have the students to download the Lectora
Inspire application on the play store. After that, the students must install the
application. Enrolling students are taught to use the Lectora Inspire application.
Then the students know how to use the teacher must target each student every day
that is must spend one part consisting of any levels.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION


A. Research Question
 How to process of teaching reading comprehension?
The first, introduce students to the application, After that, the teacher instructed
students to instal the application, The teacher targets to students for reading and
give the question of the text, Next is the students answer the question, Check the
results of the students after they answer the question and the teacher gives the result
of the students. Give feedback on what the student did to know the mistake so that
students do not repeat the mistake again.
A very effective Lectora inspire application is used to help student reading and
answer the question from the classroom.
 How is the result of assure analysis of the use of Lectora inspire to teach
reading comprehension?
The students are able to reading of the text, Students are able to understand from
the reading of the text and A very effective Lectora inspire application is used to
help student reading and answer the question from the classroom
B. Assure
This site provides free English language learning services with a limit of up to
thirty days. Modules and a comprehensive learning system in various concepts. Some of
the concepts offered include learning systems with multiple choice, true-false, and like
power point. All topics can be accessed based on needs and interests in Lectora Inspire.
Lectora presents an ideal site to hone your English skills through multiple choice
features. Such as the purposes of presentation, or create problem with the feedback. You
will read the Narrative text with practice questions. And can only be downloaded on the
computer.

Media Lectora Inspire

Analyze Learners Senior High School

State Objectives The students are able to reading the


text.
Students are able to understand from
the reading

Select methods, media, and material Method:


Media: Lectora Inspire
Material: Narrative Text

Utilize Media and Material 1. The first, introduce students to


the application.
2. After that, the teacher instructs
to students to install the
application.
3. The teacher targets to students
for reading and give the
question of the text using
application Lectora inspire
4. Next is the students answer the
question

Require learner participation Check the results of the students after


they answer the questions and the
teacher gives the result of the students.

Give feedback on what the student did


to know the mistake so that students
do not repeat the mistake again.

Evaluate and Revise A very effective Lectora inspire


application is used to help student
reading and answer the question from
the classroom

The use ASSURE analysis can make students eleventh grade in Senior High School
understood about using Lectora to drill their reading skill. Why we choose class
eleven? Because eleven grade class the students can already operate the computer
can already read critically, including a reading of the text.
The Procedure Using Application:
1. The first download the application Lectora Inspire and open the application.
Then will appear to look like below.
2. Click “TEST & SURVEY”

3. Then click QUESTION, and choose “MULTIPLE CHOICE”


4. Then will appear like this.

5. Then write your questions in the "QUESTION" column, and the choices are
column underneath. You can choose the answer that you think is right to be the
key answer.

6. You can also give feedback. Check “Enable Feedback” then replace the
feedback that you want. Such as “CORRECT” and “INCORRECT”. Then click
“OK”.
7. Then will appear like this.

8. Then you can run your question. Click “RUN”, so will as display below.

9. If your answer is correct, so will appear feedback "CORRECT".


10. Otherwise, if your answer is incorrect, so will appear feedback "INCORRECT".

CONCLUSION

Lectora Inspire as Authoring Tool to develop the content of e-learning that


developed by Trivantis Corporation. The implementation of Lectora Inspire in reading
comprehension of eleventh-grade students. The students can be conducted they are
recognizing a writer purpose and finding the answer to important the text. This article
focused on understanding to students reading comprehension. following the structure of
a passage, vocabulary knowledge, and to conducted students reading comprehension.
From the result of analysis of learning media Lectora Inspire, it is declared worthy of
use. in order for the learning media to be used in general, then this device needs to be
tested in real to know the level of reliability, in terms of real use in the learning process.

REFERENCES

Dallman. Rouch. Char. Doboer. 1982. The Teaching of Reading (Sixth Edition).
Canada: CBS College Publishing.

Dechan, V. 1982. Improving The Teaching Reading: Third Edition. USA:


Prentice Hall.

Muhammad Mas’ud. 2014. Tutorial Lectora 1 Membuat Multimedia Pembelajaran


Dengan Lectora Inspire. Pustaka Shonif. Yogyakarta.
Arsyad, Azhar. (2013). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT Rajagrafindo Persada

Baker, L., & Beal, L.C. (2009). Metacognitive Processes and Reading Comprehension.
In. S.E. Israel & G.G. Duffy (Eds.). Handbook of Research on Reading
Comprehension (pp. 373-388). New York: Routledge.