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LEGAL ENGLISH WORKSHOP – EXERCISES AND ACTIVITIES

GENERALITIES ON LAW

Definitions of Law

Once you have finished the Reading drill, please give a short and concise definition of Law:

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After watching the video podcast, please try to answer the following exercises:

1) Are the following statements TRUE (T) or FALSE (F):


A. Natural Law is inherent just to those in power. T F
B. Social justice is a new movement in law today. T F
2) Choose the right option A, B or C:
A. Jurisprudence is the practice of law.
B. Jurisprudence is the background of law.
C. Jurisprudence is the philosophy of law.
3) Choose the right option A, B or C:
A. Self Law claims that those in power control others.
B. Self Law claims that we all control ourselves.
C. Self Law claims that power comes from the authorities.

Branches of Law

How many branches of law can you recall right now? Are there any new fields you have heard of?

Persons and Documents in Court

The person who initiates a civil lawsuit is called …………………………………

The person who is sued in a civil lawsuit is called …………………………………

An application to a court to obtain an order, ruling or decision ………………………………..

A sworn statement to tell the truth that can be used as proof in court ………………………………...
CORPORATE LAW (COMPANY LAW)

Listen to the conversation and tick the documents required for formation that the lawyer mentions.

1 DBA filing О 5 stock certificates О

2 articles of incorporation О 6 IRS &State S Corporation election О

3 stock ledger О 7 bylaws О

4 general partnership agreement О 8 organizational board resolutions О

Mention five (04) types of fundamental changes in a corporation or company (e.g. takeover)

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CONTRACTUAL LAW

Read through the text about contractual law and then match the following questions (a – e) with the
paragraphs that answer them (1 – 5):

a. What form can an enforceable contract take? …………….


b. When do third parties possess enforceable rights in a contract? ………….
c. Upon which grounds related to the formation of a contract may its validity be attacked? …………
d. What are the elements of an enforceable contract? ……………
e. What are the essential terms of a contract? …………..

After watching the podcast about types of contracts please answer the following questions:

1 Mention 2 types of contract ………………………………………….. ……………………………………

2 Elements of a contract …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3 Subjects or Actors in a Contract …………………………………… ………………………………

4 Situations that may prevent consent ………………………………………………………………………………………

TORT LAW OR LAW OF TORTS

Give the corresponding term for the definitions below. The terms appear in the reading excerpt from the
handouts:

1 ……………………. - a breach of duty towards other people generally

2 ……………………. - financial compensation for loss or injury

3 ……………………. - physical or economic harm or loss


4 …………………….. - person who makes a claim

5 …………………….. - making public a statement about someone’s reputation

6 ……………………… - total legal responsibility for an offence which has been committed

7 ……………………… - an interference with private property

8 ……………………… - spoken statement which damages someone’s character

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW

After reading the text in the handout, match the terms with their corresponding definitions:

Terms: A – Trademark B – Copyright C – Design Right D – Patent

1 Right which prohibits the copying of an original, non-commonplace design of the shape or
configuration of a product ………….
2 Exclusive right granted by a government to an inventor which prevents others from making,
using or selling his or her invention …………..
3 Exclusive right granted to authors of creative works to control the use of their original works
……………..
4 Distinctive registered mark used by a business to identify itself and its products or services to
consumers ……………

OTHER AREAS OF LAW

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

How many articles does the 1993 Peruvian Constitution comprise? ……………………….

How many constitutional writs does the 1993 Peruvian Constitution include? …………………

Which are they? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

CRIMINAL LAW

Which are the main types of crimes? …………………………………………. …………………………………………

Mention as many crimes as you may remember …………………………………………………………………………………

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Mention four (04) cyber crimes ………………. ……………… ……………… ……………...


NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

Read the text in the study materials’ handout and decide whether these statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE
(F):

1 The possession of a negotiable instrument can be freely transferred physically or through


signature. T F

2 An endorsement refers to a signature which serves to transfer ownership of the instrument to


another party. T F

3 The nemo dat rule is strictly applied to the use of negotiable instruments. T F

4 Negotiable instruments are used to obtain credit or to pay financial obligations. T F

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

Mention the main principles framed international environmental law:

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COMPETITION LAW OR ANTITRUST LAW

Give examples of anti-competitive activities ………………………………………………………………………………………

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INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ENGLISH TESTS

ILEC (INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ENGLISH TEST) (discontinued)

Reading – Writing – Listening - Speaking

TOLES (TEST OF LEGAL ENGLISH SKILLS)

Levels: Foundation – Higher – Advanced

Reading – Writing – Listening (only in the Higher level)