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Structure of Electric Power System

1. Draw the structure of electric power system.

2. Match the Following

Generation 11 KV, 33 KV, 66 KV

Primary Transmission 5 KV

Secondary Transmission 132 KV

Primary Distribution 440 V/220 V

Secondary Distribution Step up / Step down


voltage

Transformer 11 KV
.
3. Identify the type of AC Distribution

Answer:__________________________ Answer:_______________________________

4. List out the types of Distributors

5.List out the comprehensive


significance from the below
mentioned system
1.____________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________

3.____________________________________________________________________

6. List out Four HVDC Links with ranges in India

1.__________________________

2.__________________________

3.___________________________

4.___________________________

7. Analyze the Chart and justify your comments

1.____________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________

3.____________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________
8. Compare UG cable Transmission and underground Transmission

Underground Cable Transmission Overhead Transmission

9. Say Yes or No for the properties of a UG Cable

High insulation resistance to avoid leakage current.

Easily Breakable

High mechanical strength to withstand the mechanical handling of cables

Non-inflammable

Unaffected by acids and alkalis to avoid any chemical action

High Elasticity

High dielectric strength to avoid electrical breakdown of the cable

10. The process of achieving uniform ___________________ in the dielectric of


cables is known as grading of cables.

11. A 3-phase overhead transmission line has its conductors arranged at the corners of an equilateral triangle of
2 m side. Calculate the capacitance of each line conductor per km. Given that diameter of each conductor is
1·25 cm.

Given data

It is ____________________ type of 3phase overhead line

Conductor radius, r = Spacing of conductors, d =


Formula: Capacitance of each line conductor

Calaculations

Answer: Capacitance=0·0096 F/km

12. Derive the String Efficiency

K=C1/C

Applying Kirchhoff’s current law to node A

I2 = I1 +______

V2ω C* = ___________+ V1ω C1

Sub K in above equation V2ω C = V1ω C + ____________

∴ V2 = _________________ ...(i)

Applying Kirchhoff’s current law to node B, we get,

I3 = ______________________

or V3 ω C = V2ω C + (V1 + V2) ω C1

V3 ω C = ___________ + (V1 + V2) ω K C

V3 = ______________________

= KV1 + V2 (1 + K)

= KV1 + V1 (1 + K)2 [ V2 = V1 (1 + K)]

= V1 [K + (1 + K)2]

∴ V3 = V1[1 + 3K + K2] ...(ii)

Voltage between conductor and earth (i.e., tower) is

V = V1 + V2 + V3

= V1 + V1(1 + K) + V1 (1 + 3K + K2)
= _______________________________

∴ V = ____________________________ ...(iii)

From expressions (i), (ii) and (iii), we get,

V1/1=V2/1+K=V3/1+3K+ K 2 =V/(1+K)(3+K) ...(iv)

Voltage across top unit, V1 = V/(1 + K)(3 + K)

Voltage across second unit from top, V2 = V1 (1 + K)

Voltage across third unit from top, V3 = V1 (1 + 3K + K2)