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DESIGN OF GROUND LEVEL RESERVOIR

Basic Data:
LOCATION:-10 kl capacity GLR at village …………... …………. in gram panchayat …………………………..
Capacity of Reservoir = 10 m3

(As per the site


Soil Bearing Capacity = 10 t/m3 condition)
Depth of foundation = 1 m Indian standard
(As per (Assumed)hand
Seismic Zone = II nd book)
Wind Speed in the zone = 47.22 m/s

Assumed size of various components of CWR

The dimensions of the tank are assumed as under:


Internal diameter of water tank IDT=d 3 m
Dia of top dome DTD= 3 m
Height tank wall HTW=h 1.8 m
Free Board FB=fb 0.2 m
Total Hieght HTW+FB= 2
Rise of top dome RSD=Rtd 0.60 m
Thickness of top dome TTD=thd 0.125 m
Width of ring beam over column TRBW=Bt 0.15 m
Depth of ring beam over columns TRBD=Dt 0.15 m
Thickness of vertical wall at Top TWT=tt 0.15 m
Thickness of vertical wall at bottom TWB=tb 0.15 m
Thickness of vertical wall (Average) TWA=ta 0.15 m
Radius of dome Rd 2.175 m
Inner Dia bottom dome db= 3 m
Rise of top dome RSD=Rtd 0.6 m
Thickness of top dome TTD=thd 0.15 m
Radius of dome Ratd 2.175
Dia of bottom dome DBD= 3 m
Rise of bottom dome RBD=Rbd 0.6 m
Thickness of bottom dome TBD=thbd 0.15 m
Radius of bottom dome Rabd 2.175 m
LOADS:
Live Loads:
Live load on top dome LLTD= 0.75 KN/m2

Dead Loads:
Considered only the self weight of the structure
Wind Loads:
Calculated considering the basic wind speed as 47.22 m/s
Seismic Loads
The zone has been considered in the II zone and accordingly the loads have been calculated.

Grade of concrete used:


For top dom & ring beam 25 N/mm2 k= 0.418 R=
For vertical wall 25 N/mm 2
k= 0.418 R=
For foundations 25 N/mm 2
k= 0.418 R=
Value of j= 0.861
TABLE SHOWING COVERS AND LAP LENGTHS
ITEM TYPE OF LAP CLEAR COVER IN mm
BAR LENGTH ______________________
Water face Other
Top & bottom Dome Sq. mesh 30xD 35 30

Hoops 60xD 35 30

Edge beam Hoops 60xD 40 40


Vertical Verticals 30xD 35 35
Wall Hoops 60XD 35 35
Foundation All Type 60xD -- 40
Steel for all RCC work = Fe 415 grade

CALCULATION FOR CAPACITY OF TANK


Volume of water in cylindrical
portion=3.1416x3^2x1.8/4 = 12.7 m3
Any other deduction in capacity = 2.23 m3
(For bottom dome)
dead storage 0.047
Actual volume provided = 10.4 m3
wt of water = 10.4 MT
BEARING PRESSURE CALCULATION
WEIGHT OF CONCRETE=+ADDL THICKNESS
WT OF SLAB = 14.08 MT
WEIGHT OF WATER=PI()*IDT^2*HTW/4 MT = 10.4 MT
TOTAL = 24.52 MT
AVG BEARING PRESSURE ON SOIL WITH WT
OF CONCRETE TANK EMPTY = 1.778 MT /SQM
AVG BEARING PRESSURE ON SOIL WITH WT
OF CONCRETE & WATER TANK FILLED = 3.097 MT /SQM
ALLOWABLE STRESS AS SPT TEST = 10.000 MT /SQM HENCE SAFE

DESIGN & CHEKING OF FLOOR


(A) CHECK OF FLOOR TANK EMPTY
PRESSURE ON FLOOR = 1.778 MT /SQM

DOWNWARD PRESSURE OF SLAB & PCC = 0.288 MT /SQM


NET UPWARD PRESSURE 1.489 MT /SQM
(B) CHECK OF FLOOR TANK FULL
PRESSURE ON FLOOR = 3.097 MT /SQM
DOWNWARD PRESSURE OF SLAB & PCC = 0.615 MT /SQM
DOWNWARD PRESSURE OF WATER IN TANK 0.500 MT /SQM
NET UPWARD PRESSURE 1.982 MT /SQM HENCE SAFE

DESIGN OF TOP DOME


Diameter at base of dome = 3 m
Rise of lower face of top dome = 0.6 m
Radius of top domeRATD = 2.18 m

Rise of centre line of top dome = 0.5375 m

Radius of centre line of top dome = 1.875 m

Span of the dome at centre line = 3.063

Cos.O = 0.71
COS-1 Theta (t) = 44.5 degree <51.8 DEG OK
Therefore, the dome is in compression throughout
Thickness of top dome adopted t= 0.125 m
Self weight of the dome = 3.125 KN/m2

Live Load on the top dome = 1.5 KN/m2


Total Load on the top dome = 4.63 KN/m2
No = 5.87 KN/m
Maximum Maridiomal stress = 0.05 N/mm2
=wR/(1+Cos O)/t
Maximum hoop stress = 0.040 N/mm2
=wR/2/t

Both the max. Stresses are compressive and within limits hence min. temp. Reinf. @ 0.24% of gross sectional
Area shall be provided as per the thickness of dome adopted.
% Of reinforcement. Required = 0.24 %

Area of reinforcement required = 300.00 mm2

Diameter of bars to be provided = 8 mm

Spacing of bars required both ways = 167.57 mm c/c Say 150.00


3.14 x 8^2/4x1000/300
Spacing to be provided = 150.00 mm c/c
The reinforcement shall be provided in form of cross-mesh at bottom of top dome with required clear cover.
For continuity, reinforcement provided in the top dome should be extended into ring the beam.
Also the reinforcement from the ring beam shear stirrups shall be extended into the dome up to0.2m

Dia of circumferential bars provided at top 8 mm

Number of bars required = 1 Nos.


Say 1 Nos.

DESIGN OF TOP RING BEAM


Internal diameter of the beam = 3 m
`Centre line dia. of the ring beam = 3.15 m
Adopted size of the ring beam
Width of the ring beam = 0.15 m
Depth of the ring beam = 0.15 m
Meridonial thrust at the edges = 91.74 Kg/m rum
Hoop tension in the beam = 144.49 Kg
Area of steel required = 9.63 Sq mm
Dia of bars to be provided = 8 mm
Number of bars required = 0.19 Nos. Say 4.0
Number of required to resist the hoop
Area of steel PROVIDED = 201.06 mm2
The area provided in the ring beam and the slab is sufficient to resist the horizontal forces so the size of the
Beam shall be decided as per moment in the beam.

DESIGN OF VERTICAL WALL


A) Case-I Water Inside outside soil is away
Internal diameter of tank = 3 m
Water depth for design purpose = 2 m (including free board)

Net Height of wall = 2 m


Average thickness adopted = 0.15 mm
H^2/Dt Rounddown Diff
H^2/Dt = 8.89 8.00 0.89
2^2/3x0.15

The wall shall be designed as per clause No. 3.1.2 & 3.1.3 of IS 3370 Part IV for the Hoop tension. The cylindrical
Wall has been considered as hinged at base and free at top subjected to triangular load.
The hoop tension in the wall Coefficient x w HD/2 Kg/m
Distance Distance from Coefficient for Hoop tension Area of steel Min
bottom Hoop Tension per in KN required for Thickness
hoop tension required
per in mm2
From top (M) (mm)
(M)
0 2 -0.012 -0.36 -2.74 -0.24
0.2 1.8 0.096 2.87 22.05 1.96
0.4 1.6 0.204 6.13 47.18 4.20
0.6 1.4 0.318 9.55 73.44 6.54
0.8 1.2 0.436 13.09 100.69 8.96
1 1 0.559 16.76 128.92 11.47
1.2 0.8 0.663 19.90 153.05 13.62
1.4 0.6 0.712 21.35 164.23 14.62
1.6 0.4 0.646 19.39 149.15 13.27
1.8 0.2 0.407 12.21 93.90 8.36
2 0 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00

Distance form top (M) Distance from Provided Steel Min steel Hoop
bottom thickness required steel to be

(mm) mm2 Required Provided


mm 2
mm2

0 2 150.00 -2.74 360.00 360.00


0.2 1.8 150.00 22.05 360.00 360.00
0.4 1.6 150.00 47.18 360.00 360.00
0.6 1.4 150.00 73.44 360.00 360.00
0.8 1.2 150.00 100.69 360.00 360.00
1 1 150.00 128.92 360.00 360.00
1.2 0.8 150.00 153.05 360.00 360.00
1.4 0.6 150.00 164.23 360.00 360.00
1.6 0.4 150.00 149.15 360.00 360.00
1.8 0.2 150.00 93.90 360.00 360.00
2 0 150.00 0.00 360.00 360.00

The vertical wall shjall be designed as per clause 5.4b of IS3370(PartII)

Moment calculation in the wall as per clause 3.1.1of IS3370(PartIV)

As per Table 10 of IS3370(PartIV)


Distance form top (M) Coeff. Moment Min TH TH Steel Req
C CwH3 reqd. Provided

kN-M mm mm2
0 0 0.0000 0.00 150.00 0.00
0.2 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 150.00 0.00
0.4 0.0001 0.0000 0.34 150.00 0.00
0.6 0.0002 0.0003 1.06 150.00 0.02
0.8 0.0006 0.0032 3.26 150.00 0.23
1 0.0004 0.0040 3.65 150.00 0.29
1.2 0.0024 0.0415 11.76 150.00 3.03
1.4 0.0034 0.0933 17.63 150.00 6.81
1.6 0.0029 0.1170 19.75 150.00 8.54
1.8 -0.0018 0.1024 18.47 150.00 7.48
2 -0.0135 1.0827 60.07 150.00 79.09

Providing the spacing of the bars as per the minimum required

Maximum bending moment at the base of wall = 1.0827 KN-m/m


Mini. Over wall thickness reqd. for no crack = 60.1 mm OK
= m
Thickness of wall provided = 150 mm
Dia of bars proposed to be used = 8 mm
Effective depth of section available 400-35-12/2 = 117 mm
Area of steel required = 180.00 Sq. mm
Area of steel required=MAX OF 79.09&180.00
Spacing of bars required = 27.93 Cm C/C

Spacing of bars provided = 20.00 Cm C/C


Height of bars near inner face = 0.7 m
Thickness of wall at0.7m above base = 0.15 m
Temp. steel required in vertical direction = 0.23 %
Area of steel required on each face = 171.4 Sq. cm
Dia of bars proposed to be used at outer face = 8 mm 325
Spacing of bars = 29.33 Cm C/C
Spacing of bars provided = 20.00 Cm C/C
The outer face bars shsall be extended in the 150
dome for a length of = 1 m

DESIGN OF Bottom DOME


Diameter at base of dome = 3 m
Rise of lower face of bottom dome = 0.6 m
Radius of bottom domeRabD = 2.18 m

Rise of centre line of bottom dome = 0.525 m

Radius of centre line of bottom dome = 2.100 m

Span of the dome at centre line = 3.075

Cos.O = 0.75

COS-1 Theta (t) = 41.4 degree <51.8 DEG OK


Therefore, the dome is in compression throughout
Thickness of bottom dome adopted t= 0.15 m
Self weight of the dome = 3.75 KN/m2

Water Load on the bottom dome = 15 KN/m2


Total Load on the bottom dome = 18.75 KN/m2
No = 23.30 KN/m
Maximum Maridiomal stress = 0.16 N/mm2
=wR/(1+Cos O)/t
Maximum hoop stress = 0.136 N/mm2
=wR/2/t
Both the max. Stresses are compressive and within limits hence min. temp. Reinf. @ 0.24% of gross sectional
Area shall be provided as per the thickness of dome adopted.
% Of reinforcement. Required = 0.24 %

Area of reinforcement required = 360.00 mm2

Diameter of bars to be provided = 8 mm

Spacing of bars required both ways = 139.64 mm c/c Say 130.00


3.14 x 8^2/4x1000/360
Spacing to be provided = 130.00 mm c/c
The reinforcement shall be provided in form of cross-mesh at bottom of bottom dome with required clear cover.
For continuity, reinforcement provided in the bottom dome should be extended into ring the beam.
Also the reinforcement from the ring beam shear stirrups shall be extended into the dome up to0.2m

Dia of circumferential bars provided at top 8 mm

Number of bars required = 2 Nos.


Say 2 Nos.
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING(TANK FULL)
Thickness of foundtion slab = 150 mm
Depth of footing below ground level = 1 m
Safe bearing capacity = 10000 Kg/m2
Maximum allowable bearing capacity = 10000 Kg/m3
Width of the heel slab = 0.325 m
Width of the toe slab = 0.325 m (Assumed)
Width of wall at base = 0.15 m (Assumed)
Total width of footing = 0.8 m
DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING(TANK FULL )
Load and moments in the footing
Load due to item Load per
Distance
m from edge of
Moment
heel about edge of heel
Kg m Kg-m
Vertical wall part-I 1125 0.4 450
Vertical wall part-2 0 0.400 0.00
Weight from flat roof 271.88 0.400 108.75
Weight of water 1800 0.1625 292.5
UPLIFT PRESSURE 0 0 0
Weight of bottom dome 326.25 0.4 130.50
Net moment due to 108.27
Total 3523.13 1090.02

Distance of point of crossing or resultant with bas = 0.310 m


Eccentricity of loading = 0.0900 m
0.8/2-0.31
Maximum Soil pressure at edge of heel = 7376.54 Kg/m2
W(1+6e/b) Size adopted is O.K.
Minimum Soil pressure at edge of toe = 1431.27 Kg/m2
W(1-6e/b)

DESIGN OF WALL FOOTING(TANK EMPTY & UPLIFT)


Load and moments in the footing
Load due to item Load per
Distance
m from edge of
Moment
heel about edge of heel
Kg m Kg-m
Vertical wall part-I 675 0.4 270
Vertical wall part-2 0 0.40 0.00
Weight from flat roof 271.88 0.4 108.75
Weight of water 1800 0.1625 292.5
UPLIFT PRESSURE 0 0 0
Weight of base slab 300 0.4 120.00
Net moment due to
Total 3046.88 791.25

Distance of point of crossing or resultant with bas = 0.260 m


Eccentricity of loading = 0.1400 m
0.8/2 - 0.26
Maximum Soil pressure at edge of heel = 7807.62 Kg/m2
W(1+6e/b) Size adopted is O.K.
Minimum Soil pressure at edge of toe = -190.43 Kg/m2
W(1-6e/b)
W(1-6e/b)
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
Maximum pressure at the edge = 1431.27 Kg/m2 From bearing pressure
Pressure at wall edge of toe = 3846.54 Kg/m2 163.545
1431.27 - (1431.27 - 7376.54) x0.325/0.8
maximum bending moment = 139.37 Kg-m
(1431.27+3846.54)/2x0.325^2/2
Deducting moment due to self weight = 19.80 Kg-m
(150/1000)x2500x0.325^2/2
Net design moment for toe slab = 119.56 Kg-m

Minimum thickness required = 73.83 mm


(119.56x6/18)^0.5 Provide 150 mm
Provided thickness is OK
Adopted dia of bars = 8 mm
Clear cover to be provided = 40 mm
Effective depth available = 106 mm
150-40-8/2

Area of steel required = 117.69 mm2


(119.56/(15x0.861x106)x1000
Minimum area of steel required = 4.63 cm2

Spacing of bars required = 339.20 mm c/c


3.14/4x8^2x1000/(4.62857142857143x1000) Say 200.00 mm c/c
So provide steel as per the minimum requirement
The vertical bars provided in the wall of tank shall be extended in the toe of the footing.

Design of Heel Slab


Upward soil pressure AT WALL = 4961.27 Kg/m
1431.27 - (1431.27 - 7376.54) x0.475/0.8
Pressure at heel 7376.54
Moment due to upward soil pressure = 325.80 Kg-m

Down water pressure = 585 Kg


1.8x0.325x1000
Down pressure due to self weight = 121.875 Kg
0.15x0.325x2500
Moment due to downward pressure = 114.9 Kg-m
585x0.325/2+121.875x0.325/2
Net design moment = 210.93 Kg-m
Total thickness required for uncracked section = 8.39 Cm
(210.936x/18)^0.5
Diameter of bars to be provided = 8 mm
Effective depth available = 106 mm
150- 40-8/2
Area of steel required = 120.000 Sq mm minimum
3.142/4x8^2x1000/120
Dia of bars adopted for lower face = 8 mm

Spacing of bars required = 41.89 Cm C/C


Provided spacing = 24.00 Cm C/C
Area of temp. steel required = 180 Sq mm
Area of steel required near top face = 90 Sq mm
Spacing of bars required = 559 mm C/C
Spacing provided = 200 mm C/C
Dia of circumfrential bars provided = 8 mm
15.3
15.3
15.3
0.8
Provide Remarks
Thickness

(mm)

150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK
150 OK

Dia of Spacing Spacing


bars reqd. for recommen
ded
(mm) Both faces
(mm c/c)

8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00
8 279.25 270.00

Min Steel Steel


Reqd Reqd at

mm2
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 Outer face
180.00 INNER face
180.00 INNER face

325

800
Kg-m/m
ht

3 0.074 0.179 0.281 0.375 0.449 0.506 0.519 0.479 0.375


4 0.017 0.137 0.253 0.367 0.469 0.545 0.579 0.553 0.447
5 -0.008 0.114 0.235 0.356 0.469 0.562 0.617 0.606 0.509
6 -0.011 0.103 0.223 0.343 0.463 0.566 0.639 0.643 0.547
7 -0.013 0.0995 0.2155 0.3335 0.453 0.565 0.65 0.67 0.584
8 -0.015 0.096 0.208 0.324 0.443 0.564 0.661 0.697 0.621
9 -0.0115 0.0955 0.204 0.3175 0.4355 0.558 0.6635 0.7135 0.6495
10 -0.008 0.095 0.2 0.311 0.428 0.552 0.666 0.73 0.678
11 -0.005 0.096 0.1985 0.3065 0.4225 0.5465 0.665 0.74 0.699
12 -0.002 0.097 0.197 0.302 0.417 0.541 0.664 0.75 0.72
13 -0.001 0.0975 0.197 0.3005 0.4125 0.536 0.6615 0.7555 0.736
14 0 0.098 0.197 0.299 0.408 0.531 0.659 0.761 0.752
15 0.001 0.099 0.1975 0.259 0.4055 0.526 0.6545 0.7625 0.764
16 0.002 0.1 0.198 0.299 0.403 0.521 0.65 0.764 0.776

moment
3 0.0006 0.0024 0.0047 0.0071 0.009 0.0097 0.0077 0.0012 -0.0119
4 0.0003 0.0015 0.0028 0.0047 0.0066 0.0077 0.0069 0.0023 -0.008
5 0.0002 0.0008 0.0016 0.0029 0.0046 0.0059 0.0059 0.0028 -0.0058
6 0.0001 0.0003 0.0008 0.0019 0.0032 0.0046 0.0051 0.0029 -0.0041
7 0.00005 0.0002 0.0005 0.00135 0.00168 0.0037 0.00445 0.0029 -0.00315
8 0 0.0001 0.0002 0.0008 0.00016 0.0028 0.0038 0.0029 -0.0022
9 0 0.00005 0.00015 0.0006 0.00043 0.00235 0.00335 0.00285 -0.0017
10 0 0 0.0001 0.0004 0.0007 0.0019 0.0029 0.0028 -0.0012
11 0 -0.00005 0.0001 0.0003 0.0005 0.0016 0.0026 0.0027 -0.00085
12 0 -0.0001 0.0001 0.0002 0.0003 0.0013 0.0023 0.0026 -0.0005
13 0 -0.00005 0.00005 0.0001 0.0002 0.00105 0.0021 0.00245 -0.0003
14 0 0 0 0 0.0001 0.0008 0.0019 0.0023 -0.0001
15 0 0 -0.00005 -0.0001 0 0.0006 0.0016 0.0021 0
16 0 0 -0.0001 -0.0002 -0.0001 0.0004 0.0013 0.0019 0.0001
0.21
0.256
0.294
0.327
0.3565
0.386
0.4095
0.433
0.455
0.477
0.495
0.513
0.5245
0.536

-0.0333
-0.0268
-0.0222
-0.0187
-0.01665
-0.0146
-0.0134
-0.0122
-0.0113
-0.0104
-0.0097
-0.009
-0.00845
-0.0079