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ENERGY PRACTICE (Answers below)

Gravitational Potential Energy = mass x g x height Kinetic Energy = ½ mass x velocity 2

1. You serve a volleyball with a mass of 2.1 kg. The ball leaves your hand with a speed of 30. m/s. How much energy does it have?

2. A baby carriage is sitting at the top of a hill that is 21 m high. The carriage with the baby weights 12 N. How much energy does it have?

3. A car is travelling with a velocity of 40. m/s and have a mass of 1120 kg. How much energy does it have?

4. A cinder block is sitting on a platform 20. m high. It weighs 79 N. How much energy does it have?

5. There is a bell at the top of a tower that is 45 m high. The bell weighs 190 N. How much energy does it have?

6. A roller coaster is at the top of a 72 m hill and weighs 966 N. How much energy does it have?

7. How much energy does a 25 kg object is moving at a velocity of 5.0 m/s have?

8. How much energy does a 25 kg object moving at a velocity of 10. m/s have?

9. How much energy does a 25 kg object moving at a velocity of 2.5 m/s have?

10. What is the kinetic energy of a 150 gram object moving at 100 m/s?

11. What is the kinetic energy of a 1500 kg object moving at a velocity of 10. m/s?

12. What is the gravitational potential energy of a 150 kg object suspended 5.0 m above the Earth ’s surface?

13. What is the gravitational potential energy of a 2.5 kg object that is 300. m above the surface of the Earth?

14. What is the mass of an object that is hanging 12.6 m above the surface of the earth and have a gravitational potential energy of 2772 J?

15. An object has a gravitational potential energy of 833 J. Its height above the ground is 4.25 m. What is its mass?

16. An object has a gravitati onal potential energy of 41850 J and a mass of 1550 kg. How high is it above the ground?

ENERGY Answers

1. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 2.1 kg x (30. m/s) 2 = 945 J à 950 J

2. g.p.e. = mgh = 12 N x 21 m = 252 J à 250 J

3. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 1120 kg x (40. m/s) 2 = 896,000 J à 900,000 J

4. g.p.e. = mgh = 79 N x 20 m = 1580 J à 1600 J

5. g.p.e. = mgh = 190 N x 45 m = 8550 J à 8600 J

6. g.p.e. = mgh = 966 N x 72 m = 69,552 J à 70,000 J

7. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 25 kg x (5.0 m/s) 2 = 312.5 J à 310 J

8. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 25 kg x (10. m/s) 2 = 1250 J à 1300 J

9. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 25 kg x (2.5 m/s) 2 = 78.125 J à 78 J

10. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 0. 150 kg x (100. m/s) 2 = 750 J

11. k.e. = ½ mv 2 = ½ x 1500 kg x (10. m/s) 2 = 75,000 J

12. g.p.e. = mgh = 150 kg x 10 N/kg x 5.0 m = 7500 J

13. g.p.e. = mgh = 2.5 kg x 10 N/kg x 300. m = 7500 J

14. g.p.e. = mgh à m = g.p.e. / (gh) = 2772 J / ( 10 N/kg x 12.6 m) = 22 kg

15. g.p.e. = mgh à m = g.p.e. / (gh) = 833 J / ( 10 N/kg x 4.25 m) = 19.6 kg

16. g.p.e. = mgh à h = g.p.e. / ( mg) = 41850 J / ( 1550 kg x 10 N/kg) = 2.7 m