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© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.

it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

question
The “Sustainability”

1
Prof. Ing. Michele Dassisti
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]


1 cosmic years = 150.000.000 terrestrial years
Let’s tell the GAIA story…..

The Crucified Land,” 1939, oil on canvas by Alexandre Hogue.


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 1970 = Earth born

“The universe story” - Berry & Swimme, 1992


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 1973 = Life appears on Earth


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 1996 = Vertebrate appear


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• Half 1998 = Arrival of mammals


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 12 days ago = Man appears


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 6 days ago= Man walks erectus


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• Yesterday = the fire


GAIA’s story
Anthropocene starts!!!!
The informal
geologic chronological term that serves
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)

to mark the evidence and extent of


[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

human activities that have had a


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

significant global impact on


the Earth's ecosystems.
[E. F. Stoermer] (1980)
Nobel Prize
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• All the afternoon= armony with nature


GAIA’s story
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]
GAIA’s story

What’s next?
Panta rei….
“Only one thing is truly new:
prevailing of newness…
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Because Earth changes as we


walk into .
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

In the last years of man’s life he


is not experiencing small
adjustments of things he learn
as a baby,

But strong evolutions”


(R. Oppenheimer)
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

vitousek,1994
Earth: Human footprint

effect
Compomponets of change on

Dominant

Effects of Human activities


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Vitousek,1997
Human dominance…
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

UNIDO,2008
Million tons of oil equivalent
Human dominance: energy…
Some human digits…
1900 2000
POPULATION: POPULATION :
c.a. 1500 Millions c.a. 6600 Millions
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

FORECAS AT 2100: 11000 Million people!!


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

ENERGY: 6 barrels gg ENERGY:80.000.000 barrels/gg


METALS: 20Mton METALS: 1200Mton
PAPER : 4 Mton PAPER: 160 Mton
PLASTICS: ---- PLASTICS: 160 Mton
CHEMIC. EL.: 20 CHEMIC. EL.: all (92)
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Jovane,2008
Finitedness of resources
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

vitousek,1994
Human footprint: local sign
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Vitousek,1997
Human footprint on water…
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
The problem….

http://www.clubofrome.org/eng/home/

<<If the actual line of development continues unchanged …, humanity


is destined to reach the natural limits of development within the
next 100 years.-The application of technological solutions can
extend the period of industrial development/growth and of
demographic increase, but cannot eliminate the fundamental limits
of development.>> Club of Rome, 1972
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Pollution.
problems, which are

Over-population.
more or less unsolved:
Over-consumption.
Resource utilisation.
There are today at least four basic
UNSUSTAINABILITY
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Jovane,2008
Feeling of resource Finitedness
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

A different perspective of industrial outputs….


Finitedness of resources
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Nehete,2013
MJx1012
Rate of growth: India

GDP=Gross Domestic Product; HDI=Human Development Index


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Nehete,2013
MJx1012
Rate of growth: China

GDP=Gross Domestic Product; HDI=Human Development Index


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]
EUROPE: HDI 2011
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Chapin,2000
Biodiversities & global change
TOP 10 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

• 1. Climate Change
• 2. Energy
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

• 3. Water
• 4. Biodiversity and Land Use
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

• 5. Chemicals, Toxics, and Heavy Metals


• 6. Air Pollution
• 7. Waste Management
• 8. Ozone Layer Depletion
• 9. Oceans and Fisheries
• 10. Deforestation
SUSTAINABILITY: 1987
i.e. the freedom to determine our lives
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

<<Development that meets the


© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

needs of the present without


compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own
needs>>
[WCED.1987] Our Common Future. The
World Commission on Environment and
Development. Oxford University Press,
Oxford and New York.
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

Garcia,2007
Peace
Planet
People

Prosperity

Partnership
2015 SUSTAINABILITY
2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development
• People
• We are determined to end poverty and hunger, in all their
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

forms and dimensions, and to ensure that all human beings


can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality and in a
healthy environment.
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

• Planet
• We are determined to protect the planet from degradation,
including through sustainable consumption and production,
sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent
action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of
the present and future generations.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdinaction/documents.
2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development
• Prosperity
• We are determined to ensure that all human beings can enjoy
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

prosperous and fulfilling lives and that economic, social and


technological progress occurs in harmony with nature.
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

• Peace
• We are determined to foster peaceful, just and inclusive
societies which are free from fear and violence. There can be
no sustainable development without peace and no peace
without sustainable development.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdinaction/documents.
2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development
• Partnership
• We are determined to mobilize the means required to
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

implement this Agenda through a revitalized Global


Partnership for Sustainable Development, based on a spirit of
strengthened global solidarity, focused in particular on the
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the


participation of all countries, all stakeholders and all people.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdinaction/documents.
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

GAS
-20%
Del 1990

at 2020!!!!!!!!!!!
+20%

The (-20%) revolution


GREEN
SOURCE:

After 38 years……………
-20%
SAVINGS:
EUROPE 20%

http://ec.europa.eu/climateaction
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

!!!!!
CO2
-17%
E-

+25%
Strive for 2025!!!!!!!!!!!
RINNOVA:
del 2005 After 38 years……………
E-

-20%
150M$ x 10years

RISPARMIA:

http://www.barakobama.com
AMERICA 25%
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]
The paradox of linear thinking..
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

http://truthseekerdaily.com/2013/11/strange-things-are-happening-to-astronauts-returning-to-earth
/
Changing perspectives?
Universal declaration
of human rigths
Art.25
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living


adequate for the health and well-being of himself
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]

and of his family, including food, clothing, housing


and medical care and necessary social services, and
the right to security in the event of unemployment,
sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other
lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his
control.
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]

sustainability challenges (in the globe)


• Examples of ‘old’ social problems and ‘new’
Social and sustainability
© Prof. Ing. Michele DASSISTI [http://hychange-lab.poliba.it]
Politecnico di Bari – DMMM – V.le Japigia 182 – 70126 BARI – ITALY (EU)
[skype: m.dassisti]; [mobile: +39 329 650 6022] [ michele.dassisti@poliba.it]
THANK YOU!