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Department of Aeronautical Engineering M.Tech. (Aeronautical Engineering) Curriculum & Syllabus 2013 Regulations 1

Department of Aeronautical Engineering

M.Tech. (Aeronautical Engineering)

Curriculum & Syllabus 2013 Regulations

1

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS (M.TECH./ M.B.A. / M.C.A.) (Full - Time / Part – Time)

1. Vision, Mission and Objectives

1.1 The Vision of the Institute is “To make every man a success and no man a failure”.

In order to progress towards the vision, the Institute has identified itself with a mission to provide every individual with a conducive environment suitable to achieve his / her career goals, with a strong emphasis on personality development, and to offer quality education in all spheres of engineering, technology, applied sciences and manage-ment, without compromising on the quality and code of ethics.

1.2 Further, the institute always strives

To train our students with the latest and the best in the rapidly changing fields of Engineering, Technology, Management, Science & Humanities.

To develop the students with a global outlook possessing, state of the art skills, capable of taking up challenging responsibilities in the respective fields.

To mould our students as citizens with moral, ethical and social values so as to fulfill their obligations to the nation and the society.

To promote research in the field of science, Humanities, Engineering, Technology and allied branches.

1.3 Our aims and objectives are focused on

Providing world class education in engineering, technology, applied science and management.

Keeping pace with the ever changing technological scenario to help our students to gain proper direction to emerge as competent professionals fully aware of their commitment to the society and nation.

To inculcate a flair for research, development and entrepreneurship.

2. Admission

2.1. The admission policy and procedure shall be decided from time to time by the Board of

Management (BOM) of the Institute, following guidelines issued by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). Government of India. The number of seats in each branch of the (M.TECH / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) programme will be decided by BOM as per the directives from Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India and taking into account the market demands. Some seats for Non Resident Indians and a few seats for foreign nationals shall be made available.

2.2. The selected candidates will be admitted to the (M.TECH / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) programme

after he/she fulfills all the admission requirements set by the Institute and after payment of the prescribed fees.

2.3. Candidates for admission to the first semester of the Master’s Degree Programme shall be

required to have passed an appropriate Degree Examination recognized by Hindustan University

2

2.4.

In all matters relating to admission to the (M.TECH/M.B.A. / M.C.A.). Programme, the

decision of the Institute and its interpretation given by the Chancellor of the Institute shall be final.

2.5. If at any time after admission, it is found that a candidate has not fulfilled any of the

requirements stipulated by the Institute, the Institute may revoke the admission of the candidate with information to the Academic Council.

3. Structure of the programme

3.1. The programme of instruction will have the following structure

i) Core courses of Engineering / Technology / Management. ii) Elective courses for specialization in areas of student’s choice.

3.2. The minimum durations of the programmes are as given below:

Program M.Tech.(Full-Time) M.Tech.(Part -Time) M.B.A. (Full - Time) M.B.A. (Part - Time) M.C.A.(Full - Time)

Program

M.Tech.(Full-Time)

M.Tech.(Part -Time)

M.B.A. (Full - Time)

M.B.A. (Part - Time)

M.C.A.(Full - Time)

M.C.A.(Part -Time)

No. of

Semesters

4

6

4

6

6

8

Every (M.TECH / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) programme will have a curriculum and syllabi for the courses approved by the Academic Council.

3.3. Each course is normally assigned certain number of credits. The following norms will generally be followed in assigning credits for courses.

One credit for each lecture hour per week per semester; One credit for each tutorial hour per week per semester; One credit for each laboratory practical (drawing) of three (two) hours per week per semester. One credit for 4 weeks of industrial training and One credit for 2 hours of project per week per semester

3.4. For the award of degree, a student has to earn certain minimum total number of credits

specified in the curriculum of the relevant branch of study. The curriculum of the different programs shall be so designed that the minimum prescribed credits required for the award of the degree shall be within the limits specified below.

Minimum

prescribed

credit

range

Program

M.Tech. (Full time / Part time) M.B.A. (Full time / Part time) M.C.A (Full time / Part time)

75 - 85

85 - 95 115 - 125

3.5. The medium of instruction, examination and the language of the project reports will be

English.

4. Faculty Advisor

3

4.1.

To help the students in planning their courses of study and for getting general advice on the

academic programme, the concerned Department will assign a certain number of students to a

Faculty member who will be called their Faculty Advisor.

5. Class Committee

5.1 A Class Committee consisting of the following will be constituted by the Head of the

Department for each class:

(i)

A Chairman, who is not teaching the class.

(ii)

All subject teachers of the class.

(iii)

Two students nominated by the department in consultation with the class.

Range of

Letter Grade

Grade

Marks

points

95-100

S

10

85 - 94

A

09

75- 84

B

08

65-74

C

07

55-64

D

06

50-54

E

05

< 50

U

00

 

I (Incomplete)

--

The Class Committee will

necessary, but not less than three times during a

semester.

as

meet

as

often

The functions of the Class Committee will include:

(i) Addressing problems experienced by students in the

classroom and the laboratories.

(ii) Analyzing the performance of the students of the

class after each test and finding ways and means of

addressing problems, if any.

(iii) During the meetings, the student members shall express the opinions and suggestions of the class students to improve the teaching / learning process.

6. Grading

6.1 A grading system as below will be adhered to.

6.2 GPA & CGPA

GPA is the ratio of the sum of the product of the number of credits C i of course “i “ and the grade points P i earned for that course taken over all courses “i” registered by the student to the sum of C i for all “i ”. That is,

GPA =

C P

i

i

i

C

i

i

CGPA will be calculated in a similar manner, at any semester, considering all the courses enrolled from first semester onwards.

6.3. For the students with letter grade I in certain subjects, the same will not be included in the

computation of GPA and CGPA until after those grades are converted to the regular grades.

6.4 Raw marks will be moderated by a moderation board appointed by the Vice Chancellor of the

University. The final marks will be graded using an absolute grading system. The Constitution and

composition of the moderation board will be dealt with separately.

4

7.

Registration and Enrollment

7.1 Except for the first semester, registration and enrollment will be done in the beginning of the

semester as per the schedule announced by the University.

7.2 A student will be eligible for enrollment only if he/she satisfies regulation 10 (maximum duration

of the programme) and will be permitted to enroll if (i) he/she has cleared all dues in the Institute, Hostel & Library up to the end of the previous semester and (ii) he/she is not debarred from enrollment by a disciplinary action of the University.

7.3. Students are required to submit registration form duly filled in.

8. Registration requirement

8.1. (i)

given semester.

A Full time student shall not register for less than 16 credits or more than 26 credits in any

8.1. (ii)

given semester.

8.2 If a student finds his/her load heavy in any semester, or for any other valid reason, he/she may

withdraw from the courses within three weeks of the commencement of the semester with the written approval of his/her Faculty Advisor and HOD. However the student should ensure that the total number of credits registered for in any semester should enable him/her to earn the minimum number of credits per semester for the completed semesters.

A part time student shall not register for less than 10 credits or more than 20 credits in any

9. Minimum requirement to continue the programme

9.1. For those students who have not earned the minimum required credit prescribed for that particular semester examination, a warning letter to the concerned student and also to his parents regarding the shortage of his credit will be sent by the HOD after the announcement of the results of the university examinations.

10. Maximum duration of the programme

The minimum and maximum period for the completion of various programs are given below.

 

Min.

Max.

Program

No. of

No. of

Semesters

Semesters

M.Tech (Full - time)

4

8

M.Tech (Part - time)

6

10

M.B.A. (Full Time)

4

8

M.B.A. (Part Time)

6

10

M.C.A. (Full - Time)

6

12

M.C.A

   

(Part –Time)

8

14

11. Temporary discontinuation

11.1. A student may be permitted by the Director(academic) to discontinue temporarily from the programme for a semester or a longer period for reasons of ill health or other valid reasons.

5

Normally a student will be permitted to discontinue from the programme only for a maximum duration of two semesters.

12. Discipline

12.1. Every student is required to observe discipline and decorous behavior both inside and outside

the campus and not to indulge in any activity which will tend to bring down the prestige of the

University.

12.2. Any act of indiscipline of a student reported to the Direcotr(Academic) will be referred to a

Discipline Committee so constituted. The Committee will enquire into the charges and decide on suitable punishment if the charges are substantiated. The committee will also authorize the Director(Academic) to recommend to the Vice - Chancellor the implementation of the decision. The student concerned may appeal to the Vice Chancellor whose decision will be final. The Director(Academic) will report the action taken at the next meeting of the Council.

12.3. Ragging and harassment of women are strictly prohibited in the University campus and hostels.

13. Attendance

13.1. A student whose attendance is less than 75% is not eligible to appear for the end semester examination for that semester. The details of all students who have attendance less than 75% will be announced by the teacher in the class. These details will be sent to the concerned HODs and Dean.

13.2. Those who have less than 75% attendance will be considered for condonation of shortage of

attendance. However a condonation of 10% in attendance will be given on medical reasons. Application for condonation recommended by the Faculty Advisor, concerned faculty member and the HOD is to be submitted to the Director(Academic) who, depending on the merits of the case, may permit the student to appear for the end semester examination. A student will be eligible for this concession at most in two semesters during the entire degree programme. Application for medical leave, supported by medical certificate with endorsement by a Registered Medical Officer, should reach the HOD within seven days after returning from leave or, on or before the last instructional day of the semester, whichever is earlier.

13.3. As an incentive to those students who are involved in extra curricular activities such as

representing the University in Sports and Games, Cultural Festivals, and Technical Festivals, NCC/ NSS events, a relaxation of up to 10% attendance will be given subject to the condition that these students take prior approval from the officer –in-charge. All such applications should be recommended by the concerned HOD and forwarded to Director(Academic) within seven instructional days after the programme/activity.

14. Assessment Procedure

14.1. The Academic Council will decide from time to time the system of tests and examinations

in each subject in each semester.

14.2. For each theory course, the assessment will be done on a continuous basis as follows:

   

Duration of

Test / Exam

Weigh -

tage

 

Test /

Exam

First Periodical Test

10%

2

Periods

Second Periodical Test

10%

2

Periods

6

Third Periodical Test/Model exam

20%

3

hours

Seminar/

   

Assignments/Quiz

20%

End – semester examination

50%

3

Hours

* Best out of the two test will be considered.

14.3. For practical courses, the assessment will be done by the subject teachers as below:

(i) Weekly assignment/Observation note book / lab records – weightage 60%. (ii) End semester examination of 3 hours duration including viva – weightage 40%.

15. Make up Examination/periodical Test

15.1. Students who miss the end-semester examinations / periodical test for valid reasons are eligible

for make-up examination /periodical test. Those who miss the end-semester examination / periodical

test should apply to the Head of the Department concerned within five days after he / she missed examination, giving reasons for absence.

15.2 Permission to appear for make-up examination / model exam will be given under exceptional circumstances such as admission to a hospital due to illness. Students should produce a medical certificate issued by a Registered Medical Practitioner certifying that he/she was admitted to hospital during the period of examination / model exam and the same should be duly endorsed by parent / guardian and also by a medical officer of the University within 5 days

16. Project evaluation

16.1. For Project work, the assessment will be done on a continuous basis as follows:

w / Examination

tage

eview

 

d Review

 

Review

 

emester Examination

 

For end semester exam, the student will submit a Project Report in a format specified by the Director(Academic). The first three reviews will be conducted by a Committee constituted by the Head of the Department. The end – semester examination will be conducted by a Committee constituted by the Controller of Examinations. This will include an external expert.

17. Declaration of results

17.1 A candidate who secures not less than 50% of total marks prescribed for a course with a

minimum of 50% of the marks prescribed for the end semester examination shall be declared to have passed the course and earned the specified credits for the course.

17.2 After the valuation of the answer scripts, the tabulated results are to be scrutinized by the

Result Passing Boards of PG programmes constituted by the Vice-Chancellor. The recommendations of the Result Passing Boards will be placed before the Standing Sub Committee of the Academic Council constituted by the Chancellor for scrutiny. The minutes of the Standing Sub Committee along with the results are to be placed before the Vice-Chancellor for approval.

7

After getting the approval of the Vice-Chancellor, the results will be published by the Controller of Examination/Registrar.

17.3 If a candidate fails to secure a pass in a course due to not satisfying the minimum requirement in the end semester examination, he/she shall register and re-appear for the end semester examination during the following semester. However, the sessional marks secured by the candidate will be retained for all such attempts.

17.4 If a candidate fails to secure a pass in a course due to insufficient sessional marks though

meeting the minimum requirements of the end semester examination, wishes to improve on his/her sessional marks, he/she will have to register for the particular course and attend the course with permission of the HOD concerned and the Registrar. The sessional and external marks obtained by the candidate in this case will replace the earlier result.

17.5 A candidate can apply for the revaluation of his/her end semester examination answer paper in a theory course within 2 weeks from the declaration of the results, on payment of a prescribed fee through proper application to the Registrar/Controller of Examinations through the Head of the Department. The Registrar/ Controller of Examination will arrange for the revaluation and the results will be intimated to the candidate concerned through the Head of the Department. Revaluation is not permitted for practical courses and for project work.

18. Grade Card

18.1. After results are declared, grade sheet will be issued to each student, which will contain the following details:

(i)

Program and branch for which the student has enrolled.

(ii)

Semester of registration.

(iii)

List of courses registered during the semester and the grade scored.

(iv)

Semester Grade Point Average (GPA)

(v) Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA).

19. Class / Division

19.1 Classification is based on CGPA and is as follows:

CGPA8.0: First Class with distinction

6.5

CGPA < 8.0: First Class

5.0

CGPA < 6.5: Second Class.

19.2 (i) Further, the award of ‘First class with distinction’ is subject to the candidate becoming

eligible for the award of the degree having passed the examination in all the courses in his/her first appearance within the minimum duration of the programme.

(ii) The award of ‘First Class’ is further subject to the candidate becoming eligible to the award of the degree having passed the examination in all the courses within the below mentioned duration of the programme.

No. of

Semesters

Program

M.Tech (Full - time) M.Tech (Part - time)

5

7

8

M.B.A. (Full Time)

5

M.B.A. (Part Time)

7

M.C.A. (Full - Time)

7

M.C.A

 

(Part –Time)

9

(iii) The period of authorized discontinuation of the programme (vide clause 11.1) will not be counted for the purpose of the above classification.

20. Transfer of credits

20.1. Within the broad framework of these regulations, the Academic Council, based on the

recommendation of the transfer of credits committee so constituted by the Chancellor may permit students to earn part of the credit requirement in other approved institutions of repute and status in the country or abroad.

21. Eligibility for the award of (M.TECH / M.B.A. / M.C.A.) Degree

21.1. A student will be declared to be eligible for the award of the (M.TECH / M.B.A. / M.C.A.).

Degree if he/she has

i) registered and successfully credited all the core courses,

ii) successfully acquired the credits in the different categories as specified in the curriculum corresponding to the discipline (branch) of his/her study within the stipulated time,

iii) has no dues to all sections of the Institute including Hostels, and

iv) has no disciplinary action pending against him/her.

The award of the degree must be recommended by the Academic Council and approved by the Board of Management of the University.

22. Power to modify

22.1. Notwithstanding all that has been stated above, the Academic Council has the right to

modify any of the above regulations from time to time.

9

DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING M.Tech. AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULAM 2013

SEMESTER I

 

Course

           

Sl. No.

Code

Course Title

L

T

P

Credit

TCH

1

PMA1601

Advanced Engineering Mathematics

3

1

0

4

4

2

PAE1601

Aerodynamics – I

3

0

2

4

5

3

PAE1602

Aerospace Propulsion

3

1

0

4

4

4

PAE1603

Aircraft Structures

3

1

0

4

4

5

 

- Elective-I

3

1

0

4

4

6

 

- Elective-II

3

1

0

4

4

 

Total

     

24

25

 

SEMESTER II

 

Sl.

Course

         

No.

Code

Course Title

 

L

T

P

Credit

TCH

 

1 PAE1604

Aerodynamics II

 

3

1

0

4

4

 

2 PAE1605

Composite Materials and Structures

 

3

1

0

4

4

 

3 PAE1606

Experimental Stress Analysis

 

3

1

0

4

4

 

4 PAE1607

Finite Element Methods

 

3

1

0

4

4

 

5 PAE1608

Rocketry and Space Mech.

 

3

1

0

4

4

 

6 PAE1609

Theory of Vibrations

 

3

1

0

4

4

Practical

7

PAE1625

Aircraft Structures Lab

 

0

0

3

1

3

 

Total

   

25

27

10

SEMESTER III

Sl.

Course

       

No.

Code

Course Title

 

L

T

P

Credit

TCH

1

 

- Elective-III

 

3

1

0

4

4

2

 

- Elective-IV

 

3

1

0

4

4

3

 

- Elective-V

 

3

1

0

4

4

Practical

 
 

4 PAE1626

Aircraft Systems Lab

 

0

0

3

1

3

 

5 PAE1610

Project Work-Phase I

 

0

0

12

6

12

 

Total

     

19

27

 

SEMESTER IV

 

Sl.

Course

       

TCH

No.

Code

Course Title

 

L

T

P

Credit

1

PAE1611

Project Work-Phase II

 

0

0

24

12

24

 

Total

     

12

24

Total No. of Credit = 80

ELECTIVE COURSES

 

SEMESTER I

 
             

Total

Sl.

No.

 

Course

Code

 

Course Title

L

T

P

Credit

Contact

hours

 

1 PAE1612

 

Advanced Propulsion Systems

3

1

0

4

4

 

2 PAE1613

 

Theory of Elasticity

3

1

0

4

4

 

3 PAE1614

 

Advanced Heat Transfer

3

1

0

4

4

 

4 PAE1615

 

Aircraft Design

3

1

0

4

4

11

ELECTIVE COURSES

SEMESTER III

             

Total

Sl.

No.

Course

Code

Course Title

L

T P

Credit

Contact

hours

 

1 PAE1616

Computational Fluid Dynamics

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

2 PAE1617

Cryogenics

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

3 PAE1618

Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

4 PAE1619

High Temp. Problems in Structures

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

5 PAE1620

Theory of Plates and Shells

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

6 PAE1621

Industrial Aerodynamics

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

7 PAE1622

Helicopter Aerodynamics

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

8 PAE1623

Aero Elasticity

3

 

1 0

4

4

 

9 PAE1624

Hypersonic Aerodynamics

3

 

1 0

4

4

12

SEMESTER I

PMA1601

Advanced Engineering Mathematics

L

T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To impart fundamental knowledge in various fields of advanced engineering mathematics and its applications.

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To develop strong fundamentals of calculus of variations To enhance transform methods

The student will Be able to understand the Functional dependent on functions of independent variables Have a fundamental knowledge of Laplace equations. Fourier transformation methods. Understand the concept Laplace equation and properties of Harmonic functions

To enable the students to properties of Harmonic functions

To provide a strong foundation in the understanding of Numerical solution of partial equations

Know the explicit and implicit methods with examples.

To enrich the knowledge of conformal mapping and applications

Have an understanding of transformation and application of fluid and heat flow

 

L

T

P

C

PMA1601

ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

3

1

0

4

UNIT I CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS

 

12

Concept of variation and its properties- Euler’s Equation-Functional dependant on first and higher order derivatives - Functional dependant on functions of several independent variables- Isoperimetric problems – Direct methods-Ritz and Kantrovich methods

UNIT II

Laplace transform methods for one dimensional wave equation – Displacements in a long string – Longitudinal vibration of an elastic bar - Fourier Transform methods for one dimensional heat conduction problems in infinite and semi-infinite rod

UNIT III

Laplace equation – Properties of Harmonic functions – Solutions of Laplace equation by means

of Fourier transform in a half plane in an infinite strip and in a semi-infinite strip

TRANSFORM METHODS

12

ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS

12

UNIT IV

NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

12

Solution of Laplace and Poisson equation on a rectangular region by Lieebmann’s method – Diffusion equation by the explicit and Crank Nicolson – Implicit methods – Solution of wave

equations by explicit scheme Cubic spline interpolation

UNIT V

CONFORMAL MAPPING AND APPLICATIONS

12

The Schwarz – Christoffel transformation – Transformation of boundaries in parametric form –

Physical applications - Application to fluid and heat flow

13

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. Gupta, A.S, “Calculus of Variations with Applications”, Prentice Hall of India(P) Ltd., New Delhi, 6 th print, 2006

2. Sankar Rao, .K, “Introduction to Partial Differential Equations”,Prentice Hall of India(P) Ltd., New Delhi, 5 th print, 2004.

3. Jain.R.K,Iyengar.S.R.K, “ Advanced Engineering Mathematics”.Narosa publications 2nd Edition, 2006

4. Grewal, B.S, “ Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering ”., Kanna Publications, `NewDelhi.

5. Kandasamy.P , Thilagavathy. K and Gunavathy. K, “Numerical Methods”., S Chand andCo, Ltd., New Delhi, 5 th Edition, 2007

6. Spiegel , M. R ,“ Theory and problems of Complex Variables with an Introduction to Conformal Mapping and Its applications ”, Schaum’s outline series, McGraw Hill Book Co, 1987.

14

PAE1601

Aerodynamics -I

L T

P

C

3

0

2

4

Goal

To understand the behavior of airflow over bodies with particular emphasis on airfoil sections in the incompressible flow regime .

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review of basic fluid mechanics

The student will Be able to understand the continuity,source,sink,pressure, velocity distributions with and without circulation with experiments Have a fundamental knowledge thin airfoil theory and its applications with experiments Understand the concept of lifting line theory, aspect ratio and taper ratio with experiments Know the flows. shock, expansion waves and small perturbation theory with experiments

To enable the function of airfoils

To enable wing theory

To enrich the knowledge on compressible flows

To give knowledge on wind tunnel

Have an understanding various types of wind tunnel and measurement system with experiments

UNIT I REVIEW OF BASIC FLUID MECHANICS 10

Continuity and Momentum equations, Point source and sink, Free and Forced Vortex, Uniform parallel flow, combination of basic flows, Pressure and Velocity distributions On bodies with and without circulation in ideal and real fluid flows, Magnus effect

Lab :

1.

Calibration of wind tunnel

2.

Pressure distribution on 3-D bodies

UNIT II

AIRFOILS

12

Conformal Transformation, Kutta condition, Karman – Treffz profiles, Thin aerofoil Theory and its applications.

Lab: 1.

Pressure distribution over an aerofoil at different angles of attack.

UNIT III WING THEORY

Vortex line, Horse shoe vortex, Biot and savart law, lifting line theory, effects of aspect Ratio, planform and taper ratio.

Lab : 1. Drag measurements in Wind Tunnels.

12

UNIT IV ELEMENTS OF COMPRESSIBLE FLOWS

Isentropic flows – shock and expansion waves, compressibility effects on aerodynamic Coefficients, method of characteristics – small perturbation theory.

Lab : 1. Calibration of supersonic wind tunnel.

14

15

UNIT V WIND TUNNELS

12

Types of wind tunnels – Flow visualization processes – Measurements in wind tunnels, 6- component balance.

Lab :

1.

Supersonic flow visualization with schlieren systems.

 

TOTAL: 60

 

REFERENCES

1.

J.D. Anderson, “Fundamental of Aerodynamics”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York,

1985.

2.

E.L. Houghton and N.B. Carruthers, “Aerodynamics for Engineering Students”, Edward

Arnold Publishers Ltd., London (First Indian Edition), 1988.

 

3.

W.H. Rae and A. Pope, “Low speed Wind Tunnel Testing”, John Wiley Publications,

1984.

4.

Shapiro, A.H., Dynamics & Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow, Ronald Press,

1982.

5.

Zucrow, M.J., and Anderson, J.D., Elements of gas dynamics McGraw-Hill Book Co.,

New York, 1989.

 

6.

Rathakrishnan.E., Gas Dynamics, Prentice Hall of India, 1995.

16

PAE1602

Aerospace propulsion

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand the principles of operation and design of aircraft and spacecraft power plants .

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review of aircraft propulsion

The student will Be able to understand the classification of power plants and differences jet engine and rocket engine

To enable the function gas turbines

Have a fundamental knowledge turbojet,turbo prop and turbo fan engines Understand the concept thermodynamic analysis components of jet engine. Ram jet and pulse jet application Know the reaction principle, thrust equation, propellants and rocket performance

To enable knowledge on thermodynamics of jet engines

To enrich the knowledge on Rocket propulsion

To give knowledge on ramjet and scramjet propulsion

Have an understanding various types of supersonic

 

combustors, Requirements for supersonic combustors, Performance estimation of supersonic combustors

UNIT I ELEMENTS OF AIRCRAFT PROPULSION 12

Classification of power plants based on methods of aircraft propulsion – jet and rocket

propulsion – Differences between jet propulsion engines and rocket propulsion engines – Types

and areas of applications – fundamental of aircraft piston engines.

UNIT II INTRODUCTION TO GAS TURBINE ENGINES 12

Classification of air breathing engines – Principle of turbojet, turbo-prop, turbo-jet with reheat,

by-pass and turbo fan concepts – Thrust augmentation in jet engines and its application to

aircraft.

UNIT III THERMODYNAMICS OF JET ENGINES 12

Thermodynamic analysis of jet engine – components of a jet engine – Compressor, combustion

chamber, turbine and jet nozzle – their efficiencies – Introduction to ramjet, pulse jet and their

application – Introduction to combustion and chemical kinetics.

UNIT IV ROCKET PROPULSION

Introduction to rocket propulsion – Reaction principle – Thrust equation – Classification of

rockets based on propellants used – solid, liquid and hybrid – Comparison of these engines with

special reference to rocket performance.

12

17

UNIT V

RAMJET AND SCRAMJET PROPULSION

12

Ram jet -Operating principle – Sub critical, critical and supercritical operation – Combustion in

ramjet engine – Ramjet performance - Fundamentals of hypersonic air birthing vehicles,

Preliminary concepts in engine airframe integration, Various types of supersonic combustors,

Requirements for supersonic combustors, Performance estimation of supersonic combustors.

REFERENCES

TOTAL: 60

1. G.C. Oates, “Aerothermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components”, AIAA Education

Series, Published by AIAA, New York, 1985.

2. G.C. Oates, “Aircraft Propulsion system technology & design”, AIAA Education Series,

1989.

3. G.P.Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5 th Edition, 1986.

4. H.Cohen, G.F.C.Rogers & H.I.H.Saravana muttoo, “Gas turbine theory”, Longman Co., ELBS Ed., 1982.

5. W.P.Gill, H.J.Smith & J.E. Ziurys, “Fundamentals of Internal Combustion Engines as applied to Reciprocating, Gas turbine & Jet Propulsion Power Plants”, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., 1980.

18

PAE1603

Aircraft Structures

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand different types of beams and columns subjected to various types of loading and support conditions with particular emphasis on aircraft structural components.

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review unsymmetrical bending

The student will Be able to understand the stresses in unsymmetrical sections with experiments

To enable the aircraft structure with its classification

Have a fundamental knowledge monocoque and semimonocoque structure, Torsion and thin walled structure with experiments Understand the analysis of stiffened tubular structure, Analysis Multi cell, rings & frames revlent to aircraft structure Know the buckling and failures of thin walled structures

To enable knowledge on Stiffened structure

To enrich the knowledge on Stability of structures

To give knowledge on shells

Have an understanding of idealisation of stiffened panels. Shear centre and shear flow of multi cell.

UNIT I

UNSYMMETRICAL BENDING

12

Stresses in beams of unsymmetrical sections, box beams.

Lab :

1.

Use of Double Dial gauge to find the deformations of the given Material.

2.

Finding the flexibility coefficients of the given cantilever beam and verification of Maxwell’s reciprocal theorem and principle of superposition.

3.

Unsymmetrical Bending of cantilever beam.

UNIT II AIRCRAFT STRUCTURE MONOCOQUE AND SEMI MONOCOQUE

12

Analysis of tubular, monocoque and semi-monocoque structures – Torsion and flexure of thin

walled boxes – shear centre – Flexural axis and axis of twist.

Lab: 1.

Combined bending of hollow circular shaft.

2.

Finding the shear center of the given C-section.

UNIT III

ANALYSIS OF STIFFENED STRUCTURES

12

Idealisation and analysis of stiffened tubular structures – Study of open tubes – Analysis of multi cell tubes. Analysis of rings and frames – Applications to aircraft structures.

19

UNIT IV STABILITY PROBLEMS

12

Stability problems of thin walled structures – Flexural, torsional and local failures – Influence of eccentricity and in elasticity – Buckling of plates and sheet stringer combinations - crippling loads – Tension field theory. Lab : 1. Buckling of columns and plotting of Southwell’s plot.

UNIT V

Idealization of stiffened shells, shear center, shear flow in thin walled multicell box beams, effect of taper

SHELLS

12

REFERENCES

TOTAL :60

1. E.F. Bruhn, “Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures”, Tristate Offset Co.,

1980.

2. Megson, T.M.G; Aircraft Structures for Engineering Students, Edward Arnold, 1989.

3. Peery, D.J. and Azar, J.J., Aircraft Structures, 2 nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York,

1993.

4. Stephen P. Tinnoshenko & S.woinowsky Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells, 2 nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1990.

20

SEMESTER II

PAE1604

Aerodynamics-II

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand the behavior of airflow both internal and external in compressible flow regime with particular emphasis on supersonic flows

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review principles of flight

The student will Be able to understand the different flight vehicles, altitude, True and indicated Air speed, Airplane and its functions Have a fundamental knowledge of drag, Reynold’s number, drag polar and momentum theory Understand the performance parameters like range, endurance, Takeoff, landing and propellers and its types Be able to demonstrate knowledge on shocks, corrections, Oblique shocks and corresponding equations

To enable the different types of drag

To enable knowledge on Aircraft performance To enrich the knowledge on Shocks and waves

To give knowledge on stability & control

Have an understanding of static, dynamic, lateral ,longitudinal and directional stability

 

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT 10

Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere, Temperature, pressure and altitude

Relationship, Measurement of speed – True and Indicated Air speed, Components of an Airplane

and their functions, Different types of flight vehicles.

UNIT II DRAG OF BODIES

Types of Drag, effects of Reynold’ number on skin friction and pressure drag, streamlined And

bluff bodies, Drag reduction of airplanes, Momentum theory of finite wings, Drag polar.

UNIT III AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Steady level flight conditions for minimum drag and minimum power required, Gliding and

Climbing flight, Range and endurance, Take-off and landing, High left devices, Thrust

Augmentation, Turning performance, V-n diagram, Froude momentum and black elements

Theory of propellers, Fixed and Variable pitch propellers.

10

14

14

Prandtl equation and Rankine – Hugonoit relation, Normal shock equations, Pitot static tube,

UNIT IV

NORMAL, OBLIQUE SHOCKS AND EXPANSION WAVES

corrections for subsonic and supersonic flows, Oblique shocks and corresponding equations,

21

Hodograph and pressure turning angle, shock polars, flow past wedges and concave corners, strong, weak and detached shocks, Rayleigh and Fanno Flow.

UNIT V AIRCRAFT STABILITY AND CONTROL

Degrees of freedom of a system, static and dynamic stability, static longitudinal stability, Static lateral stability, static directional stability, dynamic longitudinal stability, dynamic lateral And directional stability.

TOTAL: 60

12

REFERENCES

1. Houghton, E.L., and Carruthers. N.B., “ Aerodynamics for engineering students ”., Edward Amold Publishers, 1988.

2. Kuethe, A.M., and Chow, C.Y., “ Foundations of Aerodynamics ”., John Wiley & Sons,

1982.

3. L.J. Clancey, “Aerodynamics”., Pitman, 1986.

4. Perkins C.D., & Hage, R.E, “Airplane performance, stability and control”, Wiley Toppan,

1974.

5. Babister, A.W, “ Aircraft stability and Response”., Pergamon Press, 1980.

6. Nelson, R.C. Flight ,“ Stability & Automatic Control ”., McGraw-Hill, 1989.

7. McCornic, B.W, “Aerodynamics, Aeronautics & Flight Mechanics”. John Wiley, 1995.

22

PAE1605

Composite materials and structure

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand the fabrication, analysis and design of composite materials & structures

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To impart knowledge on composites

The student will Be able to understand the need and types of composite material Have a fundamental knowledge of orthotropic, anisotropic material. Micromechanics and macro mechanics Know the governing equations, static, dynamic stability Analysis of composite plates Have an understanding of Netting analysis, failure criteria and sandwich construction To enable to understand manufacturing of fibres and processes

To impart basic concepts

To do analysis of laminated composites

To enable analysis and failure theory

To know manufacturing and fabrication processes

UNIT I

CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTIC OF COMPOSITE

MATERIALS

8

Need for the composite materials. Types of composite materials and their use in structures.

UNIT II BASIC CONCEPTS

Hooke’s law for orthotropic and anisotropic materials. Micromechanics and macro mechanics.

Lamina stress-strain relations referred and principal material directions and arbitrary axes.

15

UNIT III ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITES

Governing equations for anisotropic and orthotropic plates. Angle-ply and cross ply laminates.

Static, dynamic and stability analysis for simpler cases of composite plates. Inter laminar

17

stresses.

UNIT IV

OTHER METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND FAILURE THEORY

10

Netting analysis, Failure criteria. Sandwich construction.

23

UNIT V

MANUFACTURING & FABRICATION PROCESSES

10

Manufacturing of glass, boron and carbon fibres. Open mould and closed mould processes.

REFERENCES

TOTAL: 60

1. R.M. Jones, “Mechanics of composite materials”, McGraw-Hill, Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo,

1975.

2. L.R. Calcote, “Analysis of laminated structures”, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1989.

3. G.Lubin, “Hand Book on Fibre glass and advanced plastic composites”, Van Nostrand Co., New York, 1989.

4. B.D. Agarwal and L.J. Broutman, “Analysis and Performance of fiber composites”, John- Wiley and Sons, 1980.

24

PAE1606

Experimental stress analysis

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To bring awareness on experimental method of finding the response of the structure to different types of load

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review types of extensometers

The student will Be able to understand the types and its operating methods

To enable the strain gauge techniques

Have a fundamental knowledge transducers for measurement of static and dynamic loads Understand the stress analysis of 2D and 3D photo elasticity, stress patterns and polariscope Be able to understand method ,types or techniques and Moire fringes

To enable photo elastic techniques

To enrich the knowledge Non destructive testing

To give knowledge on emerging techniques

Have an understanding modern techniques like C-Scan, Thermograph, Creep testing, optical sensor.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION

Extensometers – Types – Mechanical, Electrical, Electronic and Optical – Review of bridge circuits.

UNIT II STRAIN GAUGE TECHNIQUES

Strain gauge and transducers for measurement of static and dynamic loads – Instrumentation,

measurement and recording systems.

UNIT III PHOTO ELASTIC TECHNIQUES

Stress analysis by two and three dimensional photo elasticity – Interpretation of stress patterns –

Typical applications – Description and users of reflection polariscope.

UNIT IV NON – DESTRUCTIVE TESTING 15

Fundamentals

Holography ,Laser holography magnetic

particle inspection, Fluorescent penetrant technique, Eddy current testing, Acoustic Emission

Technique, Moire fringes –– Grid methods

8

12

13

of

NDT.

Radiography,

ultrasonic,

UNIT V OTHER TECHNIQUES

Stress analysis by stress coat ––Induction heating instrumentation, measurement and recording

techniques – Creep testing. X-ray,– applications. Fundamentals of brittle coating methods,

Introduction to Moiré techniques, , ultrasonic C- Scan, Thermograph, Fiber – optic Sensors.

25

12

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. J.W. Dally and M.F. Riley, “Experimental Stress Analysis”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1988.

2. P. Fordham, “Non-Destructive Testing Techniques” Business Publications, London,

1988.

3. M. Hetenyi, “Handbook of Experimental Stress Analysis”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1980.

4. G.S. Holister, “Experimental Stress Analysis, Principles and Methods”, Cambridge University Press, 1987.

5. A.J. Durelli and V.J. Parks, “Moire Analysis of Strain”, Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1980.

26

PAE1607

Finite element methods

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To introduce the concept of numerical analysis of structural components

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review approximate methods in structural analysis To enable the discrete elements in structural analysis To enable knowledge on Continuum elements To enrich the knowledge on Isometric elements To give knowledge on solution schemes

The student will Be able to understand stiffness and flexibility matrices.

Be able to understand bar & beam elements with computer aided engineering Understand the applications of plane stress-strain and axi- symmetric problems , use numerical integration Know the 2D,3D elements with reference to aircraft structural parts wing, fuselage and turbine blades Have an understanding static, dynamic problems and computer engineering software

UNIT I INTRODUCTION

Review of various approximate methods in structural analysis. Stiffness and flexibility matrices for simple cases. Basic concepts of finite element method. Formulation of governing equations and convergence criteria.

12

UNIT II

Use of bar and beam elements in structural analysis. Computer implementation of procedure for these elements.

DISCRETE ELEMENTS

12

UNIT III CONTINUUM ELEMENTS

Different forms of 2-D elements and their applications for plane stress, plane strain and axi- symmetric problems. Consistent and lumped formulation. Use of local co-ordinates. Numerical integration.

12

UNIT IV ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTS

Definition and use of different forms of 2-D and 3-D elements. Computer implementation of formulation of these elements for the analysis of typical aircraft structural parts like, wing, fuselage, turbine blades.

12

UNIT V

Different methods of solution of simultaneous equations governing static, dynamics and stability

problems. General purpose Software packages.

SOLUTION SCHEMES

12

27

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. L.J. Segerlind, “Applied Finite Element Analysis”, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons

Inc., New York, 1984.

2. K.J. Bathe and E.L. Wilson, “Numerical Methods in Finite Elements Analysis”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1983.

3. R.D. Cook, “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis”, 3 rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.

4. C.S. Krishnamurthy, “Finite Elements Analysis”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1987.

5. V.Ramamurthi, “Computer Aided Design in Mechanical Engineering”, Tata McGraw- Hill.

28

PAE1608

Rocketry and space mechanics

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To introduce basic concepts of design and trajectory estimation of rocket , missiles and basic concepts of orbital Mechanics

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To enable orbital mechanics and satellite dynamics

The student will Be able to understand solar system, Keplers, Newton’s law of motion, escape velocity, Geosynchronous , geostationary satellites Be able to understand principle of rocket and its stages, thrust equation, one and two dimensional rocket motions Understand the loads, drag, performances at different altitudes, types of nozzles and launching problems Be able to understand materials used and special coatings and ablative materials Satellite injections, orbit transfer, orbit deviation due to injection error, general perturbation approach

To enable the motion of rockets

To enable knowledge on rocket aerodynamics To enrich the knowledge on materials for space craft and missiles To give knowledge on satellite injection and its perturbations

UNIT I ORBITAL MECHANICS AND SATELLITE DYNAMICS 15

Description of solar system – Keplers Laws of planetary motion – Newton’s Law of Universal

gravitation – Two body and Three-body problems – Jacobis Integral, Librations points –

Estimator of orbital and escape velocities – geosynchronous and geostationary satellites life time

– satellite perturbations – Hohmann orbits – calculation of orbit parameters.

UNIT II ROCKET MOTION

Principle of operation of rocket motor - thrust equation – one dimensional and two dimensional

rocket motions in free space and homogeneous gravitational fields – Description of vertical,

inclined and gravity turn trajectories determinations of range and altitude – simple

approximations to burnout velocity – staging of rockets.

UNIT III ROCKET AERODYNAMICS

Description of various loads experienced by a rocket passing through atmosphere – drag

estimation – wave drag, skin friction drag,and base pressure drag – Boat-tailing in missiles –

performance at various altitudes – conical and bell shaped nozzles – adapted nozzles – rocket

dispersion – launching problems.

15

12

29

UNIT IV MATERIALS FOR SPACECRAFT AND MISSILES 5 Selections of materials for spacecraft and missiles – special requirements of materials to perform under adverse conditions – ablative materials.

UNIT V

SATELLITE INJECTION AND SATELLITE ORBIT PERTURBATIONS

General Aspects of satellite Injections – Satellite Orbit Transfer –Various Cases – Orbit Deviations Due to Injection Errors – Special and General Perturbations – Cowell’s Method –

Encke’s Method – Method of vibrations of Orbital Elements – General Perturbations Approach.

13

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. G.P. Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 5 th

Edition, 1986.

2. J.W. Cornelisse, “Rocket Propulsion and Space Dynamics”, J.W. Freeman & Co., Ltd., London, 1982.

3. Van de Kamp, “Elements of astromechanics”, Pitman Publishing Co., Ltd., London,

1980.

4. E.R. Parker, “Materials for Missiles and Spacecraft”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1982.

30

PAE1609

Theory of vibration

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To study the dynamic behaviour of different aircraft components and the interaction among the aerodynamic, elastic and inertia forces

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review unsymmetrical bending

The student will Be able to understand the stresses in unsymmetrical sections with experiments

To enable the aircraft structure with its classification

Have a fundamental knowledge monocoque and semimonocoque structure, Torsion and thin walled structure with experiments Understand the analysis of stiffened tubular structure, Analysis Multi cell, rings & frames revlent to aircraft structure Know the buckling and failures of thin walled structures

To enable knowledge on Stiffened structure

To enrich the knowledge on Stability of structures

To give knowledge on shells

Have an understanding of idealisation of stiffened panels. Shear centre and shear flow of multi cell.

UNIT I

Simple harmonic motion, definition of terminologies, Review of Newton’s, Laws, D’Alembert’s

principle, Energy methods.

INTRODUCTION

10

UNIT II SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS

Free vibrations free damped vibrations, forced excitations with and without damping, support

excitation, vibration measuring instruments.

UNIT III MULTI-DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS 18

Two degrees of freedom systems, Static and dynamic couplings, vibration absorber, Principle

coordinates, Principal modes, orthogonality conditions. Hamilton’s Prinicple, Lagrangean

equation and applications. Vibrations of elastic bodies, String or stretched cord, Longitudinal

vibration, Lateral vibration, Torsional vibration. Approximate methods for calculating natural

frequencies.

UNIT IV ELEMENTS OF AEROELASTICITY 10

Aero elastic problems – Collar’s triangle of courses – Wing divergence –

Aileron control reversal – Flutter.

10

31

UNIT V

SOLUTION METHOD

12

Computational technique in vibration, Vibrating string, General method, Beam

element, Global matrices, Transformation of matrices, Equation of motion of

complete system, Consistent and Lombard mass

REFERENCES

TOTAL: 60

1. Timoshenko.S, “ Vibration Problems in Engineering ”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1987.

2. Meirovitch, L, Elements of Vibration Analysis ”, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1986.

3. F.S. Rse., I.F. Morse and R.T. Hinkle, “ Mechanical Vibrations ”, Prentice-Hall of India,

1985.

4. Fung, Y.C, “ An Introduction to the Theory of Aeroelasticity ”, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1985.5. Rao.J.S. and Gupta.K, “ Theory and Practice of Mechanical Vibrations ”, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Dehli, 1999.

32

PAE1625

Aircraft Structures Lab

L T

P

C

0

0

3

1

Goal

To study experimentally the load deflection characteristics structural materials under different types of loads

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students

The student will

1.Stress Strain curve for various engineering materials. 2.Deflection of beams with various end conditions. 3.Verification of Maxwell’s Reciprocal theorem & principle of superposition 4.Column – Testing 5.South – well’s plot. 6.Unsymmetrical bending of beams 7.Shear centre location for open sections and closed section 8.Calibration of Photo- elastic materials 9.Stresses in circular discs and beams using photoelastic techniques 10.Vibrations of beams

Be able to understand the behaviour of structural materials through experiments

(For a batch of 30 students)

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

SL. NO.

EQUIPMENTS

QTY

1.

Electrical strain gauge

10

2.

Strain indicator

1

3.

Dial Gauges

12

4.

Beam Test set up with various end conditions

2

5

Maxwell apparatus

1

6

South – well’s plot

1

7.

Weight 1 Kg and 2kg

10 each

8.

Weight Pans

6

9.

Column Test Apparatus

1

10

Beam Test set –up

2

33

11

Unsymmetrical sections like ‘Z’ sections

2

12

Channel ,angle open and closed section

2

13

Dial gauges

12

14

Vibration Test Set – up

2

15

Strain indicator and strain gauges

One set

16

Photo – elastic apparatus

1

PAE1626

Aircraft System Lab

L T

P

C

0

0

3

1

Goal

To train the students “ON HAND” experience in maintenance of various air frame systems in aircraft and rectification of common snags.

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

Impart the students Aircraft “Jacking Up” procedure Aircraft “Levelling” procedure Aircraft “Symmetry Check” procedure Control System “Rigging check” procedure Checks on Landing Gear assembly Functional Test” on Aircraft Hydraulic system

The student will Be able to understand the maintenance procedures through various established set up

Maintenance and rectification of snags in hydraulic and fuel systems

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

SL.NO.

ITEMS

QUANTITY

1.

Serviceable aircraft with all above systems

1

2.

Hydraulic Jacks (Screw Jack)

5

3.

Trestle adjustable

5

4.

Spirit Level

2

5.

Leveling Boards

2

34

6.

Cable Tensiometer

1

7.

Adjustable Spirit Level

1

8.

Plumb Bob

1

35

SEMESTER III & IV

PAE1610 & PAE1611

Project work (Phase I & II)

L

T

P

C

0

0

36 18

Goal

To train the students “ON HAND” experience in maintenance of various air frame systems in aircraft and rectification of common snags.

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students The objective of the project work is to

The student will Be able to understand various procedures in identifying the project and literature survey, reference of journals, experiments and theoretical work

enable the students on a project involving

theoretical and experimental studies relate

to the branch of study. Every project work

 

shall have a guide who is the member of

the faculty of the institution. Full semester

shall be allotted and this time shall be

utilized by the students to receive the

directions from the guide, on library

reading, laboratory work, computer

analysis or field work as assigned by the

guide and also to present in periodical

seminars on the progress made in the

project.

36

SEMESTER I

(ELECTIVE)

PAE1612

Advanced propulsion systems

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand the principles of operation of advanced propulsion systems , working of Ramjet and Scramjet Engines

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To enable the knowledge thermo dynamic cycle analysis of air-breathing propulsion systems To enable the knowledge on ramjets and air breathing rockets To enable knowledge on scramjet propulsion system To enrich the knowledge on Nuclear propulsion

The student will Be able to understand propulsion of turbojet ,turbo prop, ducted fan, ram jet and thermodynamic cycles, types of discharging Be able to understand performance calculations, design of diffuser and hypersonic inlets and nozzles Understand the supersonic combustors and its performance estimation Understand the nuclear rocket engine and performance radioisotope propulsion, thruster technology

To give knowledge on electric and ion propulsion

Understand of concepts in electric propulsion – power requirements and rocket efficiency – thermal, electrostatic, plasma thruster of the art and future trends.

UNIT I

THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE ANALYSIS OF AIR-BREATHING

PROPULSION SYSTEMS

12

Air breathing propulsion systems like Turbojet, turboprop, ducted fan, Ramjet and Air augmented rockets – Thermodynamic cycles – Pulse propulsion – Combustion process in pulse jet engines – inlet charging process – Supercritical charging and subcritical discharging – Subcritical charging and subcritical discharging – Subcritical charging and supercritical discharging.

UNIT II RAMJETS AND AIR AUGMENTED ROCKETS 10

Preliminary performance calculations – Diffuser design and hypersonic inlets – combustor and nozzle design – air augmented rockets – engines with supersonic combustion.

UNIT III SCRAMJET PROPULSION SYSTEM 14

Fundamental considerations of hypersonic air breathing vehicles – Preliminary concepts in engine airframe integration – calculation of propulsion flow path – flow path integration – Various types of supersonic combustors – fundamental requirements of supersonic combustors – Mixing of fuel jets in supersonic cross flow – performance estimation of supersonic combustors.

UNIT IV NUCLEAR PROPULSION

Nuclear rocket engine design and performance – nuclear rocket reactors – nuclear rocket nozzles – nuclear rocket engine control – radioisotope propulsion – basic thruster configurations – thruster technology – heat source development – nozzle development – nozzle performance of radioisotope propulsion systems.

37

12

UNIT V ELECTRIC AND ION PROPULSION

12

Basic concepts in electric propulsion – power requirements and rocket efficiency – thermal thrusters – electrostatic thrusters – plasma thruster of the art and future trends – Fundamentals of ion propulsion – performance analysis – electrical thrust devices – ion rocket engine.

REFERENCES

TOTAL: 60

1. John D. Anderson, Jr,. “ Hypersonic and High Temperature Gas Dynamics ”. McGraw-

Hill Series, New York, 1996.

2. John. D.Anderson, Jr “, Modern Compressible Flwo with Historical perpectant ”.

McGraw-Hill Series, New York, 1996.

3. William H. Heiser and David T. Pratt ,“ Hypersonic Airbreathing propulsion ”. by, AIAA

Education Series.

4. John T. Bertin “ Hypersonic Aerothermodynamic ”, 1994 published by AIAA Inc.,

Washington D.C.

38

PAE1613

Theory of Elasticity

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To understand the theoretical concepts of material behaviour with particular emphasis on their elastic property

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To enable fundamentals of elasticity

The student will Be able to understand assumptions, Stress strain relationship and equilibrium equation Have a fundamental knowledge about bulk, shear

To enable basic equations of elasticity

To enable knowledge on Plane stress – strain problems To enrich the knowledge on Polar co-ordinates To give knowledge on torsional theory

modulus and Mohr’s circle Understand the idealisation of plane stress strain and problems in different methods Understand equations of equilibrium and solving of problems in different methods Have an understanding of torsion and application on

different cross-sections.

.

UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF ELASTICITY

Assumptions In Elasticity ,Strain – displacement relations, Stress – strain relations Equilibrium

equation in Cartesian and polar coordinates., Compatibility conditions. Saint-Venant’s principle.

10

UNIT II

Lame’s constant – cubical dilation, Compressibility of material, bulk modulus, Shear modulus,

BASIC EQUATIONS OF ELASTICITY

10

,Principal stresses and principal strains, Mohr’s circle

UNIT II PLANE STRESS AND PLANE STRAIN PROBLEMS 15

Airy’s stress function, plane stress and plane strain idealization. Special problems in polar

coordinates. Kirsch, Boussinasque’s and Michell’s problems.

UNIT IV

POLAR COORDINATES

 

10

Equations

of

equilibrium,

Strain

displacement relations,

Stress

strain

relations,

Axi

symmetric problems, Kirsch, Michell’s and Boussinesque problems

39

UNIT V TORSIONAL THEORY

15

Navier’s theory, St. Venant’s theory, Prandtl’s theory on torsion, The semi- inverse method and

applications to shafts of circular, elliptical, equilateral triangular and rectangular sections

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. S.P. Timoshenko and J.N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity, McGraw-Hill, 1985.

2. E. Sechler, “Elasticity in Engineering” John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1980.

40

PAE1614

Advanced Heat transfer

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To introduce the concepts of heat transfer to enable the students to design components subjected to thermal loading.

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To enable advanced heat conduction analysis To enable the convective heat transfer analysis To enable the radiative heat transfer

The student will Be able to understand the conduction, convention systems Problem solving using numerical solutions Be able to understand heat transfer involving laminar and turbulent flows and high speed flows Be able to understand different radiation types,factors and shields Be able to understand heat exchanger classification and its analysis Have an understanding of gas turbine combustion chamber and rocket thrust chamber, ablation cooling process.

To enrich the knowledge on Heat exchangers To give knowledge on application in aerospace engineering

UNIT I ADVANCED HEAT CONDUCTION ANALYSIS 12

Conduction – Convection systems – Mathematical analysis of two-dimensional heat conduction

– graphical and numerical analysis – Numerical solutions to problems heat conduction problems.

UNIT II CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS 15

Heat transfer involving laminar and turbulent flows over a flat plate and through a tube - Heat

transfer in high speed flows – closed form and numerical solutions.

UNIT III RADIATIVE HEAT TRANSFER

Physical mechanism of radiation – radiation shape factors – relations between shape factors –

heat exchange between non-black bodies – radiation shields – solar radiation – radiation heat

transfer coefficient.

11

UNIT IV

HEAT EXCHANGERS

12

Classification – Temperature Distribution – Overall heat transfer coefficient, Heat Exchange Analysis – LMTD Method and E-NTU Method.

UNIT V APPLICATIONS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING 10

Heat transfer in gas turbine combustion chambers and rocket thrust chambers – Heat transfer in

ablation cooling process.

41

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. John H. Lienhard, “A Heat Transfer Text Book”, Prentice Hall Inc., 1981.

2. J.P. Holman, “Heat Transfer”, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 6 th Edition,

1991.

3. S.C. Sachdeva, “Fundamentals of Engineering Heat & Mass Transfer”, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1981.

4. G.P. Sutton, “Rocket Propulsion Elements”, John Wiley & Sons, 5 th Edition, 1986.

5. M.Mathur and R.P. Sharma, “Gas turbine and Jet and Rocket Propulsion”, Standard Publishers, New Delhi, 1988.

42

PAE1615

Aircraft Design

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To introduce and develop the basic concept of aircraft design

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To review the developments in aviation

The student will Be able to understand the different functions of aircraft and its classification Be able understand types of power plant and locations. Propeller characteristics Be able to understand aerodynamic parameters and flight envelope and stability Be able to understand layouts of subsonic /supersonic aircraft, wing and under carriage loads Be able to understand to analysis, testing and fabrication of aircraft with material selection

To enable the power plant type and characteristics To enable exposure to preliminary design To enrich the knowledge on Special problems To give knowledge on structural design

UNIT I REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN AVIATION 12

Categories and types of aircraft specifications – various configurations – Layouts and their

relative merits – strength, stiffness, fail safe and fatigue requirements – Manoeuvering load

factors – Gust and manoeuverability envelopes – Balancing and maneuvering loads on tail

planes.

UNIT II POWER PLANT TYPES AND CHARACTERISTICS 12

Characteristics of different types of power plants – Propeller characteristics and selection –

Relative merits of location of power plant.

UNIT III PRELIMINARY DESIGN

Selection of geometric and aerodynamic parameters – Weight estimation and balance diagram –

Drag estimation of complete aircraft – Level flight, climb, take – off and landing calculations –

range and endurance – static and dynamic stability estimates – control requirements.

12

UNIT IV SPECIAL PROBLEMS

Layout peculiarities of subsonic and supersonic aircraft – optimisation – of wing loading to

achieve desired performance – loads on undercarriages and design requirements.

12

43

UNIT V STRUCTURAL DESIGN

12

Estimation of loads on complete aircraft and components – Structural design of fuselage, wings and undercarriages, controls, connections and joints. Materials for modern aircraft – Methods of analysis, testing and fabrication.

TOTAL: 60

REFERENCES

1. G. Corning, “Supersonic & Subsonic Airplane Design”, II Edition, Edwards Brothers Inc., Michigan, 1953.

2. E.F. Bruhn, “Analysis and Design of Flight Vehicle Structures”, Tristate Offset Co., U.S.A., 1980.

3. A.A. Lebedenski, “Notes on airplane design”, Part-I, I.I.Sc., Bangalore, 1971.

4. E. Torenbeek, “Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design”, Delft University Press, London,

1976.

5. D.P. Raymer, “Aircraft conceptual design”, AIAA Series, 1988.

6. H.N.Kota, “ Integrated design approach to Design fly by wire” Lecture notes Interline Pub. Bangalore, 1992.

7. S.C. Keshu & K.K. Ganapathi “Aircraft Production Techniques and Management”, 1995.

44

SEMESTER III

(ELECTIVES)

PAE1616

Computational Fluid Dynamics

L T

P

C

3

1

0

4

Goal

To study the flow of fluids using computational methods

 

OBJECTIVES

OUTCOMES

 

Impart the students To enable numerical solutions to fluid dynamical problems To enable the transonic relaxation techniques To enable knowledge on Time dependent methods To enrich the knowledge on Panel method To give knowledge on special problems

The student will Be able to understand the stability analysis of linear system, boundary layer equations Be able understand the small flow.TSP equations and line relaxation techniques Be able to understand flow over airfoils and problem solving Application of panel method to incompressible, compressible, subsonic and supersonic flows. Be able to understand grid generation techniques

UNIT I

NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF SOME FLUID DYNAMICAL

PROBLEMS

12

Coordinate system, Body fitted coordinate systems, Stability analysis of linear system. Finding

solution of a simple gas dynamic problem, Local similar solutions of boundary layer equations,

Numerical integration and shooting technique.

UNIT II TRANSONIC RELAXATION TECHNIQUES 14

Small perturbation flows, Transonic small perturbation (TSP) equations, Central and backward

difference schemes, conservation equations and shock point operator, Line relaxation techniques,

Acceleration of convergence rate, Jameson’s rotated difference scheme stretching of coordinates,

shock fitting techniques Flow