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Olga Panić-Kavgić

FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE
I Which functions of language are activated in the following examples?
1) Priđi! CONATIVE
2) E, pa, bilo mi je drago! Do viđenja! PHATIC
3) There was a fatal plane crash over the Andes last week. INFORMATIONAL (or REFERENTIAL)
4) (...) da (...) da (...) (telephone conversation) PHATIC
5) Prvom maju preti stečaj. INFORMATIONAL + METALINGUISTIC
6) (...) to jest (...) METALINGUISTIC
7) How do you do! PHATIC
8) Everything we do is driven by you! POETIC (or AESTHETIC)
9) Molim te, skloni mi se s puta! CONATIVE
10) Ouch! EMOTIVE (or EXPRESSIVE or AFFECTIVE)
11) A severe thunderstorm hit the northern parts of Ireland tonight. INFORMATIONAL
12) Dobar dan! Kako ste? PHATIC
13) Na povratku s pijace kupila sam novo Vreme. INFORMATIONAL + METALINGUISTIC
14) „Onaj sapundžija tresnu.“
„Kako tresnu? Koga?“
„Ma nikoga, nego okinu čovek: tresnuti je isto što i okinuti.“
„Okinuti? A šta mu je sad to?“
„Okinuti, to je pasti na ispitu.“
„Na ispitu? Otkud sapundžija na ispitu?“
„Čoveče, sapundžija znači student tehnologije.“ METALINGUISTIC
(R. Jakobson 1966, 293–294, prev. na srpski)
15) Hello! How are you today? PHATIC
16) Drugim rečima (...) METALINGUISTIC
17) Hooray! EMOTIVE
18) Are you with me? (telephone conversation) PHATIC
19) Halo! Da li me čuješ? PHATIC
20) Read pages 1–10 for the test. CONATIVE
21) The Earth is round. INFORMATIONAL
22) Yours faithfully PHATIC
23) Wow! EMOTIVE
24) Shut the windows! CONATIVE
25) (...) that is to say (...) PHATIC
26) Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose. (Gertrude Stein) POETIC
27) Yuck!!! EMOTIVE
28) Ono što hoću da kažem je (...) METALINGUISTIC
29) Wow! It feels great! EMOTIVE
30) The Lisbon train is now approaching the station. INFORMATIONAL
31) Don’t forget to feed the dog! CONATIVE
32) G’day, how ya going? PHATIC
33) Dear Sir/Madam PHATIC
34) Wow, what a view! EMOTIVE
35) Tom! Come inside and eat! CONATIVE