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Lesson Plan

Lesson: Phase Diagrams

Aim: To investigate the equilibrium between phases of a system and the phase diagrams of water and carbon dioxide.

Learning Outcomes :

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to :

1. explain the terms : phase, equilibrium and closed system.

2. interpret phase diagrams as curves describing the conditions of equilibrium between phases and as regions each representing a single phase.

3. sketch the phase diagram for water and carbon dioxide.

4. predict how a phase may change with changes in temperature and pressure.

Assumed prior knowledge :

1. be familiar with the concept of boiling, melting, condensation and sublimation.

2. be able to distinguish the difference in movement and arrangement of particles in the three different

states : solid, liquid and gas.

Underlying Principles

1. Making the invisible, visible.

2. Enabling students to know what to look for.

Time taken to complete the activities : 80 minutes

Differentiation

Questions in the student notes are designed to enable all students to complete the activity. The pop-up answers are provided for the students to view when they have considered their responses. Worksheet questions include questions that require recall, understanding and application of the new concepts learned.

Development of Lesson :

 No. Steps Strategy Resources 1 Set Induction. (Ascertaining prior knowledge and ∑ Teacher to quiz students on the differences between solid, liquid and gaseous particles in terms of their arrangement and movement. introducing lesson topic for the day). ∑ Teacher to use ice and ‘dry ice’ to illustrate changes in state and to introduce topic lesson. 2 Student Activity ∑ Teacher to go through Activities 1 & 2 with the students. ∑ Courseware ∑ Activity 1 : Phases of a system. Students get to view the change in movement and arrangement of particles in a substance as it undergoes changes in state. Students are introduced to the concept of phases of a system and the state of equilibrium between the liquid and vapour state of a substance. ∑ Activity 2 : Phase diagrams Students get to examine the various parts of a phase diagram. They will be guided on how to use these phase diagrams to predict the physical state of water and carbon dioxide at different conditions of temperature and pressure. 3 Evaluation ∑ Students to answer questions in the student worksheet on their own. ∑ Worksheet 4 Extension activity ∑ Students to go through the extension activities on their own. ∑ Reference books