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Instituto Parral
Colegio Particular subvencionado
English area
Teacher: Rodrigo Muñoz Jiménez
Name: ______________________________________________
Date : 8th October , 2015 Grade: 1st Secondary level
Ideal points: ____ pts. Real points: _______

Objetivos de aprendizaje: Reading comprehension – INVENTORS AND INVENTIONS.

Habilidades: Conocimiento, Comprensión, aplicación

Comprehension: Thomas Edison

Reading Practice
Thomas Alva Edison was probably the greatest inventor who ever lived, though at school he never did really
well. In fact, he went to the bottom of his class and stayed at the bottom for three months. Shortly after, at
the age of 12, he left school and never went back! His first job was selling newspapers on trains, and later, at
the age of 16, he got a job working in a telegraph office. Not all of Edison’s inventions were successful. In
fact, his first one was a failure. Many that followed, however, were spectacular successes and Edison became
famous. Most people regard him as a genius.

Edison worked hard all his life, often working all night in his laboratory, and would not come home for days at
a time. When asked what makes a genius he said, "Genius is 99% perspiration and 1% inspiration." Edison
married his first wife, Mary Stilwell, when he was 24. She was only 16 at the time. The story goes that he
tapped out his proposal to her in Morse code on a gas-pipe: "Will you marry me?" "I will" came the reply, also
in Morse code.

Mary died when Edison was 37 years old and two years later he married his second wife, Mina Miller. Although
most of the inventions which made Edison famous were made in the first half of his life, Edison continued to
work and invent till he was over 70, often working 16 hours a day! During his long and productive life Edison
made 1,300 inventions. Edison died on October 18, 1931, at the age of 84. America and the world mourned
his passing.

1.- (Comprensión) Comprehension Questions (16 points)

1.- How old was Edison when he left school? 2.- What was his first job?

3.- What did Edison answer when asked what makes a 4.- How did Edison propose to his first wife?

5.- How old was Edison when his first wife died? 6.- How many inventions did Edison make in his life?

7.- How old was he when he died? 8.- Was Edison an American?

2.- (Comprensión) Now decide if the following questions are TRUE or FALSE (5 points)

1. Edison sometimes worked longer than 12 hours a day.

False True
2. Edison knew Morse code, but Mary Stilwell didn’t.

True False
3. Edison returned to his old school after becoming famous.

False True
4. Mina Miller became Edison’s wife 2 years after Mary died.

False True
5. Edison made his greatest inventions before he was 42.

False True

3.- (Comprensión) Traduzca el siguiente texto al inglés (20 points)

An invention is defined as a device, method or process developed from study and experimentation.
Most of the time an invention is created because of a need, but sometimes a device is invented before there is a
Some of the most important inventions are considered to be the cotton gin, the automobile, the telephone, the
electric light, the printing press, the steam engine, the camera, the computer, the sewing machine and the
But there are other inventions that have changed our lives. Can you imagine a life with no crayons, paper clips,
blue jeans or toilet paper?

4.- (Comprensión) Read and answer these questions (3 points)

Do you like Coke®? Most people do. It is a soft drink that looks like syrup. It is brown and sweet. It can be in a can,
or it can be in a glass. It can be in a tall thin bottle. It was invented on May 8, 1886. The man who made it was John
Pemberton. He was a man who made medicine for sick people. He was also an inventor. John made many kinds of
syrup. He made pills and syrups to make people feel better. He sold them in a store. John also made a drink that
people liked to sip for fun. It was made out of wine, coffee beans, and caffeine. People all over wanted his drink.
One day a new law was made. No one could use wine. No one could drink it. John still wanted to make money. He
still wanted to sell his drinks, but they could not have wine in the drink. He put sugar and fruit in the mix. It looked
good, and it had a good taste. People loved it. It was called Coca-Cola®.
John made the drink we have today.

1. What does Coke look like?

a. bread c. oil
b. pancakes d. syrup

2. When did John make the first Coke?

a. 1886 b. 2006
c. 1885 d. 1826

3. The author wrote this to tell you about . . .

a. how to climb trees.
b. how to add sugar to syrup.
c. how we got Coke.

4. What products were added to the drink to improve its taste?

a. wine and water
b. wine, coffee beans and caffeine
c. sugar and fruits

1. 12
2. Selling newspapers
3. He said, "Genius is 99% perspiration and 1% inspiration."
4. He tapped out his proposal to her in Morse code on a gas-pipe
5. 37
6. 1300
7. 84
8. America

1.Edison left school at his 12s.

2. His first job was selling newspaper in trains.
3."Genius is 99% perspiration and 1% inspiration"
4. He tapped out his proposal in Morse code on a gas-pipe.
5. He was 37 years old when his first wife died.
6. he made 1,300 inventions.
7. He died at the age of 84.
8. Yes, he was American.