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CvSU Vision

The premier university in historic Cavite recognized for excellence in the development of morally upright and globally competitive individuals.

CvSU Vision The premier university in historic Cavite recognized for excellence in the development of morally

Republic of the Philippines

CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY Silang Campus

Biga 1, Silang , Cavite

CvSU Mission

Cavite State University shall provide excellent, equitable and relevant educational opportunities in the arts, science and technology through quality instruction and relevant research and development activities. It shall produce professional, skilled and morally upright individuals for global competitiveness.

DETAILED LESSON PLAN FOR GRADE 10 STUDENTS CLAUSE

  • I. Objectives

At the end of the thirty-minute discussion, students must be able to:

  • a. recognize the meaning of clause;

  • b. classify clause and its types;

  • c. appreciate the importance of having clauses in a sentence; and

  • d. create sentences having adverbial, adjective and noun clauses.

II. Subject Matter

  • a. Topic: CLAUSE

  • b. Reference: Grammar and Composition Handbook pp. 163-169

  • c. Materials: Cartolina with the definition of terms, colored paper with the quotations and song lyrics

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity

Student’s Activity

  • a. Routinary activities

 

“Good morning, class!”

“Good morning, Ma’am.”

“Let us start the day right with a prayer, so may I

(All students will stand and Student 1 will lead the

request everyone to stand. Student 1, please lead

prayer)

the prayer”

“Before you sit down, please align your chairs and pick up the trashes under your chair.”

(Students will align the chairs and will pick the pieces of trashes)

“How is your day so far, class?”

“It is great Ma’am.”

Do we have any absentees for today?”

 

“None, Ma’am.”

“Oh, that is good.”

 

“Do

you

have

any

questions

regarding our

previous topic?”

 

“There is none, Ma’am.”

“Good to hear that, can anyone please recall what we have discussed yesterday?”

Yesterday, we discussed about Maxims. It is a short, a pithy statement expressing a general truth or rule of conduct.

“Thank you. Yes, that is right. Do you have any questions or clarifications about it?”

“None, Ma’am.”

“That is great.”

 

b.

Motivation

“Before we proceed to our next topic, let us first have an activity. I have here quotations that we can reflect on. All you have to do is to match the first part to its latter part by choosing from these cards so it will be complete and will make sense.

Did you get it class?”

 

“Yes Ma’am.”

“I have here five quotations. Who wants to do it?”

(Students will raise their hands.)

Quotations:

 

(Students will do the activity.)

  • 1. Fear doesn’t shut you down

 

but it wakes you up.

 
  • 2. Get busy living

 

or get busy dying.

 
  • 3. Until you’re broken,

 

you don’t know what you’re made of.

  • 4. Be sure to taste your word

before you spit them out.

 
  • 5. What we have enjoyed we can never lose

and all that we love deeply becomes a part of us.

“Thank you very much. Now, all the quotations were complete. What have you noticed?”

 

“Ma’am, if some of the quotations are not complete it doesn’t make any sense.”

“Very good insight. What else class?”

“I noticed some of the quotations already make sense even without matching to its latter part.”

“Thank you. Yes class, some of the quotation is

already complete even without the other part but

there is some that doesn’t make sense without the latter part.”

c.

Lesson Proper

“It has something to do with our lesson for today

which is CLAUSE. A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate and functions as a part of a sentence or as a whole sentence.

Clauses fall into two categories which are main clauses, also called the independent clause, and subordinate clauses, also called dependent clauses.

What do you think is a main clause?”

“It is a clause that has a subject and a predicate and

expresses complete thought.

“Correct. Thank you. And also, main clause is the

only type of clause that can stand alone as a sentence. Every sentence must have at least one main clause. If there are two, a coordinating conjunction that connects two sentences is not a part of it. Let us take the quotation #5. ‘What we have enjoyed we can never lose and all that we

love deeply becomes a part of us.’ What have you noticed, class?”

“Ma’am, without the coordinating conjunction ‘and’ we have two main clauses in the sentence.”

“Very good. How about subordinate clause? What do you think it is?”

“I think Ma’am, it has a subject and a predicate but

 

does not express a complete thought, so unlike

main clause it cannot stand alone.”

“Precisely. Thank you. Let us look at quotation #3.

‘Until you’re broken, you don’t know what you’re made of.’ If we did not put the main clause it does not have any sense. Are you getting my point

class?”

“Yes Ma’am.”

 

“Also, subordinate clauses are dependent on the

 

rest of the sentence. It is often introduced with a

subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun.”

“Class, there are three types of subordinate clause. First is ADJECTIVE CLAUSE, a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun. It begins with relative pronoun and normally follows the word it modifies.

“For example, ‘For her 24 th birthday, Felicy wishes a book that is written by her idol.’ The adjective clause in the sentence is ‘that is written by her idol’, it modifies the noun ‘book’. Did you get it class?”

“Yes, Ma’am.”

 

Good. Can anyone give an example of a sentence having adjective clause?”

 

Cities

that

I want

to visit

are Paris, Tokyo, and

Melbourne.”

 

“Great. Thank you. Okay class, in Student 2’s example, the adjective clause ‘that I want to visit’ modifies the word ‘cities’. Got it?”

 

“Yes, Ma’am.”

 

“Very good. The second one is the ADVERBIAL CLAUSE. It is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, to an adverb by telling when, where, why, how, how much and under what condition and begins with a subordinating conjunction. It can either come before or after the

 

main clause.” “For example, ‘I often listen to the radio because I

love music.’ The adverb clause ‘because I love music’ tells us why the subject often listens to radio. Did you understand?”

 

“Yes, Ma’am.”

“Can

somebody

give

another

sentence

using

adverbial clause?”

 
 

“Since I’m aiming to graduate, I’ll study hard to get good grades.”

“Very good. Thank you. In this example, the adverb clause ‘since I’m aiming to graduate’, tells

us why the subject will study hard to get good

grades. Did you get it class?”

 
 

“Yes, Ma’am.”

“Great. Thank you. The third and last type of subordinate clause is NOUN CLAUSE. It is a dependent clause that acts as a noun within the sentence. Some words that can be used to introduce noun clause are how, however, what,

when, where, wherever, which, whose, and why.” “For example, ‘He did not know why the stove was not working.’ The noun clause there is ‘why

the stove was not working’. If we are to ask what does the subject did not know the answer will be

the noun clause. Got it, class?”

 
 

“Yes, Ma’am.”

“Can anyone in the class give a sentence having a noun clause?”

I wonder how long we should wait here.”

“Great. Thank you. In this example, ‘how long we should wait hereis the noun clause. It contains the subject we and the verb phrase should wait.

Are you getting my point, class?”

 
 

“Yes, Ma’am.”

That is good.

 

“Do you have any questions?”

 

“Are you sure?”

 

“None Ma’am.”

d.

Application

“Yes Ma’am.”

“It seems like you already understand our topic. Now, let us proceed to our activity,”

“The class will be divided into two groups, the left

 

side will be the first group and the right side will be the second. Now, I have here some song lyrics which I already underlined all the clauses. You will identify what type of subordinating clause is used in the lyrics. Before that, you must first guess the title of the song. The first group who can guess the title is the one who has the chance to answer. Did you get it class?” Song lyrics:

I’ve been hearing symphonies,

Before all I heard was silence. A rhapsody for you and me And every melody is timeless.

You told me not to cry When you were gone But the feeling’s overwhelming, It’s much too strong.

Count your blessing to find what you look for. Turn my sorrow into treasured gold. You’ll pay me back And reap just what you sow.

Guess I’d rather hurt than feel nothing at all. It’s a quarter after one, I’m a little drunk and I need you now.

See, the line where the sky meets the sea It calls me And no one knows How far it goes.

So, don’t call me baby Unless you mean it.

And don’t tell me you need me If you don’t believe it.

‘Cause it’s you,

Who fill the emptiness in me. It changes everything, you see When I know I got you with me.

She finally met a man That’s gonna put her first. While I’m wide awake, She’s no trouble sleeping.

   

Let love like that starlight On that first Christmas morn, Lead us back to the manger Where Christ the child was born.

 

(The class will do the activity.)

“Did you guys have fun?”

 

“Yes Ma’am.”

e. Generalization

 

“Can anyone please have a short recap on what we have discussed today?”

“We discussed about clause that has two categories, main clause which stand alone and the subordinate clause which is dependent to the main clause and cannot stand alone.”

“Thank you. What else class?”

 

Today, we also discussed the three types of subordinate clause which are adjective clause,

 

adverb clause, and noun clause.”

“Great. Can somebody differentiate the three?

“Adjective clause is a subordinate clause that

modifies a noun or pronoun and may begin with relative pronoun. Adverb clause modifies a verb, an adjective and an adverb. It tells when, where, how, why, and under what conditions. It begins with subordinating conjunction. And noun clause is a subordinate clause that is used as a noun within the main clause of a sentence.

“Very good.

To

avoid

confusion, always

remember adjective clause and adverb clause modify something while noun clause is just used as a noun within the main clause of a sentence. Is

everything clear?

 

“Yes, ma’am”

“Very good. Do you have any question about everything that we have discussed today?”

None Ma’am.”

“Are you sure?”

 

“Yes Ma’am.”

IV. Evaluation

“Now everything is clear and you understand the

lesson, get one-fourth sheet of paper. Answer the

following.”

 

Directions: Underline the clauses used in each sentence. Then, identify whether it is an adjective clause, adverb clause, or a noun clause.

 
  • 1. The bag that is color black is bought from the store.

  • 2. I don’t know the reason

why she gets angry to me.

  • 3. He drove fast so that he

won’t be late on his work.

  • 4. Though he did not receive formal schooling, he is clever and industrious.

  • 5. Before you take the test, read your notes.

“Are you finished?”

“Yes Ma’am.”

“Let us check your work. Exchange paper with your seatmate. What is the answer in #1?

“The clause is ‘that is color black’. It is an adjective clause.”

“Very good. How about #2?”

 

“The clause is ‘why she gets angry to me’. It is a noun clause.”

“Great! Number 3 what is the answer?”

The clause is

so that

he won’t

be

late on

his

work’. It is an adverb clause.”

 

“Very good. How about #4?”

 

“The clause is ‘Though he didn’t receive formal education.’ It is an adverb clause.”

“Very good. And the last number?

“The clause is ‘before you take the test’.

It is

an

adverb clause.

“Who got perfect?”

“All of us got a perfect score, Ma’am”

 

“Very good! Give yourself a round of applause for getting a perfect score.

 

“Now pass your papers in front.”

(Students will pass their papers)

 

VI. Assignment

 

“Okay for your assignment, write three sentences having adjective, adverb and noun clause.

“Yes, Ma’am.”

Understood?”

“Okay. Thank you everyone, class dismiss.”

Thank you Ma,am and goodbye.”