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Quiz No.

8: Water Supply and Wastewater Engineering:


Dated: 6/4/2016, Wednesday

Time: 14:00-14:50 Venue: L4 Full Marks: 25

Question
Domestic sewage with influent BOD5 (So) of 300 mg/L was applied to a pilot scale trickling filter to
determine the treatability of the sewage. The percent BOD5 remaining [(S/So).100] in the effluent was
determined at various depths (D) and HLR values. The results of the pilot test are summarized below,

Based on the pilot results, draw graphs to determine


HLR (m3/m2/d) the treatability constants (K and n) of the domestic
Depth, D sewage.
(m) 20 40 60 80
S  Q 
n

0.5 65 70 75 82  Exp  K.D.   


So   A  
1 40 50 60 70
1.5 25 35 42 50
2 15 25 30 40

0.0

1.0
-0.5 Slope = -0.459
Intercept = 1.347
0.5
Ln(-Slope)
Ln[S/So]

-1.0 4
Slope 1: -0.973 0.0
Slope 2: -0.689 3
Slope 3: -0.621 2
-1.5 Slope 4: -0.498
-0.5

1
-2.0 -1.0
0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0 1 2 3 4 5
D, m Ln(HLR)

Slope 1 = (1 mark) Slope = (2 mark)

Slope 2 = (1 mark) Intercept = (2 mark)

Slope 3 = (1 mark)

Slope 4 = (1 mark)

K= 3.846 (2 mark) n= 0.459 (2 mark)

(12 Marks)
A tricking filter with the
following dimensions is
available. Depth: 2 m,
Surface area: 150 m2. The
media consists of stones of So Si
7-10 cm diameter. This
filter will be used to treat 2
MLD the above domestic S
sewage with BOD5 = 300
mg/L. The trickling filter
will be operated with a
recirculation ratio (R) of 4.
Complete the design of this
system by filling the table
below

Trickling Filter Design Marks


 

Flow rate, Q MLD 2 --

Influent BOD5, So mg/L 300 --

Depth of trickling filter, D m 2 --

Surface Area of trickling filter, A m2 150 1

Volume of trickling filter, V m3 300 1

OLR kg/m3/d 2 2

R -- 4 --

HLR m3/m2/d 66.67 2

K -- 3.846 --

n -- 0.459 --

S/Si -- 0.327 2

S/So -- 0.09 2

Effluent BOD5 mg/L 26.53 2

Percent Removal -- 91.16 1

(13 marks)