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Quarter 2 Benchmark

L1.8, L2.13 Read the passage and then answer the questions.

The rain began early in the morning. It fell as hard drops, one after
another. The sky was full of dark, purple clouds. Thunder began as
a soft rumble and became louder and louder. Lightning crashed
every few minutes making the sky a brilliant white. Juan was
scared and hid under the bed.

1. Which picture shows lightning?

a. b. c.

2. Which picture shows a thunderstorm?

a. b. c.

3. ​Who ​hid under the bed?


a. Lightning
b. Thunder
c. Juan
d. The boy
4. ​When ​did the rain begin?
a. Late in the afternoon.
b. Early in the morning.
c. In the day.
d. At night.

5. ​Where ​did Juan hide?


a. In the closet.
b. In the bathroom.
c. Under the bed.
d. With his mom.

6. What is the main idea of the passage?


a. The farms needed the rain.
b. The thunder hurt the people's ears.
c. The lightning made the sky turn white.
d. The storm was very strong.

7. What is a detail that supports the main idea?


a. The rain began early in the morning.
b. Lightning crashed every few minutes.
c. The farms needed the rain.
d. It was dark outside.

8. Which of the following would be the best detail to add to the story?
a. The sky cleared and there was a rainbow.
b. The rain poured onto the ground and it flooded.
c. There was a light breeze.
d. It was cold outside.

9. Which of these would make the best title for the selection?
a. The Storm
b. The Rain
c. The People
d. The Lightning
L2. 12 Read the passage, then answer the questions.

In the fall, the leaves fall off the trees. The temperature is about 60 degrees. Alejandra
loves the fall because of the beautiful weather. This year, Alejandra rakes the leaves with her
family. Then they play in the fallen leaves. Last year, Alejandra and her family made a huge
pile! This year she and her sister jumped in the pile of leaves. When all the leaves are clear,
Alejandra goes inside and drinks apple cider.

10. Which picture shows the temperature for fall?

a. b. c.

11. Which picture shows Alejandra playing the in leaves?

a. b. c.

12. W​ hat ​does Alejandra do with her family?


a. Love the fall.
b. Rake the leaves
c. Jump in the pile of leaves.
d. Drink hot cider.
13. ​Why ​does Alejandra love the fall?
a. The leaves fall off the trees.
b. The temperature is 60 degrees.
c. The weather is beautiful.
d. She plays in the leaves.

14. Which event happens first?


a. Leaves fall off the trees.
b. Alejandra rakes the leaves.
c. Last year, they made a huge pile.
d. Alejandra and her sister play in the leaves.

15. Which event happens last?


a. Alejandra rakes the leaves.
b. Last year, they made a huge pile.
c. Alejandra and her sister play in the leaves.
d. Alejandra goes inside and drinks apple cider.

16. What happens before Alejandra goes inside?


a. She drinks cider.
b. She clears all the leaves.
c. She plays in the leaves.
d. She makes a huge pile.

17. What happens after Alejandra rakes the leaves?


a. The leaves fall off the trees.
b. Alejandra and her sister play in the leaves.
c. Last year, they made a huge pile.
d. She drinks apple cider.
L3.14 L3.16 Use the passages to answer the questions that follow.

1)The fact that electronic computers are now used for data processing has led the general
public to believe that it is a mysterious, complicated science and that the computers are
giant brains. 2)Both of these ideas are false. 3)A computer is basically just a high-speed adding
machine that performs the functions it is told to. 4)If the input data are varied even a little,
the computer is unable to operate until it is programmed to accept the variations. 5)The
business operations it performs are impressive only because of the extremely high speed of
manipulation, but most of these operations have been used for decades. 6)Unlike man, the
computer performs repetitive calculations without getting tired or bored.

18. What is the main idea of the passage?


a. A computer is a high-speed adding machine.
b. A computer is a mysterious giant brain.
c. A computer is impressive because of its high speed.
d. A computer is superior to man in many ways.

19. Which sentence would fit best in the paragraph?


a. Computers can also do subtraction, multiplication, and division.
b. For work that takes a lot of time, computers can help humans complete the work very
quickly.
c. Many people have computers in their homes.
d. In the past, people used to not have computers.

20. In sentence 4, what does varied mean?


a. Changed
b. Held
c. Played
d. Kept
21. What is the best definition of the word “manipulation” as it is used in line 5?
a. Lie
b. calculation
c. cultivation
d. reputation

1)The Louisiana Purchase proved to be one of the shrewdest business pacts in the entire
history of the United States. 2)The purchase doubled in the area of the country and provided
territory from which fourteen new states were created either wholly or in part. 3)It also gave
us control over the mouth of the Mississippi River and opened up the way to foreign trade.
4)Prior to the purchase, the waterway had been blocked by the Spanish, probably with the
approval of Napoleon. 5)The land that was bought was rich in timber, minerals, and natural
resources of many kinds. 6)Finally, the cost of the transaction was unbelievably low; the
total of $15 million amounted to about four cents an acre.

22. What is this paragraph mainly about?


a. Thomas Jefferson
b. Rivers in the United States
c. The Louisiana Purchase
d. Napoleon

23. Which sentence is the best summary of the paragraph?


a. The Louisiana Purchase was a very good business deal for the U.S.
b. The land bought by the Louisiana Purchase was rich in minerals.
c. The land bought by the Louisiana Purchase was very cheap.
d. Most Americans were very pleased with the purchase.
24. Which idea would fit best in the paragraph?
a. Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase from France.
b. The Mississippi River is a big river.
c. The United States was really poor when they bought the Louisiana Purchase.
d. The United States used to be very small.

25. Which of the following means the same as “shrewdest” in sentence 1?


a. Smartest
b. Dumbest
c. Richest
d. Nicest

26. What is the best definition of the word “transaction” as it is used in sentence 6?
a. Argument
b. Sale
c. Thought
d. Gift

L3.17 Read the question and pick the best answer.

Vince Thunder waved to the crowd one more time before he put on his motorcycle helmet. The
crowd cheered uproariously. Vince looked down the ramp and across the 17 school busses that
he was about to attempt to jump. It was a difficult trick and everything would need to go right for
him to nail it. His cape blew in the wind. As Vince hopped on his motorcycle and started down
the ramp, he noticed something that he had not seen before. There was large oil slick at the end
of the ramp. He attempted to stop the bike, but it was too late. He had already built up too much
momentum…

27. What event is most likely to occur next?


a. Vince Thunder crashes his bike after he slipped on the oil slick.
b. Vince Thunder stops his bike on the ramp.
c. Vince Thunder turns off the ramp.
d. Vince Thunder gets off the bike and walks.
28. Which prediction is proven ​incorrect ​by the end of the paragraph?
a. Vince Thunder might get off his bike.
b. Vince Thunder might not try to do the trick.
c. Vince Thunder will drive a car.
d. Vince Thunder is not a stuntman.

29. What is the major cause of Vince Thunder going off the ramp even though he saw the large
oil slick?
a. He was feeling risky.
b. He was stupid.
c. He had already built up too much momentum.
d. He didn’t want to seem scared.

Rex sat at the mouth of the alley and chewed the bone that he had found by the dumpster. It was
a meaty bone that had belonged to a larger animal, perhaps a state fair prize winning pig. Rex
was attracted to the bone by its strong scent. Apparently, he was not the only one who could
smell it. He heard the sound of tags behind him and turned to see a larger dog. Rex released the
bone and began growling at the other dog. The other dog began growling at Rex. The two dogs
inched toward one another, maintaining eye contact. Each began growling louder as the other
approached within striking distance...

30. What even is most likely to occur next?


a. The dogs share the bone.
b. The dogs fight each other over the bone.
c. The dogs become friends.
d. The dogs get taken to the pound.
31. Which prediction is proven ​incorrect ​by the end of the paragraph?
a. Rex will be able to eat the bone without being bothered by another animal.
b. Rex and the other dog might fight.
c. The two dogs see each other and start inching toward each other.
d. Rex finds a bone by the dumpster.

L4.15 Read the question and pick the best answer.

School sports are not free. Children can only join teams if their parents first pay money to the
schools to help cover the cost. The money they pay is known as a fee. A new study suggests that
sports fees may be causing a serious problem. Children who want to play sports may be unable to
if their parents cannot afford the fees. As a result, the children may end up being less healthy.
Sarah Clark is an expert on children's health. “Sports is one way that kids can be physically
active in an enjoyable way," she said. "They’re with their buddies. They’re learning teamwork.”
Playing sports is certainly good for children's health. Regular exercise helps prevent kids from
putting on too much weight. Being very overweight can cause serious health problems. The
study found that fees are keeping many children from playing sports. One in 7 parents whose
children were not playing sports said the cost of fees was a reason.
Sports fees also seem to be becoming a bigger problem. Fewer students from poorer families are
playing sports than in 2012. Even students from richer families are now less likely to play school
sports. Many parents said their children were playing sports less because of the cost of fees. Only
half as many parents said the same thing in 2012.

32. Which sentence from the passage helps explain how pay-to-play sports affects students?
a. The new study found a big difference between poor and rich families.
b. Playing sports is certainly good for children’s health.
c. Children who want to play sports may be unable to if their parents cannot afford the fees.
d. The average school sports fee is $126 for each child.
33. Select the sentence that identifies the cause of the problem highlighted by the passage.
a. Children can only join teams if their parents first pay money to the schools to help cover
the cost.
b. Sarah Clark is an expert on children's health.
c. Being very overweight can cause serious health problems
d. Even students from richer families are no​w less likely to play school sports

Author JK Rowling's Harry Potter books are popular among both children and adults. However,
they may be much more than just entertaining reading material. In fact, some researchers believe
that reading Rowling’s books can perhaps make us nicer people. The Harry Potter series is about
a young orphan who discovers that he has magical powers. While learning to use magic, he faces
many challenges common among children and teenagers. He also faces the less common
challenge of fighting an evil wizard who wants to take over the magical world. A new study
published in the Journal of Applied Social Psychology found that reading the Harry Potter books
in particular can change children's opinions. In the books, Harry often interacts with people who
are different from and mistreated by others. Muggles, people who have no magical ability, get no
respect in the wizarding world. Wizards and witches descended from only one magical parent are
not treated much better. Harry's enemy in the series, the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, believes
that power should only be held by “pure-blood” wizards. He harms and even kills many people
who do not belong to his chosen group. Researchers believe that the Harry Potter novels and
similar books may help to teach children about understanding people who belong to different
groups. The research group plans to continue studying how books can affect people's opinions of
others. They hope to bring about real change in society through their research. When it comes to
understanding and accepting others, humankind has a long way to go. But if the researchers are
right, reading the Harry Potter books might help to make the world a better place.

34. Which sentence from the passage helps explain how reading the Harry Potter novels affects
children?
a. Reading the Harry Potter books might help to make the world a better place.
b. Researchers believe that the Harry Potter novels and similar books may help to teach
children about understanding people who belong to different groups.
c. Reading the Harry Potter books in particular can change children's opinions.
d. However, they may be much more than just entertaining reading material.
35. How is the passage organized?
a. Chronologically
b. Compare and contrast
c. Cause and effect
d. Problem and solution

L4.14 Read the question and pick the best answer for the Adapted Classic.

My name is Victor Frankenstein. I created an evil monster. The terrible things that the creature
has done are all because of me. No one else must ever know how to do what I have done- I will
take that secret with me to my grave.

After many years of study, I had discovered how to bring something to life. I was eager to use
what I had learned, so I devoted two years to making a new creature out of bones and body parts
from graveyards and slaughterhouses. At last my experiment was ready. An enormous, lifeless
creature lay on the table in my lab. I thought my creation would show the world what a great
scientist I was. I did not know how wrong I was!

That cold November night, I brought my creature to life. I remember the moment his black lips
moved. His skin stretched and sewn together, quivered. He took a rasping breath and opened his
watery, yellow eyes. Then that repulsive creature sat up and looked at me.
Instead of feeling proud, I was disgusted. I could not even stand to look at him. So I ran away,
asking myself, ​What have I done?

I hid in my room and nervously paced the floor, trying to determine what to do. But, because I
had been hard at work for so long, I had not slumbered for many days, and I soon fell onto my
bed and slept.

An odd gurgling noise woke me up. The terrible creature was standing over me, grinning and
making baby noises. He came closer and reached out one of his enormous hands to touch me. I
leapt up and ran until I crumpled onto the street. A good friend found me and took me to his
home. I lay there, sick for several months.

Much later, I learned what happened to my creature while I was unwell.

He had wandered the streets. He was a newborn- a hideous, giant newborn. He knew nothing, he
could not talk, and he did not even understand his own feelings.

People who saw him were terrified. Some people ran away screaming. Others threw stones and
bricks at him. One man shot him in the arm.

The frightened, lonely creature hid in a vacant shed next to a cottage. He taught himself to speak
and read by listening to the family in the cottage. Then he learned that I was his creator.

He found me and begged me for a companion. I felt sorry for him, so I agreed to create a wife for
him. But when it came time to bring the female creature to life, I couldn’t do it. I destroyed her
instead. He was very angry and promised to make my life as unhappy as his life was. I was now
his enemy.

The creature terrorized me for many years. First he found and killed my dear brother. Then he
killed my best friend. Finally he killed my sweet bride on our wedding night. I vowed to stop this
horrible beast.

I searched the world for him, and he has lead me to this frozen land. But I have become weak
from chasing him, and I know I am dying. Now I realize I was wrong to create the monster and
then abandon him. Now I know his misery is my fault, not his.

36. What genre is this passage?


a. Mystery
b. Science fiction
c. Romance
d. Fantasy

37. What elements in this passage help us to identify the genre?


a. Victor got sick for several months because he hadn’t slept in a while.
b. The monster’s misery is Victor’s fault.
c. Victor ran away from his monster.
d. A monster was made of body parts.
38. What is the theme for this passage?
a. Victor Frankenstein made a hideous monster.
b. Think before you act.
c. You need courage to deal with conflict.
d. You always get what you want.