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SHORT REPORT ON PAPER, PAPERBOARD & MACHINERY IN INDIA 1

SHORT REPORT ON PAPER, PAPERBOARD & MACHINERY IN INDIA

THE INDIAN PAPER INDUSTRY The Indian Paper Industry accounts for about 1.6% of the world’s

THE INDIAN PAPER INDUSTRY

The Indian Paper Industry accounts for about 1.6% of the world’s production of paper and paperboard. The estimated turnover of the industry is Rs 25,000 crore (USD 5.95 billion) approximately and its contribution to the exchequer is around Rs. 2918 crore (USD 0.69 billion). The industry provides employment to more than 0.12 million people directly and 0.34 million people indirectly. The industry was delicenced effective from July, 1997 by the Government of India; foreign participation is permissible. Most of the paper mills are in existence for a long time and hence present technologies fall in a wide spectrum ranging from oldest to the most modern.

The mills use a variety of raw material viz. wood, bamboo, recycled fibre, bagasse, wheat straw, rice husk, etc.; approximately 35% are based on chemical pulp, 44% on recycled fibre and 21% on agro-residues. The geographical spread of the industry as well as market is mainly responsible for regional balance of production and consumption. With added capacity of approximately 0.8 million tons during 2007-08 the operating capacity of the industry currently stands at 9.3 million tons. During this fiscal year, domestic production of paper and paperboard is estimated to be 7.6 million tons. As per industry guesstimates, over all paper consumption (including newsprint) has now touched 8.86 million tons and per capita consumption is pegged at 8.3 kg.

Demand of paper has been hovering around 8% for some time. During the period 2002-07 while newsprint registered a growth of 13%, Writing & Printing, Containerboard, Carton board and others registered growth of 5%, 11%, 9% and 1% respectively. So far, the growth in paper industry has mirrored the growth in GDP and has grown on an average 6-7 per cent over the last few years. India is the fastest growing market for paper globally and it presents an exciting scenario; paper consumption is poised for a big leap forward in sync with the economic growth and is estimated to touch 13.95 million tons by 2015-16. The futuristic view is that growth in paper consumption would be in multiples of GDP and hence an increase in consumption by one kg per capita would lead to an increase in demand of 1 million tons. As per industry estimates, paper production is likely to grow at a CAGR of 8.4% while paper consumption will grow at a CAGR of 9% till 2012-13. The import of pulp & paper products is likely to show a growing trend.

Foreign funds interest in the Indian paper sector is growing. IFC, the investment arm of the World Bank is already associated with at least three of the IPMA member mills.

Customs Duty

 
 

Voce

Descrizione delle voci

Totale tassa

tariffaria

4802

Uncoated paper & paperboard for writing, printing or graphic use in rolls/sheets [including tissue paper]

24.421

%

4804

Uncoated kraft paper/paperboard, in rolls and sheets

24.241

%

4810

Paper & paperboard, coated on one or both sides with kaolin, inorganic subtances, w,w/o binders, surface decorated or pronted in rolls/sheets

24.241

%

Fonte: Customs Tariff, 2008-09

 
Import Statistics 4802 Uncoated paper and paperboard for writing, printing, or graphic purposes, punch tape

Import Statistics

4802 Uncoated paper and paperboard for writing, printing, or graphic purposes, punch tape paper in rolls/sheets

Rank in

2008-09

Country

In Euro Million

2007-2008

2008-2009

(Apr-Sep 2008)

1

U K

40.9968

26.7253

2

GERMANY

40.3325

26.3384

3

ITALY

22.5716

15.8337

4

SWEDEN

23.4257

9.5849

5

FRANCE

16.5491

5.7451

6

NETHERLAND

1.7885

5.0589

7

SLOVENIA

0.9782

3.5113

8

U S A

2.117

2.5623

9

INDONESIA

4.5625

2.0659

10

JAPAN

1.4235

0.8541

11

CHINA P RP

2.4893

0.7811

India's Total Import

167.3817

102.1197

4810 Paper and Paperboard, coated on one or both sides with kaolin or other inorganic subs, with or w/o binders, surface decorated or printed in rolls/sheets

   

In Euro Million

Rank in

Country

   

2008-09

2007-2008

2008-2009

 

(Apr-Sep 2008)

1

CHINA P RP

55.4581

27.8495

2

FINLAND

25.0974

13.432

3

INDONESIA

13.724

11.4318

4

SWEDEN

11.3953

6.0882

5

GERMANY

6.0882

5.4312

6

JAPAN

3.8982

4.3654

7

AUSTRIA

7.0226

3.7157

8

NETHERLAND

7.0956

3.5186

9

U S A

6.9788

3.4675

11

SWITZERLAND

4.4895

2.7667

12

ITALY

3.5697

1.6352

India’s Total Import

159.3882

94.7467

 

TISSUE PAPER & TOILER PAPER INDUSTRY IN INDIA

Status:

Market size is estimated to be between Euro 30 – 50 million Need driven by advent of large MNC offices, where tissues are essential in washroom hygiene. An ideal replacement in restaurants & commercial spaces, as water is becoming scarce. Increase in organised retail - a main driver of the sales in the home market.

Exposure to international habits/ greater awareness of hygiene has also created a strong demand Compared

Exposure to international habits/ greater awareness of hygiene has also created a strong demand Compared to the international market, per capita consumption levels in India is very low Tissue papers in India are still considered an expense—an up market one at that.

Players:

International brands like Kimberly-Clark and Kleenex are visible in the institutional space.

Only 4 or 5 national companies like Premier, Origami, Mystique, Euro & Pilot.

[Pilot is one of the most popular with brands like Jackson, Tic Toc, & Maruti for tissues;

Snow White (under license from Walt Disney), Cellox for toilet rolls and others]

Institutional purchases form around 50 - 60% of the domestic purchases from tissue

manufacturers. Main buyers: hospitality chains, hospitals, F&B retailers, banks/MNC offices & private labels for retailers.

In urban India tissue paper is trying to ease out the handkerchief, creating a niche in dispensers in washrooms and looking towards the kitchen. For e.g. Premier is now looking to innovate for hairstyling salons while Origami is innovating for kitchen wipes and party usage.

 

Customs Duty

 

Voce tariffariaDescrizione delle voci

Totale

tassa

4818

Toilet paper, handerkerchiefs, cleansing or facial tissues/towels, tablecloths & serviettes, Articles of apparel and clothing accessories

31.703

%

4818

40

Sanitary towels and tampons, napkins and napkin liners for babies and similar sanitary articles; Baby and clinical diapers

14.712

%

10

90

 

4819

Cartons, Boxes, cases, bags and other packaging containers of paper, paperboard, cellulose wadding, box files, letter trays used in office/shops

31.703

%

4819 20 10

 

Cartons, Boxes, cases intended for packing match sticks

14.712

%

Fonte: Customs Tariff, 2008-09

 

PAPER MAKING MACHINERY IN INDIA

Status:

India has around 600 paper mills [est.]. Number of wood based mills - around 20 and balance 580 mills – based on non- conventional raw materials. Most paper mills in India have technologies that fall in a wide spectrum: from oldest to the most modern. Foreign funds evincing interest in the Indian paper sector as it is growing. IFC, the investment arm of the World Bank is already associated with at least 3 IPMA member mills.

Challenges facing Indian mills: Opportunities for Italian companies: Industry in need of state-of-art technologies to

Challenges facing Indian mills: Opportunities for Italian companies:

Industry in need of state-of-art technologies to reduce its production cost

Up gradation of machinery to meet the international standards & enhance capacity

Indian mills are weak in instrumentation & process control which result in variations output

Technical know-how will be required in providing solutions in:

1. : Bleaching process / Chemical Recovery

2. : Reduction in freshwater consumption

3. : Adoption of modern pulping digesters

4. : Cost effective technology for utilization of agro residues, etc.

5. : Recovery of Fibre consumption [waste paper conversion/recovery]

6. : Improve energy efficiency

 

Customs Duty

Voce tariffaria

Descrizione delle voci

Totale tassa

8419 32 00

Dryers for wood, paper, pulp, paper or paperboard

28.639

%

8439

Macchinari for making pulp, finishing paper or paperboard

28.639

%

8441

Macchinari for making paper, pulp or paperboard - cutting machines, making bags, sacks, envelopes; cartons, boxes, cases, other containers,

28.639

%

Fonte: Customs Tariff, 2008-09

 

Import Statistics for Machinery

8439 – Machinery for Making Pulp of fibrous cellulosic material or for Making or Finishing Paper or Paperboard

Rank in

2008-09

 

In Euro Million

 

Country

 

2008-2009

   

2007-2008

(Apr-Sep 2008)

1

ITALY

11.5194

9.8623

2

CHINA P RP

8.1395

6.6795

3

GERMANY

16.8776

5.3217

4

FINLAND

15.1548

4.4311

5

SWEDEN

29.6161

4.234

6

SPAIN

1.022

3.0733

7

SWITZERLAND

1.0366

2.19

8

NETHERLAND

0.0876

1.1169

9

U

S A

4.4019

0.9855

10

AUSTRIA

1.7739

0.8614

11

FRANCE

8.3877

0.8249

14

U

K

3.1244

0.4088

21

BELGIUM

0.1679

0.0949

India’s Total Import

111.4053

42.6977