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RFID BASED SECURITY SYSTEM


Abstract:
This is a very useful application of RFID (Radio-frequency identification) and is very

commonly used in institutes, offices, homes and so on. An RFID system consists of a reader

device and a transponder. A transponder or tag has a unique serial number which is identified by

the reader. Here RFID has been interfaced with AT89S51 to provide secured access. The relevant

messages are also displayed on a 16x2 LCD. Low frequency RFID works on the principle of

radio waves and at the frequency of 125 KHz. There is a coil inside the RFID tag and when it is

influenced by magnetic field, it sends an identity code to a device for further processing. (For

more details, refer interfacing RFID with AT89C51).

The RFID tag is used as an identity for a particular user. If the identity (serial number of

the tag) of the user is matched with the one already stored in this system, he gets immediate

access through it. In beginning, the user is prompted to scan his tag or ID. The serial code of the

tag is identified by the reader module and is sent to AT89C51 for checking. If the ID is matched

by the microcontroller, the user gets the access. On the contrary, if the tag is not identified, a

message (‘Wrong ID’) is displayed on LCD screen.

A new user needs to press the switch to register after which his identity is verified twice

with RFID tag. The new record is stored by the microcontroller to grant future access. The

system also shows ‘Error’ if the tags do not match during verification.

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CONTACT: +91-9167739375
www.temspace.in SMARTKIT LLP info@temspace.in
CONTACT: +91-9167739375
The power supply consists of a step down transformer 230/12V, which steps down the

voltage to 12V AC. This is converted to DC using a Bridge rectifier and it is then regulated to

+5V using a voltage regulator 7805 which is required for the operation of the microcontroller

and other components

Block Diagram:

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS: SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:


Microcontroller, Crystal Oscillator, Motor Driver, Keil compiler, proteus, flash magic (or) prog isp,
DC Motor, LCD (16*2), buzzer, RF ID modem. Language: Embedded C or Assembly.

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CONTACT: +91-9167739375