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PETROBRÁS 2010

World Oil Reserves at ‘Tipping Point’

Science Daily (Mar. 26, 2010) — The world’s


capacity to meet projected future oil demand is at a
tipping point, according to research by the Smith
School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford
University.
PETROBRÁS 2010

1. The author reports that world oil reserves are at a


‘tipping point’ because oil:

a)Is already being replaced by alternative fuels in most


uses of the fuel.
b) Is now in shortage and will not supply global needs in
the near future.
c) Has already been substituted by alternative energy
fuel resources worldwide.
d) Has been misreported as non-abundant to satisfy
political interests of non-producing nations.
e) Has reached a peak in off-shore wells and is now
abundantly extracted from tar sand reserves.
PETROBRÁS 2010

a) Is already being replaced by alternative fuels in


most uses of the fuel.
PETROBRÁS 2010

b) Is now in shortage and will not supply global


needs in the near future.
PETROBRÁS 2010

c) Has already been substituted by alternative


energy fuel resources worldwide.
PETROBRÁS 2010

d) Has been misreported as non-abundant to


satisfy political interests of non-producing nations.
PETROBRÁS 2010

e) Has reached a peak in off-shore wells and


is now abundantly extracted from tar sand
reserves.
Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas
Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas
Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas

Aument Diminuir
Aument Diminui
ar
ar r
rocket dive
edge up edge
soar plummet
down
dip
Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas

halve (1/2)
double (x2)
triple (x3)
quadruple (x4)
increase tenfold (x10)
Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas

Our business grew by 15% last year.

Sales have increased from 5 millions to 5,8 millions.


Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas

Profits are falling.

Unemployment has been rising.


Referências Numéricas e
Estatísticas

The government has privatized the rail network.

Sales have increased and that has meant higher profits.


PETROBRÁS 2008

Cane surpasses power dams in Brazil energy complex


Thu May 8, 2008 2:41 pm EDT
By Denise Luna

Sugar cane and cane- based ethanol became a more


important energy source than hydroelectric power plants in
Brazil’s overall energy complex last year, topped only by
petroleum and oil products.
PETROBRÁS 2008

2. The fragment “The use of renewable energy sources in Brazil by far


surpasses the world’s average of around 13 percent,” means that
Brazil:

a) Uses much more renewable energy than other countries in the


world.
b) Uses just 13 percent of the renewable energy sources produced
around the world.
c)Still has to go a long way to reach the global levels of renewable
energy use.
d) Does not consume as much ethanol and plant-based biodiesel as
other nations.
e) Cannot compete with the international production of eco-friendly
fuels.
PETROBRÁS 2008

a) Uses much more renewable energy than other


countries in the world.
PETROBRÁS 2008

b) Uses just 13 percent of the renewable energy


sources produced around the world.
PETROBRÁS 2008

c) Still has to go a long way to reach the global levels of


renewable energy use.
PETROBRÁS 2008

d) Does not consume as much ethanol and


plant-based biodiesel as other nations.
PETROBRÁS 2008

e) Cannot compete with the international


production of eco-friendly fuels.