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×-ì 'N'N' c8hMhNA8Iqc¨CE>
F(HUd8H`?A-B-bJIEA-hMhGcIJHŠ?qªH`?HŠBA8BgBHCE>GcBAPFchNhj… c8h©bJIJc†TDc8IVbJHì-×
57ÃvÇ é KAbqc Ç ´ >GC«bqc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c-=@KF ÈVÈ
Û
×-ì†=@d8HUa8hN>Nc†ch
TD>VK º Ù cKbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>>NBgcbVbJHUCJc¨FcPBDA8IqFgì-×
Ï Æ 5 Ð 2ˆÇ ë é KA8bJc Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A8IqF È_ð`ð „ K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhM>}=@Kh æ A8BSbJH†ñ Ù È
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A8IqF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ
Þ
2 Ð 0U2
Û
×8ì¨=@d-H#a8hN>Gc†c8hT>VK º Ù c8K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhM>>NBˆcbEbEHUCJcPFcPCVKFˆì-×
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c Ù A-IJF œ ² c8hNCEH8·
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c-=@KDF œ bJIEKDH8·
Ï Æ 5 Ð 2ˆÇ ë é KA8bJc Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF È"ð`ð „ K(bJA8OPA8‹>NhN>G=@KDh æ A-B-bJHPñ Ù È
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ
Þ
Þ
2 Ð 0 2
Û
57ÃvÇ é KAbqc Ç ´ >GC«bqc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c-=@KF È"ð`ð ë é KAbqc Ç ´ >NCVbJc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c Ù A-IJF ÈVÈ
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A8IqF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ
2 Ð 0U2
Û
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c Ù A-IJF œ ² c8hNCEH8·
Þ
Þ
0U5:͍Π¿Ð Ç OLKbEHÉ È ·×8ìLŽe>MhGc8CJ?>Gc†hNc†O¨K(bEKDcPH CE?#hMKCV>NA8BHLì-×
Þ

&
-× ì8ì-ì8ì8ì-ì8ì-ì8ì8ì-ì8ì-ìì8ìì-ìì±Ü „ = Õ Üíì8ì-ì8ì8ì-ì8ì-ì8ì8ì-ì8ì-ì8ìì-ìì8ì×
Đ95:Ê „ ?U?H CECEA „ K(bEA-O†A-‹>NhM> æ IJAd8HUB>MHUBSbE>GܱcS=@KDF Ç È
Û
57Î ¼ >j·
> œ ܱHbJH#IJO†>NBDc æ IJA8TIJ>MA ¸ BDF(>G?H Ç È ·
Ï ¿ 5 ¼ Ç O¨K(bEH#É È ·×-ì ¹ bEbE>NH#BH`hGc†OLK(bJKDcPHUCJ?hNKDCE>MA-BHì8×
57Ã’Ç =@Kh æ A8BSbEH ܱc Ù A-IJF È îNîmë é KDAbJc Ç ´ >NCVbJc „ bVbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A-IJF È îNî „ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH œ`œ Ù È
Û
æ KDCEª Ç ´ >NCVbJc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c-=@KDF
Y > È ·×-ì ´ … cK(bJA8OPA8‹>NhNH±dcPOPHUCJCEc†>NBxhN>GC«bqcŒF… cbVbJHUCJcŒì-×
Þ
2 Ð 0 2
Û
=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ܱcS=@KDF œ bJIEKH-·
„ K(bJA8OPA8‹>NhN>G=@KDh æ A-B-bJH ` ·
0U5:͍Π¿Ð Ç é Ç > ÈEÈ ·m×-ì Ù ¹ Ù d8A-a8hN>Nc8O†AP?qªHŠhj… c8K(bEA-O†A-‹>NhMH`CE>
c8FF(A-IEOPHUB-bJ> 'M'N' f#fUf¨ì8×
Þ
0U5:͍Π¿Ð Ç OLKbEHÉ È ·×8ìLŽe>MhGc8CJ?>Gc†hNc†O¨K(bEKDcPH CE?#hMKCV>NA8BHLì-×
Ï ¿ 5 ¼ Ç é Ç > ÈVÈ ·m×8ì „ FF(A8IJOPH#BSbJc†hj… c8K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhMHLì-×
Þ
Đ95:Ê Õ JC ?>MbJc „ K(bJA8OPA8‹D>MhN> æ IEAd-H#B>NH#BSbJ>NÜ1c-=@KF Ç È
Û
57Î ¼_ï ·
Ï ¿ 5 ¼ Ç O¨K(bEH#É È ·×-ì ¹ bEbE>NH#BH`hGc†OLK(bJKDcPHUCJ?hNKDCE>MA-BHì8×
„ K(bJA8OPA8‹D>MhN>G=(Kh æ A-BSbEH8ÓÓ`·
57Ã’Ç „ K(bJA8OPA8‹D>MhN>G=(Kh æ A-BSbEH œ`œ ,SÈ ×-ì†=@H†HŠº h:… KhMbE>NOPcŒc8K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhMH 'M'N' ì8×
Û
×8ì 'M'N' chNhMA-IJc†CV>F(H#d-HŠ?#A8BSbEIJA8hNhGcIJH±?qªH`?H`BDA8B!BHCV>GcBDAPFDchNh:… chMbEIqcLTcIEbEHLì8×
57ÃvÇ é KAbqc Ç ´ >GC«bqc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c Ù A8IqF ÈVÈ
Û
×8ìLCEd8H#a-hM>Gc†ch
T>VK º Ù cK(bJA8OPA8‹D>MhN>>MBˆcbVbEH CEc†FcŒCEKDFˆì8×
Ï Æ 5 Ð 2ˆÇ ë é KA8bJc Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF È"ð`ð „ K(bJA8OPA8‹>NhN>G=@KDh æ A-B-bJHPñ Ù È
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ
Þ
2 Ð 0U2
Û
×8ì¨=@d-H#a8hN>Gc†c8hT>VK º Ù c8K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhM>>NBˆcbEbEHUCJcPFc†BA8IqFˆì8×
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c-=@KDF œ ² c8hNCEH8·
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c Ù A-IJF œ bJIEKH-·
Ï Æ 5 Ð 2ˆÇ ë é KA8bJc Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A8IqF È_ð`ð „ K(bEA-OPA8‹>NhM>}=@Kh æ A8BSbJH†ñ Ù È
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱc Ù A8IqF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ

¢
Þ
Þ
2 Ð 0 2
Û
57ÃvÇ é KAbqc Ç ´ >GC«bqc „ bVbJHUCJc8Ü1c Ù A8IqF È_ð`ð ë é KDAbJc Ç ´ >NCVbJc „ bVbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF ÈEÈ
Û
„ KbEA8OPA-‹>MhN>}=@Kh æ A8BSbEH ` ·
ï œ æ A8T Ç ´ >GCVbJc „ bEbEH CEc-ܱcS=@KDF È ·
0 57͐Π¿Ð Ç é Ç ï ÈVÈ ·
Þ
2 Ð 0U2
Û
=@Kh æ A8BSbJHUÜ1c-=@KDF œ ² c8hNCEH8·
Þ
Þ
U0 5:͍Π¿Ð Ç OLKbEHÉ È ·×8ìLŽe>MhGc8CJ?>Gc†hNc†O¨K(bEKDcPH CE?#hMKCV>NA8BHLì-×
Þ
./10 2-34-57685:9•ò
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hNHbEbEAgFcbEK(bEbE>a8hN> õ Ñ H†>MBDA8hMbEIJH¨?>Gc8CJ?KDB õ Ñ FH#d8H¨hMHUa8a-H#IJH>OPHUCJCEc8a8a8>BH#hNhj… A-IJF(>NBH¨>MB?K>RSKH C«bJ>%CEA8BDAxCVbJcbJ>CVTHUF(>MbE> '
ú K(bEbJcd@>Nc¯a8hN> õ Ñ TA-CJCVA-BAŒhNH#a8a-H#IJH`KBACVbEH CECEA¯OPHUCJCJca8a->MAP>NBˆbEHUOPT>‡F>Md-H#IqCV>jiQ>NB‰KBàFcbJA¯>NCVbJc8BSbEH õŠû TKA!º cd8H#IvhMH#bVbEA
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FcbJ>:iOŒCEaD·RSKDcBSbJ>:i ,D'M' ³•·
2SÎ‡Ê ·
‹K(÷mH#I œý¿ 33 ¿ ½­Á ,'N' øíÓ # 9Ã CVhNAb ·
cbEO¨K œ Å9Î5 ¼ 93 ·
Ä ¿ 3 K÷‡i‹K÷HUIU·

‹
F>NCET
i ,'N' ø¯·
>NB
i ,D'M' øþÓ  ·
c-F(HUCVbUi ,D'M' ³•·
FAd8H8i ¿ 33 ¿ ½­Á -'M' ³  9Ã ,D'M' øþÓ  ·
OP>MbVb YF(H C«b i 489Îʇ5 ¼ 579Î ·
¾ 39
482@ʇË]32‰2@Î ¼ 3 ½ CEH#BDF Ç7ÿ iDOŒCVa È
Ì 2S͐57Î
5:à F(>GCET œ , ¼UÆ 2SÎ OP>MbVb ' c>MbU·
F>NCETi œ F(>NCETÓ  ·
‹DK(÷ Á >NB Âj' FcbE>i œ ÿ ·
‹DK(÷ Á >NB Âj' RSKDcBSbJ>i œ , ·
>NBi œ Ç >NB üÈ OPA(Fgø¯·
Ï Æ 5 Ð 2 c8F(H C«b  , ʇ9
Ì 2@͍5:Î
c8F(H C«bi œ c-F(HUCVb`Ó  ·
F(HUCVb ' CV>Na8Bch
2@ÎÊ ·
2@Î‡Ê ·
‚
¾ 39
482@ʇË]32‰2@Î ¼ 3 ½ IJHU?#H#>Nd8H Ç >ji 8'N' ³· Ä ¿ 3¨ÿ iDOPCEa È
Ì 2S͐57Î
5:ÃvÇ F(>NCET œ ø 93 F(Ad-H Á >  œ >MB È ¼ Æ 2@Î
Ì 2@͍5:Î
c8F(H C«bi œ c-F(HUCVb ü ·
F(HUCVb ' c8>©b
2@ÎÊ ·
ÿ i œ ‹K÷ Á F(Ad8H Á > ÂNÂj' FcbJ>:·
‹DK(÷ Á F(Ad-H Á > ÂNÂj' RSKDcBSbJ>i œ ‹K(÷ Á FAd8H Á > ÂMÂä' RSKDc8BSbE> ü ·
5:à ‹K÷ Á F(Ad8H Á > ÂNÂj' RSKDcBSbE> œ ³ ¼ Æ 2@Î
Ì 2@͍5:Î
F(>NCETi œ F(>GCVT ü ·
O†>MbVb ' CE>Na8BDc8h
2@ÎÊ ·
FAd8H Á >  i œ Ç F(Ad-H Á > ‡  È OPA(F!ø·
2@Î‡Ê ·
Ì 2S͐57Î Û >MBD>MfU>Nc8hM>Nf#f cf#>NA8BDH Þ
F>NCETi œ øùÓ  ·
>NBi œ , ·
Ãä93 c-F(HUCVb`i œ  ¼ 9 ³ Ê9 FAd8H Á c8FHUCVb  i œ , ·
c-F(HUCVb`i œ , ·
2@Î‡Ê ·
./10 2-34-57685: 9 
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H¨F(Ad8H`CJcIqcBBAPOPH#OPA-IE>Nf#f cbE>]KDCEc8BDF(AIH 5¦30 ¼,JLK¼ Ç ² c8?#H#BDFAŒTDcIEbE>NIEH`hGcPIJ>N?#H#Iq?#cPFchNhGcPTDcIEbE>Nf#>NA8BH`CEKD?#?#HUCJCV>NdcŒcŒRSKH#hNhNc
?#K>CE>
HUIJcPcIJIJ>MdcbJ>:YR-KcBDF… cB?qªH ² A-CJCVH`IJ>MOŒc-C«bJA†BDH#hNhNcŒCVbEH CECJc†KBˆ‹KD?#A¯F(>F(>NOPH#BDCE>NA8BHCE+K M¯?>NH#BSbEH-YDH Fx>NB>Nf#>GcBDFA¯Fch
BDA@FA¯³†X È OH N 2@0 ¼ JPK‡¼ '
— n˜™~-#y7n€p
“ A-Bgh:… chNa8A-IE>MbEOPQA H 5¦30 ¼ J H 5 ¼ cd@IJH#OPA†hNcPCE>©bJKDcfU>MA-BH`CVHUa8KHUB-bJH8i
R lEn oqp{rqr{y C€wy}l{yMJ#y
WX ¢DU,D
WZ *8,8,-,FD
W‡[  S*8*FD
W \ BA-B!TDKAPº HUCJCVHUIEH`chNhNA@?UcbJA

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101K

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P
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822K P
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1200K
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P
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³L^  8  )D * ‘ ‚ D
“ A-B;N 2@0 ,¼ J H 5 ¼ hNcPCE>©bJKDcfU>MA-BH`CEc8Ic¨º >MB@d-HU?HŠhGcPCVHUa8KHUB-bJH8i
R lJnUoqprJr{y C€wy}l{yMJ#y
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³ ^ ‚ ‘ D * ‘ *8¢FD
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¿UT =(>_?#A8BDCE>NFH#IJ>­KBDcgOPH#OPA-IE>Gcˆ?HUB-bJIJc8hMHŒa-HUCVbE>MbJc‰?#A8B>NhOPHbJA@FAF(H#hNhNH¯TDcIEbE>Nf#>NA8BD>OLKDh©bJ>MThNH8·­CEA8BDAˆTIEH CVHUBSbE>hNHc8IEHUH
hN>M‹H#IJHF(>ŠF(>NO†HUBDCE>MA-BH U,-F, D Y &8,8, D Y *,-F, D Y )-,8F, D Y ¢-,8, D Ç H#hNH#BD?UcbEH>MBžA-IJF>MBHàF(>±>NBDF(>NIJ>MfUf#A¡?#IEH CE?#H#BSbEH È{' =@>
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H¯CE>­F(HUCJ?IJ>Mdcg?A-OPH†d-H#Ba-A8BAgchNhNA@?UcbJ>>MBOPH#OPA8IJ>Gc!FDca8hN>­chNa8A-IE>MbEOPV> H 5¦30 ,¼ JLK¼ Y N 2@0 ¼ JPK‡¼ HUXF W 930 ,¼ JLK‡¼ ' =@>
?A-B ² IJA8BSbE>NBA†hMHCE>©bJKDcfU>MA-B>IJ>NCEKhMbJcBSbJ> '
Ì T =@>QCEKTTA8BDa-cgA8IqcgF(>a-HUCVbE>NIEHPKBcˆOPH#OPA8IJ>NcgF(> *,-,8F, D THUIOPH#fUf#A‰F(>QTDca->MBDc8f#>NA8BH-YCE>?A-BDCE>NF(HUIE>NBA‰F(>NOPH#BDCE>NA8B>
F(>‡TDca->MBDHLF(> U,-F, D H *,-F, DP' =(>‡F(H CE?#IE>NdcŒhj… c8hMhNA(?#cfU>MA-BHF(>%OPH#OPA8IJ>GcŒ?A8BCVHUa8KHUB-bJH8Ymc ² IJA8BSbEH†F(H#hNhNcCVH R-KDH#Bf c¯F(>
TIJA(?HUCJCE>mCEA8TDIJc¨>MBF(>N?Ucbqc '
— n˜™~-#y7n€p
U¿ T =(>NcBH#h%?#c-CVAF> H 5730 ,¼ JLK‡¼ ?>NIq?A8hGcIJH?qªH¨BH#h%?#c-CVA¯F(Y> W 930 ¼ JPK‡¼ YmCE>IJ>MH CE?#A8BA¯c-F‰chNhNA@?UcIJHCVA-hMA¯bEIJHLTIJA(?HUCJCE>CEK
RSKDcbEbEIJA Ç d-HUF(>֍a8KIqc È Yc‰?UcKDCJcgF(H#h ² H#BA-O†HUBA‰F(HUhMhGIc Z lEzu†uŒp€säz y7n€pgprqstp#l{€zˆÇ ƒ-&ƒ D TH#[I H 5¦30 ¼ JPK‡¼ Y &)-F) D
TH#I N 2@0 ¼ JPK‡¼ H ƒS&ƒ D TH#)I W 9D30 ,¼ JLK¼ È{' æ H#IEbJc8B-bJADY>NBˆH#BSbJIJc8OL‹>
>‡?#c-CV>jYDACE>]TDIEA(?H F(Hc8FgKDB?A-O†TcbVbqcOPH#BSbJA
F(HUhMhGcPOPH#OPA8IJ>NcPhN>N‹HUIJcPA¯CE>F(HUd8HcbVbEHUBDF(HUIEH?qªH¨R-KchG?qªHŠTIEA(?#HUCJCVA†bEHUIEOP>NB> Ç c8FgH CVHUO†TD>MAYDW%XYDBDH#h]TDIE>NOPA¯?#c8CEADY
HW‡ZŠBH#h
CEHU?#A8BDF(A È{'
First-fit circolare Best-fit Worst-fit

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P2 P2
500 K
288 K
83 K 83 K

P3 200 K
200 K 200 K
88 K

P1
300 K 300 K 300 K
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P1
P2 P4
P3
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P3 276 K
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