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1. We must stand up to your own principles.

Elaboration:

Anne Schraff has beautifully made this moral value tangible in the protagonist, Richard
Knight. Richard though is just a 15-year-old teenager, is mature enough to stand for his right
and to be able to differentiate between good and evil.

Example 1:

 Gus oppresses Richard by ill-treating him with nicknames such as 'Small Fry' for
failing to shoot a dear.

 Gus also asks Richard to leave his avocation of poetry in order to fit in with the
society. But, Richard does not adhere to his brother's wish as he stands by his
principles of killing is vice and poetry is life.

Example 2:

 When his English teacher announces of signing a card to express regrets on the
incident where Hanna, Richard's classmates' tavern gets vandalised.

 No one in the class signs the card due to bullies who think Hanna's a 'Dirty Hun'.

 But, Richard gathers his courage to be the only one to sign the card and gives it
himself to the Schumhers. Richard here shows that he is an egalitarian
(believing that all people are equally important and should have the
same rights and opportunities in life) by signing the card to express his regret.

If Richard had been gullible, there would not have been


camaraderie=(a feeling of friendliness towards people that you work or share an experience with)
formed between him and Hanna and also between him and Joyce Kilmer.
 The fact that Richard lived by his principles has also helped him distinguish between
the right and the wrong. When Richard's father and Gus had asked him to stop
poetry, he knew it was wrong to put an end to his joy just because society would not
accept him. Thus, standing up to your principles also helps overcome the modus
vivendi that the society has set.

What is the significance of this moral value towards our life?

 It is important that people should have their own way of life instead of having 'herd' (a
large group of people) mentality by 'following the crowd'.

 Anne Schraff has emphatically brought this value in the novel to stop society from
deciding what is normal when one has the conscience to do so.
 If you think what you are doing is right, just do it! Disregard all the pessimistic
energy and strive to achieve whatever goal or dream that you want.