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3 Storey Hotel and Restaurant Building Most Stressed Column

Maximum Load Carried by Column: Pu

Maximum Actual Load, Pc= 2980.86 kN

Ø= 0.65 MPa

Fy = 420 MPa

f’c = 28 MPa

Location of Most Stressed Column of 3 Storey Hotel and Restaurant Building

Maximum Actual Load Pc for Most Stressed Column

Column Section:

Height, h = 550 mm

Base, b = 550 mm

Steel Reinforcement bars:

Diameter of rebars = 25 mm

Number of rebars = 8 pcs


Area of Column Ag

Ag = hb

Ag = 302500 mm 2

Ad = Area of rebar

Ad = πd2/4

Ad= 3926.99 mm2

Pu=0.80Ø(0.85f'c(Ag-As)+fyAs)

Pu = 4552.79 kN > 2980.86 kN

Therefore, the design is safe.

Use Pu = 4552.794 kN

Design of Rectangular Column

Given:
𝐴𝑠
Pu = 4552.79 kN ρ = 𝐴𝑔 ; As = ρAg

F’c = 28 MPa

Fy = 420 MPa

Initial ρ = 0

Ø = 0.65

Solution:

Selecting column dimensions:

Pu = 0.8f [ 0.85 fc' ( Ag - As ) + fy ( As ) ]

4553x103 = 0.8(0.65) [ 0.85 (28)( Ag – 0Ag ) + 420 ( 0.02Ag ) ]

Ag = 275985.5 mm2
Use: 550 mm x 550 mm

Ag = 302500 mm2

Selecting longitudinal (main) bars:

Pu = 0.8f [ 0.85 fc' ( Ag - As ) + fy ( As ) ]

4553x103 = 0.8(0.65) [ 0.85 (28)( 302500 – As ) + 420 (As) ]

As = 3926.27 mm2

Use: 8 – 25 mm

As = 3926.991 mm2

*OK! Above minimum required rebars

Checking r:

rgmin = 1% of Ag = 0.01

rgmax = 6% of Ag = 0.06
𝐴𝑠 3926.991
r = 𝐴𝑔 = = 0.01
302500

rgmin < r < rgmax

*OK for rho min! Also, OK for rho max

Design of ties:

Use 10 mm size of ties

(a) 16 db = 16(25) = 400 mm

(b) 46 dt = 48(10) = 480 mm

(c) Least lateral column dimension = 550 mm

Therefore, 400 mm controls!


Design of Square Column Footing

Given:

DL = 243.2 kN

LL = 81.7 kN

f’c = 28 MPa

fy = 420 MPa

f = 0.9

a = 0.55 m (column dimension)

depth of footing = 2000 mm

cover = 80 mm

as = 40

qa = 200 kN/m2

conc. weight = 23.5 kN/m3

soil weight = 18.06 kN/m3

Maximum Dead Load and Live Load at Foundation

Solution :

Assume h = 600 mm deep footing


D = 520 mm

qe = qa - ( h x conc weight ) - ( soil height x soil weight )


600 1400
qe =200 - (23.5) - (18.06)
1000 1000

qe = 160.616 kN/m2
𝐷𝐿+𝐿𝐿
Af required = qe

243.166+81.7
Af required = 160.616

Af required = 2.02261 m2

S = 1.42219 m

Use: 1.4 m x 1.4 m footing

Af = 1.96 m2

Bearing pressure for strength


1.2𝐷𝐿+1.6𝐿𝐿
qu =
𝐴𝑓

1.2(243.166)+1.6(81.698)
qu = 1.96

qu =215.569 kN/m2

a.) depth d required for one-way or beam shear:

Vu1 = qu (A1)

Vu1 = (215.569)[(0.179725)(1.4)]
Vu1 = 54.240 kN

6 𝑉𝑢𝑙
d=
𝑓√28(𝑏𝑤)

6 (54.240)(10)^3
d= 0.75√28(1400)

d = 58.574 mm < 550 mm

b.) depth d required for two-way or punching shear:

bo = 4(520.55) = 2082.2 mm

Vu2 = qu (A2)

Vu2 = (215.569)[(1.96)-(0.52055)2]

Vu2= 346.103 kN
3 𝑉𝑢2
d=
𝑓√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑜)

3(346.103)(10)^3
d= 0.75√28(2082.2)

d = 132.185 mm < 520 mm


12 𝑉𝑢2
d= 𝑎𝑠(𝑑)
𝑓[ +2]√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑜)
𝑏𝑜

12 (364.103)(10)^3
d= 40(𝑑)
0.75[ +2]√28(2082.2)
2082.2
Solving d by Quadratic Equation:

Where: a = 158.7450787 d2

b = 16526.95014 d

c = -4369232

−𝑏 ± √𝑏2 −4𝑎𝑐
d= 2𝑎

d = 121.8222485 mm or -225.932248 mm

Therefore d = 121.822 mm < 520 mm

Determine steel area (d = 520 mm)

1−𝑎 1.4−0.00055
Cantilever length = = = 0.7 m
2 2

Take moment at face of the wall:

0.69973
Mu = (215.57)(0.699725)(1.4)( ) = 73.882 kN – m
2

𝑀𝑢 73.882𝑥106
Rn = 𝑓𝑏𝑑12 = (0.90)(1400)(520)2 = 0.217 MPa

0.85𝑓′𝑐 2𝑅𝑛
r= x [1 − √1 − 0.85𝑓𝑐′]
𝑓𝑦

0.85(28) 2(0.217)
r= x [1 − √1 − 0.85(28)] = 0.00052
420

1.4 √𝑓𝑐′ 1.4 √28


rmin = 𝑓𝑦 or = 420 or 4(420)
4𝑓𝑦

rmin = 0.00333333 or 0.003149704 Therefore, use 0.0033

(0.75)(0.85)𝑏1(𝑓𝑐 ′ ) 600
rmax = x 600+420 = 0.02125
𝑓𝑦

when rmin > r < rmax

Therefore, use 0.00333 for As

As = rbd
As = (0.00333)(1400)(520)

As = 2426.667 mm2

Using 25 mm bars ; Ad = 490.87

𝐴𝑑(1000) (490.87)(1000)
S= = = 202.281593 mm
𝐴𝑠 2426.666667

Say S = 200 mm

N = As/Ad

N = 4.9436 pcs Say 5 pcs