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# 3 Storey Hotel and Restaurant Building Most Stressed Column

Ø= 0.65 MPa

Fy = 420 MPa

f’c = 28 MPa

## Maximum Actual Load Pc for Most Stressed Column

Column Section:

Height, h = 550 mm

Base, b = 550 mm

## Steel Reinforcement bars:

Diameter of rebars = 25 mm

## Number of rebars = 8 pcs

Area of Column Ag

Ag = hb

Ag = 302500 mm 2

Pu=0.80Ø(0.85f'c(Ag-As)+fyAs)

## Therefore, the design is safe.

Use Pu = 4552.794 kN

## Design of Rectangular Column

Given:
𝐴𝑠
Pu = 4552.79 kN ρ = 𝐴𝑔 ; As = ρAg

F’c = 28 MPa

Fy = 420 MPa

Initial ρ = 0

Ø = 0.65

Solution:

## 4553x103 = 0.8(0.65) [ 0.85 (28)( Ag – 0Ag ) + 420 ( 0.02Ag ) ]

Ag = 275985.5 mm2
Use: 550 mm x 550 mm

Ag = 302500 mm2

## 4553x103 = 0.8(0.65) [ 0.85 (28)( 302500 – As ) + 420 (As) ]

As = 3926.27 mm2

Use: 8 – 25 mm

As = 3926.991 mm2

## *OK! Above minimum required rebars

Checking r:

rgmin = 1% of Ag = 0.01

rgmax = 6% of Ag = 0.06
𝐴𝑠 3926.991
r = 𝐴𝑔 = = 0.01
302500

Design of ties:

## Therefore, 400 mm controls!

Design of Square Column Footing

Given:

DL = 243.2 kN

LL = 81.7 kN

f’c = 28 MPa

fy = 420 MPa

f = 0.9

cover = 80 mm

as = 40

qa = 200 kN/m2

Solution :

D = 520 mm

## qe = qa - ( h x conc weight ) - ( soil height x soil weight )

600 1400
qe =200 - (23.5) - (18.06)
1000 1000

qe = 160.616 kN/m2
𝐷𝐿+𝐿𝐿
Af required = qe

243.166+81.7
Af required = 160.616

Af required = 2.02261 m2

S = 1.42219 m

Af = 1.96 m2

## Bearing pressure for strength

1.2𝐷𝐿+1.6𝐿𝐿
qu =
𝐴𝑓

1.2(243.166)+1.6(81.698)
qu = 1.96

qu =215.569 kN/m2

## a.) depth d required for one-way or beam shear:

Vu1 = qu (A1)

Vu1 = (215.569)[(0.179725)(1.4)]
Vu1 = 54.240 kN

6 𝑉𝑢𝑙
d=
𝑓√28(𝑏𝑤)

6 (54.240)(10)^3
d= 0.75√28(1400)

## b.) depth d required for two-way or punching shear:

bo = 4(520.55) = 2082.2 mm

Vu2 = qu (A2)

Vu2 = (215.569)[(1.96)-(0.52055)2]

Vu2= 346.103 kN
3 𝑉𝑢2
d=
𝑓√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑜)

3(346.103)(10)^3
d= 0.75√28(2082.2)

## d = 132.185 mm < 520 mm

12 𝑉𝑢2
d= 𝑎𝑠(𝑑)
𝑓[ +2]√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑜)
𝑏𝑜

12 (364.103)(10)^3
d= 40(𝑑)
0.75[ +2]√28(2082.2)
2082.2

Where: a = 158.7450787 d2

b = 16526.95014 d

c = -4369232

−𝑏 ± √𝑏2 −4𝑎𝑐
d= 2𝑎

d = 121.8222485 mm or -225.932248 mm

## Determine steel area (d = 520 mm)

1−𝑎 1.4−0.00055
Cantilever length = = = 0.7 m
2 2

## Take moment at face of the wall:

0.69973
Mu = (215.57)(0.699725)(1.4)( ) = 73.882 kN – m
2

𝑀𝑢 73.882𝑥106
Rn = 𝑓𝑏𝑑12 = (0.90)(1400)(520)2 = 0.217 MPa

0.85𝑓′𝑐 2𝑅𝑛
r= x [1 − √1 − 0.85𝑓𝑐′]
𝑓𝑦

0.85(28) 2(0.217)
r= x [1 − √1 − 0.85(28)] = 0.00052
420

## 1.4 √𝑓𝑐′ 1.4 √28

rmin = 𝑓𝑦 or = 420 or 4(420)
4𝑓𝑦

## rmin = 0.00333333 or 0.003149704 Therefore, use 0.0033

(0.75)(0.85)𝑏1(𝑓𝑐 ′ ) 600
rmax = x 600+420 = 0.02125
𝑓𝑦

## Therefore, use 0.00333 for As

As = rbd
As = (0.00333)(1400)(520)

As = 2426.667 mm2

## Using 25 mm bars ; Ad = 490.87

𝐴𝑑(1000) (490.87)(1000)
S= = = 202.281593 mm
𝐴𝑠 2426.666667

Say S = 200 mm