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Question 1

Rationalism believes that reason is the source of knowledge. A teacher who believes in the philosophy
of rationalism would identify ______ as the highest faculty of man.
a. Will
b. Reason CorrectReason is the source of knowledge and the highest faculty of man according to
c. Senses
d. Emotion

Question 2
Based on RA 9155, being an administrative manager is one of the two roles of a school head. What is
the other one?
a. Facilitator of learning
b. Health officer
c. Guidance counselor
d. Instructional leader CorrectA school head is an administrative manager and at the same time a role
model for the teachers. Guidance counselor, health officer and facilitator of learning are directly in contact
with students while a school head is directly in contact with teachers and staff.

Question 3
What is the implication of extreme authoritarianism in classroom?
a. Dependence on others for direction CorrectDependence on others for direction is the result of having
an autocratic teacher or leader inside the classroom. Other options are characteristics developed when
the classroom is democratic and participative
b. Unbridled creativity
c. Independence
d. Strong initiative

Question 4
When a group of people believe that the culture of another group of people is superior to them, this
a. Cultural conflict
b. Xenocentrism CorrectEthnocentrism is the belief that one's culture is superior to others (e.g. Nazism).
Cultural relativity is a situation where one practice is acceptable to one society but considered taboo in
another (e.g. divorce is legal in the US but not in the Philippines). Cultural conflict is a situation where the
cultural practice or belief of a group of people runs counter to the practice or belief of another thereby
causing disagreement.
c. Cultural relativity
d. Ethnocentrism

Question 5
John Dewey has been associated with all the following philosophies theories, except which one?
a. Idealism CorrectJohn Dewey promoted the notion that schools are to be the major agencies for the
development of free personalities. He was the one who advocated pragmatism, democracy and
b. Progressivism
c. Pragmatism
d. Social resconstructionism
Question 6
What is the proof that the Philippine educational system has become trifocalized, supposedly to ensure
greater efficiency?
a. The linking of the Technical Panel for Teacher Education, Teacher Education Council and PRC for teacher
education concerns
b. The linking of DepEd, CHED and PRC witht the aim of professionalization of teaching
c. The presence of DepEd for basic education, CHED for higher education and TESDA for vocational
education CorrectA law identified three agencies that will oversee the Philippine Education System: CHED,
TESDA and DepEd.
d. The existence of the Bureau of Elementary Education, Bureau of Secondary Education and Bureau of
Alternative Learning Systems

Question 7
Which philosophy holds that faith, love and hope are eternal values regardless of whether people
believe in them or not?
a. Realism
b. Idealism
c. Existentialism Incorrect
d. Pragmatism

Question 8
Fearing that an unwanted pregnancy will bring her disgrace, an unmarried woman went to a clinic to
have the baby aborted. Is her action justified?
a. Yes. It spares the child from grwoing up without a father
b. Yes. She and her unborn child were saved from potential disgrace
c. No. The unborn child cannot be made to bear the consequences of the acts of the parents
d. No. The act of aborting the baby is in itself unacceptable CorrectThe word "unmarried" leads to the fear
that the pregnancy may bring disgrace to the woman. This may lead the concerned woman to act and
eliminate the child to save her name. However, abortion itself is a bad and immoral option.

Question 9
Which of the following could lead to the revocation of a professional license? I. Unprofessional or
immoral acts II. Willful failure to attend professional development activities prescribed by the Board
and the Commission III. Habitual use of drugs IV. Failure to get a masters or doctorate degree after
several years of teaching
a. I only
b. II only
c. I, II and III CorrectIV is not a ground for the revocation of a professional license
d. I, II, III and IV

Question 10
Which could be a consequence of extreme authoritarianism in the home?
a. Children are able to work creatively
b. Children depend on others for direction a lot CorrectAuthoritarianism promotes the scenario where the
authority figure gives orders and the subordinate(s) follows. Other options are environment where
freedom is advocated.
c. Children do things on their own initiative
d. Children are able to direct themselves
The correct answer is: Children depend on others for direction a lot

Question 11
If a person says to another, "You are what you choose to be," the person is more of a/an:
a. Idealist
b. Pragmatist
c. Realist Incorrect
d. Existentialist

Question 12
A teacher, after discovering that a student who complained about the computation of the final grade
was right, still stuck to the erroneous computation for fear of losing credibility. Is this decision
a. Yes, the teacher must maintain her credibility at all times
b. No, the reason for not admitting the error before the student is flimsy
c. No, the end does not justify the means CorrectAlthough the intention of the teacher is to maintain her
reputable image, the means to her goal is not morally upright. There is an inconsistency in the intent/goal
and the process.
d. Yes, the end justifies the means
The correct answer is: No, the end does not justify the means

Question 13
Which of the following will likely inspire new teacher to maintain his idealism?
a. Work pressure
b. Lack of discipline
c. Manyana habit
d. Support of living models CorrectEducational innovation and competitive salary may contribute to the
idealistic nature. But idealism will likely to be maintained if there are living models to emulate.

Question 14
When a person steals something from another, he is heald accountable for his action and is punished
by society acordingly. This is because man is said to have:
a. Reason or choice CorrectMan is said to be endowed with reason or choice making him accountable for
whatever action he undertakes in his lifetime.
b. Instinct
c. A spirit
d. No other choice

Question 15
Who pioneered the use of the question-and-answer as model for discussion?
a. Socrates CorrectSocrates is known for being a wise man. He was able to live up to be a wise man by
proving every now and then that he is really wise by virtue of the fact that "he knows that he doesn't
know." This leads him to the question process to determine if he had the same state of consciousnes as
the other people.
b. Kant
c. Plato
d. Aristotle

Question 16
A teacher taught his students about god values and discipline in his class, yet his students regularly see
him gambling and getting drunk in public places. What would you do if you were his principal?

a. Express disapproval in writing that the behavior of the teacher

b. Talk with him about the importance of being consistent on one's action and in the role of discipline
enforced in the classroom CorrectOther options may create value conflict among the studetns and may
be too impersonal and could be met by resentment by the teacher
c. Be tolerant about his behavior for it is openly a manifestation of "pakikisama"
d. Explain to the pupils that smoking is bad for young people but not to adults

Question 17
When we hear people being referred to as "promdi" and "barriotic," we are seeing manifestations of
which attitude?
a. The high respect for the affluent
b. The oppression of the poor
c. The prevalence of ethnocentrism Correct Ethnocentrism is the attitude of being superior over the other
d. Poverty is a rural phenomenon

Question 18
In the 2002 curriculum, Makabayan was introduced was a subject. What does this subject aim to do?
a. Integrate the basic subjects English, Filipino, Science and Math
b. Compartmentalize subjects but exluding English, Filipino, Science and Math
c. Serve as environment where holistic learning can be practiced CorrectMakabayan as a subject is part of
the 2002 BEC that promotes holistic and integrative learning of lifelong skills. BEC 2002 also retained the
essential subjects like English, Filipino, Science and Math as individual subjects to compete the holistic
training of the students
d. Put emphasis on Values Education

Question 19
Is it right for a woman to kill the man who had raped her and invoke self-defense?
a. Yes, this is the only time the woman can ably defend herself
b. No, the killing is no longer self-defense because the rape already happened CorrectThe phrase "had
raped her" is in the past tense, which means the act of killing was done after the rape had already been
committed. This does not fall under self-defense, as the killing was not committed during the rape act.
c. Yes, rape is a serious act of aggression and killing the aggressor is justified
d. Yes, if the killing is done to defend her reputation

Question 20
A parent quarreled with another parent because apparently their children hit each other during recess.
This behavior is an influence of which Filipino trait?
a. Extreme personalism
b. Lack of self reflection
c. Extreme family-centeredness CorrectFilipinos are said to have the value of being family-centered. But is
sometimes becomes negative when it is carried to extreme as when excessive concern for the family
creates an in-group to which the Filipino is fiercely loyal, to the detriment of concern for the larger
community or the common good.
d. "Sakop" mentality

Question 21
Which of the following facilitates the emergence of the truth students and teachers seek?
a. Mindset
b. Defense
c. Bias
d. Open mind CorrectQuest for truth needs openness on the part of the learner.

Question 22
A principal tasked some teachers to write instructional materials in a subject. Later on, the teachers
found out that she had the materials published under her name, Which act of the principal is unethical?
a. She had the materials published when they are already publishable
b. She took the recognition due her teachers CorrectThe case is an act of plagiarism of sort. This means
that the real authors of the materials should be credited properly for their work.
c. She made the teachers work on an additional task
d. She was the only recipient of the royalty from the materials

Question 23
Which concept was not included in previous Philippine constitution but was mandated by the 1987
Constitution to all education institutions?
a. Accelerate social progress
b. Foster patriotism and nationalism
c. Respect of human rights CorrectRespect for human rights is the newest provision in relation to the
mandate od education in the country
d. Promote human development

Question 24
The Constitution highlights the importance of providing a system of free public education in the
elementary and high school levels. Why is such a provision necessary?
a. The elementary and high school levels provide the foundation for life functions and roles
CorrectUNESCO's thrust, which is also advocated by the Philippine system of education is to provide each
citizen with lifelong learning skills in order to be a significant part of the society. This resulted to Article
XIV, Sec 2 of the Constitution, which predicates provision for free elementary and secondary education.
b. No one goes to college without passig the elementary and high school levels
c. A few people cannot afford private schools
d. Elementary and high schools provide formal education

Question 25
Is it ethical for a teacher who does not agree with a long standing grading policy openly talk against it
in her classes?
a. Yes, she is entitled to her opinion
b. No, it is her duty to faithfully carry the policy out even if she does not agree CorrectThe grading policy
is a school wide policy. She must have known this when she became part of the system. This means that
as part of the system, she has to honor the policy or she leaves the system.
c. No, she might be confused and might pass on her confusion to others
d. Yes, provided she asked her superior for permission

Question 26
A common behavior of Filipinos is to always ask the most senior among the group for their advice or
insight on a certain issue. This clearly shows which Filipino trait?
a. Authoritarianism CorrectFilipinos have a tradition of following the advice or seeking the opinion of the
elderly in important decisions involving the family of the community. Colonial mentality is the liking of
Filipinos for anything American or foreign, from goods to certain practices. Lack of discipline is evident in
our casual and relaxed attitude towards time and space which manifests itself in lack of precision and
compulsiveness, poor time management and procrastination. Examples include not following rules (e.g.
traffic rules), urinating and spitting just about anywhere. Manyana habit or procrastination, postponing
doing something that we want or need to do.
b. Manyana habit
c. Lack of discipline
d. Colonial mentality

Question 27
If military training was the focus of Spartan education, what was the goal of Athenian education?
a. Training of mind and body CorrectAthenians are famous for the training of the intellect. But they also
required a little military training for the purpose of holistic training and defense
b. Religious training
c. Vocational training
d. Intellectual training

Question 28
From whom did we get the taxonomical practice arranging all species in their natural order in
accordance with the complexities of form thereby generating the inanimate, the vegetative, the animal
and the rational levels?
a. Plato
b. Pythagoras
c. Watson
d. Aristotle Correct

Question 29
The 1987 Constitution prescribed which medium/media of instruction in schools?
a. Filipino and English CorrectThis is stated in Article XIV of the Constitution, which prescribed Filipino and,
until otherwise provided by law, English as the official language of communication and instruction
b. The vernacular
c. Filipino and Spanish
d. Filipino

Question 30
Which program is in line with Confucius' assertion that there should be no distinction of classes in
a. Moral recovery program
b. Values education
c. Education for All (EFA) CorrectConfucius is famous for promoting the moral aspect of man. However,
based on the item, the term "no distinction" means that it is an open enterprise. Back-to-basics is the
focus of Essentialism while Values education is the focus of Idealism
d. Back-to-basics

Question 31
What is the main framework of RA 9155 or the "Governance of Basic Education Act of 2001?"
a. Mainstreaming
b. Accountabinlity and authority CorrectRA 9155 promotes authority and accountability to school heads
in the actual management of the schools. RA 9155 anchors school-based management, which is the
empowerment of school heads.
c. Bilingual education
d. Values education

Question 32
A student submitted a narrative report which was poorly written but very well packaged to make up for
the poor quality of writing. This practices is an illustration of which Filipino trait?
a. Substance over form
b. Form over substance CorrectThe case presents a student who is focused on outside appearance rather
than on content. Art over science and art over academics present very specific educational structure.
c. Art over science
d. Art over academics

Question 33
According to Plato, ______ is a bad form of government?
a. Monarchy
b. Tyranny CorrectPlato (in The Republic) listed five forms of government from best to worse: 1. Aristocracy
(the ruler is a philosopher) 2. Timocracy (ruled by warriors) 3. Oligarchy (rich ones rule) 4. Democracy
(people choose the ruler) 5. Tyranny (whoever is stronger takes charge). For Plato, tyranny is worse than
c. Oligarchy
d. Democracy

Question 34
Is the teaching of religion in public school allowed by the 1987 Constitution?
a. Yes, provided it is done outside regular class hours CorrectThe 1987 Constitution allows the teaching of
religion in public schools provided that it is optional, with the consent of the students and parents, and it
should not intervene in the regular classes of students
b. No, because religion is already included in the Values Education subject
c. Yes, provided it is only done once a week
d. No, because of the doctrine of the separation of church and state

Question 35
Which person will the following advice: "Approach every studnet as he/she is without allowing yourself
to be influenced by your foreknowledge of his/her background?"
a. Pragmatist
b. Existentialist-phenomenologist
c. Rationalist Incorrect
d. Essentialist
Question 36
The Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) encourages the principle of "back-to-basics." From which
educational philosophy does this spring?
a. Essentialism CorrectEssentialism belives that children should learn the traditional basic subjects and
that these should be learned thoroughly and rigorously. Perennialism requires the most important set of
topics that develop the person and there are usually outstanding principles and not just the basics.
Progressivism believes in the study of scientific principles and real-life activities. Existentialism focuses on
the individual development of the child.
b. Progressivism
c. Perennialism
d. Existentialism

Question 37
Which was the focus of education during the Spanish period in the Philippines?
a. Attainment of the development goals
b. Establishment of nationhood
c. Indoctrination of the Catholic faith Correct
d. Training for self-government

Question 38
Which aim of the government's educational program is attained with the introduction of the
Accreditation and Equivalency Test for adults and out-of-school youths?
a. Equitable access
b. Quality and relevance Correct"Accreditation and Equivalency Test" is a means for adults to acquire
education that is relevant to their age and experience. Quality of education received is emphasized due to
the relevance promoted by the test
c. Quality
d. Relevance

Question 39
In light of the advances in technology, which literacy is as fundamental as the 3Rs?
a. Rational thinking
b. Right conduct
c. Functional literacy
d. Computer literacy CorrectThe 3Rs are reading, writing and arithmetic. The fouth one being referred to
here is computer literacy, which is also technology and informaiton literacy

Question 40
Existentialists say that every person is in the same predicament and has the same possibilities. What
does this mean?
a. Every person must go through the same form of education
b. Every person must have access to education Correct Existentialism is the development of the self. Every
person who is in the same predicament must have the same opportunities and access to the same
c. Every person must go to a university
d. Every person must choose to go to a university
Question 41
Who gave the advice, "If given the power, you ought to govern your subjects with moral power?"
Select one:
a. Mencius
b. Confucius CorrectConfucius taught moral life through devotion to the family, loyalty to elders, love for
learning, civic service and universal love and justice.
c. Lao Tzu
d. Mao Tse Tung

Question 42
For whose interest are the required annual medical check up of teachers done?
a. The state and every teacher CorrectThe annual check up is required to ensure that the teachers are
physcially fit. In cases where this state is not attained, proper medication and rest should be advised. Thus,
annual check up ensures the well-being of the teacher and that the teacher is able to serve the state
b. School administrators
c. Filipino medical doctors
d. Parens and students

Question 43
Which principle guides a "reconstructionist" teacher?
a. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill and value that he needs for a better future Correct
b. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven
c. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything
d. I must teach the child to develop his mental pwers to the fullest

Question 44
A man kills a wife in a moment of unbridled rage because of jealousy. Is the husband moraly
responsible? Why?
a. It depends on the reason for the man's jealousy.
b. Yes. He killed his wife simply because of jealousy CorrectAs presented in the question, the husband is
not mentioned as mentally ill. He has to be responsible as a normal human being who has reason and
c. Not necessarily. Passion may completely destroy freedom and therefore moral resposibility
d. It depends on the husband's state of mind

Question 45
The Filipinos who were selected in 1903 by the Americans and were sent abroad to study were known
a. Insulares
b. Reformists
c. Peninsulares
d. Pensionados CorrectPensionados were Filipinos invited by the US government for scholarships but were
required in return to work for the government in the Philippines for the same length of time

Question 46
A teacher felt humiliated when one of his students told him in front of the class that the example he
gave is wrong. The teacher gave the student a low grade in despite of the student having excellent
performance. Which trait is illustrated by the teacher?
a. Lack of self-reflection
b. Extreme personalism CorrectFilipinos has a selfsh, self-erving attitude that generates a feeling of envy
and competitiveness towards others, particularly one's peers, who seem to have gained some status or
prestige. There seems to be a basic assumption that another's gain our loss
c. Lack of discipline
d. Kanya-kanya syndrome

Question 47
During the American occupation, who served as teachers to the Filipinos before the Thomasites arrived
in the Philippines?
a. Selected elementary grade school graduates
b. Graduates of the Teacher's Certificate Program of a normal school
c. American soldiers CorrectWhen Americans won over the Spaniards, the soldiers became the first
teachers of the Filipinos
d. Government officials

Question 48
Where did the common school movement initially become popular?
a. United States of America CorrectThe Common school is the forerunner of the public school and emerged
early on in the mainland United States
b. Spain
c. China
d. Philippines

Question 49
Which teacher believes that children must be helped to confront their freedom and assist them in
their personal journey?
a. Existentialist
b. Idealist
c. Reconstructionist IncorrectA reconstructionist belives in making the child use what he learn to make a
better society
d. Progressivist

Question 50
A researcher asked a group of Filipino respondents if they want to have been born an American, a
European, or a Japanese. None said yes. What is an implication of this finding?
a. Filipino lack a sense of national pride
b. Inferiority of the Filipino
c. Superiority of other nationalities
d. Superiority of the Filipino CorrectThe term "none" connotes that they are generally not agreeable with
the attribute of an America, European or Japanese. This also means that they like being Filipinos. Other
options are characteristics of Filipinos who do not believe in the abilities of Filipinos.