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SECTION 16010

ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA

[NTS: Include this section in the RFP for design build projects only where the Contractor is
responsible for the design of the facility and for submitting design submittals for review and
approval by the CM and/or Owner prior to start of construction.]

PART 1 – GENERAL

1.01 DESCRIPTION:

A. This section covers the design criteria for electrical work provided under this
project.

B. All new electrical system and equipment under this Contract shall be designed and
sized based on the final approved design document and the final electrical studies
and as specified herein.

C. The work includes, but is not limited to, design, sizing, furnishing and installing the
following:

1. Outdoor and indoor medium voltage metal-clad load break, fused and/or
vacuum circuit breaker type switchgear as indicated and/or required.

2. Oil-filled, pad-mounted, compartment type, self-cooled, tamperproof, and


weatherproof transformers as indicated and/or required.

3. Electrical distribution system including switchgears, switchboards, motor


control centers, and power distribution centers.

4. Control and alarm cabinets.

5. Raceways and fittings.

6. Wire and cables.

7. Miscellaneous equipment.

8. Panelboards.

9. Lighting systems.

10. Underground systems.

11. Grounding systems.

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12. Telephone System.

13. Security System.

14. Paging System.

15. Lightning Protection System.

16. Conduit, wire, control equipment and field connections as required for all
motors and equipment furnished.

17. PLC based facility control system.

18. The Contractor shall design, size and install the power distribution system
required under this contract. The power system shall include the main service,
distribution panels, lighting, emergency lighting, receptacles (quantity to
support the function of each room in each building), switches, air
conditioning, telephone system, computer system, and any other required
systems as specified and indicated.

1.02 DESIGN CODES AND STANDARDS:

A. The design and specification of all electrical work shall comply with all applicable
laws and regulations of Libya, and with the industrial standards referenced herein (or
equivalent International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) or British Standards
(BS)) .

1. The Antifriction Bearing Manufacturers Association (AFBMA).

2. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

3. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

4. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

5. Illuminating Engineering Society (IES)

6. National Electrical Code (NEC)

7. National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)

8. National Electrical Safety Code (NESC)

9. National Fire, Protection Association (NFPA)

10. Underwriters' Laboratories (UL)

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11. Association of Edison Illuminating Companies (AEIC)

12. Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA)

B. Recommended and recognized standards from other organizations shall be used


where required to serve as guidelines for the design, fabrication, and construction
when not in conflict with the standards referenced herein.

C. The codes and industry standards used for design, fabrication, and construction shall
be the codes and industry standards, including all addenda, in effect as stated in the
Contract Documents.

D. All mechanical and electrical elements, including equipment, piping, and their
supports, shall be designed to withstand seismic events in accordance with Libyan
activities.

E. Equivalent British/European codes and standards may be used; however, the


equivalency shall be demonstrated and submitted by the Contractor and approved by
the CM/CS.

1.03 SERVICE AND METERING:

A. The power company serving this project is GECOL – General Electric Company of
Libya - herein referred to as the Power Company.

1.04 SPECIAL JOBSITE CONDITIONS:

A. All equipment used in hazardous areas shall be designed for Class I, Division 1 or
Division 2, Group D locations as applicable. All installations shall be in strict
accordance with the National Electrical Code (or equivalent IEC or BS Standards)
for hazardous locations.

B. All equipment, materials, and installation specified shall be rated for operation at the
ambient temperature and the atmospheric conditions set forth therein. The following
site conditions shall apply:

1. Ambient temperature: 50 °C

2. Relative humidity (maximum): 99%

3. Site conditions - varies between coastal environment to arid desert

C. Electrical equipment, electronic (PC) boards, control panels, and exposed electrical
copper surfaces shall be designed, coated, and/or tinned to resist corrosion caused by
exposure to H2S, in wastewater treatment facilities.

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D. All indoor electrical distribution equipment shall be located in separate air
conditioned electrical rooms and electrical buildings.

E. Provide air conditioning system for existing electrical room (s) when new electrical
work is performed in existing electrical room(s) and/or buildings.

F. Variable frequency drives shall be located indoor in air conditioned electrical rooms.

G. PLC SCADA control panels shall be located indoor in air conditioned control
rooms.

1.05 INSPECTION AND FEES:

A. The Contractor shall give all necessary notices, obtain all permits, and pay all taxes,
fees and other costs in connection with this work; file all necessary plans, prepare all
necessary documents, and obtain all necessary approvals of governmental and local
authorities having jurisdiction.

1.06 ELECTRIC MOTORS:

A. The general design criteria for electric motors shall be as specified herein.

B. General Motor Design Criteria. These paragraphs outline basic motor design guide
parameters for selection and purchase of electric motors.

1. The following design parameters shall be considered:

1. Environment

2. Voltage utilization and phases

3. Frequency

4. Horse power and starting requirements and limitations

5. Motor type (synchronous, induction, dc, etc.) and construction

6. Power factor

7. Speed and direction of rotation

8. Insulation

9. Temperature limitations of winding insulation and enclosures

10. Duty cycle time

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11. Accessory devices

12. Enclosure

13. Bearing construction, rating life of rolling elements, and external lube oil
system for sleeve or plate bearings

14. Cooling requirements

15. Ambient noise level and noise level for motor and driven equipment

16. Frame size

17. Termination provisions for power, grounding, and accessories

18. Installation, testing, and maintenance requirements

19. Special features (shaft grounding, temperature and vibration monitoring,


etc.)

1.07 TESTS AND SETTINGS:

A. Perform all system tests specified under Division 16. Clean all new electrical
equipment to be supplied by and all existing electrical equipment to be modified
under this Contract, including: panelboards, distribution panels, switchboards,
motor control centers and switchgear. Cleaning shall include all circuit breakers,
starters, relays, contactors and control equipment. This cleaning shall be completed
after all modifications are completed and before any testing is started.

B. Test all systems furnished under Division 16 sections and replace all defective work.
Make all necessary adjustments to the systems and instruct the Owner's personnel in
the proper operation of the systems.

C. Make all circuit breaker and protective relay adjustments and settings.

D. The Contractor shall obtain and pay for the services of an independent testing firm
to perform the tests and checks described herein. Upon completion of the testing, a
certified test report shall be submitted in accordance with quality control section
stating that the equipment meets and operates in accordance with the manufacturers
and job specifications, and that equipment and installation conforms to all applicable
standards and specifications. The testing shall include all new electrical equipment
provided, all existing electrical equipment to be modified by this Contract, and any
existing equipment protecting and/or feeding any of the previously mentioned
equipments.

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E. All testing shall be scheduled and coordinated by the Contractor. Contractor shall
notify the CM/CS at least two weeks in advance prior to conducting any tests. The
Contractor shall have qualified personnel present during all testing.

1.08 ELECTRICAL STUDIES:

A. The Contractor shall provide complete electrical studies of short circuit fault current,
motor starting, arc flash, coordination of relays, fuses, circuit breakers, and all other
protective devices for electrical distribution systems provided under this Contract.
The studies shall include the entire distribution system starting with the Power
Company devices protecting the service down through the 10.5 kV metal clad
vacuum switchgear, the medium voltage feeders, the transformers and the low
voltage distribution systems. The studies shall include, but not be limited to, the
following:

1. Fault current available at each major equipment bus down to and including
380/220 volt lighting panels.

2. A tabulation of all protective relay circuit breaker trip settings and


recommended medium voltage fuse sizes and types.

3. Motor starting profiles for 3150 and 380 volt motors, 50 Hz.

4. Transformer damage curves and protection evaluated in accordance with


proposed ANSI protection guide C57.109-198X.

5. A complete set of coordination curves from the Power Company's protective


devices down to the largest 380 volt branch circuit protective device.

6. Arc flash analysis for all electrical distribution equipment down to the 380/220
VAC panels.

B. The study shall be bound and submitted in a report. The final selection of all
protective devices shall be based on a preliminary draft of the coordination study
which shall be submitted with the equipment shop drawings in accordance with
Submittals section. The completed study shall be submitted before any of the
equipment is shipped. All protective devices shall be adjusted, tested, and calibrated
in the field, prior to energizing the equipment, per the settings listed in the study.
The field work shall be performed by the independent testing firm described in
Paragraph 1.7 of this section and shall be witnessed by a factory service
representative and the CM/CS prior to final acceptance by the Owner.

1.09 POWER AND CONTROL WIRING:

A. Design criteria for power and control wiring shall be as specified herein.

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1. Design Conditions. In general, conductors shall be insulated in accordance
with NEMA on the basis of a normal maximum conductor temperature of 90
C and a short-circuit temperature of 250 C. In areas with higher ambient
temperatures, larger conductors shall be used or higher temperature rated
insulation shall be selected. Conductor size and capacity shall be coordinated
with circuit protective devices. Cable feeders from 10.5 kV and 3.15 kV
power equipment shall be sized so that a short-circuit fault at the terminals of
the load shall not result in damage to the cable prior to normal operation of
fault interrupting devices.

2. Cables for 10.5 kV and 3.15 kV service shall be shielded with the shield
earthed at both ends.

B. Instrument cable shall be shielded to minimize electrical noise as follows:

1. Aluminum-polyester tape with 100 percent coverage and copper drain wire
shall be used for shielding.

2. Low-level analog signal cables shall be made up of twisted and shielded pairs.

3. Digital signal cables shall be twisted and shielded. Where physical proximity
of terminations allows grouping, multi-pair cables with overall shields may be
used.

4. Except where specific reasons dictate otherwise, cable shields shall be


electrically continuous. When two lengths of shielded cable are connected
together at a terminal block, a point on the terminal block shall be used for
connecting the shields.

5. For multipair cables utilizing individual pair shields, the shields shall be
isolated from each other.

C. To be effective, instrument cable shields should be connected to earth on one end as


follows:

1. The shield on digital signal circuits shall be earthed at the power supply end.

2. The shields on earthed as well as thermocouple circuits which are not earthed
shall be connected to earth at the thermocouple well.

3. Multipair cables used with thermocouples shall have individually isolated


shields so that each shield will be maintained at the particular couple earth
potential.

4. Each RTD (resistance temperature detector) system, consisting of one power


supply and one or more RTDs, shall be connected to earth at only one point.

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5. RTDs embedded in windings of transformers and rotating machines shall be
connected to earth at the frame of the respective equipment.

6. The low or negative potential side of a signal pair shall be connected to earth
at the same point where the shield is earthed. Where a common power supply
is used, the low side of each signal pair and its shield shall be connected to
earth at the power supply.

D. Conductors: Design criteria for conductors shall be as specified.

E. Design Basis: Electrical conductors shall be selected with an insulation level


applicable to the system voltage for which they are used and capacities suitable for
the load being served. Conductors shall be tinned copper.

F. Cable Capacities: The maximum capacities for any cable shall depend upon the
worst case in which the cable will be routed (tray, conduit, duct, or direct buried). In
addition to capacity, special requirements such as voltage drop, fault current
availability and environment shall be taken into consideration in sizing of cable.

G. Insulation: Cable insulation shall be as follows.

H. Flame Retardance: To minimize the damage that can be caused by a cable fire,
cables installed in electrical cable tray systems shall have insulations and jackets
which have nonpropagating and self-extinguishing characteristics. As a minimum,
these cables shall meet the flame test requirements of IEC 332-3 Category C. These
characteristics are essential for all cables installed in electrical cable tray.

I. Medium Voltage Power Cable: Power cables with 5.0 kV class insulation and
power cables with 15 kV class insulation shall supply all 3.15 kV and 10.5 kV
service and may be routed in tray, conduits, or direct buried.

J. Low Voltage Power Cable 600 Volts: Power cable with 1.0 kV class insulation
shall supply power to loads at voltage levels of 380 volts ac and below, and 250
volts dc and below. Cables may be routed in trays, conduits, or direct buried.

K. Control Cable 600 Volts: Control cable with 1.0 kV class insulation shall be used
for control, metering, and relaying.

L. Instrument Cable 600 Volts: Instrument cable shall be used for instrument circuits
that require shielding to avoid induced currents and voltages.

1. The type of cable used shall be determined by individual circuit requirements


and individual equipment manufacturer's recommendations.

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M. Lighting and Fixture Cable: Lighting and fixture cable with 1.0 kV insulation shall
be used as follows:

1. Circuit runs totally enclosed in conduit, XLPE insulation for use in all areas.

2. Circuit runs for roadway or outdoor area lighting enclosed in polyethylene


tube, PVC insulation for direct burial.

3. Fixture wire, silicone rubber insulation, braided glass jacket.

4. Lighting and fixture cable designations and conductor sizes shall be identified
on the drawings.

N. Grounding Cable: Grounding cable shall be insulated and uninsulated bare copper
conductor, sized as required.

O. Switchboard and Panel Cable: Switchboard and panel cable shall be insulated to 1.0
kV with XLPE insulation.

P. Special Cable: This type of cable shall include cable supplied with equipment,
prefabricated cable, coaxial cable, communication cable, etc. This cable shall
normally be supplied by a particular manufacturer.

1. Special cable shall be routed in accordance with manufacturer's


recommendations.

Q. Miscellaneous Cable: If other types and construction of cable are required they shall
be designated and routed in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations .

R. Testing Requirements: Preoperational tests shall be performed on all insulated


conductors after installation.

1. All insulated conductors with insulation rated 5.0 kV and above shall be given
a field dc insulation test after installation as specified in Section 3 of IEC 502.

2. Low voltage cables shall be insulation resistance tested prior to connecting


cables to equipment and functionally tested (at equipment operation voltage)
as part of the checkout of the equipment system.

3. All insulated conductors shall be continuity tested for correct conductor


identification.

1.10 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS:

A. The Contractor shall provide and maintain all safeguards necessary for the
prevention of accidents and the security of personnel.

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B. Light and power panel covers of energized equipment removed for work purposes
must be replaced when left unguarded at the end of the work day.

1.11 FIRE PROTECTION SAFETY:

A. All structures shall be designed with fire resistive materials and adequate fire exits to
minimize risk to personnel and conform to all code requirements for maximum
travel distance. Interior vehicle storage areas shall be separated from adjacent areas
with a minimum two-hour fire wall.

B. All chemical storage areas where spillage or overflow potential exists shall be
provided with containment walls.

C. All electrical rooms and/or building shall be provided with minimum of two means
of egress.

1.12 PROTECTIVE RELAYING:

A. The selection and application of protective relays described herein. These relays
protect equipment in the power supply system, and the electrical loads powered from
these systems.

1. The following general requirements apply to all protective relay applications:

1. The protective relaying scheme will be designed to remove and alarm any
of the following abnormal occurrences:

(1) Overcurrent

(2) Undervoltage or overvoltage

(3) Frequency variations

(4) Overtemperature

(5) Excessive pressure

(6) Open circuits and unbalanced current

(7) Abnormal direction of power flow

2. The protective relaying system shall be a coordinated application of multi-


function electronic type relays. For each monitored abnormal condition,
there shall exist a designated primary device function for detection of that
condition. Alternate relays may exist which detect the initial abnormal
condition but which have an inherent time delay so that the alternate relays
will operate after the primary and secondary relays. All protective relays

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shall be selected to coordinate with protective devices supplied by
manufacturers of major items and the thermal limits of electrical
equipment, such as transformers and motors.

3. Secondary current produced by current transformers (CXF) shall be in the


5 ampere range, and voltage signals produced by potential transformers
(PXF) shall be in the 220 volt range.

B. Switchgear Bus and Incoming Main Breakers. Where new switchgear is required,
each incoming main breaker and common switchgear buses shall be provided with
protection relay with time overcurrent (Device 51) and a time overcurrent earth
detection relay (Device 51N). Device 51 would detect and trip the respective
switchgear breaker for sustained overloads and short-circuit currents on the
switchgear bus. These relays provide backup protection for faults on feeders
emanating from the switchgear lineups. Device 51N is residually connected to
switchgear current transformers (CXFs) and provides primary protection for earth
faults on the switchgear bus and backup protection for earth faults in feeders
emanating from the switchgear lineup.

1. Each medium voltage switchgear bus shall be provided with undervoltage


relays which shall, when bus voltage drops to a preset level, trip load feeder
circuit breakers.

C. Switchgear Feeder Breaker. Each switchgear feeder breaker shall be protected by a


protection relay with time overcurrent (Device 51) and a time overcurrent earth
detection (Device 51G or 51N). Device 51 protects the feeder circuit against
sustained short circuit currents and serves as backup protection for circuits farther
downstream. Device 51G or 51N protects the feeder circuit against sustained
ground faults. This relay also provides backup protection for circuits farther
downstream.

D. 380 Volt Motor Control Centers. Motor control centers shall be protected by
breakers having adjustable long-time and short-time solid-state trip device (SSTD)
elements for phase protection. The SSTD protects the MCC bus against sustained
short-circuit currents and serves as backup protection for MCC feeder circuits.

1. Each magnetic starter within an MCC which supplies power to a motor shall
be equipped with a magnetic-only molded case circuit breaker and an
electronic overload in the starter to protect motors against overload. All motor
starters shall be NEMA rated, minimum size NEMA 1.

2. Certain loads shall be fed from MCC feeder circuit breakers. The breakers
shall be thermal-magnetic molded case breakers, current limiting sized to
protect supply cable and individual loads.

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3. Provide motor control centers bus sizes with a minimum of 25% spare
capacity.

E. 380/220 Volt Power Panels. Power panels shall be supplied with a main breaker and
thermal-magnetic circuit breakers sized to protect supply cable and individual loads.
Provide power panels with a minimum of 25% installed spare breakers.

1.13 CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS AREAS:

A. Areas where flammable and combustible liquids, gases, and dusts do exist, are
handled and stored shall be classified for the purpose of determining the minimum
criteria for design and installation of electrical equipment to minimize the possibility
of ignition.

B. For wastewater treatment facilities and pumping stations, the criteria for determining
the appropriate classification are specified in NFPA 820.

C. Electrical equipment in areas classified as hazardous shall be constructed and


installed in accordance with the requirements of NEC, Article 500, Hazardous
(Classified) Locations.

1.14 GROUNDING:

A. The grounding system shall be extended where required and shall be an


interconnected network of tinned copper conductor and copper-clad earth rods. The
system shall be provided to protect plant personnel and equipment from the hazards
which can occur during power system faults and lightning strikes. New grounding
systems shall be required at all new transformers, new buildings, new electrical
rooms and buildings. All new grounding system shall be interconnected with any
existing grounding systems available.

B. Design Basis. The grounding grid shall be designed for adequate capacity to
dissipate heat from ground current under the most severe conditions in areas of high
earth fault current concentrations, with grid spacing such that safe voltage gradients
are maintained.

1. Tinned conductors to be installed below grade shall be spaced in a grid pattern


as required. Each junction of the grid shall be bonded together by an
exothermal welding process.

2. In the plant area, ground stingers shall be brought through the ground floor
and connected to the building steel and selected equipment. The grounding
system shall be extended, by way of stingers and conductor installed in
conduit, to the remaining plant equipment. Equipment connections to ground
shall conform to the following general guidelines:

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1. Major items of equipment, such as switchgear, secondary unit substations,
transformer, motor control centers, relay panels, and control panels shall
have integral ground buses which shall be connected to the grounding grid.
Where new equipment is installed, the grounding connections shall be
connected to the existing grounding grid.

2. Control panels and equipment, where required, shall be grounded utilizing


an insulated ground wire connected in accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendations. In some situations, a separate small grid and ground
electrode, isolated from the main ground, shall be required. Where
practical, electronics ground loops shall be avoided. Where this is not
practical, isolation transformers shall be furnished.

3. Motor supply circuits to 380 volt motors, which utilize three-conductor


cable with a grounding conductor in the interstices, shall utilize this
conductor for the motor earth. For 380 volt motor supply circuits which
utilize three single-conductor cables, the grounding conductor shall be a
separate conductor.

4. All 3000 volt and higher voltage rated motors shall have a minimum of
one 120 mm a tinned copper grounding conductor connected between the
motor frame and the grounding grid.

5. A grounding conductor shall be routed parallel to conductors operating at


or above 220 volts.

6. All grounding wires installed in conduit shall be insulated and green in


color.

3. Remote buildings and outlying areas with electrical equipment shall be


grounded by establishing local sub grade grounding grids and equipment
grounding systems in a manner similar to the plant area. Remote grids, where
practical, shall be interconnected with the grounding grid to reduce the hazard
of transferring large fault potentials to the remote area through interconnecting
instrumentation and communication cable shields.

C. Materials. Grounding materials shall be as described in the following:

1. Grounding electrodes shall be copper-clad, as manufactured by Copperweld,


Blackburn, or equal. Electrode length and diameter shall be determined by
soil resistivity and subsurface mechanical properties. Where required
electrode length exceeds the standard lengths, standard sections shall be
exothermally welded together using a guide clamp.

2. Cable shall be soft-drawn copper or copper-clad steel.

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3. Exothermal welds shall use molds, cartridges, and materials as manufactured
by Cadweld or equal.

4. Clamps, connectors, and other hardware used with the grounding system shall
be made of copper.

5. Grounding wires installed in conduit shall be soft-drawn stranded copper with


green colored 1.0 kV PVC insulation.

1.15 LIGHTING:

A. The lighting system shall provide personnel with illumination for the operation
under normal conditions, means of egress under emergency conditions, and
emergency lighting to perform manual operations during a power outage of the
normal power source. The permanent lighting system shall be used for construction
lighting in areas where early installation is feasible. Temporary construction
lighting shall be utilized in all other areas. The power supply for the lighting system
shall be from 220/380 volt, 3-phase, 4 wire lighting panelboards. Emergency
lighting shall be provided with self-contained battery units. Power used to supply
outdoor roadway and area lighting fixtures shall be at 220 volts single phase or 380
volts three phase as required.

1. Light Sources. The lighting system shall be designed in accordance with the
Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) to provide illumination levels
recommended by the following standards and organizations:

1. ANSI/IES RP-7, Industrial Lighting

2. ANSI/IES RP-8, Roadway Lighting

2. Table 1.15.1 summarizes the illumination levels.

1. Light sources and luminaire selections shall be based on the applicability


of the luminaries for the area under consideration.

TABLE 1.15-1. GENERAL ILLUMINANCE LEVELS

Interior Location Lux

Air-Conditioning Equipment Areas 200

Auxiliaries, Tanks, Compressors,


Gauge Area, etc 200

Control Room/Area (Main and Auxiliary


Control Panels) 500

Control Room Operator's Station 750

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Offices and Laboratories 800

Electrical Rooms 500


Indoor Process Areas 300

Toilets 300

Closets 200

Telephone and Communications Equipment Rooms 500

Library and Reading Area 800

Classrooms 800

Stairways 150

Corridors 100

Work Shops 200

Auditorium 200

Storage Rooms 100

Lunch Rooms, Lounges 300

Exterior Location

General Areas and Exterior Work Areas 50

Building Entrances, Stairs, and Platforms 50

Roadway

Between or Along Buildings 20

Not Bordered by Buildings 5

Parking by Buildings 20

Parking General 10

Transformer Areas

Horizontal General Area 20

Vertical Tasks 50

3. Three types of lamps shall be used for the light sources in the lighting system
including fluorescent, high-pressure sodium, and incandescent. Generally,
fluorescent lamps shall be used in finished indoor, low ceiling enclosed areas;
high-pressure sodium lamps shall be used in high bay, and outdoor areas; and

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incandescent lamps shall be used for emergency lighting. All lamps shall be
of Host Country manufacture (if available) so that replacement parts are
readily available.

4. For design purposes, lighting shall be categorized by the following areas:

Indoor unfinished areas

Indoor finished areas

Outdoor areas

High bay

Roadway and area

Egress and emergency

Hazardous

Control room

Construction

B. Indoor Unfinished Areas or Electrical Rooms. This category shall comprise the
indoor low bay areas (under 4 meters) as indicated. It shall also includes indoor
areas in outlying structures such as electrical equipment rooms and warehouses.
These areas shall generally be lighted using industrial fluorescent luminaries.

C. Indoor/Process Areas: High-pressure sodium luminaries shall be used in high bay


areas, and areas process areas where fluorescent luminaries are not suitable or
cannot be installed due to physical or functional limitations.

D. Outdoor Areas. This category includes lighting of equipment located outdoors,


outdoor platforms, and the substation. High-pressure sodium fixtures suitable for
use in wet locations shall be used.

E. High Bay. The indicated areas shall be lighted using high bay luminaries with high-
pressure sodium lamps.

F. Roadway and Area. Roadway and area lighting shall be designed using high-
pressure sodium light sources for the areas indicated. The lanterns shall be installed
on aluminum poles.

G. Poles shall generally be 7.62 m (25 feet) in height with outreach arm for roadway
lighting.

H. Egress and Emergency. Buildings equipped with artificial illumination shall have
approved adequate and reliable illumination provided for egress to exit facilities.

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I. Hazardous Areas. Illumination for hazardous areas, dependent on the applicability
of the luminaire, shall be provided with high-pressure sodium light and quartz
restrike sources installed in explosion-proof luminaries.

J. Control Room. The control room lighting shall consist of general area, control
panel, emergency and exit lighting. Control room general area lighting and control
panel lighting shall be provided by fluorescent luminaries. The intensity of the
general area and control panel lighting shall be controlled by fluorescent dimmers.
The emergency luminaries shall be used for emergency lighting. The emergency
light fixture shall be normally "off" and shall be automatically turned "on" upon loss
of the plant reliable service.

K. Construction Lighting. Lighting during construction shall be for the benefit of all
contractors engaged in work at the jobsite. In areas where construction restricts
natural lighting from the sun and illumination levels approach 100 lux, construction
lighting shall be placed in operation as soon as practicable and kept in continuous
operation while any work is in progress.

1. Temporary lighting shall be required for most enclosed areas during early
construction before permanent panel boards, raceway, and luminaries are
installed. Temporary lighting shall consist of portable cords and guarded
lamps so it can be relocated and/or added by the Contractor to provide
illumination levels for safe working conditions and clearances for piping and
equipment installations. Permanent lighting shall be installed in areas where
construction of the structure is complete and installation of luminaries,
conduit, and panelboards can be permanently installed. It shall also include
areas which are not congested with field routed piping and raceway and do not
require hoists or cranes for equipment erection.

L. Lighting Control. Electric power to luminaries shall be switched with wall mounted
light switches in areas where the light can be "off" when the area is not occupied.
Wall mounted switches shall be provided at each area entrance.

1. Electric power to luminaries located outdoors shall be switched with


photoelectric controllers.

2. In finished areas (i.e. offices, control rooms, etc.) lighting shall be controlled
with motion detector controlled light switches.

M. Luminaire Supports. In areas below operating floors and areas that are congested
with piping, raceway, and overhead equipment, the luminaries shall be supported
from suspended continuous row prefabricated metal channel. In other areas of the
Works, luminaries shall be supported by rigid steel conduit pendants where they
cannot be mounted directly on the underside of decks, on structural steel, or in
finished ceilings.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-17 20-Nov-08


1.16 WIRING DEVICES:

A. Plug sockets, throughout the indoor areas of the plant and in the outlying structures,
shall be two-pole socket outlets with grounding-contact rated at 13 amperes and 250
volts. Socket outlets located outdoors shall have weatherproof covers. The socket
outlets shall be spaced to provide access to almost any point in the buildings with a
15 meter extension cord. In hazardous locations, socket outlets shall be suitable for
the hazardous area requirements.

1. For the following areas, provide the indicated minimum number of power
receptacles (all receptacles are duplex, grounded type except where indicated
otherwise) in locations coordinated with the detailed building layouts and
equipment and furniture schedules:

1. Offices, Data management, and Misc. Administrative and File areas,


General areas: provide a minimum of one receptacle per desk, two
receptacles per computer workstation, and two to four (one per wall)
receptacles per area for general use.

2. Reception and Secretarial Areas, and Misc. Computer Workstation Areas:


Provide a minimum of two receptacles per desk, counter, or workstation
area as well as a minimum of one receptacle in each area for general use.

3. Classrooms, Conference Rooms, Library, Reading/Reference Areas, Staff


Lounges, Lunch Rooms: Provide a minimum of five receptacles per room
as well as dedicated receptacles for audio-visual equipment.

4. Computer Training laboratory: Provide a minimum of two receptacles per


workstation as well as a minimum of five receptacles for general use.

5. Instrumentation Training Laboratory, Production Room, and IWM/EM


Sample Receiving, Container Cleaning, and Container Storage Rooms:
Provide continuous, plug-mold type receptacles along all work surfaces
and countertops as well as wall receptacles for general use.

6. Toilet Rooms and Janitors Closets: Provide and a minimum of two


ground-fault type receptacles per room. Provide one ground-fault type
receptacle per janitor’s closet.

7. Maintenance areas, Specialty Workshops, Repair Rooms: Provide wall


receptacles as required for area maintenance as well as dedicated
receptacles for all items of equipment with plugs.

8. Specialty Equipment in all areas: Provide grounded type receptacles of the


correct voltage and number of phases for all specialty items of equipment
provided with plugs (office equipment, maintenance and repair equipment,

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-18 20-Nov-08


training equipment, audio-visual equipment, laundry equipment, etc.)

9. Process Areas: Provide receptacles as required for area maintenance and as


required per applicable codes and standards.

2. Switches used throughout the plant shall be sized for the switched load and
rated 650 volts ac with enclosures suitable for the location in which they are
installed.

1.17 COMMUNICATION SYSTEM:

A. The Contractor shall provide a totally integrated package for all new telephone
systems required as part of this Contract.

B. This Contract shall include all related peripheral equipment necessary for a complete
and operational system.

C. Provide handsets, interconnecting conduit and wiring, and a telephone outlet for
each required telephone location. Minimum locations and minimum quantities as
follows:

1. One per room and defined area, except bathrooms, locker rooms and storage
rooms.

2. Two per each required desk in a room or defined area.

D. The Contractor shall provide a minimum of 25-percent spare capacity in all feeder
cables, terminal cabinets and 50% spare capacity in telephone exchange circuitry to
ensure future expansion capabilities.

1.18 PAGE PARTY SYSTEM;

A. The Contractor shall provide a totally integrated in plant paging system as specified.

B. Provide handsets, speakers, horns, interconnecting conduit and wiring. Minimum


locations and minimum quantities as follows:

1. One handset, speaker and horn per area to provide a complete voice paging
coverage of plant area.

1.19 FIRE ALARM SYSTEM;

A. The Contractor shall provide a complete fire alarm system for each facility in
accordance with applicable codes and standards and as specified.

B. Each building within the facility shall be provided with a complete fire alarm system
including main fire alarm control panel. The facility fire alarm control panels shall
be connected in a fiber optic based network and tied to a main central location for
monitoring of all buildings within the facility.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-19 20-Nov-08


1.20 LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEM;

A. The Contractor shall provide a UL listed lightning protection system for each
building as specified.

1.21 RACEWAY AND CONDUIT:

A. The design and specifications for the raceway and conduit systems used in
supporting and protecting electrical cable shall be in accordance with the provisions
of NEC.

B. Individual raceway systems shall be established for the following services:

1. 3.15 kV and higher power cables

2. 380 volt power and control cables

3. Special noise-sensitive circuits or instrumentation cables

C. In finished spaces (such as offices and control rooms), conduits shall be installed
concealed in walls, slabs and above suspended ceilings (when provided).

D. In indoor process areas and non finished spaces, conduits shall be installed exposed.

E. Use of cable trays in indoor process areas maybe permitted based on case by case
review and approval of the CM/CS.

F. In outdoor, underground installations, conduits shall be installed in underground


concrete encased duct bank system.

G. Galvanized rigid steel conduit shall be used for all exposed conduit and conduit
containing Instrument cables encased in concrete.

H. All conduit not located in finished areas shall be routed in exposed runs parallel or
perpendicular to dominant surfaces with right-angle turns made of symmetrical
bends or fittings. Conduit shall be routed at least 150 mm from the insulated
surfaces of hot water, steam pipes, and other hot surfaces. Where conduit must be
routed parallel to hot surfaces, special high temperature cables shall be used.

I. All conduit systems shall be sized as per the National Electrical Code (NEC)
requirements.

J. Raceway installed in classified areas shall be in accordance with the appropriate


classification as discussed in Classification of Hazardous Areas article.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-20 20-Nov-08


K. Pull and junction boxes shall be sized in accordance with the NEC as to minimum
size.

1.22 LIGHTING AND POWER WIRING:

A. Each 3 phase circuit shall be run in a separate conduit. Conduit shall run exposed
except conduit shall be run concealed in finished areas of buildings.

B. All necessary fittings and boxes shall be provided for a complete raceway
installation.

C. Verify the exact locations and mounting heights of lighting fixtures, switches, and
receptacles prior to installation.

D. Any work installed that is not acceptable to the CM/CS shall be subject to change as
directed by the CM/CS, and no extra compensation will be allowed for making these
changes.

E. The locations of equipment shall be indicated on the construction drawings. Obtain


in the field all information relevant to the placing of electrical work and in case of
any interference with other work, proceed as directed by the CM/CS and furnish all
labor and materials necessary to complete the work in a satisfactory manner.

F. Surface-mounted panel boxes, junction boxes, conduit, etc., shall be supported by


spacers to provide a clearance between wall and equipment.

G. The Contractor shall furnish all labor and materials necessary to install and place in
satisfactory operation all power, lighting, and other electrical systems. Install
additional circuits wherever needed to conform to the specific requirements of the
equipment.

H. Make all connections to all equipment as required.

1.23 SIZE OF EQUIPMENT:

A. The Contractor shall investigate each space in the structure through which
equipment must pass to reach its final location. If necessary, the manufacturer shall
be required to ship his material in sections sized to permit passing through such
restricted areas in the structure.

B. The design has to account for equipment access and removal.

C. Keep the equipment upright at all times. When equipment has to be tilted for ease of
passage through restricted areas during transportation, the manufacturer shall be
required to brace the equipment suitably, to ensure that the tilting does not impair
the functional integrity of the equipment.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-21 20-Nov-08


1.24 ELECTRICAL CALCULATIONS:

A. Develop calculations for all aspects of the electrical design. These calculations shall
support all design equipment selections and ratings. The calculations shall include,
at a minimum: electrical load and short circuit studies, coordination studies, arc
flash, generator sizing, lighting levels calculations, power factor, power cable sizing
(including voltage drop) and harmonic studies of all power distribution systems.

B. Electrical load calculation shall be used to size the electrical distribution equipment.
Electrical distribution equipment shall be sized with minimum of 20% spare
capacity.

C. The calculations shall be submitted for the CM/CS review and approval as part of
the Design Submittals.

1.25 ELECTRICAL DESIGN SUBMITTALS:

A. The Contractor shall provide design submittals including design drawings, technical
information and calculations indicating lighting and power layouts, equipment
locations, cable sizing/routings, control schematics and diagrams, and motor control
center locations.

B. Design Submittals shall include (at a minimum):

1. General: All drawings and diagrams will be prepared in accordance with the
Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) formats for various types of electrical
drawings.

2. The following types of drawings shall be provided:

1. Symbols and general notes

2. Site plans

3. Power plans and lighting plans

4. Single line diagrams and equipment elevations

5. Wiring diagrams

6. Riser diagrams

7. Conduits, wires and panels schedules

8. Standard details

9. Area classification and lighting fixtures schedules.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-22 20-Nov-08


(1) Any other required drawings to show that the system is designed as
specified and required.

3. Drawings shall be arranged in order from the highest voltage to the lowest
voltage and generally follow the sequence of other disciplines.

C. Plan Drawings:

1. Develop power plan drawings in order to show all electrical equipment and
associated devices including power feeders using a mechanical, civil or
architectural area background. Verify coordination with all other disciplines
for both new and existing work. Verify acceptable routing and location of
equipment with special attention to structural elements, piping, HVAC ducts
and flood protection.

1. Provide site plans to identify the routing of cable across site areas.
Indicate routing of electrical cables. Provide cross-section details of the
ductbank to identify duct size and duct identification number. Show
concrete pad mounted equipment with references to structural drawings for
pad details. Show building penetrations in sections with all dimensions
identified.

2. Power plans are used to show the medium and low voltage conduit and
tray runs from the loads to the distribution equipment. Show all cable runs
while calling out special transitions or configurations as required.

(1) Show the required equipment configuration and associated raceway


routing to insure that the installer locates raceway in accessible and
acceptable areas.

(2) Identify the spatial requirements of conduit and tray routing.

3. Home runs shall not be shown for medium voltage and low voltage (380V)
raceway runs. However, homeruns may be shown for 220V AC feeders to
equipment where special routing of raceways is not required. The home
runs shall specify conduit and wire requirements.

4. Use power plans to show all electrical equipment, control panels,


disconnect switches, and associated controls and instrumentation devices.
Plans are also required to identify junction and oversized pull boxes, with
conduit and tray identification numbers. Unique raceway identifications
numbers are required for all raceways, indicating raceway size, no. of
wires, types of wires and the locations from and to the raceway is running

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-23 20-Nov-08


between.

5. Detail plan drawings to be provided for electrical rooms and substation


areas. Equipment is to be shown to scale and be based on typical catalog
data to be assured that sufficient floor, wall or aisle space exists to meet
NEC and maintenance requirements.

D. Single Line Diagrams and Equipment Elevations:

1. Provide single line diagrams to show the electrical power system distribution
systems including all existing and new equipments.

1. All electrical system modifications shall be required to maintain the


independence and redundancy of the existing electrical system.

2. When using existing electrical distribution switchgear or motor control


center to power any new equipment, the existing equipment single line
diagram and front view elevation shall be shown on the single line
diagram. Existing equipment shall be shown in light line weight and new
equipments shall be shown in heavy line weight with notes to identify the
scope of the electrical modification work.

3. In general, front view elevations are to be provided for switchgear,


switchboards and motor control centers on the same drawings as the single
line diagram.

E. System Plans:

1. Develop plan drawings showing lighting fixtures, switches, and miscellaneous


power receptacles and other systems. Show panelboard circuit number next to
each lighting fixture and receptacle symbol. For lighting indicate by letter the
lighting fixture type and switch designation. Show switches with letter
designations.

2. For any additional systems such as telephone, paging system or fire alarm
systems, locate these system devices on separate plans for these systems.

F. Control Wiring Diagrams:

1. Provide wiring diagrams to show the control requirements of all electrical


equipment.

2. Provide wiring diagrams of motor control centers starters including all


controlled field devices interlocks.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-24 20-Nov-08


3. Also, provide wiring diagrams for switchgear and motor control center breaker
interlocks, protection and control.

G. Instrument Riser Diagrams:

1. For all systems which are provided with process and monitoring
instrumentation systems, provide instrument riser diagrams. Show all
instruments with instrument identification numbers in a block diagram format
with equipment area locations identified. Show all power and instrumentation
conduit runs from instrumentation devices to equipment control panels,
consoles, computer system devices and power panels as required. Where
instruments are clustered in a general area, show junction boxes and pull
boxes to reduce the number of long conduit runs. Label all boxes and conduits
with unique project identification numbers. Show all instruments and
associated junction and pull boxes on plan drawings.

H. Standard Details:

1. Provide details of the electrical work for the standard design, construction and
wiring. These details identify an approved method of depicting equipment,
raceway and cable installations, equipment wiring and standard tables to help
insure standardization of facility design.

2. Standard schedule to be provided for panelboards, equipment are classification


tables, conduit identifies and associated wire sizes, and lighting fixtures to be
provided.

1.26 PLANT CONTROL SYSTEM:

A. Provide each facility with complete PLC based control system and
instrumentation system to provide a complete, unmanned and fully automated
plant process as specified herein and in accordance with Specification Section
13300.

B. The control system shall include central control panel with main PLC, two HMI
work stations, alarm printer, report printer, main UPS and distributed I/O control
panels all connected in a fiber optic network.

C. Each I/O PLC panel shall be provided with a UPS sized for a minimum of 15
minutes of full system operation.

D. Flowmeters shall be magnetic type flowmeters.

1.27 INSTRUMENTATION DESIGN SUBMITTALS:

A. General: All drawings and diagrams will be prepared in accordance with the
Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) formats for various types of Process and
Instrumentation Diagram drawings (P&ID) drawings.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-25 20-Nov-08


B. The Design Submittal shall include (at minimum):

1. Complete P&ID drawings

2. PLC/SCADA network architecture.

3. Installation details

4. Control system loops description

5. Instruments and equipment data sheets.

6. PLC/SCADA equipment data sheets.

1.28 FOUNDATIONS:

A. The Contractor shall design, furnish, and install steel reinforced concrete
foundations for all electrical equipment (ex. switchgear, panels, VFDs, roadway or
area lighting fixture poles, power distribution transformer, motor control centers,
etc.).

1.29 RETROFITING EXISTING POWER DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT:

A. When work to be performed on existing Switchgear, Motor Control Centers, etc.,


including installation of new circuit breakers, motor starters and adding new vertical
sections, etc., the Work shall comply with the following:

1. Coordinate with the Owner, Power Company and the CM/CS regarding any
required power shutdown to perform all scheduled tasks. Submit a detailed
work plan identifying all major steps with estimated down time and proposed
measures to minimize or avoid shut down periods. Provide a minimum of two
weeks notice.

2. Provide any interim power necessary for normal facility operation during
retrofit of all existing power distribution equipment.

3. All new equipment to be installed shall be obtained from the original


manufacturer and shall be new and equal in every way to the as-built
installation.

4. Any items found to be not available from the original manufacturer shall
immediately be brought to the attention of the CM/CS for resolution. All
substitutions must have pre-approval and must be shown to be compatible in
all ways with the existing installation.

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-26 20-Nov-08


5. Contractor shall examine each existing unit to determine existing conditions
prior to installation of new equipment. Any existing deficiencies found shall
be brought to the attention of the CM/CS prior to starting work.

6. Any damage to the existing equipment while performing the required tasks
shall be immediately brought to the attention of the CM/CS. All labor and
material costs to repair or replace the damage shall be provided by the
Contractor at no additional cost to the Owner.

7. All items installed under this contract shall be tested in accordance with
Specifications. Contractor shall make all corrections for proper operation at
no additional cost to Owner.

8. Where existing circuit breakers or motor starters are to be re-used, the


Contractor shall make all adjustments, thoroughly clean, inspect, and test all
devices prior to their use. Repairs shall be done by the Contractor at no
additional cost to the Owner.

PART 2 PRODUCTS (Not Used)

PART 3 EXECUTION (Not Used)

END OF SECTION

Libya Infrastructure Master Spec 16010-27 20-Nov-08