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Saint Jude Parish School Trece Martires City Cavite Effects of the establishments near schools to the

Saint Jude Parish School

Trece Martires City Cavite

Effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits of senior High School students in Saint Jude Parish School

A Research Paper

Submitted To:

Ms. Diane Apostol Mrs. Jacquelyn Tuonan

In Fulfillment of the requirements in:

Practical Research Statistics and Probability

Submitted By:

Kaela Mae Pimentel Rhegor Perocho Chrisandra Jhaye Cruz

Elija Noe Limbo

Grade 11- ABM 2 March 2018

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers would like to offer their sincerest and heartfelt gratitude to the following people who stood by them im the accomplishment of their study. Without these humble servants of God, This study would not have been possible. First, to our Almighty Father, who continually gave the researchers strength, wisdom, and undying guidance the world is so blessed to have you, our dear Lord;

To all researchers who help and contribute to every part of research, we're really thankful also to the students who participate and join the research survey. To our beloved teacher, Ms. Diane Apostol, who given us the opportunity to conduct this research in Saint Jude Parish School. We are thankful to all schoolmate and classmate for respect and cheering up for our research.

Kaela Mae Pimentel Jayvee Nipay Elija Noe Limbo Chrisandra Jhaye Cruz

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I.

Introduction

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II.

Review of related Literature

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III.

IV.

Methodology

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Research Questionnaires

V.

Results

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Graph

VI.

Discussion

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VII.

Conclusion

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VIII. Recommendation------------------------------------------------------------------------------

IX.

References

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I.

Introduction

The effects of the establishment near schools to the study habits of Senior highschool students in Saint Jude Parish School

Being near on establishments are very convenient for any people of all ages. As a result, the marketing of the computer shops, shopping malls, theatres, and many more are in-demand to this generations.

Nowadays, many establishments are easily interacted by the students because of its location near school which make students like to go malls habitually every free time instead of studying. This research wants to prove that Computer shops, malls, theatres, and the likes can affect the study habits of the senior high students studying there. Also, the researcher wants to prove that the establishments can also be a problem for students because instead of studying during their free period, they just relax on this establishments. Worst, few students are enthusiastic to cut classes just to make themselves satisfy their wants.

In this study, the researchers hope to cope ways on how to know the effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits of the senior high students in Saint Jude Parish School. It tells us aside from its negative effect the positive effect of this establishments and probably the main cause of it. The researcher also wants to know the main reason why many students are wasting no time in entering the establishments

even it’s very prohibited.

Significance of the study

This study will help to find out the prevalence and contributing factors of the effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits of the senior high students in Saint Jude Parish School:

It will help the students to buy or to get their needs for their school activities somehow, it makes us understand the reason why students focus on these establishments nowadays. It will help the teachers to realize the reason of their students why they tend to cut classes just to go on this shopping malls and other establishments. It will help the staffs of Saint Jude Parish School to cope for the ways on how to cut costs of the products they are selling at canteen due to its competitors outside school which are these establishments nearby.

Statement of the problem

This research attempts to find evidences to the effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits of the senior high students in Saint Jude Parish School. More specifically it seeks to find the answers to the following questions.

What are the components of the establishments that makes people get interested? How does near establishments affects the community of Saint Jude Parish School in a negative way?

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When we are on a school needs emergency, how does the near

establishments helps the students in a fast and convenient way? When should the students limit their craze to these establishments?

Background of the study

We can’t deny the fact that some of the students has the habit of going to any establishments nearby especially when it’s newly opened. Some may peer pressured

them to go in it, some may go on their own to be seen by the other peers as a ‘cool kid’.

To sum it up, Computer shops, malls, billiards, and theatres are very popular on students, and some may push through a negative effects such as cutting classes.

The Department of Education (DepEd) are fully aware that the students in elementary and secondary levels who goes to Computer shops, Malls, theatres and the likes especially when they are in school uniforms are strictly prohibited inside of those establishment premises because obviously, it has the negative effects on students.

Under the provision of Department Order 86, section 10 which is prohibiting Students in Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools from Going to Computer Shops, Malls, Theatres, and the Likes During Their Class Hours, it is stated in number 4 that:

Further, it is suggested that DepEd and school officials concerned to communicate and coordinate with their respective local government officials for the possible enactment and/or implementation of the appropriate legislation under the subject

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situation. Said legislation may be in the form of regulating the distance of computer shops, malls, theatres, and the likes, from schools; and directive to the owners of said establishments not to allow entry of students during their respective class hours; hence, their class schedules should be checked first. Accordingly, schools should provide their students with certified copies of their respective class schedules. “

Definition of terms

Establishments -a business organization, public institution, or household.

Internet café - also known as a cybercafé, is a place which provides Internet access to the public, usually for a fee

Shopping malls- other term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.

Senior High School (SHS)- covers the last two years of the K to 12 program and includes Grades 11 and 12. In SHS, students will go through a core curriculum and subjects under a track of their choice.

Department of Education (DepEd) - is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education.

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Assumptions and hypothesis

The Research study is anchored on the assumption that some of the students are giving their free time or worst, cutting the class hours just to go on the establishments nearby schools for them to be satisfied. It is also assumed that the respondents basically the senior high students were accurate and objective in expressing their perceptions on the problems they encountered in effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits.

Scope limitations and delimitations

The study of the effects of the establishments near schools to the study habits of the senior high Students in Saint Jude Parish School will focus on the adverse effects on the shops to the students especially in senior high school. The researchers will conduct surveys through internet, flyers and interview to those students who have the ability to answer all problems related to their reaction toward the establishments that are slowly crowd the choices of the students to choose on where to go especially in their free time or after school. However the scope of the survey only focuses to the students of SJPS

And the faculty and staffs, if necessary.

Summary of the chapter

Many arising establishments nowadays captured the interest of the millennials. Many gimmicks has been established to keep in touch with their targets especially students because of their curiosity. Therefore, we cannot deny the fact that because of

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Its attraction to the majority, they patronize it to the point that the student spend their most of the time on it.

The researchers will conduct a study with the help of Senior High School students of Saint Jude Parish School because they are closely related with the said issue. In this research, we hope everyone to see how students think of a ways to eradicate the negative effects of these in their lives. Therefore, the main objective is to explain further the effects of the computer shops, malls, theatres, and the likes near schools to the study habits of the senior high Students in Saint Jude Parish School. While doing that, we are seeking for the answers on what makes people get interested to it, how does near establishments affects the community of Saint Jude Parish School in a negative way, how does the near establishments helps the students in a fast and convenient way, and when should the students limit their craze to these establishments. Also there are individuals who can have a great impact in this study, whether they can have a contribution or they are the one who can get benefits and those are; Students, faculties and staffs, the school itself and the establishments involved on a near scope. Department of Education is fully aware of the prevailing situation that there are students in the elementary and secondary levels from public and private schools who go to computer shops, malls, theatres, and the likes during their class hours while in their school uniforms. Undoubtedly, the said situation has adverse effect on the students. Sadly, the futures of our nation seemed to act without limitations and boundaries in life. But still, sometimes they are taking risks that will lead them for a better future. In this study, we will see why these students has a craze on these

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Establishments despite of the negative effects of it to their daily study habits and somehow, will give on our ways to resolve it.

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II.

Review of Related Literature

This chapter aims to provide strong foundation to this study which contains gathered research works of different literature and references by the researchers. It covers the review of relevant literatures which is explained accordingly. These are presented to determine the connection of various findings and theories in relation to the independent and dependent variables.

Study habits are termed as the methods of study of students. Marquez (2009) pointed out that a student who is successful in his desired career has good study habits.

In line with this, she stated that students should apply these habits to all of their classes. She also suggested that the students should not try to study all the subjects in a single period. However, every students has his own study habits depending on his preferences with regards to the duration of time devoted in studying , what place or environment would

be the best venue to study , the study skills and techniques will the student utilizes during his study and more. It will depend upon the person if he is voluntarily interested in studying or be prompted by the distraction of the social networking sites such as facebook , twitter , instagram, tumblr, etc. which all of these can be easily accessed through their phones and majority of the students possesses a smartphone as what they’ve called it. Studying is the key to excel in one’s academic performance, because it not only prepares a student

to excel in class but reinforces the lessons that already been taught.

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III. Methodology

In this chapter, the researcher discuss the research design, area of study, population, sample of the population, sampling technique, instrument for data collection, validation of the questionnaire, administration of the instrument and method of data analysis.

Research design

The researcher chose a survey research design because it best served to answer the questions and the purposes of the study. The survey research is one in which a group of people or items is studied by collecting and analysing data from only a few people or items considered to be representative of the entire group. In other words, only a part of the population is studied, and findings from this are expected to be generalized to the entire population defines the survey assessing public opinion or individual characteristics by the use of questionnaire and sampling methods.

Population of the study

The target population for this research defined to include the selected senior high students in Saint Jude Parish school, while the accessible population is the Grade 11 students in Saint Jude Parish School, since these are the students within the researcher’s reach. In this study, the accessible population comprised some of the senior high students at the primary K-12 school level of education.

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In addition, the senior high students are considered appropriate as population of the study area because, as stated in chapter one, these establishments affects their school activities negatively. Most of them have had studying for so long on the school and therefore, they are in the best position to furnish the researcher with the information needed to answer the research question of this study.

Sampling techniques

A Simple random sampling procedure was used for selecting the participants in this study. This technique was employed to ensure a fairly equal representation of the variables for the study. Data were collected through surveys that were given out to 30 participants in Saint Jude Parish School. Participants in the project completed the survey anonymously and filled out a separate consent form. Recipients who choose not to participate were asked to simply return the materials. Respondents have appointments in a variety of departments, including English, Linguistics, foreign languages (e.g. Filipino), respondents are members of departments dedicated specifically to the field, e.g. Second Language Studies. Respondents were faculty members from both private and public institutions, the majority being research oriented. To protect the anonymity of the respondents, we are unable to list the institutions

Instrument for data collection

The researcher designed an interview schedule as one of the data collection instrument for this study. The Senior High School students were interviewed.

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The interview were aimed at eliciting relevant information concerning the study habit. Questions relating to methodology and material for study habits, perceived problems of establishments near schools and learning as well as possible strategies that could be adopted to enhance in Saint Jude Parish School were asked during the interview schedule.

Validation of the questionnaire

The questionnaire designed for the study was subjected to a validation process for face and content validity. Face and content validity have been defined by McBurney (1994:123) as following:

• Face validity is the idea that a test should appear superficially to test what it is supposed to test; and

• Content

validity is the

notion that a test should sample the range

of

behaviour represented by the theoretical concept being tested.

In the validation process of this study, copies of the questionnaire and copies of the research questions were given to 3 Teachers who majored literature and business management. These experts went through the research questions and the questionnaire carefully to ascertain the appropriateness and adequacy of the instrument.

Method of data collection

After the pilot testing and all necessary modifications, the questionnaires were administered directly to the chosen sample for the study. Thirty copies of the

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Questionnaire given out were successfully completed and returned. The possibility of retrieving back all the questionnaire was as a result of the researchers colleagues who offered a helping hand. The opposite could have been the case if the researcher had taken the lonely task of going round the schools to collect the questionnaire.

Method of data gathering

After the pilot testing and all necessary modifications, the questionnaires were administered directly to the chosen sample for the study. Three hundred and thirteen copies of the questionnaire given out were successfully completed and returned. The possibility of retrieving back all the questionnaire was as a result of the researchers colleagues who offered a helping hand. The opposite could have been the case if the researcher had taken the lonely task of going round the schools to collect the questionnaire.

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Name (optional): Year Level/Strand: Saint Jude Parish School TreceMartires City, Cavite S.Y. 2016-2017 Questionnaires: I. Understand

Name (optional):

Year Level/Strand:

Saint Jude Parish School

TreceMartires City, Cavite S.Y. 2016-2017

Questionnaires: I. Understand the questions carefully and checkmark either the “yes” or “no” box

indicated below.

  • 1. Are you fond on going to the shopping malls near Saint Jude Parish School?

Yes No

Yes

  • No

  • 2. Do you love playing computer games after school with your friends/classmates/schoolmates?

Yes No

Yes

  • No

  • 3. Would you rather eat at a restaurant than to eat at home?

Yes No

Yes

  • No

  • 4. Do you usually go to malls?

Yes No

Yes

  • No

  • 5. Do your parents aware that you usually go to malls?

Yes No

Yes

  • No

II. Study the questions carefully and rate how strongly you agree to the questions

below.

Mark a heart sign in a box that represents your level of agreement.

1 2 3
1
2
3

1.Poor

2. Fair

  • 1. How much do you love playing arcades?

3. Excellent

  • 2. How much do love to spend your time with your studies?

  • 3. How much do you feel happy when you hang out with your

friends/classmates/schoolmates after school?

  • 4. How much do you neglect your studies due to habitually going commercial

establishments?

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5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends?

III. Shade the box which describes your preferences.

  • 1. What do you usually buy at malls?

    • School supplies

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

Clothes and shades

  • Foods

Why: _____________________________________________________________________

  • 2. Which one do you prefer?

    • School

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

Shopping malls

  • Computer shops

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

Arcades

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

Fast food

chains Why: ______________________________________________________________________

  • 3. Why do you think this establishments (e.g. Shopping malls, Computer shops, Arcades, Fastfood chain) is such a hit for the students?

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

To entertain one’s self

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

To relieve stress

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

To make it a habit

  • 4. Which one you prefer?

    • Hang out with friends

    • Spend time with your family at home

5. How much do you balance your studies from hanging out with friends? III. Shade the

self study

Why: ________________________________________________________________________

  • 5. How much time do you spend having fun outdoors?

1-2 hours

2-3 hours

3-4 hours

Why: ________________________________________________________________________

THANK YOU FOR ANSWERING THIS SURVEY! GOD BLESS.

Figure 1. Questionnaires

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IV.

Results

I. Understand the questions carefully and checkmark either the “yes” or “no” box indicated below.

1) Out of 30 respondents, 20 (66.67%) answer YES because they spend their time going to malls. However, 10 out of 30 respondents answer NO because some of

the students don’t enjoy going at malls and some are needed to go home early.

2) 6 out of 30 respondents (20%) answer YES because they are engage playing on computer shops. However, 24 senior high students (70%) answer NO because of that they are already have internet in their own home and in that way, they can save some money.

3) 4 respondents (13.33%) answer YES because they are more engaged on eating at restaurant then to eat at home. However, 26 respondents (86.67%) answer NO because they can save more money by eating at home.

4) 16 respondents (53.33%) answer YES because the malls are near in Saint Jude Parish School. 14 respondents (46.67%) answer NO because of they don’t have enough money to spend.

5) 20 senior high students (66.67%) answer YES because they probably have cellular phones to tell to their parents that they are on malls. 10 senior high students (33.33%) answer NO because strict parents might get mad at them when their parents know that they usually go at malls.

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II. Study the questions carefully and rate how strongly you agree to the questions below. Mark a heart sign in a box that represents your level of agreement.

1) 8 respondents (30.33%) answer poor because they don’t like playing arcades. 11 respondents (36.67%) answer fair because they don’t usually play arcades. Then, 10 respondents (33.33%) answer excellent because they love playing arcades. 2) No one (0%) answers poor because all respondents spend some time with their studies. 21 respondents (70%) answer poor because they spend half of their free time in their studies. 9 respondents (30%) answers excellent because they love spending their time in studies. 3) 2 respondents (6.66%) answer poor because they don’t feel comfortable when they are with many people around them. Then, 8 respondents (26.67%) answer fair because they feel comfortable when they hang out with others. 20 respondents (66.67%) answer excellent because the feel happy when they hang out with others and they enjoy it. 4) 14 students (46.67%) answers poor because they prioritize their studies than usually go to commercial establishments. Half of the respondents (50%) answer fair because they assure that sometimes they neglect their studies due to habitually going to commercial establishments. Only one respondent (3.33%) answer excellent because he is sure that he enjoy more going commercial establishments. 5) Only one respondent (3.33%) answer poor because the respondent cannot manage his/her time between studies and going out.

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III. Shade the box which describes your preferences.

1) 11 out of 30 senior high school students (36.67%) still buy school supplies at mall. Meanwhile, 6 respondents (20%) still choose to buy clothes and shades on their allowances. Then, Food has the Majority of the respondents which is 13 over 30

(43.33%).

2) 15 senior high students (50%) which is the majority of the respondents still prefer to go school. However, 7 respondent (23.33%) believe that shopping malls are the best because his/her reason was malls got most of the social places and events. 3 out of 30 respondents (10%) loves computer shops other choices that listed because some respondents feel that it is one way to relieve their stress.1 respondent (3.33%) chose arcades to go because they love it. Then, 4 out of 30 respondents (14.33%) tend to prefer to go onto fast food chains. 3) 14 respondents (46.67%) believed that establishments, especially on rear schools is such a hit for students because it entertain themselves from it. On the other hand, 14 (14.67%) respondents feel that they love to go on those comfortable establishments because it make them relieve stress. However, only 2 respondents feel that establishments are such a hit so that it will make a habit.

4) 9 out of 30 respondents still prefer hang out with friends rather than to spend time with your family at home and self-study. 19 out of 30 respondents however, strongly believe that they love to spend time with their family rather than to other activities.2 people, sadly preferring to self-study than to do other activities listed.

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5) 8 out of 30 respondents believe that they are spending time outdoors in 1-2 hours span time.10 of our respondents believe that they are spending time outdoors in a 3-4 hours’ time sadly 12 of our respondents believe that they are spending time outdoors in a 3-4 hours’ time span.

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Graph

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 Yes No Figure 2.1
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
Yes
No
Figure 2.1
25
20
15
10
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
Poor
Fair
Excellent

Figure 3.1

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14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Food Clothes and shades School supplies 1 Figure
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Food
Clothes and shades
School supplies
1
Figure 4.1
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Category 1
School
Shopping malls
Computer shops
arcades
Fast food Chain
Figure 4.2

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16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Category 1 To entertain one's self To
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Category 1
To entertain one's self
To relieve stress
To make it a habit
Figure 4.3
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Category 1
Hang out with friends
Spend time with your family at home
Self study

Figure 4.4

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14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Category 1 1-2 hours 2-3 hours Series 3
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Category 1
1-2 hours
2-3 hours
Series 3

Figure 4.5

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V. Discussion

The components of the establishments that makes people get interested are beautiful ambiance, it has the needs of the students like school supplies, clothes, offers a variety of food choices. It also offers entertainment after a stressful day at school. Establishments near the school become their other source of happiness or enjoyment which also result to building new memories usually with friends or classmates.

Because of having many establishments near Saint Jude Parish School, students tend to think of going there instead of focusing on their studies. This may lead to failing grades of may encourage students to commit cutting classes and they will just choose to go on this establishments instead of going to school and attend their classes.

However, establishments near the school may also help the students in sudden needs of stuffs in school. Since they are complete with the school needs and

supplies, students may just go there to buy what they need. These may also become an alternative place to buy supplies in school because there are times that the

school canteen doesn’t have the things that the students need. Another usual

establishment near the school are computer shops. Students may encounter a time where they have to reprint a requirement or they need an urgent printout of something, and the computer shops can give this service to the students who need it.

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The students already need to limit their craze on these establishments when they have their grades getting lower than usual. Students also have to limit themselves when they already go home late. They also have to restrict themselves a little bit from going to establishments when going on this places becomes a habit which they can’t remove on their everyday routines. Most of the time, students find it hard to stop being tempted to go to this places instead of going to school because of the idea that they find it boring to attending on classes.

Having establishments near the school easily attract and grab the attention of the students which may cause failing grades. This may also result to uncontrollable want to go to this places for enjoyment, entertainment and stress reliever.

All in all, we can say that having establishments near the school may have either positive or negative effects on students. This effects may vary depending on the way the students handle this activities on themselves.

Therefore, we can conclude that the usual negative effect of this establishments on students are falling grades, going home late, being too tempted to not attend classes and spend their time on this establishments, and being unable to control themselves of this habits. This may also result to addiction. But the positive effects of this establishments are they bring enjoy and fulfilment to students, they have complete school supplies which is handy on some times. These establishments can relieve the stress of the students.

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VI. Conclusion

Being near on establishments are very convenient for any people of all ages. As a result, the marketing of the computer shops, shopping malls, theatre, and many more are in-demand to this generations.

Nowadays, many establishments are easily interacted by the students because of its location near school which make students like go to malls habitually every free time instead of studying.

To review, the establishments near school have a negative impact to the study habits of senior high students in Saint Jude Parish School. Out of 30 respondents, 50% of them spends their time by going malls, playing computer games or to the other foundation that entertains them than to do their school activities. We can see that most of the students are astonished and being affected because of the near establishment has been built near the school. However, it depends on the student who participate in these establishments on how they handle their behaviour and time towards to their study habit.

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VII.

Recommendation

The research about the effects of the establishment near schools to the study habits of Senior high school students in Saint Jude Parish school impose that the senior high should be well aware that after school, many things are considered as hindrances to his/ her study habits. Students nowadays can be easily get by distractions that may affects us in our studies. For example, when we play computer games on the nearest computer cafes, students easily forgotten that many activities in schools must be done right away. Requirements are always passed late because students usually put DOTA, LOL, PUBG, Counterstrike and ROS as their main priority. They also go to the nearest malls and their parents don't know about it. The discussion about the effects of the establishment near schools to the study habits of senior high school in SJPS have emphasize the importance shopping malls to the students as well as the computer shops. Projects, assignments, presentation etc. require school materials and supplies for the student to fulfil and execute the said school works. On the other hand as per the result of the survey some of the students are specifically attracted to play computer games and hang out with their friends so with regards to this local government should also be alarmed implement some regulations for businesses and establishments near school premises. Regulations may include the following: -During Mondays to Thursday SHS students are only allowed to enter malls after school around 5pm and will only have 1 hour to check and buy what they need or else parents or guardian is with

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the students.

-Computer shops should not allow students to go inside during class hours, students are only allowed to enter computer shops after class and they need school I.D and the numbers of their parents so that their parents know where they are.

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VIII. References

Department of Education (2010). Philippines, Department Order 86, series of 2010. Philippines.

Trusov, M., Bucklin, R., & Pauwels, K. (2009). Effects of word of-mouth versus traditional marketing: Findings from an internet social networking site. Journal of Marketing, 73(5), 90

102.

Internet links:

http://www.chanrobles.com/republicacts/republicactno1224.html#.Wq_xNehubIU

Uju, M. & Olofu, P. (March 30, 2017). Study habit and its impact on secondary school

students’ academic performance in biology in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Retrieved

from:

https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1143649.pdf

Crede, M. & Kuncel, N. (February 21, 2009). Study Habits, Skills, and Attitudes: The Third Pillar Supporting Collegiate Academic Performance. Retrieved from:

http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121531774/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0.